How to make gypsum tiles for a stone: how to paint, select and glue: Overview and Interior + Video

How to make gypsum tiles for a stone: how to paint, select and glue: Overview and Interior + Video Gypsum tiles under a stone for interior decoration + Photo in the Interior. Gypsum is a flexible, soft and light material, which explains its incredible popularity as a finishing element. Decorative plaster stone tiles for interior decoration, based on gypsum, is a success, as it has many format and textured variations. But how to make the right choice and avoid mistakes when choosing a manufacturer?

Is it possible to make such a tile with your own hands? What is the technology of laying and final grouting? We will consider these questions further.

Gypsum - why exactly?

Gypsum tiles have many advantages, although at first glance it may seem that they are not.

But no one will deny that there are certain disadvantages. Whether to make your choice in favor of this material or not is up to you. A list of pros and cons will help you with this.

Advantages of gypsum tiles

  • Ease of installation - no special skills required.
  • Functions of decor - high-quality imitation of brick or natural stone.

  • Low cost, from about 460 rubles / m 2 .
  • Light weight, which means that such a tile can be laid on plasterboard walls. It is even lighter than decorative cement tiles.
  • Environmental friendliness, as gypsum is a natural material.
  • Can be made by hand.

  • The material itself is "warm".

Disadvantages of gypsum tiles

  • How to make gypsum tiles for a stone: how to paint, select and glue: Overview and Interior + Video Low frost resistance and high water absorption. Stone-like gypsum tiles absorb water, which means that it is only suitable for interior decoration in a dry room.
  • Difficulty leaving. After a period of time, dust accumulates on the relief, which is quite difficult to remove with simple cleaning products.

    To protect against dust, the tile will also have to be covered with a protective varnish.

  • There is a high probability of buying low-quality material. The quality of the material itself depends on the brand of raw materials, but often unscrupulous manufacturers make a choice in favor of saving on raw materials, which in the future will lead to the rapid destruction of the slab.

Scope and ideas for decorating

Popular ideas

Most often, decorative tiles are made with imitation of stone and brick. In addition to country houses and apartments, gypsum stone tiles can be found in hotels, restaurants, offices and exhibition halls.

Plasterboard finishes, in comparison with even the same ceramic ones, have a better chance of creating a noble interior even with minimal use. For the same reason, it is also used to decorate columns, niches and fireplaces.

Gypsum tiles are also appropriate in a loft-style interior. This rough texture seems to be created for a room that combines industrial and brutal design ideas with one that is softer and "more civilized".

When it comes to imitation under a stone, it is important to note the angle from which the light will fall on the tiles.

In the process of laying, it will be wise to pay attention to this, since the uneven surface of the stone requires alignment. Before you start cladding, test the material on a dry finishing material so that in the future you will not have to reproach yourself for the design.

Interior decoration

As we mentioned above, decorative tiles are usually used for interior decoration. Gypsum porosity does not make it possible to expose the material to aggressive weather conditions: it is non-frost-resistant and does not have resistance to moisture. Although the use of a water repellant impregnation solves the problem, you should not rely on it, since the risk of the lining being destroyed is still quite high.

When laying gypsum tiles under a stone, plasterboard, brick, plaster and plastered coatings are suitable. For cladding on unusual substrates, the same preparation is required. In such situations, you need to create a layer that will be in excellent contact with two surfaces at once. For example, laying a tile on a tile is possible, but when applying a thick layer of glue to the old tile, which will not flake off. The composition of the glue, in turn, will be an excellent base for facing.

Veneering

Veneering tools

  1. Notched and normal trowel.
  2. Hacksaw (if available, it is better to use a grinder).
  3. Building level.
  4. Miter box.
  5. Foam sponges.

  6. Mixer drill.
  7. Grout spatula.
  8. Construction gun (milk bag).
  9. Sandpaper and grindstone.
  10. Multiple brushes.

Materials

  1. How to make gypsum tiles for a stone: how to paint, select and glue: Overview and Interior + Video Glue . You can use plaster / tiled, for example Knauf Perfix or VOLMA MOUNTING. Laying can also be done on liquid nails. Some of the manufacturers have glue included with the tile.
  2. Varnish (water-based) .

