Installation of false ceilings

Installation of false ceilings Installation of the false ceiling - process features

Most often, renovation work in an apartment begins with the reconstruction of the ceiling, which will play an important role in creating a harmonious interior. Before choosing a type for ceiling decoration, assess its condition, for example, the presence of cracks or height differences.

Agree that leveling the ceiling surface with plaster is a laborious process that will take a lot of time and will not give a guarantee to eliminate all the disadvantages. One of the most common methods for decorating the ceiling has become the installation of a suspended ceiling, which makes it possible not only to hide flaws, but also to simulate the room space. Moreover, this ceiling is indispensable for creating spot lighting.

We will tell you how to install a false ceiling with your own hands, and we will also help you with the choice of materials.

General information

Advantages of suspended ceilings

Ceiling suspended systems make it possible to quickly, easily and for little money get a wonderful ceiling that will hide defects and cracks in the base, and also hide electrical wiring, communication cables and ventilation. Suspended structures are versatile and can be used to decorate almost all office, industrial, residential and commercial facilities. A huge advantage of installing a suspended ceiling is the ability to erect complex geometric structures with various textured combinations, patterns and colors. Such ceiling coverings reduce the height of the room and, due to this, have excellent thermal insulation, which is extremely important for owners of apartments on the last floors.

Certain types of false ceiling materials are capable of providing sound insulation in a room, which will help a lot if noisy neighbors live on the floor above.

Main varieties

The most common and simple type of suspended ceiling is a solid plasterboard ceiling. All other types of ceiling can be called modular because they are made of special slats and slabs. Suspended ceilings of modular type have the most diverse designs and ways to be one or a couple of levels. Their surface can be matte, glossy or mirrored, and the color and pattern can be very different.

Let's consider in more detail the main types of suspended ceilings.

Panel structures

These types of ceilings are made of rectangular or square panels. Panel ceilings are laconic and straightforward, and therefore they are most often used in order to decorate various non-residential premises. The system itself will assume access to hidden communications, and lighting devices can easily be built into it. The cheapest and most popular option for a tile ceiling is the Armstrong suspended system.

It has an open frame to which ordinary slabs are attached.Armstrong has many advantages in a slab ceiling, and among them:

You can find slabs for ceiling made of fiberboard, MDF, fiberglass, mineral wool and metal. But the slabs themselves may have additional qualities:

  • Moisture resistant.
  • Thermal insulation.
  • Ventilation.
  • Acoustic.

If desired, various images can be applied to the panel or decorative elements can be used. The most expensive option is panels made from real wood, the beauty of which cannot be matched by even the best imitation.

Cassette ceilings

Installation of a false ceiling is a responsible process. Easy-care cassette ceilings have a rather beautiful appearance. The finish can be very different - matte, mirror, with a metallized and polymer coating.

Ceilings, like constructors, are usually assembled from individual elements called cassettes. They are made of aluminum or zinc coated steel. The hidden design makes it possible to fully cover the frame by means of cassettes. It is quite simple to assemble such ceilings, and, if necessary, it can be easily partially disassembled. For example, to get to internal communications, and these systems are not afraid of fire and water.

The only drawback will be the rather high price.

Rack ceilings

Long slats are used in the strip ceiling system, and the structure is attached to the ceilings with special clamps (that is, knitting needles). These ceiling structures are usually made of steel, aluminum or PVC. Aluminum ceiling slats, in turn, have two popular styles:

  • German style - rectangular slats that can be perforated or not.
  • Italian style - rather high slats and have rounded edges, and for them you can use an open or hidden type of fasteners.

PVC slats can be narrow - from 10 to 12.5 cm, and wide from 0.15 to 0.5 meters. The first is usually called clapboard, and the second - panels.

Rack types of ceilings do not corrode, serve for a long time and allow air to pass through. The slats have different patterns and colors, for example, imitation wood. Slatted PVC ceiling will not hit your pocket and is ideal for the kitchen or bathroom.

Plasterboard structures

Unlike other types of ceilings, the structure of drywall sheets after installation requires decorative finishing with putty and further painting. Plasterboard ceilings can be single-level or multi-level, with different wavy, curved and curved details.

Spotlights are often built into them.In addition to the aesthetic advantages of a drywall ceiling, the parameters of the selected drywall sheet - moisture-resistant, ordinary and fire-resistant - also play an important role. His choice will, in turn, depend on the purpose of the room. Plasterboard suspended ceilings can be of different shapes, for example:

  1. Frame - made of a box with one or even a couple of steps. There is a chance to place a hidden hanger along the common perimeter of the box.

  2. Diagonal - they have a flat base with lower protruding levels above one of the room sides.
  3. Abstract - made of several irregularly shaped elements placed in a spiral.
  4. Zonal - make it possible to select part of the room due to the fact that the border of a zone, for example, a working zone, will be defined.
  5. Curly - have an even base, against the background of which, usually in the center of the ceiling, a curly design of a geometric type stands out.

The advantage of this material is its low price.


