How to replace tiles without damaging adjacent elements? Overview

How to replace tiles without damaging adjacent elements? Overview How to replace the tiles without damaging the adjacent elements. Finishing the floor surface with tiles is the best solution for the corridor, kitchen, pool, bathroom, gazebo and other rooms where an easy and durable surface is required. But very often, due to various damage or surface wear, it is required to replace part of the finish.

Before starting work, you should learn how to remove elements from the floor and how to replace damaged tiles on the floor so as not to damage the rest of the parts, since it will also be necessary to re-lay on former place.

Reasons for the appearance of defects

Lagging of the tile from the floor surface is a fairly frequent phenomenon that appears due to the fact that the work is carried out by inexperienced craftsmen and there are violations of technology styling.

Occasionally it also happens that only one tile peels off, as a rule, this happens precisely because of the broken laying technology, and peeling occurs in those places where the greatest impact on the material. So what to do in this case?

First of all, you should determine what is the cause of the delamination, and there may be several basic prerequisites:

  1. The presence of emptiness. Voids under the tiles are the most common reason that the fastening is fragile and as a result of constant exposure while walking, tiles begin to flake off completely. If during the laying of the material, the adhesive was applied only to the corners of the tiles to save material, and the glue area without glue was more than 15%, then such a tile will eventually begin to lag behind the surface. It is not difficult to determine the presence of voids, and if, when walking on the floor, you hear how the tiles "bunch", namely, they make a dull sound, it means that there is very little glue under it and the coating will need to be re-laid sooner or later.

  2. How to replace tiles without damaging adjacent elements? Overview Low quality adhesive composition. If, while walking, the tile begins to wobble, but the glue was used over the entire plane and surface of the tile, then the reason for this deficiency will be an expired glue suction or the glue itself was not suitable for the tile you selected. For example, if you used glue mastic to glue the covering near the fireplace, then when heated, it will begin to harden and lose its holding properties. In addition, mastic is not used in places and rooms where there is an increased level of humidity. In such places, you can only use tile adhesive made on a cement basis or special liquid nails.

  3. Fast drying floors. If the tiles come off together with the adhesive, then there is a high probability that quick-drying mixtures were used to level the floor, which are required to speed up the repair work. Such floors are composed of polymer and other components that prevent the cement adhesive from sticking.In this case, it is required to use other types of glue for laying the tiles, which do not contain cement components.
  4. Poor surface preparation.

    If the tile falls behind with the glue, then there is another reason for that - the preparation of the base was poorly performed, which did not give the required adhesion (adhesion) to the surface.

Pay attention, that often when the tiles are laid on the wooden flooring, the following happens without a good fixing of the wooden sheets - when you walk, you can hear the tile creaking on the floor. The sound is formed due to the fact that the tile modules rub against each other, and this, in turn, leads to the fact that the grouting composition collapses and begins to flake off.

  1. Moisture getting under the tiles. Sometimes moisture gets under the tile due to the fact that the grout was poorly done or the base was poorly dried before laying.

    Moisture that has got under the tile cannot be corrected anywhere, which causes the destruction of the adhesive composition, and also contributes to the formation of mold. If the tile lags behind due to moisture, then it will peel off along with the glue and before replacing the tile in the bathroom on the floor, the floor will need to be well dried. For this reason, make sure the surface is thoroughly dry before you start gluing.

Important! It is very important that you select the correct grout for the tile. Conventional formulations have a porous structure and also perfectly absorb moisture.

The composition is also able to dry out and crack due to exposure to high temperatures. For this reason, it is required to select a grout with the required technical characteristics, depending on the room for which it will be used, as well as on the operating conditions of the floor tile.

Methods of getting rid of damaged tiles

Damage to one or more tiles due to the above reasons is not a cause for grief, but the reason will be wondered how to patch up the chips on the floor tiles or how to glue back the entire tile. Problems can be solved on their own, without even asking for help from professionals. This requires a minimum of tools and a little experience.

