How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Exterior wall cladding is one of the final stages in the construction of a frame house. And here the choice of material is of great importance: the microclimate in the premises, the mechanical strength of the walls, the reliability of protection from moisture and cold depend on it. In addition, cladding serves as the basis for finishing materials, and in some cases acts as a topcoat and is responsible for the aesthetic appearance of the building.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

How to sheathe the frame house from the outside

Requirements for the materials of the outer cladding

Sheathing gives the frame of the building a certain rigidity and takes on part of the load. This means that one of the main criteria is the mechanical strength of the material in bending and compression, the absence of shrinkage during operation.

Walls should retain their original shape for years, regardless of the surrounding conditions. In addition, the cladding must be resistant to moisture, sudden temperature changes, and microorganisms.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Sheathing gives the structure additional strength

Next, you need to pay attention to the ease of installation of the material and its pliability during processing. If you plan to sew with your own hands, this aspect is of great importance, because it depends on it how much time and effort it takes to work. The material should be easy to cut and drill, but at the same time maintain density on the sections, not crumble, not crack.

And, of course, it must be durable so that you don't have to change the skin every 10-15 years.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

An example of cladding a frame house outside

Material selection

There are several types of materials , to a greater or lesser extent meeting the specified requirements: moisture-resistant plywood, DSP, OSB, edged board, fiberboard. They have similar characteristics and are widely used in frame construction. To make your choice, you should familiarize yourself in more detail with the main properties and features of each of them.

Oriented strand board (OSB)

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Application of OSB in frame construction

OSB panels rightfully belong to the most demanded materials for the arrangement of frame structures.

They consist of layers of glued wood shavings and chips, and in the outer layers the fibers are located longitudinally, inside - transversely. For bonding the chips, synthetic resins and wax are used, which make the finished boards water-repellent.

Standard production provides for the release of these boards in several categories:

  • OSB-1 is intended exclusively for interior decoration of dry rooms with reduced mechanical stress;
  • OSB-2 is used when installing load-bearing structures in rooms with low humidity;
  • OSB-3 is a moisture-resistant plate of increased rigidity, used for mounting load-bearing structures inside and outside the premises.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

OSB-3

In terms of quality-functionality-price ratio, OSB-3 is the most optimal, and this material It is widely used in private construction for wall cladding, production of load-bearing partitions, reusable formwork when pouring concrete structures. Plates lend themselves well to grinding, cutting, drilling, and tightly hold nails even at a distance of 6 mm from the edge.

Such cladding can simultaneously serve as a decorative coating for walls, it is enough just to treat it with a waterproof varnish or paint it.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

External finishing of the frame house with OSB boards

The advantages of OSB:

  • dense structure prevents delamination and splitting of the material during processing and during operation;
  • plates have elasticity and high strength, perfectly resist vibrations, compressive loads, various deformations;
  • material is resistant to weathering and temperature extremes;
  • OSB is resistant to microorganisms, insects and rodents do not like it.

Disadvantages :

  • very low vapor permeability;
  • flammability;
  • content of toxic compounds (phenol and formaldehyde).

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

OSB (OSB) plate

Main characteristics

Parameters Values ​​
Density 575-645 kg / m3
Thickness 8-30 mm
Dimensions 1220x2440, 1250x2500, 1250x2800mm
Weight 15-40 kg

Prices for OSB (oriented strand board)

OSB (oriented strand board)

Cement particle board (DSP)

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Cement-particle boards

This material is a compressed mass of M500 cement and shavings (usually softwood). The standard board has three layers: the outer one is made of fine chips, the inner one is made of coarse.

In addition to the main components, the composition contains hydration additives, the mass fraction of which does not exceed 3%. DSP is characterized by resistance to moisture, high strength, long service life. Plates are widely used in private construction, industrial, for work indoors and outdoors.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Sheathing a house with DSP boards

When sheathing the frame, such plates serve as an excellent basis for cladding, decorative plaster, painting, since they form ideally flat and smooth surface. The material undergoes 50 cycles of complete freezing and thawing without losing its characteristics; later, the strength of the slabs decreases by about 10%.

Among wood-board materials, CBPB is the leader in environmental and technical indicators.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

House lined with cement-bonded particle board (CSP)

Advantages:

  • very low hygroscopicity;
  • resistance to mold and other microorganisms;
  • CSP are not damaged by insects and rodents;
  • material does not emit toxic substances;
  • low thermal conductivity;
  • fire safety.

Disadvantages :

  • mechanical processing of boards requires significant efforts;
  • DSP has a large weight compared to other materials;
  • when cutting and drilling slabs generates a lot of fine dust, so you need to work in a respirator;
  • high cost.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Wall cladding with cement-bonded particle board

Specifications

Parameters Values
Thickness 8-40 mm
Dimensions 1200x2700, 1200x3200 mm
Weight 35-175 kg
Density 1300 kg / m3
Thermal conductivity 0.26 W / (m K)

Fiber boards (Fiberboard)

The material is sheets of compressed shavings, usually coniferous.

