How to properly work with siding?

How to properly work with siding? How to work with siding correctly? For private construction, siding panels are simply irreplaceable. Their use makes it possible to make the exterior stylish and with imitation of natural materials, as well as to carry out high-quality insulation of the outer walls from the effects of the atmosphere. An additional plus will be that the work can be done independently and the price of the material is democratic.

But in order for the result to please with its beauty and reliability, you should know how to work with cladding siding. To do this, you will need to study the properties and types of materials, completeness, installation methods, how to cut and saw panels and how to cover the surface.

We will find out all this further.

General information

Everything that is required for work

In the production of siding panels, several different in composition are used types of material. Sometimes, based on external signs, it is quite difficult to determine what specific material the panel is made of, since the front finish of different types of products can be with the same color and texture.

If the siding is de-classified by the type of raw material from which it was made, it will look like this:

Variety Raw material
Metal siding Galvanized steel, stainless steel, aluminum.
Polymer panels Polyvinyl chloride, vinyl, polypropylene.

Composite siding Wood flour and resin or fiberglass and cement

Of course, the technologies for producing panels from different types of raw materials are very different. For example, on closer inspection, you can see that the polymer siding panels are painted throughout the mass, while fiber cement and metal panels have a surface decorative layer.

This can be a coating of paint and varnish composition, and powder / polymer spraying. Interestingly, the Japanese produce fiber cement siding with a ceramic coating, which not only makes the surface highly durable and beautiful, but also enables it to self-clean. As you can see, the choice of material is not an easy task.

Design features of panels

When it comes to structural fundamental differences, but siding can be divided into basement and front. The second type of panels imitates various types of sawn timber sections, namely the texture of wood, although sometimes they are painted in a single color. This type of material, like a board, can be long and has similar dimensions - width from 15 to 20 cm and length from 3 to 6 meters.

From this we can conclude:

  • How to properly work with siding? The stronger the material from which the panels were made, the less the thickness of the siding will be. For example, for metal, the thickness can be 0.

    05 cm, and for vinyl, 0.2 cm. Fiber cement panels can be up to 1.6 cm thick.From this it becomes clear that the size and design option directly affect the weight of the siding.

    On average, siding cladding weighs from 5 to 7 kg / m 2 .

  • According to the method of installation, there are two types of facade panels - horizontal siding, which is considered a traditional option, and vertical siding, which has, albeit small, but still noticeable design features. Most of the windows relate to the form factor configuration.
  • Vertical siding has a characteristic lip along the edge with a lock, which gives the panels a slightly different look. Of course, horizontal panels can be installed vertically, but in this case it will be much more difficult to seal the joints, and there is a great risk of water getting inside.

  • Now a little about the basement siding. The panels were named so that both the finish and their dimensions were adapted to the finishing of the ground part of the house. This material is not long, on the contrary, siding in this case is model products with a size of 0.6 * 1.15 meters.

    Such panels are made with imitation not of lumber, but of brick or stone masonry, or wood chips.

  • Despite the name "basement" siding is a full-fledged material for finishing, and not only for facade. Its use makes it possible not only to do wall cladding, but also to create a unique interior and facade design with the help of various combinations.
  • To understand how to work with house cladding siding, vinyl panels should be considered separately. In form, it is a facade long length, and in the front design as basement panels.

    The main task is the facing of spherical surfaces, namely parapets, semicircular walls, columns.

  • Each manufacturer has its own finishes, with particular attention to color. Some collections have up to 50 items and many different shades.

Please note, that whichever of the panel options you prefer, you should buy accessories, with the help of which the cladding panels will be installed.

Further we will focus on auxiliary profiles and strips.

Installation features

Material requirement

Material fittings are used to ensure that the cladding is finished look, and end connections and transitions from different planes looked beautiful.

Auxiliary accessories are a set of strips and edging elements, and their list can be supplemented.

  • How to properly work with siding? These or other types of profiles are used depending on what type of panels is used, and the architectural complexity of the facade also plays a role. In some situation, one of the planks may not be required, and sometimes it is better to use a friend instead of one type of profile.For example, for vertical installation, the panel guides - starter strips - can be replaced with a more convenient J-profile.

  • In order to understand what you need, you should familiarize yourself with the list of accessories and their purposes. We will not consider this in detail, but just left an image that will make everything clear. Let's talk about how to calculate the amount of material and required components.
  • The required amount of material for cladding is calculated as follows - the area of ​​all walls is measured separately and the area of ​​window and door openings is subtracted. After that, the obtained data are summed up and the result is increased by 17%.

    So you get the required square with a margin for waste.