To replace the missing tiles you will need:

  • Required tools.
  • Adhesive and repair mixture.
  • Tonal grout.
  • Slowness and accuracy during dismantling work.

Let's take a closer look at everything.

List of required tools

Depending on the type of base on which the tile will be fixed, and also depending on the type of mortar, the set will also depend tools for demolition work:

Base - concrete or brick, tile adhesive, grout joints:

  • Medium hammer.
  • Flat head screwdriver, spatula.
  • Scraper for cleaning seams.
  • Heated water and a sponge for washing dishes.
  • Electric drill.

Cement screed, cement mortar was used for fastening, the seams were also sealed with mortar:

  • Turbine with a disc on the stone for cleaning the joints.
  • Warm water and a rag to soak the grout.
  • Impact screwdriver or chisel for removing small fragments.
  • Medium hammer.

Now let's take a closer look at the dismantling technology.

Removal technology

To get one or more damaged tiles for their further replacement, it will be necessary to use technologies that will make it possible to maintain their integrity adjacent masonry elements.

If tile adhesive was used to install the tiles:

  • Start by removing the grout from the joints around the damaged tile ... To do this, use a dish scouring sponge and warm water to loosen the joints and scrape off the grout with a scraper.

  • How to replace tiles without damaging adjacent elements? Overview The edges of adjacent undamaged tiles must be covered with a protective layer of adhesive tape. This will make it possible to protect them from damage during dismantling work.
  • Using a chisel or a pencil, draw diagonals under the ruler on the damaged elements, and then carefully mark the rows of holes along the diagonals using a core.
  • Use an electric drill to drill the marked holes.
  • Equip yourself with a hammer and chisel to connect the holes in a single line.

  • Starting from the center, break off the tiles piece by piece. Keep the chisel parallel to the plane of the cover as you approach the edges.
  • Use a chisel or spatula to improve cleaning.
  • Finally, remove the protective tape as it is no longer needed.

At the moments when the damaged tiles were laid on the cement mortar, it is necessary to use a turbine with a stone disc to clean the joints or take a multitool with a thin disc for thin joints.

Please note that work should be performed with gloves and goggles. When working with a turbine, an additional respirator is required. The rest of the process will be no different from what was described above. Now the question of how to remove old tiles from the floor in the kitchen, bathroom and corridor will not make you suffer from the uncertainty of actions.

How to remove tiles and not damage other elements

If during the repair you plan to completely replace the tiles on the floor, and the old tile looks more or less normal, then you can use another option, a little more difficult - dismantling work while preserving the old coating.

Please note that it is not always possible to successfully replace tiles on the floor, since it is always more difficult to partially replace them. A satisfactory result will be achieved when a special tile adhesive has been used to install the old tiles.When a high-quality cement solution and the golden hands of a master were used for dismantling work, the chances of removing the coverings from the tiles and not damaging at the same time are reduced to zero.

Materials and tools:

  • Scraper.
  • Hammer.

  • Spatula.
  • Knife or flathead screwdriver.
  • Chisel with a wide blade.
  • Dish sponge and water.
  • Rotary hammer and blade.

  • Chisel.

When all the instruments are ready, you can start.

Step-by-step instructions

Preparation for replacing tiles includes the following steps:

  • Loosening the grout in the tile joints. This requires a dishwashing sponge and heated water.
  • Remove grout with scraper, knife or screwdriver.

  • If cement grout was used, use a turbine and cut the joints to the bottom.
  • Be sure to rinse the work area with water after cleaning.

How to remove a tile:

  1. How to replace tiles without damaging adjacent elements? Overview The most the crucial step will be to remove the first tile element.
  2. Using a chisel, which has a wide blade, and a hammer, slowly and carefully tap the first element along the contour, while trying to pry it off and lift it. If you hear a dull sound when hitting, then the tiles can be separated from the base.

    To do this, it will be convenient to use a spatula - moisten it and scratch the glue under the coating along the entire contour.

