Brick stoves and fireplaces are very popular in various countries. This is a rather convenient and unpretentious device that can be used even with central heating , as a source of additional heat.
Its design is incredibly simple and convenient, so anyone with at least a little construction skills can make the masonry on their own. The English fireplace looks quite elegant and fits perfectly into any interior: both in the apartment and in the country.
In comparison with the stove, the efficiency of the fireplace is much less, and is only 15-20 percent.
But what a pleasure it is to sit near an open fire, contemplating the dancing tongues of fire. The fireplace has an additional useful feature: due to the large amount of air driven through the firebox, it ventilates the room remarkably.
A room with this English hearth will never smell of stale, musty air; she is not afraid of dampness and mold in the house. When choosing a suitable place for placement, it should be borne in mind that it does not favor drafts.
It is better to place it away from the doors in the living room; they also like to use fireplaces in country houses.
Base the portal and the hearth itself should be made in the form of a platform. It is laid out from high-quality red brick or from a special refractory brick, placed on the edge. A cement mortar containing sifted fine asbestos is used for the bond. The platform extends in front of the portal by half a meter, and on the sides of it by 0.3 meters.
The seams are 0.5-0.8 cm thick.
The hearth should have a depth of 0.41-0.
51 m. To increase the heat transfer process, the side walls of the device should have a slope of 45 d 60 ° to the back.
The latter is laid out vertically at a distance of 0.36 m from the floor, and then with a break, forming an inclined mirror. Often, to enhance the effect of convection from a burning flame, it is trimmed with polished steel sheets.
This kink by 15-20 cm should rise above the portal, ending with a view. Its cross section is 1.3 times larger than that of the chimney. Then comes the smoke box. Soot will accumulate in it when cleaning the chimney.
It is removed through a special cleaning in the side or rear wall of the oven. In the smoke collector, in its upper part, it is necessary to install a gate or butterfly valve.
the ratio between the cross-section of the chimney (transverse) and the portal opening must be maintained, which is 1 to 8 or 1 to 9 for unplastered heating systems, and 1 to 12 or 1 to 10 for plastered ones.
Meanwhile, the dimensions of the portal should relate to the total area of the heated room as 1 in 50.
The portal should not have a height more than twice the depth of the hearth.
The process of plastering the internal surfaces of the smoke collector and the hearth is extremely laborious, but with its help the draft is very noticeably improved and the heat transfer is enhanced. Also, to enhance heat transfer on the sides of the hearth, in the body of the fireplace itself, special chambers are arranged. The room air in their cavities is heated and is removed through the upper vents into the room. Thus, it makes room for new portions to be drawn in through the lower vents. A portal lintel is usually made of brick or reinforced concrete.
This is determined individually, for each individual case, and depends on the weight of the masonry and the construction of the floor, a separate foundation for the fireplace is often made for a frame house. ... In general, all the rules of the technology for the construction of furnaces must be followed.
To make a fireplace in English with a standard straight chimney, you need to prepare:
Such a fireplace, which has a chimney located at an angle, is located near an existing partition or a solid brick wall.
If they are made of wood, they need reliable fireproof insulation - a brick wall that is as high as the ceiling of the room.
First, the tree is upholstered with roofing iron or tin, then covered with a felt layer impregnated with a clay solution. It is advisable to reinforce brickwork with rigid steel wire fastened to the wall with large nails every 2-3 rows of bricks.
An insulating wall can be made in such a way that it repeats the shape of the fireplace and chimney itself, extending 30 cm to the sides.
The furnace, together with the wall, is a rather heavy structure, for which a foundation is required. For its manufacture, you will need a brick fight or stones, for their laying cement mortar. Slightly below the floor level, a double layer of roofing material is lined as waterproofing. A cement-sand screed is made at the level of the finished floor.
Then a basement is made, the fireplace area is equipped with a brick placed on the edge . For the outer row, you can use yellow facing brick. For the walls of the firebox, either a red brick, well-fired, or a special refractory one is needed.
To make a wall-mounted English fireplace stove, you need to prepare:
If chipped brick is used in the work, then the chipped side should lie in the direction of the masonry, but not in the chimney or firebox.
The joints must be thoroughly filled with mortar, otherwise the fireplace may start to smoke due to a lack of draft. In the process of laying the ordering, it is necessary to rub the inner surfaces with a wet cloth, every 2-3 rows. At the end of the work, you need to remove all the irregularities by walking over the surface with a piece of brick. The finished fireplace must be dried, for which it requires periodic heating, for several hours.
Well-dried alder, birch and aspen firewood is best suited for an open fireplace in an English interior.
The latter are especially good: they burn with a clean, even flame of white color, without soot. In order to have a pleasant aroma in the room, several apple, cherry or juniper branches are thrown into the fire, as they did a couple of centuries ago in France. Firewood is folded in a neat pile or slide, which rests on the back of the firebox.
Before kindling the hearth, it is desirable that the initial thrust appears in it. For its appearance, you can burn a tightly rolled newspaper in the smoke box.
Main the decoration of any hearth is undoubtedly the fire itself. The rest of the elements are secondary here, so it is desirable that they be at a minimum. An elegant ceramic vase, metal or wood figurine will be a worthy decoration for a mantel.
Forged fireplace accessories - tongs, a fork, a scoop, a poker, a stand for them, as well as an original wicker wood basket - are a wonderful thematic decoration of the stove. Interesting devices of this purpose, with certain skills and diligence, can be made independently.
This will require a thick round bar, strips of strip steel, reinforcement of various diameters. Even if the metal (of your workpieces) is pretty badly damaged and shows signs of corrosion, it can do a good job.
The finished product will look exquisitely old. Parts are fastened by bolts with jackdaws or by means of studs.
A necessary and important element of the work is the drawing of future products, made in full size.
After all the details are embodied in metal, the product is assembled and, if necessary, corrected. Then the structure is disassembled into components, and each individual part is blackened. It happens as follows.
The parts are heated in turn, as follows, then dipped in used oil. They are heated with a gas burner or simply in a boiler, gas oven, oven, until the glow appears, and immediately dipped into a container with oil.
After cooling, the element is taken out, wiped dry and inspected. If the product does not turn black, but turns brown, the process is repeated. To blacken sheet metal, products made from it are heated with a burner or lamp, and subjected to oil treatment with a brush or rag on a stick.
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