Installing a hatch in the attic with a ladder with your own hands: step by step instructions

Installing a hatch in the attic with a ladder with your own hands: step by step instructions Attic is a great place to put various old things, clothes and other accessories. Although, to use it, you need a special arrangement of the hatch, which will help you easily get on it. We will write in more detail below about the different types of attic hatches and their features.

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Choosing the location of the hatch in the attic and preparing for work

Installing a hatch in the attic with a ladder with your own hands: step by step instructions The purpose of the attic is usually a storage room. It stores various things that are periodically or seasonally used.

And to get them quickly, you need to have constant access to the attic.

For these purposes, it is recommended to arrange a hatch, which will allow you to get out of the attic, any necessary thing.

There are two ways to enter the attic space. In the first method, a special entrance hole is made on the pediment part, on which the attic door is mounted. This method is good enough and it is not necessary to make a hole in the ceiling and violate its overall integrity.

When using the door, it will be necessary to install a special ladder, and this requires certain material costs and is unlikely to save money. The second method is easier and it consists in arranging a hatch to the attic, which will be located on the ceiling.

When choosing the place where the hatch will be located, it will be necessary to calculate that the hatch cover opens freely, without any obstacles.

Installing a hatch in the attic with a ladder with your own hands: step by step instructions
Hatch with ladder

In addition, the hatch design , should be in good harmony with the general style of the house.

If the installation of a stationary staircase is planned, then it should also not create an obstacle to free movement around the room.

If floor beams are located on the ceiling, then it must be taken into account that the hatch is not located exactly on them, since the strength of the ceiling ceiling can significantly decrease.

A hatch to the attic with your own hands should have the following features:

  • attractiveness;
  • ease of installation;
  • reliability, strength and safety;

Features and varieties of attic hatches

Installing a hatch in the attic with a ladder with your own hands: step by step instructions
Types of ladder hatches

A hatch to the attic, depending on its location and design features, is:

  • horizontal type;
  • vertical type;
  • angular type.

In the first option, the hatch is mounted on the ceiling surface. These hatches are characterized by high usability and ease of implementation.

The second type of hatches is also called a manhole.

The angular type of hatch is installed in the attic, subject to the presence of a sloping roof type.

In addition, hatches for the attic are made of wood, metal, various plastic and other other materials. But most often, wood is used in the construction of hatches.

Insulated hatch to the attic

For the construction of an insulated hatch, the following instructions must be applied:

  1. Installing a hatch in the attic with a ladder with your own hands: step by step instructions Before starting the installation, it is necessary to make a drawing of the hatch to the attic, which will indicate its shape, size and special design features.
  2. For the construction of the hatch frame, it is necessary to prepare boards, the thickness of which will be exactly 2 cm.

    Construct a rectangular structure from them.

  3. All corners must be even. Usually, the size of a standard hatch is 600x1200 mm. The size of the hatch also depends on the constitution of the people who will use it and, accordingly, on the size of things that will be stored in the attic .
  4. The next step is to cut out an opening on the ceiling, while the opening should be 5 cm larger than the original dimensions of the attic hatch.

    The main task of this allowance is to cover the opening using a special frame.

  5. When working in wooden houses, the same tree that is cut from the ceiling is suitable for manufacturing the hatch. Alternatively, purchase suitable wood from the store.
  6. When choosing wood, it is better to choose larch, as this type of wood behaves well in use and has high strength properties.
  7. The side of the attachment of the hinges on the hatch will depend on the individual wishes of the owners.

  8. To give additional strength to the roof, you need to take care of installing a special diagonal brace, it is fixed with self-tapping screws or steel corners.
  9. To ensure thermal insulation of the wooden hatch, use insulation. Most often, such a building material is used, as in the insulation of the attic, for example, mineral wool.
  10. It should also be taken into account that a vapor barrier must be installed at the bottom of the lid, since these types of insulation are susceptible to damp and humid environments and mold may appear.
  11. Next, fittings are installed, that is, various latches and closers.

    Installing a seal around the perimeter of the hatch prevents cold air from entering the room from the attic.

  12. The frame from the inside is sheathed with a casing for a more beautiful appearance of the hatch.
  13. The final step is the installation of a ladder that helps to climb and descend from the attic. Installing a hatch in the attic with a ladder with your own hands: step by step instructions

Installation and installation of the hatch in the attic

Installing a hatch in the attic with a ladder with your own hands: step by step instructions Mounting and installing a hatch in the attic, bought in a hardware store, is a little easier than a homemade hatch. Although, this issue has its own nuances, which must be adhered to.

The cost of a magazine hatch will directly depend on the material from which it is made. The price of a metal hatch to the attic is higher than a wooden one.

Before you buy a ladder hatch to the attic, you must first measure the height of the ceiling in the room, and the location of the ladder.

Advantages of purchased store sliding ladders for hatches are:

  • Ease of use and compactness;
  • Multifunctionality;
  • Easy to assemble and install;
  • Beautiful and attractive appearance.

Installing a hatch in the attic with a ladder with your own hands: step by step instructions You do not need to put much effort to unfold the stairs to the attic.

Thanks to this, purchased models of retractable hatches are much more common than homemade ones.

It will take two people to assemble the hatch and ladder. One will be in the attic and lift the finished structure up.

Before fixing the frame, two boards must be installed on the lower part, it is on them that the hatch will be laid in the future.

