How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

The construction of any building always begins with laying the foundation. This is an integral part of construction work, without which it will not be possible to achieve the strength of the structure and its balance.

Most often, the foundation rises above ground level by several centimeters, and sometimes even meters. This part is called the base. A bare concrete wall looks unsightly from an aesthetic point of view, so designers recommend decorating it.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Installing panels on the basement of the house

There are many different materials for decoration, which differ:

  • price;
  • quality;
  • operational capabilities;
  • physical and technical characteristics.

Before starting construction work, namely laying the foundation, you need to think in advance about what type of material you would like to finish the basement of the building. This should take into account the features of the exterior, climate and financial capabilities.

In addition, it is necessary to know and clearly understand why exactly finishing with facing materials is needed: is it just an aesthetic whim or an important design detail?

Facing the basement: a necessity or an element of decor?

For most people, the exterior of a house is one of the most important points in its construction. Such nuances are discussed in advance with builders, designers and architects.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Facing the basement with decorative tiles

However, few people know that facing the basement is not only about decorating cold sloppy concrete. Finishing works initially have a completely different purpose:

  1. Protection of the foundation from damage. Fungi or mold colonies can grow on concrete over time. Also, the base is not protected from damage by corrosion and erosion. Constant rain, snow, frost or heat contribute to the appearance of cracks, splits, which in turn threaten the integrity of the building.

  2. Protection against contamination. The environmental situation in the world contributes to the fact that acid rain falls, and polluted air contains elements that destroy even concrete. If the base often lends itself to such contamination, then very soon it will begin to deteriorate beyond repair. The result will be the irreparable destruction of the house. The cladding saves the foundation from such processes.

  3. Thermal insulation function. Despite the fact that the basement is much lower than the floor of the living quarters, excessive cooling of the basement tends to reduce the temperature in the house. This is due to the fact that concrete instantly absorbs cold and spreads it vertically along the walls. Even an insulated floor cannot always prevent this process. At the same time, huge financial resources are spent on heating.

    However, there is little result from this. In addition, due to the effects of cold, erosion processes can begin or mold can grow, for which cold and dampness are the ideal environment for existence.

  4. Protection against external influences. The strength and durability of concrete, brick and any other foundation is influenced by weather and atmospheric conditions. Ultraviolet radiation gradually destroys the structure.

    Strong winds, frosts, excessive air humidity, etc. also have a negative impact. Cladding materials protect against such factors, which can be replaced without problems if necessary. The situation with the base is much more serious.

Based on the above factors, we can conclude that finishing the basement is a necessity.

No builder can guarantee the strength and reliability of a building without finishing.

Plinth cladding options

In order to prevent the destruction of the foundation and ensure a comfortable living in the house, the plinth must be finished with cladding materials. You can choose the colors and textures that match the rest of the building materials.

There are also special wall insulation systems. You can choose a protective coating against corrosion, erosion, mildew and mildew.

If you do not know which type of cladding is best, consult a specialist. The architect or builder who builds your home is competent in this matter.

Variant of facing No. 1: Plastering or painting

Plastering is considered the most popular method of processing the basement. Its fame is associated with affordability and reliability.

A layer of plaster reinforces, decorates and protects the structure from environmental influences.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Plastered basement of the house

Features of the material.

In order for the plaster to fulfill its function, it is necessary to follow the rules for its application:

  • The level of protection and thermal insulation depends on the thickness of the layer. The thicker the layer, the better.
  • For a durable and moisture resistant finish, apply a cementitious base before plastering.

  • The coverage will be uniform when two coats are applied. Use decorative plaster as a final coat.
  • Reinforcement of the structure will help to avoid cracking and falling off of the top layer.

Important: The classic cement-sand mortar is best suited for lining the gap. Apply a composition designed for facade decoration on top.

Installation.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Plastering the basement of the house

Step-by-step instructions for plastering the basement

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Base / plinth pre-cleaning

Free the basement gaps from excess layers and remove dirt and dust. Also get rid of oil stains.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Base base primer

Prime the clean surface with a primer.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Installing the plaster mesh

Fill in the plaster mesh.

