DIY hawthorn hedge + Photo. Planting a hawthorn along the border of a summer cottage is the optimal, and at the same time not an expensive way to make a hedge with your own hands.
As a result, you will get a laconic, well-groomed and unpretentious fence.
Do-it-yourself hawthorn hedge will be an excellent decoration of the site, especially since such a fence has a lot of advantages:
The species diversity of hawthorn is amazing. Each species has its own unique shapes, the size of the thorns and the color of the leaves. But in central Russia, only a few of the species are popular.
The hawthorn is softish. It has large oval-shaped leaves, has orange and red berries, and the shoots always have long dark green spines. The crown is spherical, wide. It reaches a height of 6 to 8 meters, the trunk is about 30 cm in diameter. The branches are gray, ashy, forming a wide crown.
The leaves are ovoid and have a sharp top. Inflorescences are large, pale yellow in color. There are always a lot of berries, they are bright orange and bright red.
Siberian hawthorn. Reaches a height of 4 meters.
A distinctive feature is that it has no thorns. The branches are blood-red, the shoots are hairy, shiny and dark. Leaves are ovoid, sometimes broadly rhombic, have a sharp top and wedge-shaped base. Inflorescences are dense, corymbose, multi-flowered. The berries are small, blood-red, but occasionally they are orange-yellow.
Slowly growing, but life expectancy is up to 300 years.
Common hawthorn. The plant is not tall, covered with small thorns. It reaches a height of 3 to 5 meters. The leaves are shiny, bright green, and the branches have a reddish tint.
The crown is asymmetrical. Old trees have light gray bark, hairy shoots, but later become bare. The leaves are thin, bare, dark green on the outside, and lighter on the inside, have an ovoid shape.Inflorescences are rare, erect. The berries are red-brown in color.
The hawthorn is fan-shaped. When a plant grows into adulthood, it can be up to 6 meters tall. The hawthorn branches are located almost vertically, the spines are long and also curved. The leaves are triangular in shape and the berries turn yellow when ripe. This type of shrub is considered decorative, as it is most often used to create a hedge.
Black hawthorn. It is a wild shrub that blooms with white inflorescences, but dark berries. The leaves are down. The tree can reach a height of 4 to 7 meters. The spines are small.
The crown is rounded, and the branches are purple or reddish brown. The leaves are triangular-ovoid or simply ovoid. The inflorescences of this species are dense, with a large number of flowers. The berries are black, juicy and shiny.
Single-footed hawthorn .
The whole is covered with small thorns, it is the fastest growing and undemanding species to care for. The flowers of this shrub are either almost white or light pink, separated. All small flowers are collected in inflorescences of 15 pieces. The tree reaches a height of 3 to 6 meters, much less often from 8 to 12 meters. The crown is symmetrical, and the branches are brown-gray, the shoots are glabrous (sometimes densely hairy).
The berries are red or red-brown, sometimes yellow.
The first and foremost condition is that there should not be any tall trees near the hawthorn hedge, which will deprive the seedlings of light. In addition, the root system of trees is designed in such a way that they do not creep and take away moisture from neighboring plants. Also, there is no need to sow the surrounding area with grass for the lawn, as this will worsen the condition of the new plantings.
Ideally, if your hedge will consist of shrubs that have an open root system.
If you want to buy plants in containers, then these will be decorative grafted varieties of large standard forms. Gardeners recommend opting for common hawthorn at the age of 3 to 5 years. The price for such a plant will be from 150 to 900 rubles (much depends on age), and if with an open root system and closed roots, then a little more expensive. As a rule, bushes with a height of 0.8 to 3 meters are planted along the fence.
If you wish, do not buy seedlings in nurseries or special stores. If you have the patience and time, then even without experience, you can grow material for planting on your site.
Keep in mind that mature seeds of the bush will have a coating in the form of a thick skin, which is why they will awaken for a long time, and the climbing period will be up to two years, while not all seeds will be viable. Choose seeds that are slightly underripe, and then place them in water for 72 hours.
After that they should be rubbed with sand or sandpaper and rinsed.
