Lining appeared on the building materials market relatively recently, but has already gained popularity. It provides excellent appearance, ease of installation and high strength.
Finishing the facade of the house with clapboard
Exterior finishing of the house
Today clapboard facade cladding can be found on residential buildings, baths, office buildings and shops. Such popularity is explained by a number of advantages of this finishing material, including:
Panels for facade finishing are made of plastic, metal, fiber cement, wood.
It is difficult to unequivocally determine the best lining. The choice always depends on the operating conditions and the purpose of the building. Before choosing a cladding, experts must take into account the climatic features of the area, the type of structure and its operational properties.
In order to produce a competent comparative characteristic of the lining, one should consider its features in terms of such parameters as cost, durability, service life and safety.
Sometimes the cost of building material becomes a fundamental factor when choosing a lining.
However, cheap does not mean good.
Popular wooden lining
Of course, wood has a higher price and the cost of such panels depends on the type of wood and class. Today on the market there is a wide selection of class A or Extra lining. Stronger wood, strict quality control and difference in defects leads to a rather high price.
The most widespread is the "B" class pine lining, which is perfect for cladding country houses, terraces, baths.
Classes of lining
Plastic (vinyl) lining will cost an order of magnitude cheaper, but at the same time, it does not provide that natural appearance the kind that many people like so much.
Service life depends on usage. Precipitation, temperature, air humidity and other criteria have a direct impact. Therefore, when choosing the type of distillation, all these factors should be considered.
Plastic lining is absolutely not afraid of moisture, but at the same time it does not have sufficient resistance to temperature extremes.
Vinyl tolerates UV radiation, but it does not tolerate mechanical stress from the outside. Any small impact is enough and the integrity of the panels can be compromised.
The popularity of vinyl panels also determines the variety of color solutions, allowing you to select the appropriate range for the style and exterior of the building.The area of application of vinyl products is very wide, they are widely used for facing balconies, loggias, arbors. But low frost resistance makes this material undesirable when facing houses in climatic zones with strong temperature changes.
An example of finishing a facade with vinyl siding
The tree is distinguished by increased resistance to mechanical damage, is not afraid of sudden temperature changes, but at the same time it is not loves moisture. Specialists treat wooden lining with special protective compounds to improve its performance. Wood creates an atmosphere of warmth and comfort that no other material can convey.
If we talk about safety, then vinyl lining is not exposed to fire-resistant impregnation. When burning, vinyl melts, evaporating harmful substances.
Wooden finishing is an excellent solution for a bath, terrace or private house. To increase the fire resistance, the boards are pre-treated with a special impregnation. The unique structure of the tree, its medicinal properties and environmental friendliness determine a wide demand for this material.
If not cared for properly, wood quickly loses its properties. It can crack, deform.
For this very purpose, before installing this material, experts carry out a thorough treatment with special antiseptic and hydrophobic mixtures. This prevents the appearance of mold, mildew and protects the wood from moisture penetration. As for care, wood is hard to wash and clean. Over time, it can change its color and lose its original freshness.
Comparison of plastic and wood siding
Plastic, on the other hand, is easy to maintain.
Simply wipe with a damp cloth or apply a cleaning agent and the vinyl looks like it did on the original lining. Despite its high resistance to FU rays, plastic can eventually lose color brightness, which does not affect its performance in any way.
Vinyl clapboard is often called laminated type panels, which perfectly imitate the structure of wood, artificial stone or metal, which allows you to embody any design idea.
Vinyl siding under the shipboard
Thus, the plastic lining has the following advantages:
Wooden lining are panels of certain dimensions with a tenon-groove fastening.
Coniferous and deciduous wood species are used for manufacturing. The most popular materials for the production of wooden paneling are pine, spruce, ash, alder and linden. Less often you can find oak lining, due to its high price.
Standard board sizes:
Euro lining, which is one of the varieties of wooden lining, is distinguished by higher strength and better quality of performance .
.. It belongs to class A, the quality standard regulates the presence of no more than one knot for every one and a half meters of the board. Higher requirements are imposed on its production, respectively, and the price for such material is much higher. Euro lining "Extra" class excludes any knots and cracks and is one of the most expensive materials.
Norms for wood flaws and processing defects for the front side of the product
The dimensions of the Euro lining have more stringent standards:
The stage of laying wooden boards is preceded by a special treatment with an antiseptic to prevent the occurrence of mold and mildew. Antiseptic treatment significantly increases the service life of the facing material and increases its strength and wear resistance.
Antiseptic for lining
Colorless antiseptic for lining
Impregnation for wood
When choosing wooden boards as a cladding of a building, you must pay attention to the following criteria:
For high-quality drying of the lining, special drying chambers are needed. This, of course, increases the cost of the product, but such material will also serve much longer.
Metal cladding is often called metal siding. This material has a smooth surface that does not need additional processing and painting.
The metal lining has a high service life (about 50 years), withstands strong temperature changes, does not corrode.