Calculation of materials

After selecting the type of suspended ceilings, you need to determine the required amount of material ... To do this, you need to measure the ceiling area and it is desirable to develop a sketch, which greatly facilitates the upcoming work. Frame materials for almost all types of ceilings will be similar, and therefore will give an example of highlighting the necessary materials for a panel-type ceiling of the Armstrong brand.

For the installation of a plasterboard suspended ceiling, calculations are made differently. The frame structure for the suspended structure is made of transverse and longitudinal suspensions and profiles. The selected material of the suspended structure will be attached to it. In order to understand the norms for the consumption of materials for the Armstrong suspended frame, you need to imagine that you have a square room with an area of ​​25 square meters.

The following materials are required to install a panel ceiling:

  • Panel boards size 0.

    6 * 0. 6 meters.

  • Anchoring dowels.
  • Dowel screws.
  • A 3-meter long trim.

  • Hangers.
  • Cross-section profile with a length of 0.6 meters.
  • Cross-section profile with a length of 1.2 meters.

  • Main profile with a length of 3. 6 meters.

The main profile is set in increments of 1.2 meters. To find out how many rows of the main guide there are, divide the width of the room of 6 meters by a step (1.

2 meters) and you get 5 rows. The second step is to find out how many running meters of such a profile are required. To do this, multiply the length of the room 5 meters by the number next to 6, and you get 30 m. The installation of a cross-section with a length of 1.2 meters is performed in increments of 0.

6 meters. To find out the number of rows of the transverse profile, divide the length of the room of 6 meters by 0. 6 (step) and you get 12 rows. Next, we find out the required number of profile in running meters, and multiply the width of the room of 6 meters by 12 and get 72 m.

The pitch of the cross section with a length of 0.

6 meters is 1.2 meters. Calculate the number of rows of the transverse profile by dividing the length of the room 6 meters by 1.2 meters (step), and you get 5 rows. This value is multiplied by 6 meters - the width of the room, and you get 30 m.

- so much is needed for an area of ​​25 square meters. Install the hangers on the main guides in steps of 1.2 meters. To find out about the number of suspensions for 1 row of the main guides, and the length of the room of 6 meters, divide by the step of suspensions 1.2 meters and you get 5 suspensions for 1 row.

Earlier, we learned that we have 5 rows of main guides, and accordingly, for a room of 6 * 6 meters, it will take 5 rows to multiply by 5 and you will get 25 pieces of suspensions.

Next, you need to mount a wall corner with a length of 3 meters along the general perimeter of the room, and in this case the perimeter will be 2 * (6 + 6) = 24 meters. Therefore, 24 meters of trim is required. To calculate the number of slabs of panels, it is enough to know the area of ​​one slab (0.6 * 0.

6 = 0.36) and then divide the ceiling area of ​​25 pieces by the area of ​​one tile in 0.36, and you get 70 pieces. It should be noted that after the installation of ceiling panels or tiles, joints are formed that can be equipped with a special finishing tape. Fastening elements must be purchased on the basis that one dowel is required for 0.

5 meters of the profile. The following materials are required to install a plasterboard ceiling:

  • Installation of false ceilings Plasterboard 0.95 cm thick.
  • Self-tapping screws.
  • Dowel-nails.

  • U-shaped straight hangers.
  • Ceiling profile 0.6 * 0. 27 meters.
  • Guide profile 0.

    27 * 0. 28 meters.

For finishing the finishing type of plasterboard ceiling, additional materials are required, namely a primer, putty and water-based paint.

Stage-by-stage installation work

Installation of a suspended PVC ceiling or any other is based on the fact that they are all attached to the frame, and it is to the subfloor. Only the design of the frame will differ.

Before installing any type of false ceiling, many preparations are required:

  • Clear furniture from the room.
  • Prepare the ceiling covering, for example, repair cracks and gaps in order to avoid heat loss in the future, insulation of the ceiling and its noise insulation.
  • Laying communications, for example, installing a ventilation system and wiring for lighting devices.

After calculating the number of required materials and completing the preparation work, you can start installing the suspended ceiling.

Method of installation of panel ceilings

We propose to consider in stages the installation work on the example of mounting panel suspended ceiling coverings like Armstrong.

To begin with, you need to make careful markings on the walls and ceiling using a tape measure, a hydraulic or laser level.After that, along the room perimeter, attach the wall corner to the walls by means of dowels in increments of no more than 0.5 meters. Next, install the main bearing profiles with a length of 3. 7 meters and a pitch of 1.

2 meters parallel to the walls. After that, suspensions with a step of 1.2 meters are attached to the ceiling ceiling and the carrier rail. After the assembly process of the frame, start installing the ceiling tiles. Installation of slatted and cassette ceilings is similar to that of Armstrong, the only difference is the use of slats or cassettes instead of slabs.

The choice of ceilings is huge and depends only on preferences and financial capabilities. A correctly chosen and installed ceiling can not only hide various disadvantages, but also change the perception of space in a room. The installation of such ceilings can be done by hand, and the main thing is not to rush, but to correctly carry out the preparation work and adhere to the technology.