For 1 sq. m must be at least 16 fasteners. It will be better if you make 20. Use dowels with wide caps.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Securing the plumb lines

Screw in the screws and attach the plumb lines to them.

The distance between the screws and the corners of the wall is 30 cm. Pull the thread upright over the loose screws. Connect the screws with horizontal threads. Place the threads at a distance of 2 cm from the wall.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Rules for marking for beacons

Make beacons and fix them with cement mortar .

.. The step is 1.5-2 m. The distance to the corners is 30 cm.

The most reliable material of the beacons is a steel profile.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Applying the mortar to the base

After the cement has set, apply the cement-sand solution between beacons. For throwing use a ladle, level the protrusions and depressions using the rule. Leave to dry for 6 hours.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Rubbing the surface of the base

Remove the beacons and rub the surface with a plaster float.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Installing plastic wrap

Cover the basement surface with plastic wrap. Leave to harden for 2 weeks. Moisten the surface with water once every 2-3 days. This will aid aging.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Decorative plaster application

Prime the base and cover it with decorative plaster.

Benefits.

Plaster for facing is chosen for the following reasons:

  • Relatively low cost of materials and installation work.
  • Installation is done by hand: no special tools or equipment required.
  • Simple repair.
  • Reliable coverage.

  • Possibility of applying decor.

Disadvantages.

The negative features of plaster include:

  • Low level of strength compared to analogues.
  • Short service life.
  • Low thermal insulation value.

  • Water and moisture permeability.
  • Strength deteriorates over time due to freezing and thawing.
  • Do not install if direct sunlight falls on the structure. Freezing temperatures and precipitation are also limitations for work.

Since plaster and paint peel off quickly, you need to constantly monitor the condition of the coating on the facade and make regular cosmetic repairs.

Note.

  • You can cover the base with several layers of plaster yourself. This does not require any preliminary work. It is enough to buy plaster of the desired color and cover the concrete with it in several layers.
  • If, for certain reasons, you do not want or cannot plaster the plinth yourself, hire a master - painter-plasterer.

    A professional to do this work for you quickly and efficiently. However, do not forget that good specialists do not come cheap. But the result is worth it: the base will be durable and protected from all types of damage.

  • If you are not satisfied with the color of the plaster, then after drying, you can apply two coats of facade paint on top. Today there are more than 50 shades that can be used to decorate the foundation.

    In addition, building materials stores sell special decorative plaster in different colors and textures.

  • An interesting option would be to decorate the facade with homemade stones. They can be sculpted from ordinary concrete. To do this, shape the stones into the desired shape with a spatula and let them dry. Then cover the artificial stones with paint or plaster.

    This design is cheap, but it will look great.

Cladding option # 2: Using natural and artificial stones

To make the facade look elitist and rich, make cladding from stone. Each stone has its own advantages and characteristics. Experts advise to consult with builders or architects before buying, since in a particular case this or that stone may not be suitable. Taken into account: the strength of the foundation, weather conditions and the size of the house.

Types of stone.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Types of stone for facing the basement

In addition to choosing between artificial and natural stone, decide on the texture. The stone can be of the following textures:

  • smooth;
  • polished;
  • chipped;
  • sawn.

Features of natural stone.

Natural stone has various shapes: rectangle, square, circle, non-standard (made to order).

Also has different thicknesses: 0.5 and 1 cm.

This thickness is determined by ease of installation and durability of the structure. As the thickness increases, the stone becomes heavy and there is a risk of delamination.

The positive features of natural stone include:

  • High level of strength.

  • The surface is produced using special equipment. Therefore, the coverage will be uniform without additional work.
  • Long service life: more than 10 years.
  • Installation can be done by yourself.

The complexity of finishing is determined by the size of the stone and tools for work.

You also need to consider that stone is a heavy material. Therefore, not every surface is suitable for cladding. In cases where the surface cannot withstand the stone, it must be strengthened.

