How to correctly orient the greenhouse to the cardinal points
Those who have summer cottages or country houses , have the ability to build in a greenhouse, where it will be possible to harvest not only in the summer, but throughout the year. What could be tastier than fresh cucumbers or juicy ripe tomatoes plucked from the garden?
It may not take very long from the decision to build a greenhouse to its implementation to get an excellent harvest from the garden it is required to take into account all the necessary requirements for such a building, and how to orient the greenhouse.
So, the decision to build a greenhouse on the site has matured a long time ago, it is required to deal with this issue thoroughly, and not to postpone it. First, you need to decide on the place where the greenhouse will be located. The selection of a place is a rather important moment, on which the quality, as well as the wealth of the future harvest, will directly depend.
In the process of designing a greenhouse, it is required to understand how to correctly place relative to the light sides, a residential building and outbuildings. Before starting work, you need to study the nuances of the site where you plan to put the structure. It is required to install the greenhouse in such a way as to provide the plants with as much sunlight as possible, which is so important for their life. Competent orientation on the terrain makes it possible to make the final choice, and even build a greenhouse on the best site.
When construction begins, most gardeners and summer residents make mistakes in choosing a place at the very end of the site, and this is fundamentally wrong.
According to experts, it is required to start construction not far from the house, and so when supplying communications, it will turn out to spend much less money and time. Before starting work, they study landscape features and find out the height of the waters in the ground, because the level of the crop will depend on this. If the waters in the soil are located high, there is a possibility of flooding the structure. Excess moisture will negatively affect the planted plants, because they will rot, and moss will also form. For this reason, it is required to study the groundwater map before starting the construction process.
If it turns out that the greenhouse will be placed precisely on the ground with a large amount of water, and there is no other place, it is required to make a foundation in advance. This issue can be solved by means of drainage ditches that are made along the greenhouse. If the choice fell on creating a base, you can choose from two options - pile or slab.
The easiest way is to do it last, and for this you need to:
- Dig a pit with a depth of 30 cm.
- Pour a sand layer on the bottom of the pit and level it .
- Install the formwork.
- Install waterproofing.
- Prepare chippings or metal rods for reinforcement.
To make a pile foundation, it is required to drill holes, pour crushed stone, put piles, and also fix the timber formwork and pour concrete. After the concrete hardens, the piles need to be connected with a metal pipe. If the choice fell on a foundation made of piles, then you need to know that there will be an air gap under it, and therefore it is mounted if you want a spring greenhouse. If there is a slope on the site, this type of base will be the best option, because it will level the relief. To prevent a lot of water in the ground, it is required to install a drainage system, which consists of:
When applying the recommendations, you can make a fertile site on problem soil.
What is the best way to orient the greenhouse to the cardinal points? To obtain an ideal harvest, the quality of the soil will play a primary role, and therefore it is required to make a deepening in the soil on the site in order to understand what kind of soil is under the first layer. Often, gardeners are faced with a problem when the soil on the site is not quite suitable in order to get an excellent harvest.
If there is clay under the top layers, which is badly moisture permeable, and the accumulated moisture will promote root rot. The ideal option would be sand, which is placed in the area under the greenhouse. If there is clay on the territory, it is required to make a pit that will meet the dimensions of the greenhouse, pour gravel into it, and then sprinkle everything with sand. Fertile soil is used for the top layer.
When choosing a place for a greenhouse, take into account the illumination of the site and place the building in a pair of directions of light sides:
Usually gardeners choose the second option, and in this case the illumination will be better. It is required to build a greenhouse in such a way that the seedlings can receive as much light as possible, and even more so in the first morning hours. From morning until 12 noon, the sun's rays warm up the plants perfectly, creating an ideal environment for photosynthesis. This is the time when the rays from the Sun are most beneficial for seedlings.
With such a placement, you can take care of the plants and get a harvest all year round. If the greenhouse is located from the north to the south, then you should not use it all year round, because in this case the lighting will turn out to be uneven. Greenhouse structures must be installed in the sunniest place in order to be in the greenhouse as long as possible. Warming up in the morning is extremely important, since otherwise the plants can freeze and stop growing.
When building a greenhouse, it is important to take into account the distance from it to communications and the house.
If you plan to build a greenhouse at the time of harvest (from spring to autumn), then the proximity of communications and buildings does not play an important role.