It remains to prepare a 1% solution of nitrate (potash) and leave the seeds in it for 48 hours. When all steps are completed, you can plant seeds in open ground in rows. Do this at the end of autumn.
By the second year the bushes will be about 60 cm in height. They should be cut off at the point where the third bud from the root appears.
We leave two shoots, and cut out the rest. So you will get seedlings from which you will get a hawthorn hedge with your own hands.
In the fall or spring, select good roots from an adult bush, cut them into 9 cm cuttings and dig in the greenhouse or greenhouse, while slightly tilting. A 20 mm thick end should remain on top. In the next season, they can be planted in a permanent place.
Although the hawthorn is considered an "omnivorous" shrub, liming the acidic soil will help the seedlings to take root better, especially since that over time, the roots of the plant will sprout to a depth of more than 2 meters. After that, pour a complex of fertilizers at the bottom of the trench, and on top a mixture of sand, peat, earth and humus. This will help you cultivate the soil, which will help your shrub look well-groomed in the future.
If you decide to make a fence in one row, then plant the hawthorn every 0.3-0.
5 meters. If you want a two-row hedge, then every 0.5-0. 7 meters. It would be nice to use a level, as this will guarantee even rows.
After planting, the soil near each seedling must be tamped.
Please note, that after planting the bushes should be well watered. You need to do this several times so that the water is well absorbed and reaches the roots.
Immediately after planting, the bush cannot be pruned, the minimum period is in a year. If you follow these tips from experienced gardeners, all the plants you planted will have a great chance to take root.
The trellis hedge will look most effective on which there will be a hawthorn. It will take you several years to create such a fence. It all starts in the spring - you need to fix several planks in a horizontal position at the same distance from the ground. Of all the young shoots of plants that should be located near the trellis, leave only the most flexible and strong ones, and cut the rest in July.
After that, the most difficult period of creating a hawthorn hedge with your own hands begins.
In the next year, shoot growth should be directed in opposite directions at an angle of 46 degrees. Interlace adjacent shoots. At the point of contact, remove part of the bark, wrap this area with foil and process it with pitch.
The structure should be attached to the lower plank to a height of about 25-30 cm. Cut off the protruding branches.
Such a fence will have to be formed next year as well.Leave only the two largest and healthiest shoots in parallel. They should be at right angles to last year's branch. Young shoots with a height of 35 cm are tied and cut off. After a year, the shoots can be tied to a third perch and cut from all sides to a width of 30 cm.
After all this time, the shoots will grow together, intertwine and become thick. Such a green wall will become a full-fledged fence, but it will not take up much space. The height will depend on how many planks you have installed. Although it is troublesome, this fence has no equal in terms of decorative qualities.
When spring comes, the soil under each bush should be fertilized with Kemira Universal, for each square metro with 120 grams of fertilizer.
Before flowering shrubs, it is advisable to fertilize the soil with slurry from manure, for each bush 8 liters.
This is something you shouldn't forget. Once a month, your plants should get a good drink, and each should use 10 to 12 liters of water. If the summer is dry, it is advisable to do this watering twice a month.
In spring or autumn, dig up the ground around the bushes with a shovel bayonet.
Repeat in summer, but to a depth of about 10 cm.At the same time, when digging, free the soil from weeds. The most important stage of care is soil mulching, and use peat or soil as a material for this procedure.
Hawthorn tolerates clipping well, and this process does not affect the formation of shoots. When spring comes, the first step is to remove dry and diseased branches, if any.
Feel free to cut the hawthorn hedge 1/3 the length of the shoot. With this operation, you can create interesting shapes of the fence, for example, a pyramid, ball or square.
Although hawthorn by its nature is a cold-resistant plant, in winter frosts its shoots and flower buds can freeze over. For this reason, the plants should be covered for the entire winter with a layer of fallen leaves. So the roots of the bush will not die from freezing and protruding from the ground in the spring
As you can see, creating a hawthorn hedge is not such a complicated matter. The main thing is that you adhere to all the rules and tips, and then you will get a gorgeous hand-made fence.
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