How to prepare the surface:

  1. Level the surface. This can be done during amplification.

  2. Reinforce with mesh reinforcement. The thickness of the cell depends on the size of the material: the larger the stone, the wider the mesh.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Reinforcement of the base with mesh and then leveling

  3. Attach the mesh to the rivets or press well while applying the concrete mortar.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Mounting the stone on the reinforcing mesh

Important: Tight fastening of the mesh is ensured by metal blooper. Screw them into the mesh.

After reinforcement, level the surface with plaster or concrete. Remember that the concrete mortar cannot be smoothed with sandpaper.

For cladding, the following materials will be needed:

  • building level;
  • concrete mortar;
  • trowel;
  • tile cutter.

Tips for veneering:

  • Work from the bottom up.
  • First of all, lay out the corners, fasten them tightly.

  • Create additional insulation with the following materials: foam, extruded polyurethane foam, foam, rock wool. This is necessary because the stone itself is cold.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Base, additionally insulated with foam

Facing with artificial stone.

Natural stones look noble, but they have significant drawbacks: high weight and high cost. Therefore, if you do not pretend to be aristocratic and royal nobility, artificial materials may well replace natural ones.

The main thing is to choose the right shape, texture and type of attachment.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Plinth trim with artificial stone

Surface types:

  • smooth;
  • torn;
  • structural;
  • embossed.

For cladding used: shell, granite, sandstone, etc. (see table below).

The peculiarity of artificial stone of different structures is the ability to create an individual facade of the house.

For such purposes, a stone with a torn structure is most often used.

Finishing with artificial stone practically does not differ from the technology of cladding with natural material. The recommendations for leveling and insulation are similar.

Differences in technology:

  1. There is no need to insulate the surface, since the artificial material has less weight.
  2. Any surface can be finished when the insulation layer is covered with materials such as drywall, plywood or OSB.

    The installation of the stone is carried out directly on top of these materials.

Concrete mortar and ceramic adhesive are used for installation. A firm and fresh surface is ensured by applying a layer of primer.

When finishing with decorative stone, the following works are carried out:

  1. Primer.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Surface priming

  2. Reinforcement mesh setting.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Reinforcing mesh installation

  3. Padding with glue.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Applying a layer of adhesive

  4. Laying the tiles. Material can be cut, uncut, or custom made.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Laying tiles

  5. Sewing joints with a gun.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Sewing seams with a gun

  6. Processing with protective equipment.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Base processing

Features of natural and artificial types of stones.

Find out the features of the most popular stones from the table below:

Coating type
Material
Photo
Benefits
Features
Natural stone
Shell rock How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods Low cost, high strength, visual appeal. Heavy weight, difficult to lay.
Limestone How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods Affordable price, decorative effect, the ability to choose a shape, color and texture. Heavy weight, difficult to operate, risk of heavier foundation.

Granite How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods Exquisite and rich appearance, resistance to cold and heat. High cost, heavy weight, risk of foundation collapse.
Marble How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods Durability, aristocratic and rich appearance, 100% protection from damage. High cost, difficult to install and operate, heavy weight.
Gabbro How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods Appearance and color resembles a starry sky, high strength, protection from cold, heat and moisture.

Exorbitant value, heavy weight, difficult to operate.
Labradorite How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods One of the most beautiful facing stones. Durable, reliable and weather resistant. The material is more expensive than all others. It is difficult to stack and weighs a lot.

Artificial stones
Canyon panels How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods Panels are not much different in appearance from natural stone, but they are much cheaper. They are durable, there are options with insulation. They are attached to special iron hooks, which is very convenient.
Tiles attached to glue How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods The panels are lightweight, easy to use. There is a choice of different colors and textures.

Attached with glue, so not always suitable. Better to choose models attached to iron hooks.

Prices for various types of facing stone

Facing stone

Option number 3: Brick or brick finish

Brick or its imitation is a classic finish. The material is suitable for any type of exterior, without imparting a low cost to the structure.

Brick can be combined with any type of wall and roof decoration, as it looks equally neat and harmonious with all building materials.

