Saving on repairs - how to paint the walls and ceiling. How to paint the ceiling? In fact, it is not difficult at all if you know the entire sequence of work, and you also have the correct paint and varnish composition and paint set.
We will help you to understand in detail how to choose the right paint, what are the subtleties of the preparatory process, as well as what is the technology for applying paint to the surface.
Note that painting the ceiling surface is best done with a fluffy roller that is fitted with a "fur coat" to help ensure maximum adhesion between the paint and the surface.
A roller that has a long nap will create a rough orange skin effect, and one that has a short nap will create a glossy and smooth base. It is not recommended to use foam rubber, velor tools, because velor will form air bubbles during application, and foam rubber does not make it possible to collect enough paint, therefore, in the end, the layer turns out to be uneven, heterogeneous.
Together with the roller, it is worth buying a telescopic handle to make it more convenient to work. As you can see, inventory is really important to achieve great results.
Please note that in order to buy a fluffy roller, you should try to pull its nap (slightly). If it does not crumble, then the material is of high quality and you can buy. Otherwise, the villi will stick to the already painted surface of the ceiling all the time.
Along with the roller, you will also need a flat brush set (narrow and wide) with soft bristles. The main surface will be painted with a roller, and for hard-to-reach corners, areas with a relief and ceiling plinth, it is best to use brushes with different widths.
In addition, painting the ceiling requires a tray that will have a net for rolling paint, a spatula with which you will apply the putty, and sandpaper (fine-grained).
In order not to accidentally smear your clothes, it is better to buy overalls or put on old clothes. Please note that it is imperative to protect your eyes and throat, and for this use a respirator and goggles. The radiator, floor and furniture should be covered with foil, the joints should be glued with masking tape. Newspapers should be spread if necessary.
To paint the ceiling in an apartment, you can use one of four varieties of paint - based on water and chalk , acrylate, acrylic and latex. Let's first consider the simplest option - chalk and water.
The first option is water plus chalk. This option is quite budgetary, which is used for painting the ceiling, and serious requirements cannot be made to this method. But keep in mind that such a ceiling is almost impossible to wash, since the paint will easily rub off and stay on your hands.
Chalk whitewash is a homemade alternative to this type of paint. To make it, use 1 kg of dry chalk and 2 liters of water. You should also add 1 tablespoon of laundry soap and wallpaper glue. To make a snow-white color with a slightly bluish tint, add 5 grams of blue (ultramarine) to the above amount of solution, which will additionally help to make the surface more resistant to wear and ultraviolet radiation. Please note that whitewashing the ceiling and using chalk paint is only possible in dry rooms.
The second version of the paint is acrylic. In addition to water and chalk, it contains acrylic polymers that help to give the coating increased wear resistance and strength. Acrylic paint is perfect for all types of coatings, is versatile, resistant to moisture, and for this reason it is used for painting in bathrooms, kitchens, utility rooms and other rooms with high humidity.
The third type of ceiling paint is latex. It uses a material of natural origin, namely latex.
The paint is excellent for finishing the ceiling in new buildings, where there is a high probability of shrinkage, as well as rooms that have increased requirements for resistance to wear and the strength of the coating layer.
The main feature of this type of paint is its extraordinary elasticity, which allows it to stretch and hide microscopic cracks. You can safely paint the ceiling in both wet and dry rooms with such paint. Painted surfaces can be easily washed and the paint layer will not wear off.
And if you have not yet decided how to paint the ceiling, or rather with what paint, we suggest considering the last variety that experts recommend for finishing the stream - acrylate.
She was able to combine all the best qualities of latex and acrylic paints, as well as at the same time an increased level of strength, elasticity and wear resistance. Acrylate paint is used in rooms where high humidity levels and temperature extremes are considered normal.
For this reason, it is perfect for painting the ceiling in kitchens and bathrooms.It is often used to paint wooden floors. Due to the presence of complex acrylic acids in the composition, the paint helps to protect the wood during staining from the appearance of mold and mildew, will prevent rotting, but will not disturb the vapor permeability of the material.
In addition, when choosing a paint, it is imperative to pay attention to the recommendations and parameters of the manufacturer. Particular attention should be paid to what is the rate of material consumption per 1 sq. meter, so that you can determine how much paint is required for the entire area, as well as the degree of coverage (the ability of white paint to cover a dark ceiling with a continuous canvas without gaps), as well as abrasion resistance, scope. Recommendations that are usually indicated at the bottom of the can and in small print, as a rule, become decisive.
Dullness and gloss of paints will also play an important role.
Painting the ceiling surface with a paint and varnish material will smooth out defects and irregularities, and also visually raise the height of the room. But keep in mind that such surfaces will be more difficult to clean than the same glossy coatings. Gloss is much more resistant to wear, but it requires more thorough preparation, and flaws will be hidden worse. The conclusion is as follows - buy a semi-gloss or, better, semi-gloss paint, which has combined properties.
Before starting painting surfaces, no matter what type of ceiling covering you have chosen, you should prepare the surface.
So, first you should inspect the surface and remove pieces of the old coating. The process can be delayed if you need to get rid of the old water-based emulsion layer.
First, remove the lagging pieces of the coating with a spatula, and then moisten the surface and do this several times, with an interval of 1/3 hour. During this time, moisture will have time to saturate the previous layer. To speed up the process, you should open windows, doors and then you get a draft.
The paint will swell quickly and therefore can be easily removed with a spatula. The resulting rust and smudges should be wiped off with a fungicidal solution.
