For external insulation of a frame house, materials are chosen that are least susceptible to external natural influences.
Currently, the most popular materials for home insulation are: mineral wool, glass wool, OSB boards, expanded polystyrene and polystyrene.
All these options for insulation have high thermal insulation rates, and their main advantage is that it is easy to install and install.
External and internal insulation of the house provides high waterproofing, reduces the penetration of moisture and cold air and provides good wind protection of the house.
High-quality thermal insulation at home will provide you with a comfortable stay and allow you to save on heating. In order to carry out internal and external insulation of a frame house, you must have the following tools:
Before starting work on wall insulation, preparatory work is carried out.
If any construction waste remains inside the frame house, it should be removed. When insulating the walls of an old frame building, it is necessary to carefully examine the surface of the walls and floor for protruding nails and possible damage to the outer skin. Found nails need to be bent or removed with a nail puller. If gaps and cracks are found, they must be eliminated, usually they are filled with polyurethane foam.
When insulating a frame house that has already been in operation for a while, very it is important to inspect all walls for damp, damp places .
If such places are found, then they must be dried with a construction hair dryer. In order to prevent the reappearance of moisture, one should find the place where moisture can penetrate into the structure and eliminate it.
Most often, wall insulation in a frame house consists in laying a special insulating material between the frame posts. For this technology, such heaters are used as:
These materials are the most common for waterproofing frame house.
Also, very often glassine is used for waterproofing a frame house, it absorbs moisture up to 20%.
Bathroom waterproofing and bathroom waterproofing is a set of measures to protect against moisture and water penetration.A modern frame house must be protected from moisture and water penetration.
The process of waterproofing a frame house consists not only in installing a protective layer of waterproofing, but also in a protective layer of thermal insulation. Glassine is often used to waterproof a frame house; it removes moisture and accumulated steam from the insulation.
The function of external waterproofing of the walls of the frame house is performed by a special superdiffusion membrane.
There are no specific recommendations for the use of this membrane; you can use waterproofing films or polyethylene instead. The films have a significantly low vapor permeability when compared with membranes. Therefore, this material is not suitable for waterproofing the floor. This film simply cannot cope with the removal of all moisture from the insulation. And this is an important point, since there is a dew point in the insulation, and this is its characteristic location in this structure.
Both dampness and moisture should be able to weather well. The membrane does an excellent job with this.
The location of the superdiffusion membrane in the walls of the frame house depends on the type of rough sewing and, of course, the final finish: the superdiffusion membrane is nailed to the frame posts, close to the insulation, then the lathing (these are usually wooden slats) due to it will be the gap is organized. Further, the rough sewing is nailed to the frame racks. A membrane is nailed onto it from above without a gap.
From above, further along the crate, siding is attached. Such a scheme will be applicable when the facing material will be attached along the rough sewing. The membrane is usually attached with a construction stapler. Membrane joints are mounted and installed with an overlap of 10-15 cm.
When cladding a frame house with siding it is necessary to leave a space (at least 3 cm) between the facade and the outer wall cladding.
Such a gap is necessary for ventilation, because wood that releases moisture will not accumulate it and will be able to dry well enough. Correct installation of waterproofing will protect your insulation from condensation and moisture.
Waterproofing of windows in a frame house is one of the most important stages in the repair and construction of a frame house. The main task of these works is to protect the frame house from moisture and dampness.
Regardless of the type and material from which the frame will be made, one cannot do without appropriate waterproofing of the window openings of the frame house.
Waterproofing of window openings of a frame house is one of the main stages of installation and installation. Usually it is carried out during the installation and assembly of all window units. The insulation material is glued between the window and the opening, after which it is covered with special foam.Even in spite of the high strength of the polyurethane foam, after some time of operation of the windows, it loses its original properties and collapses.
As a result, the quality of waterproofing windows often depends on the components of the glass unit itself. During the installation and installation work of a glass unit, special foam is used, however, the strength and durability of the entire structure will depend on the quality of the profile.
Waterproofing of frame house windows is carried out using a variety of materials and tools. So one of the most common methods of waterproofing is considered to be a rubber seal.
Refusing the services of specialists, homeowners often use only polyurethane foam when installing.
And they forget that for high protection of the room from moisture and dampness, polyurethane foam alone will not be enough.
The frame must also be reinforced with special mechanical fasteners. All possible cracks, as well as joints when installing slopes, must be sealed with a sealant.
When installing and assembling wooden windows, the glass itself should also be insulated. Quite effective and the best means of protection against moisture and dampness are putty, mastic.
Correctly installed windows in a frame house are airtight and will not let moisture and dampness into the room. But in the cold season, moisture can condense on the surface of the glass. To avoid this, you need to ensure that the heat flow that comes from the battery is not blocked, and you should also not forget about airing the house. These simple but useful tips will help you keep your home warm and dry and out of moisture and moisture.
Consider the technological process of warming the walls of a frame house using glass wool or mineral wool.
The most important thing that the technology of house wall insulation requires is the presence of a certain number of mats for the entire area of the frame house. Mineral wool is placed between the frame posts. To make the cotton wool match the dimensions of the openings, it is cut with a construction knife. With scraps of cotton wool (3cm), you can eliminate the gaps at the joints of the insulation. In addition, the joints are sealed with bundles of scraps of mineral wool after all mats have been installed in all frame posts.
Styrofoam or expanded polystyrene is also used as wall insulation - these are versatile materials. Advantages of foam: relatively low cost for this type of work; light weight; high thermal conductivity; long service life.
Installation and installation of polystyrene is carried out using special glue - it is ideal for frame houses, because the surface of the slabs has a smooth and even surface, and the fastening is carried out with the help of fungal nails, which gives greater reliability when fastening.
In addition to wall insulation in a frame house, the ceiling and floor should be insulated. To insulate the ceiling in a frame house, first of all, an insulating pie is laid from the side of the attic.
With the help of a construction stapler, the vapor barrier is installed to the beams and the shield surface of the ceiling. After that, we lay the mineral wool mats. All joints must be sealed using wall insulation technology. A layer of waterproofing is laid on top of the insulation material, and a protective row of boards (2.5 cm) is attached to the sides.
The thickness of the insulation of the frame house depends on the selected material.
Before laying the insulation cake, you need to think about the ventilation of the room. Installation and installation of the ventilation system is carried out after thermal insulation. Ventilation holes depend on the diameter of the pipes, usually 10 cm.
Next is the stage of floor insulation.
Before insulation, the best option is selected that will protect your frame house. Currently, foam is used as a heat-insulating material, it has a fairly high strength and durability, and it is also easy to install and assemble. It is important to remember that the foam is laid on top of a special vapor barrier material.
As a rule, the thermal insulation cake of the floor consists of mineral wool. This material provides not only proper thermal insulation, but also reduces the noise level in the frame house.
Mineral wool is produced in the form of a roll or solid slabs and mats. To insulate the floor of the house, it is recommended to use solid plates. Before installing the insulation, it is necessary to equip special vents for air circulation, otherwise your house may start to rot.
Insulation material, as a rule, is laid between the logs under the floorboards, that is, for the insulation process, the floor will have to be opened. You will also have to remove the baseboards.
After the end of the insulation work, the upper floor covering is laid down again and all the skirting boards are nailed.
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