A special substrate is made under the brick, which serves as insulation for walls and floors in residential premises.

The advantages of bricks.

Positive aspects of finishing the basement with bricks:

  • High degree of structural strength.
  • Possibility to carry out installation independently.
  • No care needed.

  • Term of service - over 10 years.
  • High maintainability.

How to choose the right brick?

If the foundation is designed for heavy loads, choose an ordinary building brick. If the building is on a columnar or strip foundation, use lightweight facing bricks.

Properties that a good brick should have:

  • Low moisture absorption coefficient.

  • Frost resistant, tolerates low temperatures. Frost resistance is determined by the endurance of the thawing and freezing cycles.
  • High tensile strength as the base / plinth accounts for part of the wall weight.

Preparatory work.

The plinth is finished with bricks at a distance of 2-3 cm from the external insulation of the walls.

This creates ventilation and prevents the accumulation of moisture. Grout-free seams, which must be left in the first row, will also contribute to normal ventilation.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Finishing the plinth with bricks

The cladding and load-bearing walls are connected in two ways:

  1. Placing galvanized anchors ...

    One end is attached to the load-bearing wall, the other - between the rows of masonry.

  2. Fixing the dowel, tied with wire. The ends of the wire are attached between the rows.

Important : Every 1 sq. m must have at least 5 bundles with the load-bearing wall.

Place them horizontally every 50-70 cm, vertically every 3-4 rows. In openings, make a tighter strapping.

Methods for preparing the solution:

  1. Cement and sifted sand 1: 4.
  2. Cement, sifted or river sand, limestone paste 1: 7: 2 or 1: 8: 2.

Add water and stir.

Make balls from the resulting mixture: they will not crumble in your hand.

The cement sets quickly enough. Therefore, prepare the solution in small batches.

Layout features.

Accuracy and accuracy when forming and joining joints - 2 basic rules for laying a basement with a brick.

Consider the methods of facing over the foundation.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Various options for binding brick

Chain binding of brickwork.

Place 2 rows of bricks to expose the inner wall. Level the height of the masonry with the help of brick scraps. They are attached above the rows, laid with their end to the load-bearing wall.

Use a multi-row dressing system. Remove dressings after every third row.

Pay attention to the condition of the foam concrete: if it is poorly dried, after a while the bonded brick, clamped in the rows, can be cut off. This is due to the varying degrees of shrinkage of bricks and foam concrete.

Important: In order for shrinkage not to stop, foam concrete blocks must lie down for some time before starting construction work.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Chain ligation of brickwork

Decorative verst.

If the final surface will be laid with decorative bricks, start by installing the facing verst.

1st row is laid with a jab, 2nd and 3rd - with a spoon.

If using trim brick halves, poke them.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Decorative verst

Laying in reverse.

This method differs from the previous ones in the order of stacking. First, a number of external finishes are laid, then an internal verst and a backlog are built.

In this case, use a bonded binder. Since the bonded masonry is two rows high, the dressing is halfway into the finishing row.

The main advantage of this method is the reliable fastening of internal and external walls.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Pin binding

Recommendations for laying bricks:

  • When when applying the mortar, make sure that it does not reach the edges of the brick.
  • Wipe off excess solution.
  • After laying several rows, wipe the walls with a damp cloth.

Features of brick types are presented in the table:

Coating type
Material
Photo
Benefits
Features
Natural brick
Hyper-pressed How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods There are different sizes (Russian, American).
Strong, durable.

Heaviest option, does not absorb water well.
Silicate How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods More economical option. Light weight, easy to operate. Weak as a facing material, poor hydro and thermal insulation.
Ceramic How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods The best option for facing among all types of natural bricks.

It has an internal filled structure, light weight and high strength.

The material is easy to use, quite high price.
Artificial brick
Clinker tiles How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods By technical and physical characteristics are not inferior to natural bricks. Light weight, easy to handle.
Basement panels How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods Looks like a real brick, you can order a panel with insulation.