  3. Grout for joint .
  4. Seam dye .
  5. Primer .

Works

Stage 1: Marking

When facing with plaster tiles , the laying technology is similar to the laying of ceramic tiles (including marking). The main thing is to find the starting points, vertical and horizontal, based on the geometric aesthetics and accuracy of the cladding.

Usually the laying of decorative tiles starts from the corners, for this reason the markings are also tied to them.

Decorative plaster stone tiles have different formats, so it is important to take into account such a moment so that there are no duplicates that follow one after another. In this regard, laying plaster tiles is much easier, since if necessary, you can immediately mark the placement of any element.

It is recommended to use a laser or water level for correct marking. The first is good because it is convenient to use it alone, even at the stage of tile correction.

But unlike it, the water level is much cheaper - an ideal financial purchase for a one-time independent use.

Step # 2: Laying

To mix the glue, use the mixer attachment on the drill. The consistency of the mixture should be like thick sour cream. Next, we take a spatula and apply the mixture to the base with it, while pre-priming it for better adhesion and adhesion. To level the layer, remove the remaining glue with a notched comb-trowel.

Next, we lay the tiles, while pressing it to the base.

Masonry seams are required. To create the necessary distance, use materials at hand with the same thickness, which is equal to the width of the joints between the tiles. Stone cladding does not require seams, and they are made / not made at will.

Step # 3: Cutting

Since gypsum is a soft material, it can be cut even with a hacksaw.

For convenience, it is customary to use a grinder, but there is a lot of dust and noise from it. It is very important that the outer corners are docked correctly. For a beautiful connection, the tiles are cut at an angle of 45 degrees. For this you will need a miter box. In some places, processing may be necessary, for which you can use a sanding block, and then fix the result with sandpaper.

Arches and other similarly structured places need shaped cutting. When cutting tiles, a textured cut will be ideal. If you use a grinder, you can ignore this nuance.

Step # 4: We rub in the seams

For the putty, either grout mixtures are used, which are used in a half dry form, or glue ( gypsum). It is applied in the gaps between the plates using a narrow spatula, and the fugue is smoothed with it.

Alternatively, you can use a gun or milk carton for grouting. One side of the bag is cut in width, and a hole is created on the other, which will be 0.5 cm in diameter. Next, the bag is filled with a mixture and squeezed into the seams through the hole made.

If you are not skilled at grouting gypsum tiles under stone, try not to overdo it.

If the outcome is poor, the mixture will set faster than you can handle the seams. Remove the remains with a foam sponge. Try not to get the putty on the cladding material, as gypsum itself is a porous material, and it will be problematic to wash anything off of it.

If the color of the tile and the putty differ from each other, and this was not included in the design, then after grouting, when setting, paint the grouting joints with dyes. Reliable manufacturers of carpentry give such material as a gift upon purchase.

Coloring is carried out only with a narrow brush, and this applies not only to the seams, but also to possible chips that could appear during transportation or laying.

After finishing, it is advisable to treat the tile with a water-based varnish for safety (against moisture), since you can accidentally splash the surface when cleaning.

DIY gypsum tiles under a stone

If you have large volumes for cladding, it makes sense to buy special forms (or make them yourself ) and create your own batch of tiles at home.

  1. Coat the mold with color so as not to paint after the tiles have dried.
  2. Fill the mold with a liquid mixture of concrete mortar and color.

    For 500 ml of water, add 1000 ml of gypsum and 1/2 tsp. color scheme.

  3. When the mixture has set, remove the tiles from the mold.
  4. When completely dry, the tile will break out of the mold easily.
  5. Evaluate the result.

More visual instructions can be found in the video format on YouTube.

Results

Yes, decorative tiles have a wide range of applications. But do not forget about the disadvantages when choosing a material for cladding. It should be taken into account not only how appropriate the gypsum will be in the idea of ​​the interior, but also the quality of the purchased material.

When planning your working fireplace cladding, take your time choosing a good material manufacturer.

Otherwise, you can spend a lot of money on low-quality material that will flake off or crack when heated. A double layer of glue, which you will apply to the surface and to the plate, will not be superfluous. This will increase the level of adhesion and guarantee the longevity of the cladding.

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