Leave the required space so that it is convenient to approach the greenhouse with buckets, garden wheelbarrows and hoses. It is important that the water for irrigation is near. If you are planning a greenhouse that operates all year long, then distance plays a big role. Greenhouses operating all year round need to be equipped with a system for heating and irrigation.
The price of consumables, as well as the time spent on the site, depends on how close the communications will be located. When laying pipes on the site, consider how to do this correctly so that buildings, shrubs and trees do not interfere. When building a base, it is necessary to immediately lay water pipes, because it will be possible to save on consumables and time for laying. When installing a water supply system, you can facilitate work in the greenhouse and install an irrigation device. At the beginning of construction, it is important to think over the paths, as well as the paths for the entrance.
If you follow all the advice from professionals, you can, with a small expense, maximize the pleasure of your work.
The microclimate inside also depends on how competently the greenhouse structure will be placed. The greenhouse should not be placed between buildings, because there will be an eternal draft in such a passage. Wind currents can greatly change the temperature in the greenhouse, on average it can decrease by 5 degrees. To prevent the building from being cooled from drafts and strong winds, it is required:
It doesn't take much time to build a protective screen, it can be mounted from slate sheets that are placed along the greenhouse. The distance between the protective screen and the greenhouse should not be less than 3 meters, because the shade will not block the building from the sun's rays.
When building a hedge, rows of decorative-type bushes are planted at a distance of up to 15 meters from the greenhouse. The living fence will grow for several years, but it will also last much longer. When planting trees on the site, it is necessary to take into account their placement relative to the greenhouse so that there is no shadow on the greenhouse and the roof is not clogged with autumn foliage.
To protect the building from the wind, attach the structure to the wall of the country house or by placing it very close. It is required to take into account how much the greenhouses will be illuminated, and whether the house walls will block the rays from the Sun.
When choosing a place for a greenhouse, take into account the quality of the soil in your summer cottage, because the number and quality of the crop will depend on this.In order for the harvested crop to please gardeners, it is required to adhere to the following recommendations:
Now let's talk about heat.
Even if the location of the greenhouse was chosen correctly in relation to other buildings and light sides, there is a chance that the cool air can harm the plant's root system. This is especially true for greenhouses that are placed straight on the ground without a foundation. To avoid heat loss, use the following recommendations:
Greenhouse light has become the most important factor for the growth and fruiting of seedlings, and therefore it is necessary to maintain an ideal balance when using natural and artificial lighting.
In order for the plants to receive light and heat to the maximum, it is required to mount arched polycarbonate roofs.
When preparing the site for the construction of a greenhouse, consider some factors. If they are observed, the structure will be placed in the right place, and all the necessary communications will be connected taking into account the nuances of lighting. If you follow the recommendations, you can:
- Equip the greenhouse with an excellent microclimate for plants, which regulates the temperature regime.
- Get rid of condensation.
- Have excellent seed and seedling similarity.
- Get high and consistent yields.
To achieve high yields and simplify the workflow, it is necessary to take into account how the light is directed to the greenhouse, the presence of reservoirs, whether there is no slope on the site, ease of placement and the quality of the land. All questions require competent study, and everything should be given due attention. The location of the greenhouse will depend on how high the harvest can be obtained from the summer cottage.
In order to determine with the choice of location, a diagram will be required, which is drawn before the start of the construction process. The choice of a place for a greenhouse must be started thoroughly. It is not required to build greenhouses in shaded areas, the structure should be as much sun as possible.The greenhouse does not need to be planned near large growing trees or shrubs with a large height, otherwise the shadow from them will fall on the roof and prevent the rays of light from entering.
When building a polycarbonate greenhouse, many factors described above must be taken into account, including how to orient the greenhouse.
But if the greenhouse building does not exceed 3 * 6 meters in size, then you can refrain from such recommendations. For small greenhouses, the location in relation to the light sides will not play a tangible role, and such dimensions make it possible for the building to warm up from all sides. For this reason, such a building can be placed on a ground area at your discretion. Here, consider only the extent to which it will be convenient to lay communications for the construction. It is important to mount the structure when choosing the sunniest and unshaded place.
There, the sun will warm up the greenhouses from morning to evening. Do not forget that this is only possible if the structure is built from west to east. If you cannot place it like this, then it is important to choose a place where the sun will illuminate the greenhouses for as long as possible.
Posted By: Work Style |01, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |03, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |01, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |11, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |01, Nov 2020