But there are also disadvantages to this material. Metal lining is not flexible. The variety of colors, imitation wood or stone makes this type of lining quite versatile and popular building material.
Siding "L-Bar" (metal, coating "Ecostyle")
There are two ways of fixing the lining: vertical and horizontal. Before choosing a method, you should take into account that vertical cladding will visually increase the height of the exterior of the building.
Vertical board on the facade of a frame house
Vertical siding finishing
Horizontal, on the contrary, will visually enlarge the facade in breadth. Before buying material, calculate how many boards you will need for one and the other method. Consider the width and length of the beams to minimize waste.
Facing the facade with clapboard horizontally
There are several types of fixing the lining to the facade of the house. Each of them has its pluses and minuses, and the choice of method should be dictated not only by the cladding material, but also by the operational features.
Clays for lining
A set of tools that you may need:
Tools for mounting wooden lining
In addition to high-quality and reliable tools, you will need the following consumables:
Ebb for the basement base
Beams for lathing
Before carrying out construction work, you need to carefully treat each board and timber with an antiseptic.
Processing of the lining
Please note that many antiseptics contain a coloring pigment that will affect the decorative function of the lining.
If you want to preserve the natural color of the wood, it is recommended to process only the inner part of the material, and varnish the outer part after installation. If the facade is being prepared for painting, it does not matter and both sides can be treated with an antiseptic.
Let the lining dry well so as not to impair its technical characteristics.
The process of facing a building with clapboard is quite simple.Even without experience, but at the same time clearly following the instructions, you will be able to independently carry out the finishing work.
Products in the package: lining
Before starting finishing work, you need to take care of the thermal insulation of the house. Choosing a material for insulation. Several types of insulation for external cladding are presented on the market today: mineral wool, glass wool, expanded polystyrene, cellulose insulation.
In order to decorate the house with clapboard and at the same time perform thermal insulation work, it is necessary to mount the crate of the building. This will create the necessary air space between which you can lay an additional layer of insulation.
All electrical wires and ventilation ducts are also hidden under the crate. In addition, the lathing provides proper ventilation, which significantly increases the service life of the facade finish. If the surface of the wall is perfectly flat and no additional insulation of the house is required, then the finishing strips can be nailed directly to the concrete wall with dowel-nails.
Step 1. It is necessary to thoroughly clean the surface of the wall from any dirt and peeling fragments of paint, plaster.
This can be done with a spatula.
Cleaning the old facade
Step 2. Remove all protruding structures and details from the facade (door trims , window frames, visors, etc.). Those parts that cannot be dismantled must be cut using a grinder with a diamond wheel.
Step 3. We seal all cracks, large holes with cement mortar or wood putty and let it dry well for a day.
Step 4. After complete drying, it is necessary to thoroughly treat the facade with an antiseptic substance and prime well. This will prevent the spread of mold and mildew on the walls.
The antiseptic also serves as an excellent protection against termites and other harmful insects.
Priming and antiseptic treatment of walls
choose dry weather, and the timber that will be used for construction must be dried and treated with an antiseptic. Drying of the material should be carried out for at least two weeks, since the maximum allowable moisture content of the timber can be 15%.
Treatment of timber with an antiseptic by full immersion for 1 minute
A wooden or metal profile is suitable for lathing a house, but it is better to tie the choice of material to the lining itself. If you plan to revet the facade with wood, then it is better to take wooden beams as a material for the lathing.
This will simplify the installation scheme.If the lathing is planned for metal siding, then you can choose a galvanized profile 28x27 mm.
Galvanized profile PPN 28x27 mm
Sometimes builders create a combined version of the crate. A crate of wood is created around the perimeter of the whole house, and a frame made of a metal profile is built for the basement floor in order to maximally protect the structure from moisture, because it will be elevated near the ground.
Since we are considering the scheme of fastening a wooden lining, then we will use wood as a material for the construction of the lathing.
Diagram of a wooden lathing for siding
Step 1. We horizontally mount a wooden beam
If the lathing is created on a wooden house, then it is necessary to create a sliding structure (we use corners with vertical holes).
Fastening the timber to the facade
The distance between the bars should be 40 cm.If you decide to lay mineral wool slabs for insulation, then focus on the width of the plate, decreasing or increasing the fastening step. We fasten the crate to U-shaped suspensions in order to achieve the most even surface.
Installation of the battens. Option for fixing the bars
Bars fixed horizontally
Step 2. We carry out work on thermal insulation
We take insulation and put it between the wall of the house and the created wooden structure.
Step 3. Create a wind and hydro barrier
For we take a special protective film and fix it with a construction stapler over the lattice.
Apply the film with an overlap of 10-15 cm in order to avoid damage to heat and waterproofing.
Vapor barrier installation
Material for vapor barrier
Step 4. Install the counter grill
This is necessary to ensure proper ventilation. We now mount the counter lattice vertically, with a step of 40 cm. On the existing lathing, we fasten a wooden lath with 50x10 mm nails.
All this is done in the vertical direction, since the cladding is assumed to be horizontal.
