At one installation of PVC frame with double-glazed windows, the work with the window opening is not completed - it is necessary to create a frame for it, both from the outside and from the inside. There are several ways to do this, differing in the materials used and working methods. Do you want to know more about them and understand how to correctly make slopes for plastic windows? Then here you will find a fairly detailed description of these methods with step-by-step instructions for performing the work.
How to make slopes for plastic windows correctly
Slopes for plastic windows do it yourself
But first, let's consider several reasons why it becomes necessary to mount slopes on plastic windows.
Without slopes, the installation seam of the window will gradually collapse and become unusable.
Basic requirements for window slopes
Note! There are four main types of slopes for plastic windows: metal, plastic, plasterboard and plaster.
In the image you can see a detailed diagram of a sandwich panel slope device installed along a leveling profile, with insulation and attachment to a decorative corner and mounting foam
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During the construction of private housing in villages, townships and suburbs, slopes made of metal have become very popular.
This is largely due to their advantages over other materials.
Remember that improperly designed window finishes will lead to many troubles
Plastic slopes for PVC windows
Decorative plastic slopes
Before proceeding to the description of the steps for installing metal slopes, we will consider the tools and materials required to complete this work. For your convenience, they are summarized in the table below.
Table. Installation of external metal slopes - tools and consumables.
|Name|| What is needed for |
|Measuring tape|| Taking measurements |
|Self-tapping screws|| Fasteners for a metal slope. It is desirable that the color of the hats matches the color of the product |
|Screwdriver|| Fixing and screwing screws |
|Long cue ball for self-tapping screws|| Working with fasteners of a metal slope in hard-to-reach places when installing a starting profile |
|A set of drills for metal and concrete|| Create holes in the elements of the slope and the wall for fasteners |
|Scissors for cutting metal|| For fitting metal slopes to window dimensions |
|Sealant and assembly gun|| Treatment of joints between the individual elements of the slope, as well as between the slope and the plastic window
|Construction knife with retractable blade|| Cutting the packaging of metal slopes for the window |
Window with external slopes
Important! Also, do not forget to prepare a large enough work table on which it will be convenient to trim individual elements of the metal slope. In addition, if the upper border of the opening is high, take a stepladder.
Now let's move on to the direct description of the actions that must be performed to mount external metal slopes on plastic windows.
Unpack the set of slopes on plastic windows. Check if all its components are in stock and without defects. In this case, the kit consists of fasteners, a lower ebb, one upper and two side slopes, starting profiles for them.
Unpacking the slopes
Step 2. Measure the width and height of the window opening.
In this case, one must also take into account how correctly the window is installed - in some cases they are mounted in a plane that is not parallel to the outer wall of the house and the decoration. A similar factor must be taken into account when adjusting the lower ebb and other slopes further.
Fitting the bottom flange
Important! It will also be useful to "try on" individual elements of the slopes on plastic windows, installing them in the opening without fixing.
Step 3. Transfer the measurement results to the lower ebb, which is usually initially slightly larger than the width of the window opening.
You will subsequently cut this detail to the desired size, formed lateral "ears" at the edges.
The measurement results are transferred to the lower ebb
Step 4. Cut the lower ebb with metal scissors along the width of the window opening, while leaving at the ends of the "ears" in the form of a trapezoid. Then fold them up, as shown in one of the photos below. Also leave a triangle on the outside of the ebb during the trimming process - it will cover the corner of the opening.
Trimming the lower tide
Construction scissors for metal
This is how the edge of the lower ebb should look like after trimming - a side bent surface in the form of a trapezoid is formed and a triangular edge is left, which will close the corner of the opening from the outside
Step 5. Check if the bottom sill is now the right size for the window opening. If everything is in order, mark the holes for the fasteners and drill them (if they were not made in advance, as on the product from the example in the photo).
Trying on the ebb
Step 6. Align the bottom ebb in width and fix it in the opening using self-tapping screws .
Fixing the ebb
Step 7. Try on F-shaped starting profiles on the side surfaces of the window opening - whether they fit in height. Mark with a pencil the place to which these products reach in height.
