How to properly insulate a house with expanded clay-floor and ceiling and walls in a wooden private house with your own hands - Step by step + Video

How to properly insulate a house with expanded clay-floor and ceiling and walls in a wooden private house with your own hands - Step by step + Video In the modern world, they take care that technologies are energy-saving, that is, they give the maximum energy and heat, at minimal costs.

In modern construction markets there is a very wide selection of materials for wall and floor insulation, of various prices and quality.

During construction, they always try to insulate the enclosing structures, install energy-saving windows and doors, , and energy-saving systems are also being introduced.

How to insulate with one of the modern materials - expanded clay? Let's talk about this further.

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Considering that a lot of money is spent on heating, it makes sense to dwell on the topic of heat preservation.

We will talk about keeping warm, and specifically - about floor insulation with such material as expanded clay.

Floor insulation is a long-known way to increase thermal insulation. This method has not lost its relevance in the modern world, it is still used to insulate residential and non-residential buildings.

Characteristics of expanded clay insulation

Before insulating the floor with expanded clay, familiarize yourself with the characteristics of this material.

Advantages

Expanded clay has a relatively low cost, perfect for those people who do not intend to spend a lot of money on floor or wall insulation.

Expanded clay is made from clay shale using high temperatures.

How to properly insulate a house with expanded clay-floor and ceiling and walls in a wooden private house with your own hands - Step by step + Video Also expanded clay is a wonderful insulation and has the following qualities:

  1. High degree of thermal insulation (its thermal conductivity is 0.16 W / mK);
  2. High degree of sound insulation;
  3. The material has good strength;
  4. Durability (it is related to natural origin of the material);
  5. The material is resistant to sudden temperature changes and frost-resistant.
  6. The material is environmentally friendly and chemically neutral;
  7. Expanded clay is easy to install, due to its low weight;
  8. Low cost.

Disadvantages

How to properly insulate a house with expanded clay-floor and ceiling and walls in a wooden private house with your own hands - Step by step + Video Among the good qualities of the material, there are also negative quality.

The negative quality of the material is its low resistance to moisture.

When moisture gets on the material, the declared positive characteristics are significantly reduced.

When insulating something with expanded clay, it is necessary to provide high-quality waterproofing of this insulation.

Work with expanded clay for floor insulation

Preparation

To seal and achieve the strength of the insulation structure, different expanded clay are mixed factions.

For different types of floors, there are different options for insulation with expanded clay.

If the floor is made of wood

How to properly insulate a house with expanded clay-floor and ceiling and walls in a wooden private house with your own hands - Step by step + Video To insulate the floor with expanded clay , it is necessary to do the following:

  1. It is necessary to eliminate cracks, replace bad boards;
  2. Apply an antiseptic on the surface and dry thoroughly;
  3. Provide waterproofing of expanded clay;

Expanded clay is laid under the base of the wooden floor, therefore, before starting the insulation with expanded clay, it is necessary to disassemble the floor.

Roofing material is used as waterproofing, and a layer of vapor barrier is laid on top of expanded clay. After all the manipulations, the old floor is returned to its place.

If the floor is made of concrete

Thermal insulation of the concrete floor with expanded clay is carried out if it is possible to raise the floor level by 150-200 mm.

How to properly insulate a house with expanded clay-floor and ceiling and walls in a wooden private house with your own hands - Step by step + Video Works are performed in the following order:

  1. Disassemble the old coating;
  2. Restore the mechanical qualities of the base;
  3. Make waterproofing of surfaces;
  4. Install beacons;
  5. Pour expanded clay and level it;
  6. For better adhesion of expanded clay, it is moistened with cement milk;
  7. When the cement slurry hardens, the insulation is covered with a screed.

Adding expanded clay to concrete

How to properly insulate a house with expanded clay-floor and ceiling and walls in a wooden private house with your own hands - Step by step + Video Such insulation is suitable for garages, storerooms, workshops, in general, non-residential and utility rooms.

The building mixture is prepared in the following proportions:

  1. you need to take one part of water,
  2. two parts of sand,
  3. one part of cement,
  4. three parts of expanded clay (1: 2: 1: 3).

This mixture will act as a screed material. Expanded clay is also used as a dry floor screed, an excellent option for apartments.

Reinforcement of expanded clay

In order to insulate the floor with expanded clay to be of high quality, it is necessary to take into account some points.

  1. The height of the insulating layer is calculated based on the load that will be applied to the floor.
  2. In order to increase the mechanical strength of the floor, which has been insulated with expanded clay, it is necessary to equip it with a reinforced mesh or simply reinforcement before applying it with a screed.
  3. Before using the flooring, make sure the screed is completely cured.

The following are used as waterproofing materials:

  • bituminous mastic,
  • polymer glue,
  • materials with special coating.

You, of course, can use other materials as floor or wall insulation, but expanded clay will still be cheaper.

The decision will only be yours. And we, in turn, want to wish you good luck in your endeavors, patience and strength, you will really need them.

( 1 grade, average 5 of 5 )

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