How to work with siding correctly? For private construction, siding panels are simply irreplaceable. Their use makes it possible to make the exterior stylish and with imitation of natural materials, as well as to carry out high-quality insulation of the outer walls from the effects of the atmosphere. An additional plus will be that the work can be done independently and the price of the material is democratic.
But in order for the result to please with its beauty and reliability, you should know how to work with cladding siding. To do this, you will need to study the properties and types of materials, completeness, installation methods, how to cut and saw panels and how to cover the surface.
We will find out all this further.
In the production of siding panels, several different in composition are used types of material. Sometimes, based on external signs, it is quite difficult to determine what specific material the panel is made of, since the front finish of different types of products can be with the same color and texture.
If the siding is de-classified by the type of raw material from which it was made, it will look like this:
|Metal siding||Galvanized steel, stainless steel, aluminum.|
|Polymer panels|| Polyvinyl chloride, vinyl, polypropylene.
|Composite siding||Wood flour and resin or fiberglass and cement|
Of course, the technologies for producing panels from different types of raw materials are very different. For example, on closer inspection, you can see that the polymer siding panels are painted throughout the mass, while fiber cement and metal panels have a surface decorative layer.
This can be a coating of paint and varnish composition, and powder / polymer spraying. Interestingly, the Japanese produce fiber cement siding with a ceramic coating, which not only makes the surface highly durable and beautiful, but also enables it to self-clean. As you can see, the choice of material is not an easy task.
When it comes to structural fundamental differences, but siding can be divided into basement and front. The second type of panels imitates various types of sawn timber sections, namely the texture of wood, although sometimes they are painted in a single color. This type of material, like a board, can be long and has similar dimensions - width from 15 to 20 cm and length from 3 to 6 meters.
From this we can conclude:
05 cm, and for vinyl, 0.2 cm. Fiber cement panels can be up to 1.6 cm thick.From this it becomes clear that the size and design option directly affect the weight of the siding.
On average, siding cladding weighs from 5 to 7 kg / m 2 .
Such panels are made with imitation not of lumber, but of brick or stone masonry, or wood chips.
The main task is the facing of spherical surfaces, namely parapets, semicircular walls, columns.
Please note, that whichever of the panel options you prefer, you should buy accessories, with the help of which the cladding panels will be installed.
Further we will focus on auxiliary profiles and strips.
Material fittings are used to ensure that the cladding is finished look, and end connections and transitions from different planes looked beautiful.
Auxiliary accessories are a set of strips and edging elements, and their list can be supplemented.
So you get the required square with a margin for waste.
This issue is decided by the owner himself.
We will not talk about how to properly lay the insulation, install the battens and whether a vapor barrier under the cladding is required, since this article is devoted to another topic - how to work with siding. If you need information on arranging a ventilated facade, you will find it on this website.
In order for the final result of the cladding to look neat and not to deteriorate during operation, certain rules must be observed when cutting and installing panels.Let's find out which tool is required for siding.
Much depends on what material the panel is made of. If the vinyl material is easy to cut with scissors, then, for example, a fiber cement panel can only be cut with a circular saw with a cut-off wheel (diamond).
This is done when the last panel in the row does not grow and a longitudinal cut is required.
The rest of the tools that can be useful when working with siding are considered general construction. This is a thread for marking, a tape measure, a building level, a puncher, a hammer, a screwdriver. You will also need an adhesive for siding, namely a sealant, with which all joints around the window and in the places where the walls adjoin to the roof or gable will be sealed.
With a competent arrangement of the subsystem, you will receive the stability of the entire structure.
But nevertheless, do not forget that you should correctly install the fittings and hang the cladding. How to work with siding correctly? The main rule is compliance with gaps of 0.6 cm for thermal expansion.
This applies to panels and accessories:
Such a gap should be between the inner wall of the groove and the ends of the panels. If the work is carried out in the cold season, then the size of the gaps should be increased to 1 cm.
But it doesn't look as attractive as when using the H-profile. You should be guided by the purpose of the building - if the room is a warehouse, garage, pavilion, you can safely join the panels with an overlap.
Anyway, basement siding, which imitates brickwork, differs from the facade in that there are characteristic protrusions on the sides. When joining, the seam will turn out to be almost invisible.
It is not necessary to maintain gaps when cladding with small modular panels. With thermal expansion, only long materials are deformed.
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