In the process of pressing, the raw materials are highly heated, which makes it possible to achieve maximum density without the use of adhesives. Thanks to this, fiberboard belongs to environmentally friendly materials, and therefore is suitable for outdoor use and for decoration of residential premises. The shavings contain natural resin, which acts as an antiseptic and protects the boards from mold.

In terms of strength, fiberboard is noticeably inferior to natural lining and OSB, but surpasses them in terms of heat and sound insulation properties.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Windproof board "Beltermo"

Insulating boards of several well-known brands are currently presented on the construction market of fiberboard, the most popular of which are " Beltermo "and" Izoplat ".

For cladding a frame house, plates with a thickness of at least 25 mm are used, thinner sheets are used indoors.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

ISOPLAAT insulation and wind protection boards

Advantages:

  • low weight;
  • low thermal conductivity;
  • ease of installation;
  • material does not exfoliate or crumble;
  • high vapor permeability;
  • resistance to moisture and microorganisms;
  • absence of harmful substances in the composition.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Sheathing with ISOPLAAT plates and wooden clapboard

Disadvantages:

  • high cost;
  • a long stay without decorative finishing causes slight deformation of the sheets;
  • fiberboard outer sheathing requires spacer braces in the frame or rigid inner sheathing.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Jib device

Specifications

Parameters Values ​​
Board thickness 12-40 mm
Sizes 600х1800, 1200х2700, 580х1250 mm
Density 110-700 kg / m3
Thermal conductivity 0.037 W / m * K
Board weight 9-18 kg

Prices for fibreboard (Fibreboard)

Fibreboard (Fibreboard)

Gypsum fiber sheets (GVL)

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Gypsum fiber sheet moisture resistant

GVL consists of compressed gypsum reinforced with cellulose fibers.

Due to its high strength, the material is suitable for creating load-bearing surfaces, therefore it is widely used in frame construction. It differs from drywall in greater density, uniformity, and the absence of a cardboard shell. In terms of frost resistance, soundproofing properties, as well as resistance to moisture and combustion, gypsum plasterboard is also several times higher than gypsum boards.

Installation of GVL is made by frame and frameless method. For external wall cladding, the first option is used, where the sheets are fastened to the bearing posts with self-tapping screws.

The material is easy to cut and drill, and, despite its heavy weight, it is quite convenient to install. Such cladding serves as an excellent basis for tiling and decorative plastering.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Sheathing with GVL sheets

Advantages:

  • resistance to mechanical stress;
  • low hygroscopicity;
  • vapor permeability;
  • absence of toxic compounds in the composition;
  • fire safety;
  • high heat and sound insulation properties.

Disadvantages :

  • lack of plasticity and brittleness when bending the sheet;
  • high weight.

Specifications

Parameters Values ​​
Density 1250 kg / m3
Sheet weight 17.

5-45 kg

Thermal conductivity 0.22-0.36 W / m * K
Dimensions 1000x1500, 1200x2500 mm

Plywood

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Exterior decoration of the frame house with plywood sheets

Plywood is made by gluing thin veneer sheets of various types of wood (most often coniferous and birch). The sheets are laid perpendicular to each other with respect to the location of the fibers, which increases the mechanical strength of the material and increases the resistance to deformation. For the outer cladding of frame walls, plywood of increased moisture resistance is used, which is marked with FSF.

The thickness of the sheets should be from 9-10 mm; thinner material will not provide the required rigidity to the frame.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

The use of plywood in frame construction

The grade of plywood is of no particular importance for cladding, and you can use the cheapest unpolished grade 4 boards /4.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Plywood grades and markings

From the outside, all defects will be hidden under the hinged facade, so there is no point in overpaying. Subject to the sheathing technology, the plywood coating will serve for years without losing its qualities.

Advantages :

  • high bending and compressive strength;
  • moisture resistance;
  • wear resistance;
  • ease of processing and installation;
  • frost resistance.

Disadvantages :

  • flammability ;
  • content of formaldehyde resins in the composition;
  • tendency to chipping.

Specifications

Parameters Values ​​
Thickness 3-30 mm
Number of layers 3-21
Density 550-700 kg / m3
Humidity up to 10%
Thermal conductivity 0.09-0.24 W (mK)
Dimensions 1220х1220, 1220х1525, 1500х3000, 1250х2500 mm

Plywood prices

Plywood

Edged board

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Facade cladding with an inch board

The use of edged boards for cladding is the most economical option. Wood is an environmentally friendly material, affordable, easy to install.

