How to make an impregnation for a wooden house outside and inside: which one to choose? Review of the best impregnations with and without wax: Review + Video

How to make an impregnation for a wooden house outside and inside: which one to choose? Review of the best impregnations with and without wax: Review + Video Wood is one of the most ancient and stylish building materials apart from stone and clay. Throughout the history of construction, a person has gained vast experience in handling wood, learned its features, and learned how to make it stronger and more durable with the help of protective equipment. The main one of these points is the use of impregnation for wood and its elements.

Main characteristics

Wood is a very durable and unique building material that has a huge number of positive qualities and properties that will be appreciated in all time. In houses that are built of wood, it is always necessary to maintain a natural and more comfortable level of humidity, as well as warmth, and there should always be enough oxygen in the air.

The use of special types of wood in the construction will allow you to create a special healing atmosphere throughout the house due to microscopic volatile substances and resins, which will have a huge impact on your health.

How to make an impregnation for a wooden house outside and inside: which one to choose? Review of the best impregnations with and without wax: Review + Video Regardless of the mass of positive advantages, the tree has its disadvantages and disadvantages. If you do not follow these precautions, wood can deteriorate from moisture, various fungi and mold, fire, various insects or rodents. And if in ancient times people used various suitable means for protection, then today it will be enough just to treat the whole tree with a special impregnation.

You can buy a suitable composition for wood impregnation in any building hypermarket or market.

This is a specific composition that is designed to protect the structure of your tree from the destructive and negative effects of the entire environment, any biological factors and fire. The composition of the impregnation, depending on its components and purpose, can be divided into several types. For example, some impregnations are oil-based or water-based and organic-based.

According to its purpose, impregnation is usually divided into the following groups:

  • Flame retardants. The main purpose of this group of impregnations is to protect wood from fire or other combustion processes.

    Such impregnations contain certain components, the melting of which begins with increasing temperature, while creating a strong film on the surface of the wood. Its essence is to block the access of oxygen to the tree, and without oxygen, as we all know, there will be no fire. Fireproof impregnation for wood must be used in the construction and repair of log cabins, as the main guarantee of subsequent safety;

  • Antiseptics. Antiseptic impregnations are used to protect wood from decomposition and decay, as well as other types of biological damage. The composition of this impregnation includes - biocides (special potent poisons), they effectively destroy any pathogenic microorganisms, small insects, preventing them from multiplying and multiplying and at the same time destroying the wood from the inside.

The most common impregnation-antiseptics: Aquatex, Kram, Biosept, Tikkurila, Vintol, Biotoneks, Senezh;

  • Anti-atmospheric. Such impregnations serve to protect wood from various negative environmental influences and precipitation. All compositions of this impregnation protect the structure of the tree and frame house from the formation of various cracks, drying out and other deformations. One of the significant disadvantages of such impregnations is that after processing them, the tree loses its external aesthetic appearance and deteriorates its certain characteristics. While protecting the wood from moisture and water, the best option is to completely impregnate - that is, immerse in the bath.

How to make an impregnation for a wooden house outside and inside: which one to choose? Review of the best impregnations with and without wax: Review + Video

  • Water-repellent special impregnation for wood is a solution that increases strength of the whole material and its high resistance to water, wax is more often used. These compositions significantly extend the life of timber buildings. Such an impregnation for wood from moisture and decay is ideal for you when building a frame house. More common and popular in the Russian construction market are mortars such as Tikkurila.

Quite often, the composition of water-repellent impregnations for wood includes oxides of certain metals, which protect the material from the damaging effects of ultraviolet radiation, as well as burnout and drying out.

But also oxides will give the impregnation a certain color. Depending on the metal used, the color changes from light yellow to burgundy, or blue and purple. Therefore, it is possible not only to protect the wood, but also to give it an original and beautiful appearance; How to make an impregnation for a wooden house outside and inside: which one to choose? Review of the best impregnations with and without wax: Review + Video

  • Combined. Combined impregnations are compounds that protect the wood from various factors, for example, from fire and various bacteria, from water and the formation of harmful fungi. In places where humidity is high and the risk of wood contamination is very high, such an impregnation is very useful.

