Visor over the entrance: replacement, repair, price. When the visor above the entrance to the staircase of an apartment building is absent or represents a life-threatening concrete structure (usually in post-Soviet buildings), it is necessary to seriously think about repairing or replacing this part of the facade.
But first, let's get acquainted with the options for visors, their differences and the rules by which you can replace them.
The main task of such a design is to protect the facade and porch from such atmospheric influences, like moisture (it has a negative effect on concrete, eroding it). As a result, parts of the porch may become unusable.
If a canopy is present, it will significantly reduce the harmful effects of rainfall, and the porch will last longer. It is also important that even direct sunlight shortens the life of the door and facade.
In addition to the main function, it is also the protection of residents who regularly enter and leave the entrance. This indicator can even be attributed to casual passers-by who can wait out rain or snow under the same visor. The same is true of the heat on a summer day.
The last function of the visor is decorative, since it is he who adorns the entrance to the administrative building or entrance. Previously, structures were made of concrete, which did not give any beauty to the building. But now there are many facade details, which differ in a variety of shapes, materials, colors and other characteristics.
Obtained from all of the above, the conclusion is that the canopy over the entrance is an integral part of every building.
Models from the new generation differ from their old counterparts in lightness in weight and installation, but as before, they have an individual structure.
This design includes supports, frame and roofing.
The main part is of course the frame, which is made of wood or metal. The first option is more suitable for protecting the porch in a private house. But the metal is resistant to temperature extremes, fire, durable, and excellent for the construction of the frame. A metal structure will last for many years if everything was done according to technology.
Important! Before installation, metal structures should be treated with an anti-corrosion solution.
There are several types of attaching the visor above the entrance to the facade:
In the first case, the design will be cheaper and simpler. In the second, everything is technically more complicated, which will cause a little more money consumption.
But there is also an advantage in the form of the possibility of placing railings, and with a suitable size of the site - benches.
As mentioned earlier, there are a lot of types of such a design.They are made in different shapes so that the visor performs not only practical, but also decorative functions.
So, consider the following shapes:
In addition, they do not have angular momenta, which is very economical in terms of material costs.
Please note, that spherical structures are suitable for those areas where strong wind often blows, as it has a streamlined shape.
The simplest option of all. They are easy to install, do not have original configuration indicators, water comes off only from one side. The direction of the slope depends on the angle of inclination.
They go well with a beautiful roof. Due to the design features, water drains well on both sides.
The accumulation of precipitation, namely water, is good for growing plants. Today such canopies over the entrance are made of glass.
These are the main types of visors by shape, but there are also original ones, which are created separately for a project. For the porch of a house, such exotic options will be inappropriate. For apartment buildings, it is very important that the visor covers as much of the porch area as possible from environmental influences.
The most popular are single-slope, gable and flat designs.
Attention! When constructing a canopy, consider the length of the drain. The liquid will be directed into the drainage system or tank so that no puddles appear near the entrance.
When you have decided on the shape, you can go to the roof and the material for it. It is the material that will help protect the porch from rain and sun.
But we also forget about the decorative function, since among the modern assortment you can always choose material according to the principle of "reliable and beautiful".
Galvanized iron canopies are lightweight. Steel is a fairly strong material that is also resistant to most types of impact.Thanks to factory processing, the roof will not rust (provided the top layer is intact). Galvanized steel in the desired shade will look great with a metal frame for a spherical or arched structure.
Visors that are decorated with forging look especially interesting.
How and steel, galvanized at the factory, corrugated board is also an ideal option in terms of resistance to moisture, fire, solar exposure, etc. But outwardly it is much more beautiful than metal, since it has a different texture and is always available in any color. It will not be difficult to install a visor over the entrance to the staircase made of corrugated board, which will greatly simplify installation.
Another option for use over the entrance of the house.
This modern option has many advantages. This includes: elasticity (you can give the sheet any shape), durability, practicality and visual appeal as a bonus. For these reasons, you can choose this material for the visor without hesitation.
There are also wooden / glass canopies, but there is no point in talking about them, since they are not suitable for apartment buildings. But glass canopies are often installed over the porch of office buildings.
The documents of the regulation established that the presence of a visor over the porch of an apartment building is required. In addition, there are requirements that meet the standards of GOST SNiPs, and they cannot be neglected. These criteria are divided into three groups:
If all the requirements are met, the visor will be safe and meet all the requirements of operating standards.
3 meters, but much depends on the architectural features of the building.
In addition, there are special requirements for the manufacture of canopies above the entrance to the staircase. To create not only a beautiful element, but also a functional one, pay attention to the correct installation, which should be carried out using the following rules:
The requirements for this process are the highest, since the service life of the visor depends on the development. According to SNiP, the frame should first be primed, and then paint should be applied to its surface.
All stages should be performed strictly in the specified order in order to obtain a structure at the output that will meet all the rules of GOST and SNiP.
So, by all standards, there should be a visor over each entrance. Now it is not only a concrete slab, but also more beautiful options that are also easy to install. But all the dependences on the selected type of construction, it must comply with GOST and SNiPu.
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