How to make a tile worktop in the kitchen

How to make a tile worktop in the kitchen Tile countertop for the kitchen with your own hands + photo

DIY tiles in the kitchen are a great opportunity to diversify the kitchen interior and add bright details to your taste. It is not always possible to find in the store what would harmoniously fit the design, and therefore you can make a coating for the table with your own hands, and this will be much easier, cheaper and more interesting.

A classic countertop is usually made of porcelain stoneware or ceramic tiles, with the first material being considered an improved version that is much stronger than tiles. Ceramics are very easy to install, even if you have no prior experience.

Advantages and disadvantages

The main advantages of the material are the following:

  1. Beautiful appearance.

    You can choose the color and design at your discretion, and for the kitchen countertop it is best to opt for a matte surface, because chips, cracks, and also scratches from knives and other utensils are less visible on it.

  2. High strength. Ceramic tiles do not lose their excellent properties even after some time, and if all laying technologies are followed, the degree of susceptibility to mechanical damage will be extremely small.
  3. Resistance to moisture, due to which the tile is suitable for cladding kitchen countertops, where moisture will be an obligatory companion.
  4. Resistance to creative influences.

    This type of countertop will not be damaged by a saucepan or a hot kettle, and no trace remains on the surface.

  5. Ceramic tiles do not require any special care, it will be enough to wipe them from time to time with a damp sponge for washing dishes with a little detergent.

Now we propose to consider how to choose a material for facing.

Topic details

Choice of tiles for finishing worktops

When choosing materials for kitchen worktops, it is important to pay special attention to such parameters as moisture resistance, strength , temperature resistance and overall reliability. The most suitable material will be porcelain stoneware, but in terms of strength it will not be inferior to natural stone.

The main advantage of the material will be its beautiful appearance and the ability to neatly fit it into the design. The stone of natural origin looks more inconspicuous and rougher. The increased level of strength of the material helps protect it from chips and cracks that can appear from being hit by a knife, utensil or kettle. The material almost does not absorb water and is suitable for cladding countertops in the area of ​​the water filter and sink. Porcelain stoneware can hardly be affected by acids and detergents with a high concentration of chemicals.

When choosing a product, you can safely choose any - it is unlikely that any detergent is capable of causing significant damage to porcelain stoneware.

Varieties

When choosing, you should pay special attention to the size of the material. Standard tiles are easier to install and will not look massive. In certain cases, you can give preference to a mosaic, but then you are unlikely to be able to complete the facing without prior experience. Traditionally, ceramics measuring 15 * 15 cm are used for laying on the countertop, if this does not contradict the features of the interior.

Usually small parts are used for small kitchens, where very large tiles will simply look out of place. A lot will depend on the choice of surface. It should be flat, so as not to interfere with the preparation of dishes and not make cleaning more difficult. We suggest that you familiarize yourself with the main types of surfaces in the table so that after it turns out to hand over a beautiful countertop from tiles to the kitchen.

Surface type Advantages Disadvantages

Embossed

Non-standard appearance, there is an excellent opportunity to create a unique design Dirt quickly accumulates in the folds, and it is rather difficult to remove it

Polished

Does not require special care, can be easily and quickly washed, can be used as a decorative element After a while the shine disappears, and without the use of special means it will become plain and dull

And yes, the larger the tile material, the easier the installation process, but the materials should be selected not only for ease of installation, but also correspond to the design ideas, and also look neat.

Ceramic

A common option for cladding kitchen countertops. The main advantages and disadvantages are discussed below.

Advantages Disadvantages
Easy to install, even a beginner can do repair work After a while, it loses its shine
Perfectly repels moisture All scratches and cracks are perfectly visible on glossy surfaces
Resistant to thermal influences and high temperatures Not as strong as natural stone or porcelain stoneware
Convenient maintenance of ceramic surface May split by heavy objects or impact

Mosaic

How to make a tile worktop in the kitchen Usually mosaics are made from standard ceramic tiles, but in a smaller size. This finish looks original and bright, but only experienced craftsmen will be able to lay it. Beginners will need to seek help from specialists or give preference to another material, for example, ordinary ceramic tiles.

Pay special attention to the seams, because if the processing is not correct, dust and dirt will begin to accumulate in them and it will be very difficult to remove it.Mosaic tiles should be of the same color and size for the picture to be complete.

Granite

The countertop for the kitchen from tiles, photo examples of which are sometimes striking, can even be made of granite, although such material is not found so often. Such material is very durable, but rarely used for cladding countertops. The surface will require special care, as otherwise the shine and smoothness will disappear over time.

In addition, the material is heavy and this will affect the appearance, as well as the complexity of the installation.

Porcelain stoneware

The kitchen countertop is best finished with porcelain stoneware, since the material has excellent strength, resistance to moisture, as well as heat and mechanical damage. A wide variety of textures and colors, as well as affordability made the material popular. Although it does not look as sophisticated as ceramic tiles, it does not present any particular problems during installation. It will serve for many years and is resistant to various types of damage.

