Frame construction has been actively used in our country in recent years. At the same time frame technologies are used not only for the construction of high-rise buildings, when a prefabricated reinforced concrete frame is used.
Today, private frame construction is also very popular, the construction of houses on one or two floors using wooden frames.
Upon completion of construction, the developer has a natural question, which materials for facing a frame house are best used? After all, I really want the cladding of frame walls not only to look modern and aesthetically pleasing, but also to reliably protect the building from permissive environmental factors and be safe for the health of residents.
In this article, we will consider the main materials used for cladding the walls of a frame house.
The type of structure itself has a certain value when choosing a material for facing a frame house, therefore, first of all, we will consider the basis of construction technology frame houses.
Most often, individual developers opt for the construction of the following types of frame structures: frame-rack and frame-frame.
Frame-rack and frame structures are almost identical to each other, there is no fundamental difference in the work on their finishing. In general terms, the decoration of such a house will consist in filling the space between the frame posts with insulation and further decorative decoration of the walls of the house inside and outside. In this case, it is worth considering the factor that the decoration of a frame house resembles a layer cake, where each layer has its own function and purpose.
Insulation is of no small importance. This is exactly the material that makes up the main "filling" of the frame of the house. Various materials are used to insulate a frame house:
It is most convenient to use insulation in slabs, and not roll. From the point of view of price, the most profitable is foam insulation.
In addition, it is light enough to facilitate installation. However, it is a fairly flammable material, so not everyone chooses it.
Other materials for house insulation have certain pros and cons, you can read more about this on the pages of our website.
On the inner surface of the walls, over the insulation, the next layer is attached - a vapor barrier film. Some of the modern insulation materials have a foil outer layer.
The presence of a foil surface on the insulation will save you from the need to install a vapor barrier, since it is this function that the foil applied to the inner surface of the insulation performs.
A layer of waterproofing (wind protection) is attached to the outer walls.It will protect the insulation from environmental influences and provide all elements of the house with reliable protection from destruction.
The outer layer of finishing, both internal and external, is fixed, as a rule, on a batten made of wooden battens. Thus, the facade of the building receives the necessary ventilation, and the materials for cladding - reliable and convenient support for fastening
A private frame house is most often made of wood.
The cladding of such a structure with wooden materials also seems quite logical. In this case, not only the traditional clapboard can be used. Much more interesting in cladding looks like imitation under a bar (front board, block house) or imitation of a rounded log.
Exterior decoration of a frame house with wooden materials is the most environmentally friendly option. In this case, it is not necessary to use untreated wood materials, which require additional primer coating and need to be painted regularly.
Hardwood materials are the best for cladding exterior walls.
Modern wooden siding is presented on the construction market, which already has a processed and protected outer word. Such material will not only be safe for your health and the environment, but will also significantly reduce labor costs.
It is also quite convenient to use wooden facade panels in the cladding of a frame building, which are made of wood fiber with the addition of resin. It is the presence of resin that makes the facade panels resistant to moisture and deformation, as well as to temperature extremes and ultraviolet radiation.
In addition to natural wood paneling, today there are a number of other materials for facing the house. Many of them are successfully used for cladding a frame house.
As mentioned above, it is convenient to use front panels in facing a frame house.
Their advantage is ease of installation, durability and reliable protection that they provide to the facade of the building.
There are several options for facade panels:
In their production, a galvanized sheet of aluminum is used. On the outside of such panels, a layer of polymer, embossed coating or wood imitation is applied.
Such panels on the outside are most often factory-coated in the form of stone or clinker tiles.
Due to the standard dimensions and the provided connecting elements, the facade panels make it possible to quickly, beautifully and practically decorate the facade of the building.
Siding is presented on the construction market with a wide variety of materials and designs. It is quite popular as it is easy to install, reliable and economically quite profitable.
Attach the siding to the crate.
There are siding panels for both vertical and horizontal installation.
Facing (lightweight, hollow) brick used for finishing facades of houses, decorating fences and even in landscape design.
Facing bricks are available in a variety of colors, allowing you to choose the option most pleasing to your eye. Also an interesting option is a lightweight brick with chips. Such an artificially "aged" brick looks quite original, and in some design options it even looks like a stone.
In shape, such a brick is produced in traditional rectangular and figured.
Clinker bricks, most often used in cladding, are quite durable. In addition, its important feature is that it does not allow water to pass through and is a fairly durable material. These indicators make it a worthy contender in the choice of materials for cladding a frame house.
The technology of facing a frame house with bricks is quite simple.
The facing brick is laid on the same foundation that holds the main wall, but with a small gap (at least 3 cm). For free air circulation in the masonry, vertical slots are made in the lower and upper rows. For reliability, the facing wall is connected to the main bearing using basalt rods, nails, perforated strips, etc.
Facing with artificial stone is becoming more and more popular today. This facing material is produced by a very recently developed technology, according to which a concrete solution is foamed to obtain a porous structure, and then poured into molds and cooled.
It turns out a brick that resembles a stone in structure.
One of the advantages of artificial stone, which is so often used in the facing of frame houses, is its low thermal conductivity. Due to bubbles in the structure of the material, it does not conduct heat well, which means it retains it inside the building.
In addition, this material has good sound insulating properties. And the third indisputable advantage is its low weight.
Among the disadvantages of artificial stone, mention should be made of its fragility, water permeability and shrinkage.
As for the aesthetic appeal, the houses made of artificial stone look very original.
As you can see, a fairly wide range of materials can be used in the facing of a frame house. The most important condition is compliance with the technology of use and installation of each of the listed materials.
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