How to protect a house from fire

How to protect a house from fire Protecting a wooden house from fire - how to protect housing

Wood is one of the most environmentally friendly varieties building materials. wood is used for the construction of baths, industrial and residential buildings.

Individual elements of load-bearing structures, partitions, load-bearing walls, roofs, etc. can be made of wood. But wood has a big drawback - it catches fire quickly.

How to protect a wooden house from fire, and what fire safety requirements / standards are in effect in a wooden building?

Fire safety rules in a tree house

It is the responsibility of every owner of the living space to protect a house made of wood from fire. Failure to comply with the rules and requirements regarding fire safety may cause the refusal to put the building into operation, but it will be even more important to lead to a situation in which the health and life of residents will be in danger.

In this regard, certain provisions of fire safety in a wooden house have been established, and their implementation is mandatory, more specifically:

  1. Fire distance between timber houses for fire safety. SNiP strictly stipulates the minimum distance that must be observed when constructing a building from wood. So, in SP 11-III-99, in particular, such norms are noted.

    The recommended fire gap between timber houses is 15 meters. The inter-house distance can be reduced to 6 meters, but only on the condition that the building has the lowest fire safety class of a structural type. But the safety distance to the fence that limits the site is at least 1.5 meters from the house.

  2. Fire protection systems.

    fire safety of wooden houses forces the owners to take a large range of measures to ensure the protection of the surface of load-bearing and other structures from fire. The work will include the use of special impregnations to protect against fire, varnishes and paints. Compliance with fire safety standards when performing electrical wiring. It is possible to live and stay safely only in the house in which the reliability of protection of the timber structure from fires will be provided.

  3. Installation of alarm systems and fire prevention.

    Modern technologies make it possible to eliminate fires at the very beginning, remove combustion products (carbon dioxide and smoke) before they begin to aggressively affect the health of the owners. At the same time, fire extinguishing systems for wooden houses make it possible to extinguish a fire with the least harm to the interior decoration of the premises and the objects in them.

The rules and fire safety requirements for timber houses can seem overwhelming and complex. With the help of specialists and high-quality materials, you can easily protect your house from a possible fire.

Details

Protecting a house from fire, how to protect housing from fire

Fire-fighting standards and the requirements for fire protection of wooden houses include a large number of measures, the implementation of which is required.

Safety will depend not on the selective use of certain "convenient" rules, as well as on unconditional and full compliance with the standards that are specified in the SNiP on fire safety. In the prescribed regulations, it should be separately specified which requirements are mandatory, and which are given in the form of recommendations. Technologies and measures for ensuring fire safety in wooden houses can be roughly divided into four main categories.

  1. Antiseptic (bio-protection) and fire protection. The essence of using such materials will be as follows - the temperature of spontaneous combustion of wood can be from +360 to +400 degrees, and at +250 degrees, the wood will catch fire from an open flame.

    Even with constant heating, wood can catch fire even at +150 degrees. Fire protection should be done in order to protect the house from fire, in order to reduce the heating of the wood, and also to prevent ignition from open fire. When the surface of the treated fire retardant is heated, an inert gas is released. Surfaces can be treated with an ideal fireproof impregnation, and at the same time it protects against fires and provides protection against pests and rot. Fireproofing of wooden houses is carried out only for load-bearing types of structures, as well as for places with the highest probability of fires - roof rafters, partitions, load-bearing walls, floor slabs that are in contact with the chimney, etc.

    It is also possible to cover wood inside the house with impregnating materials, but some will object to this decision, due to the high cost of work, and also the fact that the wood surface loses vapor permeability.

  2. How to protect a house from fire Electronic fire safety systems. Although the installation of alarm sensors is not mandatory, practice shows that their use will increase the rate of fire extinguishing several times.
  3. Primary fire extinguishing media. This term refers to the systems that are used to extinguish a fire at the very beginning.

    The primary means include an autonomous aerosol fire extinguishing system, fire extinguishers, taps, fire cabinet, etc. Since the safety of residents of the house will directly depend on the uninterrupted operation of automatic types of nodes, the installation of the fire system should be carried out exclusively by those organizations that have the appropriate license.

  4. Eliminate the causes of a potential fire.By making the right wiring in a house made of wood, you can protect the components and structures most susceptible to fire, as well as carefully observe fire safety standards when designing and building modern wooden houses or when restoring old buildings, you can protect all people and property from possible fire.

There are also passive measures that reduce the likelihood of fires.

Carrying out the construction of houses from wood, you can order a special audit of the audit type in order to identify potentially dangerous places in the room. In the future, the results help provide greater protection against fire. The fire service inspector will check the fire hazard of load-bearing structures. To check, you should take a chip from a wooden surface after carrying out fire protection and set it on fire with a match. If it does not burn in the absence of a flame, then it will be considered that the processing was carried out correctly.

Fire-safe wiring in wooden houses

Regardless of whether a new building is being built or old houses are being finished with wood, when installing electrical wiring, the main rules must be observed on safety, which are specified in SNiP. We are talking about this:

  • How to protect a house from fire Installing a fire-fighting residual current device. This tool does not help protect a person from electric shock, but it will make it possible to disconnect the electrical network at the maximum value in order to prevent fire.
  • The fire protection installation must be powered separately from the applied electrical network. The shield is placed in the basement or even in an adjacent building away from flammable materials.

    This self-contained system enables alarms and extinguishing devices to be triggered if faulty wiring is the cause of a fire.

  • For the safety of the electrical wiring, be sure to install an additional residual current device with a lower value.
  • According to fire regulations, electrical wiring in a wooden house must be mounted on the outer surfaces of the room. If you plan to hide the cable inside the walls, then a special metal corrugation will be used.
  • Before performing installation work, it will be mandatory to conduct a fire safety audit when designing the electrical supply of a house made of wood.

    Only after verification can you start routing.

Results

The protection of the house from fires and the degree of fire resistance of the house will be determined by the result of the comprehensive measures taken to ensure safety in the building. Much attention is paid to the implementation of mandatory standards regarding fire protection, as well as the installation of primary fire extinguishing systems. It will not be superfluous to receive recommendations from the fire inspector. He will be able to draw attention to some shortcomings.

He will also indicate what water standards for external fire extinguishing are required or a separate fire well should be taken care of. Compliance with all SNiP and GOST associated with the house helps to build a really good and safe wooden house.

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