Many male people, finding a family, sooner or later think about purchasing their own home. Someone takes an apartment on a mortgage, and someone saves money for building a house. But not many manage to save up for a large house, and the alternative would be to build a house with an attic.
An attic can be built from a foam block or from a material suitable for you.
It will not be difficult to build an attic, but patience, hard work, suitable materials and the availability of tools are needed.
The mansard roof is, in fact, an attic, but ennobled.
The shape and structure of the roof must be included in the project of the house in order to avoid incidents during further operation.
You can take a standard project for the construction of a house with an attic or order it from professionals. In such documentation, you can quite understand where to start and choose suitable materials for construction.
Now you can buy everything you need, but first equip a place to store building materials and tools.
The storage area must be dry and have a roof so that rain or snow cannot harm the construction material.
It will also be possible to equip a small workshop under a canopy to make some parts of a house or a roof. For a house from a foam block or who does not have the opportunity to build a full-fledged second floor, the choice of an attic roof will be the best option. A foam block house will be a budget option. Next, we will consider the structure of the attic.
The construction elements of the attic are practically the same as for gable roofs.
The roof is the outer covering of the roof, it protects the inside of the attic and can be made of various materials.
For roofing, as a rule, the following materials are used :
After familiarizing ourselves with the names of the roof device, we can continue to further disassemble the construction in stages.
Attic construction always begins with the installation of the Mauerlat .
When building an attic on a stone box, you need to think about fixing the Mauerlat with studs or anchors at a distance of no more than two meters ...
At the locations of the anchors, the timber is marked out, a hole is made in it and put on the anchor, then the Mauerlat is fixed to the wall with nuts.
To simplify the marking, it is necessary to put the bar on the anchor and lightly walk with a hammer from above, after these manipulations, traces should remain, they will be the places for drilling holes.
The second stage
The second stage of construction attic will be the installation of floor beams.
Actions must be consistent.
First of all, the extreme beams are installed from the ends, then the intermediate ones. Between the intermediate and extreme beams, it is necessary to pull a nylon cord or scaffolding, you can still use a laser level or level.
These devices are needed to indicate the plane.
Install, plumb up the vertical position and fix support posts.
We reinforce with jibs and make horizontal runs.
It should be borne in mind that the racks are placed in equal numbers with the floor beams on two parallel sides of the attic.
The rigidity of the supporting structure is ensured by horizontal purlins.
The fourth stage (rafter system)
Rafter parts prepared according to the template we install the structures according to the plan and fix them to the vertical supports.
The elements can be fixed with boards or metal plates with holes.
The fifth stage (gables and lathing)
З We sew gables, leaving room for windows, we attach sheathing boards along the entire roof. This is the easiest job when building an attic.
Now we have almost come to the end of construction and this is the insulation of the attic roof with our own hands.
In modern construction, a variety of materials are used for insulation and waterproofing, you can purchase them at any hardware store.
The final stage of the mansard roof construction is covering the roof with roofing material.
After the roof is covered with a roof, we lay the drainage system, it will give a finished look. Of course, this is not quite the final yet, because you have internal work to finish the attic, but this is not about this in this article.
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Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |13, Nov 2020
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