Wood is one of the most ancient and stylish building materials apart from stone and clay. Throughout the history of construction, a person has gained vast experience in handling wood, learned its features, and learned how to make it stronger and more durable with the help of protective equipment. The main one of these points is the use of impregnation for wood and its elements.
Wood is a very durable and unique building material that has a huge number of positive qualities and properties that will be appreciated in all time. In houses that are built of wood, it is always necessary to maintain a natural and more comfortable level of humidity, as well as warmth, and there should always be enough oxygen in the air.
The use of special types of wood in the construction will allow you to create a special healing atmosphere throughout the house due to microscopic volatile substances and resins, which will have a huge impact on your health.
Regardless of the mass of positive advantages, the tree has its disadvantages and disadvantages. If you do not follow these precautions, wood can deteriorate from moisture, various fungi and mold, fire, various insects or rodents. And if in ancient times people used various suitable means for protection, then today it will be enough just to treat the whole tree with a special impregnation.
You can buy a suitable composition for wood impregnation in any building hypermarket or market.
This is a specific composition that is designed to protect the structure of your tree from the destructive and negative effects of the entire environment, any biological factors and fire. The composition of the impregnation, depending on its components and purpose, can be divided into several types. For example, some impregnations are oil-based or water-based and organic-based.
Such impregnations contain certain components, the melting of which begins with increasing temperature, while creating a strong film on the surface of the wood. Its essence is to block the access of oxygen to the tree, and without oxygen, as we all know, there will be no fire. Fireproof impregnation for wood must be used in the construction and repair of log cabins, as the main guarantee of subsequent safety;
The most common impregnation-antiseptics: Aquatex, Kram, Biosept, Tikkurila, Vintol, Biotoneks, Senezh;
Quite often, the composition of water-repellent impregnations for wood includes oxides of certain metals, which protect the material from the damaging effects of ultraviolet radiation, as well as burnout and drying out.
But also oxides will give the impregnation a certain color. Depending on the metal used, the color changes from light yellow to burgundy, or blue and purple. Therefore, it is possible not only to protect the wood, but also to give it an original and beautiful appearance;
To select a certain protective solution, consider some of the nuances. For example, if you choose a water-based impregnation, then you will need additional drying of the wood, which will lead to its deformation.
With antiseptic impregnations, which are water-based, treat the linings for the purlins and the purlins themselves, you can also paint the panels of partitions, logs and beams, beams. Thus, elementary lightweight structures can be processed that will not deform or bend, and which will not cause much harm and damage.
Oil compositions and oil for wood impregnation have an unpleasant persistent odor, which is rather difficult to erode, and therefore it is better not to use these impregnations for wood for internal processing of wooden structures.
In addition, all oil solutions ignite very quickly, releasing toxins into the air. After you have treated the wood with oil, it will become impossible to work, paint and process. Therefore, oil impregnations are suitable only for wooden parts and elements that are outdoors and are regularly in contact with water.
Choose an antiseptic impregnation for wood, taking into account a certain type of wood, since various species have different degrees of resistance to various biological destructors:
Different types of wood absorb certain protective compounds in different ways, and this should be taken into account when choosing the final impregnation.
Three main groups of wood can be distinguished by the difficulty of soaking up impregnation:
The price of impregnation for wood will depend on its purpose and composition, but you can save a lot and prepare a simple protective impregnation for a frame house with your own hands. In this case, the impregnation will turn out to be much cheaper than the budget purchase option.
The basis of DIY impregnation is bitumen.
Impregnation preparation progress:
Homemade wood impregnation is ready! There are only two simple ingredients in it, and the wood can be protected from various effects of moisture, fire and various damage by fungi and parasites. The penetration of this impregnation into wood is 6 mm, while the wood will "breathe".
In order to prepare a quick-drying impregnation, dilute the bitumen not with diesel fuel, but with gasoline.
But in this case, do not heat the composition - the bitumen should completely dissolve in gasoline. After processing wood with this solution, it can be safely painted, covered with various enamels and primed. But under no circumstances use nitro varnishes and paints!
Impregnation for a wooden house outside and inside, fire retardant and antiseptic, contain dangerous chemical additives and substances that can harm human health.That is why during the processing process, remember about your safety measures, and unquestionably follow the instructions from the manufacturer. Before you buy the impregnation, carefully study the information about the degree of toxicity of the composition and its possible use and application inside the house.
Be sure to follow the recommendations for storing and disposing of the waste of the remaining product in order not to harm the environment (in no case do not pour the remaining solution into the sewer, do not throw it into water bodies, etc.).
Impregnation for wood is a necessary and important measure of protection in modern repair and construction . Regardless of the hazardous chemicals in the impregnation, it can significantly increase the operational life of all buildings and ensure safety from fires and various atmospheric phenomena. Successful finishing of the frame house!
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