How to properly connect the gas stove to the cylinder? The lack of gas supply in private houses has become not just a problem, but a real headache for Russian residents. Most of the settlements still do not have gas pipes installed, and laying pipes to the site where private houses are located costs from 155,000 to 320,000 rubles. Yes, not everyone can afford such a sum.
It is still possible to solve the problem if we use cylinders. Despite the fact that it needs to be refueled and replacement requires care and attention, everyone can connect a gas stove to a cylinder.
When a person just moves to a private house that is not connected to the gas pipeline, he finds himself at a crossroads - use an electric stove, or how to connect a gas stove, but use cylinders? Both solutions have a number of advantages and disadvantages.
The positive points of the gas cylinder are:
There is also a discount on utility bills for those who are considered poor.
Now about the disadvantages:
When we figured out all the pros and cons, and you decided to install cylinders, you can talk about where to place the fuel and the stove.
So, first, let's decide where to install the tank ... If you connect a gas cylinder to the stove in the country, then it can be placed near the stove in the kitchen.
But if you are going to install it in a house where you permanently live, it is better to allocate a separate room for storing the cylinder or install it in a metal cabinet on the street, as it is safer.
If you plan to store gas at subzero temperatures, please note that you should only buy propane-butane mixture, which is marked "winter", otherwise it will not be used up completely. Another plus of installing a cylinder on the street is that there are no gas leaks in the living room (if this happens suddenly).
By the way, installation in unventilated rooms, as well as below ground level (for example, in a cellar / basement), is not permissible. The fact is that propane is heavier than air, and therefore, in the event of a leak, it will begin to accumulate, and with a ratio of 2.
35 to 9. 55% to air, propane can even form an explosive mixture. Also, the distance from the stove to the gas cylinder must be at least 1 meter, as well as at least 1 meter from heating appliances.
Scheme for installation
Different schemes are used to connect the stove to gas in a country cottage and capital structure. So, how to connect a gas cylinder to a stove in a residential building? In this case, it will be rational to have a stock in the form of several cylinders, which will be stored in a separate cabinet.
The latter must be installed on a concrete foundation, the base height of which will be 25-30 cm above ground level. The distance from the wall of the building to the cabinet should be 50 cm, and from the slab to the pipe passing through the wall at least 20 cm. It is also worth considering that you cannot install a cabinet with cylinders from the front of the house and the transport passage.
How to supply the summer kitchen with gas
To properly connect the gas stove to the cylinder at the dacha, use the following scheme:
All connectors of the detachable type must be in the access area to control them and check for leaks. In no case should spare cylinders be kept in residential premises, even for a short time. Safety and operating rules state that such cylinders should also not block the escape route in case of fire.
Types of gas tanks
In order to deliver gas to the place of use, several standard tank sizes are used.
For frequent use, it will be easier to buy a large cylinder, while for use in the country, you can choose a smaller container. Such a cylinder will be easy to transport and it will be easier for it to find a place in a tight space. The cylinders have a number of characteristics:
|Volume (liters)||Tank empty weight (kg)||Mass of full tank||Gas quantities in m 3||Permissible filling limits (liters)|
|5||4||6||0. 95||4. 25|
|12|| 5. |
|50||22||43. 2||10|| 42. |
Please note that the volume of the filled gas (propane) will be less than the volume of the tank itself. This is due to the safety of the cylinder, since gas filled in the winter period of time will begin to expand in a warm room and may even rupture the cylinder if there is more gas in it than is required by the standards.
Try to protect yourself from the consequences that are associated with damage to the cylinder, and for this you will need to learn some operating rules:
In addition, gas stations will simply refuse you to refuel a container if it has not passed the test.
The working gas pressure is 1.65 MPa. With periodic tests of the container, the pressure can be raised to 3 MPa.
For safe operation, the amount of propane in a mixture of butane and propane must be at least 60%.
Differences of plates
To understand how to connect a gas cylinder with propane to the stove, you should first understand the differences between the latter. The nozzle located inside the burner is designed to operate on this fuel. If such a stove is connected to a gas cylinder, as many are trying to do, then the work will be ineffective. The flame will not create the required temperature, and will simply smoke.
This often happens due to the fact that the propane-butane mixture is in a liquefied form, and methane in gaseous form and under pressure. It turns out that the amount of liquefied gas will flow more in a certain amount of time, and for this reason, the jets should be smaller. For this reason, before connecting the gas cylinder to the stove, be sure to change the jets that come with the gas stove.
