During construction or finishing works, wood was and still remains the favorite material. But in order for wooden materials to serve for a long time, not to rot, swell and dry out, they have to be pre-treated with various chemicals.
But not everyone wants to deal with chemistry, so now heat-treated wood is widely used.
Many people wonder what is heat-treated wood? These are wooden products that have been heat treated at high temperatures without the addition of chemicals.
Thanks to such processing, the tree receives many positive qualities:
This technology was invented by Finnish specialists.
It consists of several stages of processing:
IMPORTANT! Heat treatment takes about 3 hours. Finally, the heat-treated wood is cooled, lowering the temperature in the chamber, the moisture content of the product is 4-6%.
Heat treatment is different:
IMPORTANT! For the manufacture of thermowood of the highest quality, not air vapor is supplied under pressure, but nitrogen (rectification is done). Wood can differ in appearance, shade and its properties if treated with different steam temperatures, therefore, its price will be different.
Therefore, it is subdivided into classes:
IMPORTANT! Before buying thermowood, check what class it is, and decide what shade you need it for during construction.
It is not difficult to buy heat-treated wood, for example, buy in St. Petersburg or buy in Moscow , it is now sold everywhere. But usually only in specialized stores. Only the cost for it is much higher than for an ordinary tree. Therefore, many craftsmen all often ask this question - how can you make such wood with your own hands at home?
If you want to do it, it is possible.
Only the process of making thermowood is very laborious, but the result is worth it.
To make a thermal chamber, we need the following elements:
A container with water is placed in the thermowood chamber in order for the water to evaporate due to the high temperature. This prevents the wood from catching fire. The camera must be well heated to maintain a high temperature.
IMPORTANT! The chamber must be closed hermetically, because if oxygen gets there, there will be a risk of wood fire.
This option is suitable if you need to process large wooden products. For processing small pieces of wood, there is another way to do it yourself. Take a tree, boil it for 1.5 hours, then wrap it in rags or paper and dry these wooden products near a stove, radiator or heater.
Thermowood is a versatile material due to its positive qualities. It can be used for building garden gazebos, terraces. Looks great as an external finishing material for the facade of the house, it can also serve as a floor covering.
Facade thermowood - presented in the form of a lining, block-house. Such products retain their beautiful appearance for a long time and do not require strong maintenance.
In humid rooms (sauna, bathhouse), we can also often find the use of thermal boards. It does not get very hot and is not afraid of moisture.
Although heat-treated wood has many advantages, there is also a disadvantage - under the influence of sunlight, the surface fade over time and the shade becomes gray. But only the topmost layer is damaged, inside it remains strong.In order to prevent burnout, you can additionally treat the thermal tree with oil products.
After that, such wood will serve you for a long time, and please the eye with its beautiful appearance.
Another drawback is, of course, the cost of such wood, but we described to you the opportunity to make it yourself, which will be much more profitable.
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