Has a polyurethane or polystyrene foam base, easy to install and use.

Note : If you decide to finish the plinth with a brick or "like a brick", make a separate strip foundation for the facing material. The brick is laid with a small gap from the wall, and the cladding foundation must be attached to the main foundation.

Prices for various types of facing bricks

Facing bricks

Option # 4: Siding in quality of finishing

It so happens that brick and natural materials cannot be used for finishing a particular building. At the same time, plaster may not fully satisfy aesthetic needs.

In this case, it is best to give preference to basement siding.It comes in the form of panels and mimics the pattern, color and texture of a natural material. Moreover, siding can be used to decorate not only the basement, but also all the walls completely.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Siding options for plinth finishing

Note : To siding walls and the same the plinth looked harmonious, for their finishing it is recommended to select material of different colors. As a rule, darker shades are suitable for the basement, and the walls need to be lined with light siding.

The material consists of the following components:

  • polyvinyl chloride;
  • fiber cement;
  • polymer sand mixtures, etc.

Types of siding.

Metal soffit. Mainly used for roof sheathing. It can be either solid or perforated to provide better roof ventilation.


How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Metal soffit

Wall metal siding. There are three subtypes:

  • Herringbone

  • Double herringbone

  • Ship bar

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Wall metal siding

Straight metal siding. These panels are used exclusively for vertical mounting.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Straight metal siding

Metal siding "under the bar ". This type of siding outwardly imitates a round log and is similar to a block house type of wood paneling.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Metal siding "under the timber"

The siding is equipped with special panels for fastening. This leaves a gap between the cladding and the wall. It should be filled with insulation or shellfish. Thus, the structure becomes more durable and the level of thermal insulation of the house increases.

In hardware stores, you can choose any color, texture and shape of building siding panels.

In addition, there are original options that imitate not only stone and brick, but even wooden beams, roughly chipped shingles, ship boards, etc.

Advantages of siding.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

How to clad a basement with siding

Siding is chosen due to a long list of positive features:

  • Easy installation without specialist calls. Parts are connected with locks and latches. Fastening - screws and nails.

  • The panels do not lose their original appearance: they do not deform or fade.
  • Surface material resists peeling and delamination.
  • Siding panels are not chipped or scratched. They are not afraid of wind pressure and shock.
  • Designs are durable: they serve for over 50 years.

  • The material can withstand temperatures in the range from -50 to +50 degrees, is not susceptible to ultraviolet rays.
  • The panels look like natural materials.
  • PVC does not rot and does not corrode.
  • The material is not interesting for insects, small rodents and other pests.
  • Easy care: rinsed with water and detergent once a year.

Installation.

Instructions for finishing work in the plinth area using siding:

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Removing defects in the base

Clean the base, remove protruding parts, repair cracks and other defects.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Fixing the profile strips

Fix the profile strips to the wall. Use dowels for fixing. Fix the bottom bar horizontally.

It should be located 2-3 cm from the ground. A top bar is attached at the top. Parallel to the upper and lower strips, the middle one is attached, exactly in the middle.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Installing insulation

Lay a layer of mineral wool and cover with a windscreen. You can use expanded polystyrene.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Marking and setting the starting strip

Make a starting strip along the lower bar ... The strip must run horizontally.
Measure the distance between the basement and the wall.

These data will be the dimensions of the corner bar. Attach the corner strip to the corner to the left of the structure.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Siding installation rules

Cut the panel to the left. Then slide it into the starter bar and slide it into the corner. Leave a gap of 6-10 mm.

When fixing, do not tighten the screws to the end by 1-2 mm.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Installation of basement siding

Next, do everything in the same way until the corner. Cut the panel in front of the corner and insert it into the starter strip. Dock with the previous part and secure. Put the bar on the corner and fix it.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Installing the cornice

Close the top edge with the cornice. You can also use the finishing bar for this purpose.