Criteria for selecting the impregnation

How to make an impregnation for a wooden house outside and inside: which one to choose? Review of the best impregnations with and without wax: Review + Video To select a certain protective solution, consider some of the nuances. For example, if you choose a water-based impregnation, then you will need additional drying of the wood, which will lead to its deformation.

With antiseptic impregnations, which are water-based, treat the linings for the purlins and the purlins themselves, you can also paint the panels of partitions, logs and beams, beams. Thus, elementary lightweight structures can be processed that will not deform or bend, and which will not cause much harm and damage.

Oil compositions and oil for wood impregnation have an unpleasant persistent odor, which is rather difficult to erode, and therefore it is better not to use these impregnations for wood for internal processing of wooden structures.

In addition, all oil solutions ignite very quickly, releasing toxins into the air. After you have treated the wood with oil, it will become impossible to work, paint and process. Therefore, oil impregnations are suitable only for wooden parts and elements that are outdoors and are regularly in contact with water.

Choose an antiseptic impregnation for wood, taking into account a certain type of wood, since various species have different degrees of resistance to various biological destructors:

  • "weak" wood - these are aspen, linden, alder;
  • weakly resistant tree - oak, birch and beech sapwood, elm core and maple;
  • medium-resistant tree - fir, spruce, larch, cedar sapwood;
  • Rot-resistant wood - ash, pine, oak core and larch.

Different types of wood absorb certain protective compounds in different ways, and this should be taken into account when choosing the final impregnation.

Three main groups of wood can be distinguished by the difficulty of soaking up impregnation:

  1. difficult - spruce, ash, oak and beech core;
  2. medium - linden, pine kernel, alder, aspen, maple sapwood;
  3. lungs - beech, pine sapwood and birch.

The nuances of home impregnation with your own hands

How to make an impregnation for a wooden house outside and inside: which one to choose? Review of the best impregnations with and without wax: Review + Video

The price of impregnation for wood will depend on its purpose and composition, but you can save a lot and prepare a simple protective impregnation for a frame house with your own hands. In this case, the impregnation will turn out to be much cheaper than the budget purchase option.

The basis of DIY impregnation is bitumen.

Impregnation preparation progress: How to make an impregnation for a wooden house outside and inside: which one to choose? Review of the best impregnations with and without wax: Review + Video

  1. To not used old pour in a metal bucket or container.

  2. Put the bucket on the fire and bring the bitumen to a boil.
  3. Remove the bucket from the heat and, stirring, pour in diesel fuel in a thin stream so that the mixture does not have time to thicken even after it cools.

Homemade wood impregnation is ready! There are only two simple ingredients in it, and the wood can be protected from various effects of moisture, fire and various damage by fungi and parasites. The penetration of this impregnation into wood is 6 mm, while the wood will "breathe".

In order to prepare a quick-drying impregnation, dilute the bitumen not with diesel fuel, but with gasoline.

But in this case, do not heat the composition - the bitumen should completely dissolve in gasoline. After processing wood with this solution, it can be safely painted, covered with various enamels and primed. But under no circumstances use nitro varnishes and paints!

Precautions

How to make an impregnation for a wooden house outside and inside: which one to choose? Review of the best impregnations with and without wax: Review + Video Impregnation for a wooden house outside and inside, fire retardant and antiseptic, contain dangerous chemical additives and substances that can harm human health.That is why during the processing process, remember about your safety measures, and unquestionably follow the instructions from the manufacturer. Before you buy the impregnation, carefully study the information about the degree of toxicity of the composition and its possible use and application inside the house.

Be sure to follow the recommendations for storing and disposing of the waste of the remaining product in order not to harm the environment (in no case do not pour the remaining solution into the sewer, do not throw it into water bodies, etc.).

Impregnation for wood is a necessary and important measure of protection in modern repair and construction . Regardless of the hazardous chemicals in the impregnation, it can significantly increase the operational life of all buildings and ensure safety from fires and various atmospheric phenomena. Successful finishing of the frame house!

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