After that, using a tool such as a building level, it is imperative to examine all the cracks and irregularities in the ceiling. Differences up to 0.2 cm should be leveled with a putty, and if they are larger, then with a plaster mixture.
Small cracks need to be wiped with putty, and if necessary, then they need to be expanded and filled. Next, apply the leveling mixture with a spatula, evenly level it over the surface. It is especially important to make an even coating that will not be flawed when using glossy paint.
It is not difficult to paint the walls and ceiling, in some ways the procedure is even similar.After the putty or plaster mixture has been applied, let the surface dry completely and you can start sanding.
To do this, use a fine-grained type of sandpaper ("zero"). Remove residual dust from the surface with a broom, brush or vacuum cleaner. The prepared surface must be dust-free, completely dry in order to create maximum adhesion to paint and primer.
Before you start painting, do not forget about the most important - applying a primer solution. It is he who will help create excellent adhesion of paint and surface, as well as extend the life of the coating and reduce material consumption.
The recommended type of primer is usually indicated by the manufacturer on the paint can.
In special cases, the ceiling is primed with the same paint that is simply diluted with water. When preparing the mixture, you must strictly follow the manufacturer's recommendations. Ceiling priming should be started from hard-to-reach places and with a brush, and then you can proceed to the main surface.
Use a roller for priming in a short time.
It is recommended not to use the same painting equipment as for painting, so buy an additional kit in advance. You should start priming from the corner where the window is, and then you need to move towards the opposite wall. It is important to carry out the process continuously.
Apply a layer of primer in strips approximately 100 cm wide (overlapping). After drying, you can treat dark places where there are gaps or apply a second primer coat over the entire surface.
The primed surface should be allowed to dry according to the manufacturer's instructions.
If you decide to paint the ceiling surface exclusively with your own hands, without involving specialists for this task, then first you should carefully read the instructions. Each manufacturer of materials for coloring has its own nuances that should be followed even by experienced craftsmen, so as not to accidentally make mistakes.
Some manufacturers advise thinning their paint with water to make the base coat less dense. If there is no such recommendation in the instructions, then you can proceed to the next step.
To do this, mix the paint thoroughly with a construction mixer or do everything with your own hands and a wooden spatula so that the components of the mixture are all connected to each other and reacted with each other.
Please note that before starting the action, you should curtain the window to prevent direct sunlight from entering. Close windows and doors tightly. Heating devices cannot be used to quickly dry the paint; here we also include a household or building hair dryer.
Start applying paint from hard-to-reach areas.
These places include ceiling plinths, corners, partitions, cornices, decorative beams, and more. To do this, use a pre-prepared set of wide and narrow brushes. Make sure that nothing sticks to the surface and remove all dust. After you dip the brush into the paint, be sure to wring it out to avoid smudges. The brush should be pressed moderately, the pressure should be increased gradually.
Do not forget to level the layer without fail.
In the future, the ceiling is painted with a nap roller. Pour paint into a tray with a squeeze net, dip the roller, roll it several times. Apply longitudinal lines first, and after completely painting the ceiling, make parallel stripes to create a covering layer to the maximum without gaps.
Stick to 50cm stripes and overlap new paint coats.
When painting with a roller, do not open it from the ceiling surface and gradually increase the pressure. As the paint spreads, you can step aside and evaluate the result of the work. Apply the second layer of paint and varnish only after the first dries.
To speed up the process, use a spray gun (spray gun). Some models of vacuum cleaners have a special attachment that will simplify painting work.
the device will provide an even distribution of paint over the entire surface and at the same time without smudges. The optimal spray length is 70 cm. We recommend that you keep the same distance from the blade and do not hold the spray arm in one place for a long time.
How to paint the walls? To understand how to do it correctly with your own hands, you do not need to be a professional painter. It is enough that you adhere to the scheme and get an excellent result.
Before going to a hardware store, it is worth measuring the area of the surface to be painted and this will make it possible to calculate how much paint is needed, because otherwise the paint you bought simply will not be enough. Next, you should start preparing - remove the old layer of wallpaper or paint from the walls with a scraper, spatula or
Please note, that all irregularities and chips must be sealed with a putty and wait until it dries completely, and then process all places with fine-grained sandpaper. After that, treat the walls with a primer solution - such a treatment will help the paint adhere to the wall, and also help to reduce its consumption.
For high quality staining, before starting the process, it is worth temporarily dismantling switches and sockets, as well as heating radiators (if possible).
The pieces of furniture should be taken out, or at least installed in the middle of the room, and then covered with construction film in order to thereby protect it from paint splashes. To paint the walls without staining the ceiling, you should use masking tape with a large width. Glue it around the perimeter of the ceiling, while trying to lightly press it to the surface. Remove the tape until the paint dries completely, otherwise you may not get a straight line of staining.
First, prepare the paint in the same way as for painting the ceiling - stir it thoroughly and add a little thinner if necessary if a similar procedure is possible for your type of paintwork.
It is best to start painting from top to bottom, the very top in the form of a ceiling is ready, and then you can proceed to the walls - this way you can avoid drops of paint falling on the walls that are painted. Paint the surface in stripes, and if necessary, apply a second coat, wait until the first is completely dry.
Important! It is most convenient to paint the ceiling and walls with a wide circular roller, and use a special roller with a metal plate in the corners.
To fully master the technique of painting walls in difficult places, watch the video and photos on painting walls and ceilings. This will help you choose the most convenient tools, and will also facilitate the process and shorten the construction time.
Following these instructions, you will be able to make a quality repair and not resort to the help of masters.
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