Important : If you neglect the recommendations for fastening screws, the panels will deform and become unusable

Siding prices

Siding

Installation of ebb plinth trim

First of all, it is worth noting that the plinth may have different locations. The most successful option is the one in which the foundation protrudes slightly forward from the walls, forming a small step. This arrangement is ideal as the plinth is protected from excessive moisture, dirt, etc.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Installing ebb tides

However it should be remembered that an obligatory stage of cladding is the installation of ebbs. Otherwise, the finish won't make any sense.

Types of ebb tides

There are such types of ebb tides, depending on the material of their manufacture:

  • Metallic. They are made of galvanized steel and painted in different colors.Most often you can find brown, black, beige, dark green tints.

    The metal is covered with a protective anti-corrosion coating, due to which water does not destroy the ebb and the base itself.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Metal outflows

  • Aluminum. They have all the protective properties, do not allow moisture to seep into the cracks between the cladding and protect the foundation from rapid destruction.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Aluminum castings

  • Copper sheet castings. Such material is considered the most expensive, but the most reliable and durable.

    In addition, copper sheets are in good harmony with bricks and natural stone.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Copper ebbs

  • Plastic. These ebb tides are one of the cheapest building products. They protect the base well, but they need to be changed frequently.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Plastic moldings

  • Castings from ceramic blocks.

    You can use ceramic bricks. Such ebb tides will be most appropriate if the base is finished with natural brick.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Ceramic casting

Installation

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Fasteners for sills to protect the cladding

Step-by-step instructions for installing an ebb:

  1. Start with the preparatory work. Mark out the visor. A water level is useful for this.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Marking at the level

  2. Calculate the width and length of the low tide using a toe line. Fill the cord with tracing chalk. Then stretch by pressing against the cue points. Pull the cord and release it abruptly: there will be bumps on the wall. The upper part of the visor will be attached here, which is responsible for moisture removal.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Using a chopping paint line

  3. After measurements, proceed directly to the installation itself. Cut out blanks from sheet metal. Do not forget to throw 20 mm wide on all sides to make bends during installation.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Pre-cut metal shims

Important : To prevent water from being trapped in the drain , bend the side of the visor facing the wall up, and the opposite side down.

  1. Make sure the wall is perfectly level before installing the visor.

    Use silicone sealant or plaster and putty to get rid of any voids. Chips with cracks are also removed in the same way. If using any of the corrective materials, wait until the wall is completely dry.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Leveling the base with plaster mortar

  2. Make holes in the tide. The diameter of the holes is equal to the diameter of the dowels.

    Step - 300-400 mm. Make sure the holes are flush.

  3. Attach the structure to the wall and make marks on it. Use them to determine the location for the holes and drill them. Watch the level so that in the end there are no distortions.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Scheme of ebb attachment

  4. Attach the visor to the screws with plastic plugs.

Important : If you knock on the plastic with a hammer during bending, damage the structure. Place a rubber pad over it. Felt can be used for the same purposes. Leave one edge unbent.

How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

Option of black glossy shimmer

  1. If the house is built of wood, a groove must be made. An unbent ebb edge is inserted into it. To make the structure more rigid, a wooden board is installed from below.
  2. Do not tighten the screws back to back, and do not leave the mount too loose.

    How to properly finish the basement of the house, the choice of materials and tools, installation methods

    Sealant-treated ebb

  3. Seal the gap between the ebb and the wall with sealant.

Prices for basement ebbs

Ebbs on the base

Video instructions for installing ebbs on base / plinth

Recommendations

Consider the following nuances when installing base / plinth sills:

  • To avoid distortions , be sure to do the markings before mounting to the foundation.
  • Flush joints with frost-resistant sealant.
  • Cut outside and inside corners from a solid plank.
  • The width of the ebb should be no more than 50 cm.
  • If the house is wooden, take care of reliable waterproofing: make a polymer or copper coating.

There are a lot of options for finishing the basement and ebb. The main thing is to reasonably calculate how much building material is needed and which cladding will look the most advantageous, while being suitable for the type of structure. You also need to assess financial and physical capabilities. Initially, it is better to entrust the work to specialists in order to prevent annoying mistakes due to inexperience.

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