The lathing is set according to the markings, which are stretched threads
The lathing is fixed over the vapor barrier
If the house is not supposed to be insulated, then you can limit yourself to the installation of a single-layer lathing.
Stages of batten installation
Step 1. We check the wooden beams with the level and build a vertical structure from them. To do this, we fix the bars with U-shaped suspensions at the corners of the house with a distance of 50 cm between the fasteners.
We check their verticality with the level.
Now we take 3 cords (the length is equal to the length of the wall) and connect these bars with three laces (top, middle and bottom).This will further facilitate the removal of a flat plane. You can use a rule for these purposes. This tool makes it easy to align the cords evenly.
Step 2. After we pulled the laces, we begin to build the rest of the lathing in a vertical position with a step of 40-50 cm. The laces in this case will be beacons for setting the plane. Reiki should not protrude beyond the lace and change its tension.
After the whole structure is built and checked by the level, we remove the laces and proceed directly to facing the facade with clapboard.
Sheathing for siding
In the photo sheathing for siding. Wooden pads were used to level the timber
The bars are fixed with hangers
This type of attachment assumes movement from top to bottom. This will protect the sheathing material from moisture and dirt. We use clamps (metal staples) for fastening to ensure the reliability of the cladding and an aesthetic appearance.
In addition, it greatly simplifies and speeds up the process of finishing work.
Scheme of installation of wooden siding, insulated facade
Step 1. We take the first lining strip and nail it down to the top beam of the roof sheathing. To avoid cracking the board, drive the nail at a 45 degree angle. You can pre-wet the nail to reduce the chance of damaging the board.
For installation, it is better to use finishing nails 50 mm long.
Step 2. Now insert the clip into the bottom groove of the first board and nail it with 20 mm nails. This is to ensure that the top board does not start to "play" during subsequent editing.
Mounting the lining from top to bottom
Take the next lining board, insert it into the groove of the first boards and fix the bottom again with a kleimer along the sheathing bars. The kleimer must be fastened with 20 mm nails with a hammer, but in order to facilitate the process and protect your hands, use a "spacer". To do this, take a 100 mm nail, turn it upside down and press the head against the 20 mm nail head.
Step 4. The last board is cut to size and inserted into the groove of the previous board.
But there is a small nuance here. If you cut the board exactly to the size of the remaining gap, then we will not be able to bring it into the groove of the previous lining. Therefore, it must be cut 1.5 cm shorter. This will allow you to easily insert it into the groove at an angle of 45 degrees, press it against the crate and press it with a pry bar from the bottom up until it is fully fixed.
Step 5. Now nail the panel with a 50 mm nail (as with the first board) to the batten at the bottom of the last board.
Nails for installing wooden lining
Step 6. The final touch is the installation of a plinth skirt that will cover junction gap.Fix the plinth skirt with 50 mm nails or galvanized screws with a 30 mm long press washer.
Step 7. Close the outer corner joints with decorative corners using 50 mm nails. To hide the presence of fasteners as much as possible, a little trick can be used. To do this, we do not hammer in the nail completely, bite off the cap with pliers and drive it in with a cloth flush with the corner. The fastener pitch must be at least 50 cm on both sides of the corner.
Wooden siding installation scheme
Facade decoration with wooden clapboard, horizontal method
The main difference between such laying is that the lathing is performed horizontally, and the lining will be sewn vertically.
Important! When choosing the material and type of installation, consider the size of the wall. With vertical cladding, the length of the lining must be taken into account so that there is no horizontal seam along the entire perimeter of the building. It is necessary to cover the walls with a staggered offset, or install a panel strip.
Clips must be attached to the back of the groove. We fasten the first one on both sides (the front part - 50 mm with nails, and the back part - with a kleimer).
Checking the evenness of the frame and installing siding panels
Installation of panels with clamps
Clapboard, mounting options
You will need the following materials:
Step 1. We mount the crate of the building. If insulation is planned, we make a double crate (see above). If the house does not need an additional thermal insulation layer, we confine ourselves to a single-layer crate.
Take the plastic lining and fix the outer part with screws to the lathing. Do not forget that the plastic panels are laid strictly perpendicular to the crate.Cut the plastic panel according to the necessary measurements with a hacksaw.
Attaching the first panel
The panel rests against the starting profile
Step 3. We fix the inner part of the lining with a construction stapler to the frame beams.
Check at all times that the entire surface of the panel has entered the lock to exclude further wall deformation and violation of integrity.
Installing the second panel
Driving in the screw
Step 4. Insert the next board into the mountings and fix it with a stapler to the crate with a step of 40 cm.
Step 5. The finishing panel is fixed with a screw with a press washer.
After that, you should apply a decorative corner and fix it with glue.
Punching mounting holes in the last panel
Snap last panel
Example of facade finishing
At the end of the article, we suggest that you carefully read the video instructions on how to properly install the lining to the facade of the building.
Posted By: Work Style |10, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |11, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |10, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |11, Nov 2020