How to properly attach the lining to the ceiling? The cladding of a room from the inside is always one of the most important steps in any successful project. At the moment, nothing has changed at all, but the choice of material has become more difficult, since a lot of untested and interesting materials have appeared on the construction materials market. Sheathing with clapboard ceiling is one of the proven methods that has been used for more than a dozen years, and it is worth talking about it.
So you will find out what materials you can do without, and which ones are simply necessary, and we will discuss how to fix the lining to the ceiling and what preparation work is needed for this. By following all these tips, you will be able to complete all the work and avoid mistakes.
First you need to figure out what the wooden ceilings are made of, which are sheathed with clapboard. As a rule, this is a frame made of a bar or a metal profile, which is fixed to the base of the ceiling and sheathed with a clapboard. For this reason, the fastening process is related to the selection of the frame material and is interrelated with it.
To install a frame made of wood, you will need the following items:
When choosing a starting material, you should pay attention to the bars, which must be even, dry and intact. These three very important factors are required for further work, because it is difficult and unsafe to attach the lining to the ceiling, the surface of which is uneven.
The situation is different with a metal profile, since in this case the list of materials is slightly less, but their cost is higher.
You will need:
Please note that it is best to choose a metal profile with rolled type edges. This is what will help provide him with additional rigidity, and this is useful, especially if you want to trim with wooden clapboard.
After the frame material is selected, you should decide on the types of lining. It can be from:
Each of the materials described is suitable for cladding in living quarters, but not all types may be suitable for the selected room.For example, MDF lining, which is in the bathroom, will not last even six months, but the plastic lining will be able to retain its properties for many years.
For this reason, one should take into account the peculiarities of the room in which it is planned to perform cladding work, and choose the lining accordingly.
Important! If possible, it is better to buy natural lining, which is made of wood, since no material can replace the natural pleasant smell of fresh board. In addition, wood has excellent properties and it is quite durable, so do not write off this material.
If we talk about the choice of material for a living room, for example, for a bedroom / nursery / hallway, we note right away that pine lining can emit a lot of resins, but hardwoods (ash, oak and alder) will not interfere with the tenants. On the other hand, in a corridor or walk-through rooms, it is permissible to use both types.
Another factor that influences the choice of lining is class. It is appointed based on the material of manufacture, as well as appearance and quality. As a rule, the product is divided into 4 classes - from the worst quality to the perfect one. But do not forget that the price of the best materials will always bite, and you will have to spend a fair amount on Grade 1 material.
We recommend not to go to extremes and choose the material of the middle class.
The flaws that will be found on the surface will not be so difficult to remove, and you will be able to save a decent amount of money for the rest of the repair work. You should not buy the cheapest materials either, since if you need to correct errors, it will take you a lot of money, time and effort.
And now, we are getting closer and closer to how the wooden lining is attached to the ceiling, but it remains to consider one more material - the lining. Its main difference is that production is of higher quality and can be reliably and deeply connected with each other. This connection is made on the principle of "thorn-groove" and makes it possible for the boards to move relative to each other, and this simplifies the installation process.
After you decide on the type of lining, frame and bought all the necessary materials, you should check if the required set of tools is available, without which you will not be able to perform the work. although many of these tools are available from any owner, you will have to buy or borrow something.
When the necessary tools and materials are available, work can begin.
It is not difficult to fix the lining to the ceiling if the work will be performed on a solid and level foundation, so you should pay enough attention to the base ceiling.
Its preparation can be divided into 2 main stages, each of which will be discussed below.
Ceiling cleaning is to remove old finishes, clean out dirt and repair cracks, bumps and holes. After that, the entire surface should be treated with an antifungal compound that will kill harmful organisms and protect the future sheathing from the harmful effects of microorganisms from the inside.
Ceiling insulation is possible in several different ways that are suitable for your apartment. For example, you can glue foil-clad material for thermal insulation (Penofol or Izolon), or leave an empty space for ventilation. In this matter, you have the right to do as you please.
Now it's time to talk about installing the frame. What is needed for this? At the beginning, in order for the lining to hide the visual imperfections of the ceiling, a frame should be made, since otherwise the errors will be emphasized and the house will only look worse.
The installation process will differ depending on what material has been selected.
Consider both cases and start with a lining of the metal type:
This completes the creation of the metal frame, and you can proceed to the process of making and installing the wooden one:
It will be more convenient to attach the beams to the ceiling with a device such as a construction gun.This will greatly speed up the installation of the frame and will not take much time and effort.
And now, we come to the main point of work - fastening the lining to the ceiling.
As always, the process will differ depending on what type of lining is used, but the procedure remains the same. Let's first look at the differences in how to properly attach the lining to the ceiling, and then discuss the general points.
With the help of clamps, you can attach a light lining to the crate. The cleat is a staple that is inserted together with the lining board and which, regardless of the board, will be attached to the crate. The huge advantage of this method lies in the fact that when using it, the lining will not be damaged, as can be the case with the use of nails, screws and other similar materials.
Heavy lining is attached only with ordinary nails. They should be hammered into the outer surface of the board, and the appearance of the ceiling will be greatly affected, but this effect can be minimized by buying nails with small heads.
Please note, that regardless of the severity, each lining can be attached to the secret, that is, fixed to the lathing through the grooves. The most convenient option is a lining with an offset profile, in which the lower groove protrusion will be longer than the upper one.
Now it is worth discussing the installation points:
So, there is nothing difficult in attaching the lining to the ceiling, and we hope that it became clearer for you how and how to attach the lining to the ceiling so that the end result is beautiful, strong, and durable.
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