F-shaped starting profiles are tried on
Step 8. Install the starting profile on the upper horizontal part of the window opening the profile required for attaching the upper strip of the metal slope.
Setting the starting profile
Step 9. Insert the appropriate slope element into the upper starting profile and secure. If necessary, first trim the part with the formation of "ears" necessary for reliable fixation of the side starting profiles in the opening.
Attaching the upper decorative element
Important! Factory-made metal slopes, as a rule, have a special plastic film that protects the product from scratches and other damage during storage and transportation. When installing, remove the film from those surfaces where it will be impossible to get rid of it later. Rip off the remnants of the film from other places only after the installation of the slopes is complete - this way you will reduce the chance of accidentally damaging the elements during the work.
Step 10. Using the vertical "lugs" on the upper and lower elements of the metal slopes, fix the starting side profiles.
Attaching the side profile
Another photo of the process
Step 11. Mount the left and right slopes on these starting profiles, fix them with self-tapping screws or metal rivets. Then, if desired, treat all joints and crevices with a sealant to completely exclude any possibility of water penetration into the window frame.
Installation of side slopes
When decorating plastic windows indoors, owners of houses and apartments have a desire not to resort to plastic or metal products - these stand out too much inside the room and are more suitable for the outside. In this situation, the slopes are made of plaster - it can later be painted either in a neutral white color, or to match the design of the living room or kitchen.
Important! Keep in mind that plaster slopes are inferior in durability to plastic / metal ebbs and platbands and that they are not suitable for rooms with high humidity levels.
Step 1. Protect the glass and frames from plaster by temporarily applying plastic wrap to them. Also, in some places, it is advisable to use masking tape - this way you will free yourself from the need to subsequently clean the window from trapped pieces of plaster.
The window is sealed with a film
Using a pencil, make initial measurements of how it will be applied plaster. The mixture should partially cover the plastic window frame itself - this will minimize any possibility of draft. In this case, plaster slopes are also made at dawn - the surfaces are located at an angle, expanding from the window into the interior of the room. This is how the best illumination of the room is achieved.
Taking initial measurements
Complete the marks using a laser level for drawing either its usual bubble counterpart. In this case, it is necessary to indicate several points for screwing in the self-tapping screws and drill holes there - the fasteners will become a kind of substrate for beacons installed in the middle of the opening planes.
Screwed in self-tapping screw
Step 4. Treat the surfaces of the window opening with a primer, preferably in two layer. It will provide a better "grip" of the plaster to the main wall.
The surfaces of the opening are treated with a primer
Step 5. Prepare the beacons for insertion into the opening. In this case, purchased factory-made products are used, which are quite cheap, but at the same time very convenient to use. Cut them to the appropriate height or width of the window opening.
Preparing the beacons
Prepare a sufficiently dense and good mortar to attach the beacons to the surfaces of the window opening. Apply a few "cakes" of the mixture to each of them with a spatula. Then mount the lighthouse, using the caps of the screws screwed earlier as a substrate - the metal product will not pass further than them. Dip the beacon lightly in the solution.
The head of the self-tapping screw acts as a substrate
Use the same principle to install the beacon on the top parts of the window opening.
Installation of the upper beacon
Step 8. Mount the "formwork" along the perimeter of the window opening will align the edges of the surface with "dawn". In this case, the master for these purposes applied the old rule, fixing it on self-tapping screws with dowels.
"Formwork" from the old rule
Prepare the plaster mixture to form the slopes. Stir all of its ingredients in a bucket using a mixer or drill with a special attachment.
Preparation of the plaster mixture
Step 10. Perform the initial plastering on the surface of the window opening, but without special alignment - just form the required amount of sweep on the top and sides.
Initial plaster cast
Take a wide trowel and, leaning it against the plaster, the beacon on one side and rule on the other, even out the mixture and give it smoothness. Repeat this operation with the other sides of the window opening.