  3. After the first tile has been removed, the remnants of the tile can be removed in the same way.
  4. Then proceed to use the punch. Gently place the end of the spatula against the second tile, and before reaching it, begin to deepen towards the base.
  5. It is required to make about 3-4 indentations - closer to the middle and along the edges, each time lifting the tile.

  6. As a result, the coating should easily begin to peel off the base.

When the steps to replace the damaged tile have been completed, let's look at how to remove the remaining glue and cement mortar.

Removing cement residues and adhesive composition from the surface

Strongly cured traces of cement, glue and other construction dirt will present additional difficulties and will require the use of certain chemicals to remove them. If you use acid-based products like Keranet and Atlas.

They will help to effectively cope with this task:

  • Dust and small dirt can be washed off with a regular wet cloth.

  • Next, to the surface where there are stains and pieces of adhesive solution that had time to harden, a remover.
  • It remains to follow the instructions and wait until the glue softens.
  • Residues of solutions and chemical agents should be removed with a sponge for washing dishes with plenty of water.

For even better effect, use a cleaner of the same brand as the adhesive used for installation. To clean the tiles that have been removed from the base from the remnants of glue and cement mortar, you can use drill attachments or grinders in the form of round brushes made of steel wire.

It is required to work with them carefully so that there are no scratches and other marks on the front side of the coating. If this method did not help to remove the cement mortar, the tiles must be soaked in heated water for 2-3 hours, and then cleaned with a spatula and a sharp chisel.

Please note that for severe cases it is possible to use chemicals that can destroy and even remove the structure of the cement. You can buy them at any hardware store.

Repair of chips and cracks without removing the tile

During standard operation of the surface, one cannot do without minor damage to the surface of the tile from the tile.

This could be a chip, accidental scratch or crack. Before proceeding with radical measures, it makes sense to try to eliminate or even mask the defect. For small and thin cracks, try using a 1 to 1 cement-sand mixture and dilute with water. Start to rub the finished solution into the cracks in a circular motion until it penetrates as deeply as possible. Excellent results are obtained by using a soft trowel, which is usually only used for grouting.

If you do not know how to replace the damaged tiles in the bathroom, and there are chips on it, then you can solve the problem differently. In this case, you can use various materials - silicone, hard wax and colored heat sealants to repair cavities, chips and cracks. We would like to highlight the use of polyester and epoxy adhesives. In order to repair cracks in tiles, which have a matte surface, polyester glue is used, to which a special dye will be added. If the tile is coated with a layer of glaze and also has a glossy texture, you can use epoxy glue with dyes.

Good advice! In order to achieve maximum color matching, the selection process should be carried out as follows - apply tinted glue to the chips. When the color is matched, clean the chip from the glue (you can use acetone), dry the surface, add a little hardener and seal the chip. When the hardening has passed, you can polish everything with a thick cloth.

Safety precautions when removing the old coating

It is not for nothing that they say that it is impossible to create a new one without damaging the old one. Dismantling work, removal, removal of the old coating, if the latter began to peel off and fall off, are synonymous with the destruction process, and this is dangerous.

If during all work it is necessary to use electrical tools such as a drill, a hammer drill and a grinder, then you will need to check the absence / presence of cables with electricity, pipes for heating (if you have a warm floor), and water supply under the tiled covering. If there is at least one point of work, it is required to perform extremely carefully, but before that, disconnect those communications that are at risk.

Also be aware of safety precautions when working with power tools. Depending on the purpose of the room where all the work will be performed, it is important to use all measures to protect equipment, pieces of furniture, things from fragments of tiles and dust. To protect your face, be sure to use safety glasses and a respirator (before putting it on, moisten a gauze bandage, wring it out and put it on too).

Hands must be protected with gloves.

In fact, there are not so many options for how to replace one tile, and most often a local replacement is required by areas or even the entire coating. How exactly to carry out all the work is indicated above, it will be enough for you to follow all the instructions. The main thing is that it is quite possible to carry out all the work without outside help.

( 2 marks, average 3 of 5 )

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