Boards can be stuffed not only horizontally, but also at an angle of 45-60 degrees. To save material, the boards can be fastened in increments of up to 30 cm, although more often the sheathing is made solid. This design perfectly strengthens the frame and is a ready-made base for a ventilated facade.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Sheathing of a frame house with a board horizontally

In order for the sheathing to be reliable, the boards are chosen with a thickness of at least 25 mm, you can grooved, for greater docking density. Do not use raw lumber: during the drying process, the wood will begin to warp, deformations of the finish coating may appear.

Advantages :

  • wood does not emit harmful substances and has excellent vapor permeability;
  • boards are easy to process;
  • work does not require large financial costs ...

Disadvantages :

  • the flammability of the material;
  • wood is susceptible to damage by insects and microorganisms;
  • fitting and fastening of elements takes a lot of time.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Edged board

Edged board prices

Edged board

Outer cladding technology

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Construction of a frame house

Installation of panels on a finished frame is carried out using the same technology, regardless of the type of material.

Simultaneously with the cladding, vapor barrier and wall insulation are performed, and the finishing can be done immediately after the completion of construction or after some time. Consider the installation technology using the example of frame cladding with OSB plates.

Sheathing can be done in two ways - with and without lathing. In the first case, the vapor barrier layer is located between the frame and OSB, in the second - on top of the skin. The lathing option is used in cases where OSB acts as the basis for plastering, painting or tiling, the second method is used, as a rule, when arranging a ventilated facade.

Otherwise, there are no significant differences.

Step 1 . Plating starts from the very corner. The first OSB sheet is applied to the frame posts so that the lower edge completely overlaps the lower trim of the house. Be sure to control the horizontal level.

The slab itself is also recommended to be placed horizontally and not vertically - this provides the structure with greater rigidity. For fastening the material, use galvanized self-tapping screws with a length of at least 50 mm. It is necessary to retreat from the edge of the OSB about 10 mm, the step of fastening along the perimeter of the sheet is 15 cm, in the center - 30 cm.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Spacing of nails

Tip. To firmly fix the boards, the length of the hardware must exceed the OSB thickness by at least 2.

5 times. If the self-tapping screw enters the frame beam by less than 30 mm, under the influence of loads, the sheathing will begin to detach from the supporting base.

Step 2. The next plate is installed next to the first, leaving a gap of 2-3 mm for thermal expansion. In the same way, they set the horizontal in level, screw the trim to the frame guides.

The joints of the slabs must necessarily fall in the middle of the rack, only in this case the fastening will be as reliable as possible. The remaining plates are fixed in a circle, leaving open areas for doorways.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Vertical and horizontal arrangement of OSB sheets on the frame of the house

Step 3. The second row of cladding must be installed with bandaging of vertical seams. The same gap of 2-3 mm is observed between the lower and upper plates.

When covering openings, use whole sheets, not cuttings - the fewer joints, the more airtight the covering. Cutouts in the sheets are made with a jigsaw or a circular saw, having made preliminary markings with millimeter accuracy. The edges of the cuts after installing the slab should ideally match the lines of the openings.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Slab joint

Step 4. The upper slabs are installed so as to completely cover the upper strapping.

If the house has two floors, the interfloor piping should be closed by the middle of the slab - in no case should the OSB be joined on this line.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Fastening sheets under the rafters

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Sheathing gables

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Start roof sheathing with ondulin over the battens and membrane

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Completed roof finishing

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Continued installation of OSB panels on the facade

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Sheathed veranda

Gallery 1. An example of the construction of a one-story frame house with OSB finishing

Gallery 2. OSB cladding of a two-story frame house. Example

Step 5.

After completing the installation, a windproof membrane is attached over the casing. Its canvases are stretched horizontally and fixed with staple staples to the OSB. At the joints, the film is overlapped and glued with tape. The material should not be pulled too tight, but there should be no sagging.

Step 6.

Next, the battens of the lathing are stuffed for finishing in increments of 50-60 cm. The battens must first be treated with a protective compound and dried. After that, you can proceed with the installation of siding, lining or other decorative coating for the house.

Note! If you plan to paint the facade from OSB, then the membrane, respectively, is mounted only on the inside of the house.

With this method of cladding, the insulation is placed from the inside of the walls into the cells of the frame and covered with a vapor barrier film.

On top of the vapor barrier, slabs for interior decoration are sewn, for example, drywall or the same OSB.

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Thermal insulation and vapor barrier from the inside

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Wall cladding inside with plasterboard

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Interior decoration

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Exterior decoration. Painting

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

Frame house with OSB sheathing several seasons after construction

How to sheathe a frame house from the outside: an overview of the best options and step-by-step instructions for finishing

An example of the construction of a ventilation facade on top of OSB cladding

Video - How to sheathe a frame house from the outside

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