Further, the entire structure is mounted on them and leveled with special wedges.

For quality control of the evenness of corner joints, use a building level.

Due to this, you will be able to avoid various deformations of the hatch during its assembly and installation. After fixing the ladder to the frame, the hatch is attached to it with screws.

When a slight gap occurs, polyurethane foam is used to fill it.

Next, they remove the boards that insure the hatch against skewing, but it should be borne in mind that until the foam completely hardens, it will be impossible to use the hatch.

On the ladder, the side bolts must be loosened and it will unfold to the desired size. In case of misalignment, the ladder should be adjusted so that it becomes sufficiently flat, this can be done by twisting the bolts.

Do-it-yourself hatch to the attic

Installing a hatch in the attic with a ladder with your own hands: step by step instructions If you plan installation of a hatch for the attic on reinforced concrete floors, we recommend equipping the hatch at the junction of two slabs. Thanks to this, you will be able to prevent a decrease in the strength of the entire structure.

For the production of standard or fire hatches in the attic, it is necessary to make a special hole for the concrete slab, and the work will take at least two hours.

To make a hole, you will need a grinder with special attachments for metal, and you will also need a hammer drill, crowbar and a sledgehammer.

First of all, it is necessary to make a marking, while the size of the hole on the concrete slab should be a couple of centimeters larger than the size of the hatch.

To obtain a strictly vertical end section of the hatch, you will need a hammer drill and a drill in it, the length of which is greater than the thickness of the concrete slab.

Make sure that the punch is strictly vertical to the working surface. In each of the marked corners, you need to drill one hole.

Installing a hatch in the attic with a ladder with your own hands: step by step instructions Use a diamond blade to cut one of the scribe lines. And it is necessary to strictly monitor that the disc does not come into contact with the reinforcement, in order to avoid damage. Once the slots are prepared, use a hammer drill to locate empty areas of the concrete slab by drilling through them.

Using a sledgehammer, break the slab, in the places where the concrete meets the metal reinforcement, use a crowbar.

Once you have knocked off all the concrete, carefully cut off all the metal reinforcement, using leveling, smooth out any irregularities that have appeared on the metal surface.

It should be noted that the accuracy and quality of the hatch installation will depend on the evenness and smoothness of the attic opening.

If you plan to use a purchased device, then the original dimensions for the attic opening in the ceiling should be indicated in the technical indicators of the hatch.

When making a hatch to the attic with your own hands, leave two centimeters on each side.

Installing a hatch in the attic with a ladder with your own hands: step by step instructions To make a hatch to the attic, you must first build a frame, which is attached to the opening with anchors. To ensure smooth closing or opening of the hatch, you need to purchase special closers.

And the surface of the cover should be similar to the ceiling finish. The ideal option is to use expanded polystyrene plates, which will be sheathed on top with chipboard sheets.

Recommendations for making a hatch to the attic

Installing a hatch in the attic with a ladder with your own hands: step by step instructions The finished attic hatch must be equipped with seals and faceplates. And the hole for its installation, and the installation must be done with maximum precision.

To carry out this type of work, it is better to climb into the attic and start from this particular part.

It is necessary to mark the floor in relation to the external dimensions of the finished casing, on which the hatch will be installed.

Use a grinder to remove the top slab. If there is a layer of waterproofing and insulation on the ceiling, you need to carefully remove them. In order to see the perimeter of the final location of the hatch in the room, you need to make several holes.

Next, you need to take the hatch and attach it to the floor surface in the attic, comparing its dimensions with the holes made.

The hatch frame must be placed in the opening as tightly as possible. If there are gaps, use polyurethane foam to seal them. And start working with it only after careful and high-quality alignment of the hatch position.

For a reliable attic staircase, a special frame is needed, which helps to protect people living in a frame house from an accidental fall.

Installing a hatch in the attic with a ladder with your own hands: step by step instructions If there are rafters on both sides, on the third side you will need to install a beam on which the hatch will be fixed .

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The installation and installation of the hatch requires certain skills and knowledge. The maximum load on the hatch and ladder is 200 kg.

Mounting and installation of the hatch requires the following steps:

  • assembling the frame and installing it in the hole;
  • fastening the rim on the surface of the rafters from above, or on the beams;
  • fastening the rim from the bottom of the room;
  • fastening the cover on the hatch;
  • connecting the hatch to the ladder;
  • final check of the entire systems.

Fire hatches to the attic

These hatches have very simple design characteristics. They are mainly composed of a steel frame, which is insulated with a non-combustible material, and a steel door that latches automatically after it is closed.

A retractable staircase is mounted to enter the attic. Before installing this hatch, familiarize yourself with its features:

  1. Fire resistance up to one hour.
  2. The thickness of the steel from which it is made is at least 1 cm.

    The ability to cover the hatch with the same material as the decoration of the room to ensure its complete harmony in the interior.

  3. The presence of a special non-combustible heat-resistant active seal, when expanding, it blocks smoke from entering the attic or into the room.
  4. Internal filling is mineral wool or other fire-resistant building material.
  5. Availability of fittings (door closers, handles, locks - all of high quality).
  6. When installing the hatch on wooden floors, you need to additionally purchase building materials that will be installed between the hatch hole and the hatch itself.

  7. After that, the hatch is mounted and installed in accordance with the above recommendations. In addition, if you install a purchased device, then the features of its installation are described in its technical documents.

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