How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Approaching the issue of cladding a wooden house should be balanced, carefully planning and thinking over the whole process even at the stage of developing a private building project. This priority is due to the fact that not only the presentability of the facade will depend on the quality of the finish, but also the resistance of the structure to various external influences (changes in temperature, humidity, wind and hard solar radiation).

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

How to sheathe a wooden house from outside

Basic requirements for cladding materials

Modern the market of building and finishing materials is able to offer the widest range of products of various types and price categories. Often a person who has recently decided to equip his new home has many difficulties associated with choosing the right cladding for a wooden house. Therefore, it is important to know the basic parameters that finishing materials must meet.

  1. House cladding should have low thermal conductivity. This will keep warmth in the winter and prevent the indoor temperature from rising rapidly in summer.
  2. In order to protect the insulation layers from the accumulation of condensation, the external finish must be vapor tight. In addition, the sheathing material itself should not absorb and retain moisture; its complete moisture resistance is required.

    How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

    House clad with siding, imitating a log

  3. Fire resistance, heat resistance, resistance to temperature deformation and UV radiation.

    It is unacceptable to use a casing that can ignite, change shape or other physical characteristics under the influence of the above factors.

    How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

    Block house: beautiful from the outside, comfortable from the inside

  4. Inertia. The substance of which the finishing elements are composed should not have a predisposition to enter into various chemical reactions.
  5. Finally, the material must be protected from the effects of microorganisms, insects and rodents.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

How to choose the material for the cladding?

The choice of finishing material

Modern building technologies provide us with a fairly large range of finishing materials that meet all the necessary requirements.

However, each of these materials has its own characteristics in terms of both the decorative design of the house and directly functional characteristics. It should be noted that not all existing materials are suitable for finishing wooden buildings due to their specificity. Consider the most optimal cladding options.

Wooden lining

Lining made of wood allows you to preserve the natural and natural look of the house, while significantly improving its external design and functional characteristics. It is a flat board that can be easily assembled and docked with its neighbors in the longitudinal direction by means of special spikes.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Sheathing of a wooden house with clapboard

Note! This material has absolute environmental friendliness, high strength, and also provides an excellent level of thermal and acoustic insulation.

The main disadvantage of wooden lining is its relative vulnerability to insects and rodents. This problem is partially solved by treating the surface with special protective agents. The second disadvantage of the material is fading, so a house with this finish should be painted approximately every three years.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

What is the difference between euro lining

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Comparative characteristics of wooden euro lining

GOST 8242-88.

Profile parts made of wood and wood-based materials for construction. Technical conditions. File to download.

GOST 8242-88

Prices for wooden lining

Wooden lining

Block house

In fact, a block house is a kind of wooden lining. It is made only from coniferous trees.

The main difference between this finish is the shape of its elements - this material imitates cylindrical logs. The inner surface of the block house is flat, which simplifies the installation process using the "tongue-and-groove" technology. Unlike ordinary wooden lining, the block house has the best indicators of resistance to weather conditions and insects. However, it should be noted that the price of this material is significantly higher, which, of course, is its main drawback.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

finishing the facade of a wooden house with a block house

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Block installation scheme house

Block house prices

Block house

Vinyl siding

This material has excellent resistance to high positive temperatures.

It practically does not deform and has a low coefficient of thermal expansion. In addition, vinyl siding is easy to maintain, easy to clean and does not need to be tinted periodically. The available color gamut is so wide that anyone can choose a shade to their liking. Installation of vinyl panels can be done not only with self-tapping screws, but also using ordinary nails.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Vinyl Siding Specifications

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Top Siding Manufacturers According to Ratings

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

TM DOCKE.

Vinyl siding, facade panels

But even this functional material has its drawbacks. It is intended for use in countries with temperate and warm climates, therefore it does not tolerate extreme cold. The strength of the material is also low; vinyl panels require a rather careful attitude towards themselves. In addition, when choosing this type of siding, keep in mind that under the influence of direct sunlight, dark-colored panels can noticeably fade after a couple of years.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Vinyl siding facade cladding

Metal siding

This cladding material, in compared to vinyl, it lacks a number of key disadvantages.

First of all, it is much more protected from sunburn. This allows you to safely use siding in darker tones without the risk of getting a faded facade on the sunny side of the house in two to three years. In addition, even at very low temperatures, the metal does not lose its strength and wear resistance.

There are three main disadvantages of metal siding:

  • susceptibility to corrosion in case of violation of the outer protective layer;
  • vulnerability to shock loads and the possibility of profile deformation;
  • high coefficient of thermal conductivity (metal heats up and cools down quickly).