Tools and Fixtures

To make a tile countertop for the kitchen, the following materials may be required:

  • Plywood board or chipboard.
  • Tiles of suitable sizes.
  • Adhesive for laying tiles or porcelain stoneware.
  • Joint grout material.
  • Silicone sealant for sealing joints and cracks.

Different tools will be used in the work, the main ones are:

  • Building level to measure and adjust the position of the tiles.
  • Roulette.
  • Tile cutter.
  • Ruler and pencil.
  • Notched and rubber spatula for applying material.

  • Hacksaw for chipboard or wood.
  • Hammer and screwdriver.

Now you can find out exactly how the work area is made.

Making a base for a countertop

Typically, a countertop made of tile material will be applied to a ready-made kitchen set. In order for it to be able to withstand the entire load without problems, and also not to deteriorate under the influence of heavy materials,

certain adjustments will need to be made to the structure:

  1. K additional legs can be added to the cabinet if it cannot support the weight of the porcelain stoneware.

    They must be evenly spaced from the center so that the load is evenly distributed.

  2. Before starting to lay the tiles, the pedestals should be fastened together at the same level so that the table top is level.
  3. Place a sheet of chipboard or plywood on top as a base for the tiles, and should be adjusted to the size of the cabinet. At first, it should go beyond the curbstone by a couple of cm on each side.
  4. Saturate the top of the material with special means so that it is resistant to humidity and temperatures - otherwise the wood will start to rot and the structure will have to be redone.

Each section of plywood should be carefully coated so that after a while the wood does not start to rot / dry out.Treat it additionally with an antiseptic solution.

The base of two layers of plywood

The kitchen countertop can be made from two sheets of plywood if its area is very large. First you need to lay one sheet and fit it to the size of the kitchen cabinet. Use the second plank to cover all the free areas.

Attach the plywood tightly with a screwdriver, and cover everything on top with a moisture-repellent compound and antiseptic.

Assembling the base

Making the base is the basis of all work on which the service life and appearance of the future countertop will depend ... The main stages of assembly:

  1. Adjust the pedestals to the level.

    As an additional fixation, you can attach them to the back wall with self-tapping screws.

  2. Place the first sheet of plywood on top, with the caps hidden inside. It will be attached to the cabinet with a wood-based adhesive, which provides a secure adhesion of the materials, and it is best to apply the adhesive in different directions so that the materials are firmly attached.
  3. Fasten the plywood around the perimeter with self-tapping screws, because the glue will provide glue in the center.
  4. The place of drilling and placement of self-tapping screws must be treated with a moisture-repellent impregnation.

When everything is ready, you can proceed to editing.

Laying the material on the base

You can start laying only after the base is dry and saturated with a protective solution. First, prepare a cement pad that will provide strength to the countertop and act as a screed.

Creating a cement pad

The "pillow" is laid as follows:

  • Prepare a cement mixture that can be replaced with tile adhesive, and the composition should be diluted with water strictly according to the instructions.
  • On the surface of the tabletop, install beacons along which the distance will be measured, and one will be attached to the wall, and the second to the end of the future tabletop.

Begin to carefully lay the material on such a pillow, and remove excess glue / cement with a spatula. It is important that the pillow hits the walls.

Laying

To make the working area level, special beacons should be placed on the surface. The markup is done like this:

  • How to make a tile worktop in the kitchen Measure the middle for the future countertop, and draw two perpendicular lines - along width and length.
  • Apply adhesive solution to the screed after complete drying, and it is better to start from a visible corner so that the tile is intact.

    Use a notched trowel.

  • Arrange the tiles in an even row so that the markings are observed. The position should be corrected using a building level.
  • Leave undercuts on edges and inconspicuous areas.

But how to hide the end beautifully?

Mask the end of the countertop

It should look nice, and the edge of the tile should protrude slightly beyond the edge of the cabinet, and the remains of the product should be cut and attached to the sides.

Grouting

This is the final stage that is needed to process the joints. It is best to choose a transparent material or grout so that it is not visible on the surface. The grout should be applied with a rubber trowel and evenly spread over the surface. The second way to remove excess is to use masking tape and carefully remove it from the surface, but not earlier than in a day!

How to properly care for the surface

Take care of the countertop from kitchen tiles are not that difficult. A couple of times a day, it should be wiped with a damp sponge and detergent, the choice of the latter will depend on the material of the tile.

For example, granite will be more resistant, and therefore acids and chemicals will not be able to harm it. After using the product, rinse the surface with water so that the remnants of the chemical are completely washed off. The coating can last more than 10 years, and the materials are quite practical, and also have an increased level of reliability. Ceramic tiles (with proper use and without mechanical stress) can last up to 5 years.

( 3 marks, average 1 of 5 )

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