Leveling the plaster mixture
Important! Before the mixture dries completely, craftsmen often remove metal beacons so that they do not remain rusty inside the slopes. The grooves remaining after this are rubbed with a mixture and smoothed with a spatula in the same way as in the previous operation.
Work fine details and defects with narrow spatulas. After that, you can leave the plaster to dry. Then remove the protective plastic film from the window. The final touch is painting the new plaster slope in the desired color.
Using a narrow trowel
One of the most commonly used ways to make internal or external slopes on a window is plastic panels. Let's briefly consider one of the simplest ways to mount them - using the starting and other profiles. Such plastic slopes can be successfully used for both interior and exterior decoration of PVC windows.
Diagram illustrating the installation of sandwich panels or plastic panels as slopes on the window
Step 1. Cut off any excess foam in the opening that will interfere with the installation of the slopes.
Then determine the dimensions of each surface in order to prepare segments of the starting profiles exactly according to the obtained values.
Preparing the starting profiles
Step 2. Cut off the starting sections according to the data obtained in the previous step profiles of appropriate sizes.
Cutting the starting profiles
Step 3. Fix the starting profiles on the self-tapping screws along the entire perimeter of the window opening.
The profiles are fastened with self-tapping screws
Step 4. Try on the corner profiles by joining them with the starting ones. Measure the desired length and cut the product. Then dock it with the starting profiles at the corners of the opening, but without fixing it to the screws.
Mark along the edge of the opening opposite the frame (in this case this is the edge facing the room), points, drill holes in the wall in these places and insert the dowels. On the latter, profiles will be fixed, framing the plastic slope from the inside.
Place of profile fixation
Step 6. Install the profiles framing the inner edge of the window opening. Fix them to the previously mounted dowels using self-tapping screws.
Installing profiles that frame the inner edge of the window opening
Step 7. Insert between the starting, corner and framing plastic panels. For better wall mounting, apply foam in a zigzag line before doing this. Seal the joints between the panel and the profiles with sealant.
Everything is ready
Another the option of slopes for plastic windows - from drywall sheets.
Such a construction comes out quite strong and durable, plus - suitable for painting. But at the same time it has a considerable mass, and its installation requires some skills in working with this material. As a rule, such slopes are used in the event that both the walls and the ceiling in the room are also finished with plasterboard.
Important! Slopes made of plasterboard brands that are resistant to temperature extremes and high humidity can also be suitable for the exterior decoration of a window opening.
Take the dimensions of the window opening and calculate the slopes of what height and width you need. Mill drywall sheets so that their edges are at an angle - this is necessary for gluing the material into the corners, which will then act as slopes for the plastic window.
Trimming drywall sheets
Step 2. Dust off the angled edges of drywall strips and then connect them to each other to get ready-made vertical or horizontal slopes for the window opening. In order for the product to retain its shape as the foam hardens, tie it with adhesive paper tape as shown in one of the images below.
Joining drywall strips with polyurethane foam
The product is tied with adhesive paper tape
Step 3. Install a frame made of metal profiles or wooden battens near the edges of the window opening. Fix it well, because the structure will take on the main load from the plasterboard slopes.
Frame made of metal profile
Step 4. Fill the space between the frame elements with polyurethane foam.
It is also advisable to apply it to a narrow strip between the frame and one of the metal profiles.
The space between the elements of the frame is blown out by foam
Step 5. Install a plasterboard slope, level it in height / width and check the position with a spirit level.
Installing the slope
Step 6. Finally secure the plasterboard slope in place using the appropriate self-tapping screws.
Fixing the slope with self-tapping screws
Step 7. Repeat the two previous operations a few more times and install the plasterboard slopes on the remaining surfaces of the window opening. After that, they can be painted in a color that matches the decoration of the rest of the room (or the facade, if we are talking about working on the outside of the house).
Upper slope made of plasterboard
Now you know how to install slopes on plastic windows outside and inside with your own hands, and in several different ways. Choose one of them based on both your own preferences and practical reasons.
Posted By: Work Style |13, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |05, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |05, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |02, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |13, Nov 2020