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Metallic siding colors

Siding prices

Siding

PVC panels

PVC panels are identical in characteristics to vinyl siding, since they are one of its varieties.

However, in terms of creating original design solutions, PVC elements give builders more opportunities. Such panels allow you to create a high-quality imitation of stone, brick and marble surfaces, and can also be easily combined with standard vinyl siding, which allows you to give building facades a unique and exclusive look.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Variety of PVC panels for facade cladding

Prices for PVC cladding panels

PVC cladding panels

Preparatory work

The main part of the preparation for the process of warming and cladding a wooden building consists in sanitizing its walls using special chemicals designed to protect wood from fungus, harmful insects and rodents. In addition, it is imperative that a special vapor barrier layer is laid between the inner walls and the outer heat-insulating layer.

As a rule, it is used as:

  • polyethylene;
  • aluminum foil;
  • bituminous roofing material;
  • vapor barrier from special materials.

Polyethylene is the most optimal in terms of price / quality ratio, since it can significantly reduce the financial costs of covering the house.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Laying a vapor barrier

Installation of a vapor barrier means maintaining a small air gap between it and the building wall. Therefore, if the walls are flat on the outside, before laying the film, a frame should be built from slats about 3 centimeters thick, nailing them in steps of about half a meter. After that, it is necessary to make special ventilation holes in the rails in all four directions and proceed directly to the installation of the vapor barrier. The film is nailed to the slats or round logs of the wall with nails or an overlapping construction stapler with an interval of about 15 centimeters.

Upon completion of this stage, the joints and the placement of fasteners must be sealed with a special construction tape.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Scheme of cladding the facade of a wooden house

Selection of thermal insulation material

After successful completion all preparatory work, you can begin to create a heat-insulating layer of cladding. Due to the specificity of a material such as wood, mineral wool slabs are the best choice. However, various options are possible.

Table # 1.

Materials for insulating the facade of a wooden house.

Material Advantages Disadvantages

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Foam plates

- excellent thermal insulation performance;
- ease of installation;
- protection against pests.
- poorly letting air through, which leads to rotting wood;
- not fire resistant;
- not an environmentally friendly material.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Penoplex

- excellent thermal insulation;
- resistant to fire;
- protected from the influence of microbes and pests.
- vapor tight, poorly ventilated.


- difficult to cut and mount.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Mineral wool

- well ventilated;
- perfectly retains heat;
- easy to install;
- environmentally friendly;
- resistant to fire.
Ingress of moisture in case of violation of the installation technology leads to a sharp decrease in insulating properties.

It should be noted that polystyrene and penoplex are used extremely rarely for insulating wooden houses, so it is recommended to opt for mineral wool.

Prices for mineral wool

Mineral wool

Features of the process of thermal and waterproofing of wooden houses

Step 1.

A wooden frame made of vertically nailed planks is mounted on top of the previously installed vapor barrier layer. It is optimal to use a board 10 cm wide and 5 cm thick. It is necessary to arrange the frame elements in such a way that the distance between them is less than the width of the mineral slabs by 2 centimeters. This will allow you to achieve a tighter fit of the insulating material without the use of additional fasteners.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Thermal and waterproofing of the facade

Step 2.

The next stage of cladding a wooden house is the installation of a waterproofing film over a layer of insulation. Pay attention to the correct orientation of the foil in relation to the mineral wool blocks: the rough surface should be directed towards the insulation, and the smooth surface should be directed outward. As at the stage of the installation of the vapor barrier, the fastening takes place using an overlapping construction stapler, followed by gluing the staples and joints with tape.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Installation of a hydro-windproof membrane film over the insulation

Step 3. When the waterproofing is installed, it is necessary to nail another layer of boards over the previously created frame, on which the external finishing elements will be placed in the final stage.

Recommended thickness of wood is 4 cm with a width of 5 cm.

Prices for windproof membranes

Windproof membrane

Carrying out external finishing work

External work is the final stage of finishing the house, which requires special care and careful approach. Not only the aesthetics of the facade, but also the functionality of previously created insulation layers will largely depend on the quality of installation of external cladding elements.

Assembly of a block house and wooden lining

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Assembly of a block house

The process of fixing a wooden lining is as follows.

Table No.

2. Facade cladding.

Steps, illustrations Description of actions

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Step 1

Having prepared and cut the boards of the required length, they are mounted on the frame. Plating should be done from the bottom up, from the corner of the building.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Step 2

Installed and nailed (or fixed with special fasteners ) the starting board, with the spike down.