To replace them, you will need to remove the upper part of the kitchen appliance.To do this, remove the burners, and then squeeze the latches located on the sides and remove the top cover of the stove.
Replacing the nozzle in the oven is also not difficult. To do this, you need to remove the back cover of the oven, and then you will see the inside of the oven. The jet will be connected to the supply tube, which will be in a fixed state thanks to the metal bracket on the body. There will be a rubber gasket between the jet and the tube, which must also be replaced when replacing the jet. She is very small and easy to miss.
Remove it carefully so as not to damage it.
How long does one bottle last?
If you use a container with a volume of 50 liters, it will last for several months of active use. If you cook food for a family of 3-4 people, the gas will last for 3 months. If you do not forget to close the gas valve, then the cylinder will last for a longer amount of time. It is difficult to understand how much gas was poured into the cylinder, and even a manometer connected to it will only show pressure.
You can accurately determine the weight if you only weigh the container before and after refueling. Knowing the density of the gas, you will be able to calculate how much gas you were charged with. In order not to be deceived, and not to get an underfilled capacity, refuel only at proven gas stations, where there are meters.
Gas-powered Camping Plates
If we talked before only about how to properly connect a gas stove to a cylinder in the house, then another stove should be considered. Fans of long-distance travel very often take stoves with them on their hikes, on which they can quickly warm up or cook food.
Such miniature devices weigh no more than 2.5 kg and easily fit in a bag or backpack. The power of the burners of such devices is equal to the power of the burner of a household stove - 2.5 kW.
But their main difference lies not only in their low weight, but also in the fact that they use gas from aerosol cans, the weight of which is from 0.
2 to 0.5 kg. Camping stoves have wind-protected burners, and in expensive models you can often see even ceramic closed burners, which help protect a person from burns and prevent the fire from going out due to bad weather conditions.
How do you connect such a plate to a cylinder? The device of the portable type has a special adapter with fixation, and all you need to do is to carefully insert the nose of the cylinder into the adapter, and then slightly push it on and after aligning the grooves, turn it. When pressed, you will hear a slight hiss, which will indicate that the valve has opened slightly and gas has begun to flow into the device.
After you fix the can, listen - if the hiss has not passed, then there is a bias in your installation and then you should disconnect everything and do it again.
How to connect a large bottle to the portable plate? To do this, some devices include a propane hose and a mini-reducer in the kit.The container, with a capacity of 5 liters, does not take up much space, and it will be possible to take it with you to a picnic in nature.
In order to travel to the filling station as rarely as possible and reduce transportation costs, there is another option - to connect several cylinders and create a single system. Such a bundle of gas tanks is also called a ramp.
How to connect a gas stove to a cylinder, or rather two?
To do this, you need to add some devices to the wiring diagram:
5 (in the amount of 3 pieces). Required for fixing spools.
Thus, any number of cylinders can be connected, and a similar scheme is often used for heating houses.
For self-connection, select the right fittings:
.They must be designed for propane mix and capable of withstanding operating pressure. They should be checked for cracks, and if the cylinder is installed outdoors, it will be advisable to lead a pipe into the room from the place where the gas cylinder is located.
The throughput is 1.2 m 3 / hour. On the one hand, it has a nut for connecting to a cylinder, and on the other a hose connection.
In addition, in order to connect the gas stove to the cylinder, you will need a screwdriver to tighten the clamps and a gas wrench.
When changing cylinders, it is imperative to monitor the condition of the gasket, which is located under the reducer nut. If it is faulty and not replaced, it will result in excessive fuel consumption. In the role of a gasket, you can install the upper part of the plastic cover, and for this you only need to make a hole in the center and cut to the required size.
To avoid accidents
The use of equipment that runs on gas can be considered a hazardous activity, and in order to prevent unpleasant accidents, observe the following rules:
These simple rules will help you keep your life.
And finally, after connecting the gas cylinder to the stove, you should check the system for leaks. The connection points may leak. To be completely sure of serviceability, you should treat the hose with soapy water, as well as the gearbox, valves, plate fittings. If bubbles start to appear in some place, this is a leak and must be repaired.
The connection between the cylinder and the reducer should be checked after refilling the cylinder.
After a while, non-volatile residues begin to accumulate inside the container, and the useful volume of the container begins to gradually decrease. For this reason, it is necessary to periodically drain the condensate. Also, nuts and fittings must be made of bronze or brass. Unlike the rest, they will not spark when accidentally hit. The connection nut on the propane reducer has a left-hand thread, and this should also be taken into account when loosening it, doing it clockwise.
If you do otherwise, there is a chance that the threads will break.
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