For the safety of others and your home, open wiring in the frame house must be made of a rigid cable, and it must be enclosed in triple wiring.
It is necessary to properly fasten the cable to the surface so that it is stationary. This can be achieved using electrical brackets.
Most often, in a frame house, the wiring is made open.
Although it has its drawbacks:
1) The wires not hidden in the wall look ugly;
2) There is a risk of damage to these wires .
When installing a cable with normal insulation, a gasket must be installed under it. It should be fireproof, such as metal or asbestos. This gasket should protrude about one cm on all sides.
A known method of installing exposed wiring using coiled wires and ceramic rollers. But this method, although well-known, is not often used.
The most cost-effective and reliable way to install exposed wiring is electrical brackets and fireproof cable.
But there are also disadvantages - not the aesthetic appearance of the wall along which the electrical wiring runs.
Do-it-yourself wiring in a frame house is a rather complex system.
A corrugated pipe is often used for laying cables. This closes the two wires running along the wall and makes the wiring look more attractive. In addition, the pipe is made of heat-resistant material, and the risk of fire is reduced. And most importantly, the wires are reliably protected from mechanical damage. Plastic pipes are attached to the wall using special clips.
In addition to corrugated pipes, plastic pipes can be used. Protection for wires must necessarily comply with all norms and standards.
Another way to hide the wire is to install specialized plastic conduits . As a rule, they are made of high-quality refractory plastic and perfectly protect the cable. Also, these boxes partially allow you to change the configuration of the wiring, for example, you can add sockets or switches.
For boxes it is necessary to purchase additional materials - plugs, corners and joints. Today, the stores sell electrical boxes of various colors and sizes. An instruction is attached to each box, it will tell you how to properly install the electrical wiring in a frame house.
When installing, pay attention to the quality of the walls in the room. Since shrinkage will occur in the first two years and the walls in the frame house may slightly change, and as a result, the electrical wire may deform, thereby damaging the wiring.
This is especially true of self-built frame houses.
In order for the walls to look nice and clean, you can carry out internal wiring in the frame house. Wiring in a frame house is a complex technical system, and it must be of high quality and reliable. Since frame houses are considered buildings of increased fire hazard.
Because of this, all wires inside the walls must to be qualitatively fixed in metal pipes.
The use of plastic and other materials is undesirable, because only metal gives a hundred percent guarantee of non-spread of fire if the wiring is damaged.
When buying a metal pipe for internal wiring, it must be treated with special anti-rust agents.
You can also paint it, and then rust cannot damage your wiring over time.
If the pipe is uneven, or with bends and bends, welding should be used, but so that the cable cannot touch sharp edges. If the pipe consists of several parts, it is simply threaded together.
It is necessary to cover the place where the wire exits the pipe with a plastic nozzle. Condensation can collect in the metal pipe due to temperature differences. To drain the drops down, the pipe is installed at a slope.
In general, hidden wiring in a frame house is beautiful, but during repairs you will have to disassemble the entire wall and remove all the decoration of the house.
In a frame private house, all parts of the wiring must be shielded with special metal boxes, this applies to sockets, switches and distributors.
A corrugation is also used as a metal pipe, although it is less safe. But it reduces the cost of building materials.
Currently, the supply of electricity to the frame house is mainly carried out using a self-supporting insulated wire.
This wire has reliable, UV-resistant, and high-quality insulation. As a rule, the insulation is made of XLPE.
Special tensioners are used to secure this cable. You can also use the insulator on high quality metal brackets.
Installation should be done at a height of 2.75 meters from the ground.
When entering the wire from the outside into the frame house, the cable entry point must be equipped with a metal tube, which will perform two main tasks:
1) Will not allow the cable to touch with wood, thereby reducing the risk of wood fire when the wiring is deformed.
2) When the house shrinks and the walls move, the reliable metal frame of the pipe will perfectly protect the wires from mechanical external influences.
Electric meters can also be installed outside the frame house, placed in a protected electrical panel with a circuit breaker and a residual current device.
Having chosen this option, connect the SIP cable to it, and lay a copper cable from the electricity meter, which you will bring into the house. A special electrical distribution board with circuit breakers will perfectly distribute the wiring further to all rooms of the house.
It is better to entrust the commissioning and installation of the electric meter to specialists, because your safety will depend on the quality of the wiring.
In strict order, all meters must be checked and sealed. And you can do the wiring yourself, without forgetting to follow all safety rules.
Do not forget that the first step is drawing up a wiring diagram in a frame house.
When drawing a diagram, it is necessary to mark the passage and the locations of all electrical devices, including sockets, lamps, lamps, switches, and more. This scheme will greatly simplify the installation and installation of wiring in a frame house, and will allow you to calculate in advance the number of wires, sleeves and other building materials.
( 4 marks, average 1.75 of 5 )
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