  • After you have selected the option of panels, divide the area of ​​the facade by the square of one package of panels. If you get a fractional number, round it up. This will help you calculate how much material you should buy. Siding is not sold by the piece, and even if you receive such an offer, you should not agree to it!
  • When you go to buy material, you should know the data not only on the area of ​​the facade, but also the length of the walls, the height of the building, overhang of the roof, the size of the opening and the number of internal and external corners.

  • How to properly work with siding? When you have all the necessary data, you can even calculate at home how much and what material you need. All sellers make calculations in this way and immediately add a percentage of waste to the final number.
  • Panels and accessories are only the external part of the structure, but there is another subsystem of the facade with ventilation, on which the cladding is installed. There are two options here - a wooden or metal frame. The second option is more expensive, but at the same time more reliable and does not require processing with fire retardants and antiseptics.

  • Wood is much easier to work with, especially if the house is also made of wood - you can fasten the lathing with nails to the base. The dimensions of the crate and the calculation of needs are carried out according to the structure of the subsystem. A lot depends on whether you will carry out the insulation of the facade, and if so, how thick the insulation will be.
  • The number of layers of material for thermal insulation is of great importance. If the insulation has two layers, then both a beam and a profile are often used to equip the ventilation facade from the inside.

    This issue is decided by the owner himself.

We will not talk about how to properly lay the insulation, install the battens and whether a vapor barrier under the cladding is required, since this article is devoted to another topic - how to work with siding. If you need information on arranging a ventilated facade, you will find it on this website.

Cutting and installation

In order for the final result of the cladding to look neat and not to deteriorate during operation, certain rules must be observed when cutting and installing panels.Let's find out which tool is required for siding.

Tools and devices

Much depends on what material the panel is made of. If the vinyl material is easy to cut with scissors, then, for example, a fiber cement panel can only be cut with a circular saw with a cut-off wheel (diamond).

  • How to properly work with siding? Circular saw is an indispensable tool for siding. When changing nozzles, you can cut any material both in a straight line and at an angle. Thanks to the rip fence, you will ensure a secure hold when cutting, and the quality of the cut with the right blade will be excellent.

  • If you have a corner grinder in your home called a grinder, you can also use it to cut vinyl and metal siding. If you use a hacksaw, you will need to fix it in the miter box.
  • In any case, you will also need scissors, since you will need to cut the planks of nails, cut out parts of the profile, for example, when hemming the roof overhang. You may also need a tool called a punch.
  • It is used to make cuts on the panel from which the edge has been cut.

    This is done when the last panel in the row does not grow and a longitudinal cut is required.

The rest of the tools that can be useful when working with siding are considered general construction. This is a thread for marking, a tape measure, a building level, a puncher, a hammer, a screwdriver. You will also need an adhesive for siding, namely a sealant, with which all joints around the window and in the places where the walls adjoin to the roof or gable will be sealed.

Installation rules

With a competent arrangement of the subsystem, you will receive the stability of the entire structure.

But nevertheless, do not forget that you should correctly install the fittings and hang the cladding. How to work with siding correctly? The main rule is compliance with gaps of 0.6 cm for thermal expansion.

This applies to panels and accessories:

  • How to properly work with siding? Minimum allowed the distance of the strips, which are joined - starting, finishing and connecting 0.6 cm.

    Such a gap should be between the inner wall of the groove and the ends of the panels. If the work is carried out in the cold season, then the size of the gaps should be increased to 1 cm.

  • Thermal expansion dictates another rule that concerns panel fastening. In order for the cladding to move when heated, the siding should not be clamped between the self-tapping screw and the crate. Therefore, when fastening, the force should be calculated in such a way that a small gap remains between the head of the self-tapping screw or nail.

  • Now about the end connection of the panels - here we are talking about a long facade made of vinyl or metal. To decorate the joint between the panels, connecting strips are used, namely the H-profile.
  • This type of profile has grooves where you can insert the ends of the panels, which are joined, and the front panel protrudes above the plane and decorates the joint. Since the connecting strip is a visible cladding element, it should be selected in such a way that it matches the color of the panels.
  • Those types of siding in question should be overlapped.

    But it doesn't look as attractive as when using the H-profile. You should be guided by the purpose of the building - if the room is a warehouse, garage, pavilion, you can safely join the panels with an overlap.

  • When cladding the facade of a building, it is better to use connecting strips, especially since it is possible to combine them in color. Although it's up to you, both of these options do not contradict the technology, so do as you like!


Anyway, basement siding, which imitates brickwork, differs from the facade in that there are characteristic protrusions on the sides. When joining, the seam will turn out to be almost invisible.

It is not necessary to maintain gaps when cladding with small modular panels. With thermal expansion, only long materials are deformed.