It must be located strictly parallel to the ground, therefore, a level is necessarily used to check the result. If everything is done correctly, you can proceed to the next step. Otherwise, the board must first be aligned.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Step 3

The next board is inserted into the groove of the previous one. In order for the boards to tightly connect to each other, the upper one must be hammered into the groove of the lower one using a special wooden hammer.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Step 4

After joining the boards, the second is fixed on the frame in the same way as the first ...

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Step 5

All subsequent boards are attached according to a similar algorithm.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Step 6

After completing the installation, you need to start decorating the corners of the building .

.. To do this, two boards are vertically mounted on them in such a way that one overlaps the other. Window trims are made similarly.

Installation of vinyl and metal siding

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Additional elements for siding

A common scenario for installing vinyl siding includes:

  • installation on the frame of the starter strip;
  • installation of corners and H-shaped connecting strips;
  • fixing and installation of siding panels;
  • installation of the finishing plank and fixing the final tier.

The starting bar is fixed along the entire perimeter of the building or that part of it that will be sheathed with vinyl.Since the strip will be closed at the top by a row of panels, there are no special requirements for it: you can use trim joints and even a strip of a different color. The initial stage is the most important, so it should be approached thoroughly, because then it will be quite difficult to correct the slightest imbalance in case of an error.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Installation diagram of the starting strip for siding

  1. First, a nail is driven in at the corner of the outer frame of the building at the bottom and the thread is pulled along the wall , which should be guided in the future. Note that the distance from the ground to the line must be equal to the width of the starting strip.

  2. Next, fixing the thread at the second corner, it is set in the correct position using a level. The result should be a straight line strictly parallel to the ground.
  3. A straight line is drawn using chalk or a pencil, for which the thread is used as a guide. She will indicate the place of fixing the starting strip.
  4. The strip is attached to the frame with self-tapping screws.

We draw your attention to the fact that you need to check the correct installation of the panels with the level as often as possible. It is advisable to do this before starting the installation of every third row of siding.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Installation of vinyl siding

The fastening of the vertical corner strips must be started before the installation of the main panels, since it is in them that all rows of siding. When starting this stage of finishing work, you should know some of the features of this process.

  1. The corner plank should be 0.

    5-0.7 cm above the ground. This is done so that during thermal expansion the bar does not rest against the foundation and does not deform.

  2. The corner must be fastened with self-tapping screws from top to bottom. In this case, pay attention to the fact that the first fasteners are made at the top of the hole, and all subsequent ones - in the center.

    This approach allows the sheathing material to expand only downward and sideways.

  3. The bottom edge of the vertical corner strip must be cut to the width of the starting strip. The goal, as in previous cases, is the same - to avoid the consequences of the expansion of the material when heated.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Installation of the near-window siding strip

Final result

Flexibility of corners for vinyl and metal siding, it is easy to use these materials in the process of finishing obtuse and sharp corners of buildings. For covering an obtuse angle, the profile is pressed down, and when working with an acute angle, it is narrowed.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

Inner corner

The installation and fastening of the H-profile, which is used for horizontal joining of the casing elements, is the same as for the installation of corner strips. In this case, an important rule should be observed: the starting strips must adhere to the profile, and not vice versa. In addition, when cladding with siding, you can do without an H-profile altogether if you overlap the strips.

The process of installing rows of siding panels is carried out according to the following algorithm.

  1. The first strip is inserted into the grooves of the corner or H-profile, after which it is snapped onto the starting lock.

  2. Fastening to the frame should be done with self-tapping screws exactly in the center of the nail holes. Remember that you cannot screw the siding tight, you need to leave free space for thermal expansion.
  3. All subsequent levels, except for the topmost one, are mounted in the same way.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions!

The siding panels are simply inserted into the H-profile, maintaining a gap of 5-6 mm

At the final stage of cladding the walls are mounted on the upper bar, after which the distance from it to the castle of the penultimate tier is measured. Further, the finish panel is bent so that its width corresponds to the measured distance, and is brought into the lock.

The process of external sheathing with PVC panels, in fact, is similar to the above-described installation of siding trim. It uses an identical system of locks and clutches, which can only slightly differ depending on the manufacturer of the materials.

Let's hope that our instructions and tips for decorating wooden houses have helped you clarify your understanding of the specifics of this process and made it easier to implement your plans and creative ideas.

How to sheathe a wooden house outside - decorating instructions! Country Wood Finish

To learn more about rustic wood fa├žade, see this article! We also recommend that you read about the installation of a near-window siding strip.

Video - Siding a wooden house

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