Installing tiles in the bathroom on drywall with your own hands. Drywall is one of the most popular materials for sheathing walls in any room. It has many advantages, and one of them is low cost and ease of use. True, the choice of what material will be used to decorate the gypsum plasterboard is not easy, since the material is made of pressed gypsum and crushed waste paper, which is "afraid" of excessive moisture.
This is especially true when it comes to finishing the sanitary unit, since tiles are often chosen for it, which have certain styling features.
Below you will learn how to lay tiles on drywall in the bathroom and what to consider during the work.
How to choose drywall for laying tiles
Modern manufacturers offer not one, but several types of drywall boards that can be used for leveling walls in the room.
The material is made using a special impregnation that helps protect against moisture.
In order to lay tiles in the bathroom, it is better to choose the second option, as it is resistant to moisture and will not deform from interaction with water. The use of a standard material sometimes leads to the fact that the finish becomes unusable. Sometimes the gypsum board is used for the base of the tiles, but before starting all the work, you should make sure that the ventilation in the room is working properly and works as required.
Important! A material that is resistant to moisture can also be distinguished by its appearance, as manufacturers mark it in green.
How to choose an adhesive composition for tiles
The second important point that should be considered for laying tiles on drywall sheets is the selection of an adhesive composition. From the assortment that is presented in stores, it is recommended to use mixtures made on the basis of cement, elastic glue, and also liquid nails.
Adhesive mixtures for laying are produced by the following manufacturing companies:
When you decide on the glue, you can start choosing the finishing material directly.
How to choose a tile that is suitable for drywall
Any tile is suitable for laying tiles on drywall in the bathroom, but you should still consider some features that will help affect the final result.
This factor can be checked by folding all the tiles face-down and assessing the tightness and the width of the gaps. The corners of the products should be perfectly even.
Please note that it is better to buy tiles with a margin, while the number of tiles should be about 20% more than required by calculations.
Please note, that both ceramic and plastic tiles are suitable for laying on drywall, but it should be borne in mind that although plastic products will be cheaper, they will also last much less.
Cladding with plasterboard tiles is a fairly simple but time-consuming process that requires compliance with a number of conditions.
Installation of drywall sheets
As mentioned above, first of all, before tiling on drywall tiles in the bathroom, you will need to sheathe the bathroom walls using gypsum plasterboard ... This is done according to the standard, but there is a nuance that should be taken into account - a large load will fall on the surface, so the frame must be strong, and it should be reinforced with horizontal elements (racks).
This is extremely important in spacious rooms, since the tiles will begin to deform or even peel off from constant vibration.
There are several types of profile that should be used to reinforce the drywall frame:
Regardless of the width of the profile, it is better to use one that will be made of metal sheets, the width of which is not less than 0. 06 cm. Frame elements should lag behind each other by at least 0. 4 meters, and the sheets should be laid in two layers. So your frame will not bend under the weight of the tiles, and the seams between them will not diverge due to the influence of negative factors.
Important! If it is not possible to sheathe the walls with drywall in two layers (for small bathrooms this will "steal" a lot of usable space), you can use another method. To do this, between the intervals of the profile elements, glue the walls with a plaster mesh, which will be fixed with brackets. After such work has been completed, you can lay the tiles on sheets of drywall and not worry about the fact that as a result everything will come off or deform. Some of the specialists use a metal profile and a reinforcing mesh for reinforcement.
Preparation of materials and tools
To lay tiles on a drywall surface, you will need the following tools:
It is better to use a primer and putty as an additional material for the work. For work with drywall, a cement-based or polymer-based putty is ideal. Cement putties, although cheaper, have one drawback - they give low shrinkage after drying. Polymer-based compositions are distinguished by their high cost, but at the same time they have excellent performance characteristics - strength, high resistance to moisture, no shrinkage.
Primer is another equally important material, which is difficult to do without when laying ceramic tiles on drywall sheets. the best option would be to use water-repellent compounds for bathrooms that will protect the cladding from moisture.
Certain products contain antiseptics to help prevent mold and mildew on the walls. It is equally important to pay attention to the fact that there are no toxic substances in the primer - for interior work on laying tiles in the bathroom on drywall with your own hands, it is better to use acrylic mixtures that are 100% safe for human health. Almost all other compounds such as aclide and phenolic compounds contain toxic substances, so they can only be used for outdoor work.
Please note, that when choosing a primer mixture and putty, attention should be paid to ensure that they are compatible with each other, so it is better to focus on products from the same manufacturer.
So, in order to prepare the surface for laying the tiles, you will need to apply putty on the drywall, and then a primer. You cannot do without this, since otherwise the tile will begin to peel off under the influence of negative factors.
It should be applied with a brush or paint roller and in 2 layers, each of them should dry (at least 45 minutes).
After the primer has dried, the walls must be flat and have a solid surface on which the tiles will be laid.
Important! All technological holes that are required for communications are required for contouring with silicone sealant so that moisture does not accumulate in these places.
Performing preliminary marking
Drawing up a scheme for laying tiles and marking is required in order for the final external the cladding was aesthetically pleasing and the amount of waste and scrap was minimal.
In order for the horizontal rows of tiles to be placed correctly, the zero level must be determined.
To do this, put a point in one corner, and it should be transferred to the other corners, while the distance and evenness of the lines must be checked using a building level. On the resulting line, you can draw a markup, which will be an excellent guideline for laying a horizontal row. The rows that will go vertically should be marked from above - in this case, the tile that needs to be cut will be below and will not be so noticeable.
To determine which part of the wall is best to start working on, measure the length of the surface and divide by the width of the tile. If the number in the remainder is more than half the width of the tile, then we recommend starting the cladding from that part of the surface that is most noticeable - due to this, the cut off part will be almost invisible.
If the remainder is less, then it is better to lay the tiles from the center of the wall so that the elements of the row cut off at both ends are the same, and the laying turns out to be symmetrical.
After all measurements have been made, mark the line on which the bottom row of solid slabs will be located. After the preparatory stage, it will be necessary to fix a wooden strip along it, which will become a support for the tile until the glue mixture begins to harden (otherwise, the tiles from the lower row will be able to slide under the weight of the upper ones).
Laying the tiles
So, we have come to the most important stage - gluing the tiles in the bathroom to the plasterboard walls.Such a process will practically not differ from laying tiles on other surfaces - the most important thing in this case is the careful implementation of all the nuances and accuracy.
Particular care must be taken when cutting the elements, and in order to separate the desired part of the tile, you will need to run it with a tile cutter, and then gently hit it on the hard part. As a result, the tile will split into pieces and have smooth edges.
Important! To achieve an excellent result, the consistency of the glue mixture must be selected correctly. Too liquid composition will flow down the wall, and a thick one will not work out evenly over the surface. The optimal consistency will be one that resembles thick sour cream.
5 cm), and press the tile well. It is also possible to apply a thin layer of glue to the back of the tile so that there are no voids between the wall and the cladding. If the tile is small in size, then you can glue it yourself. For large tiles, it is best to use a plastic or wooden mallet with special attachments.
The remnants of the glue can be removed immediately, until it hardens and this will greatly facilitate the last process - grouting.
The photo shows how to glue the mirror along with the tiles. Then repeat everything until the entire surface is covered.
The composition will dry for at least a day, but proceed to the last stage - grouting, it is better not less than 3 days later.
After the glue has completely hardened, remove the crosses from the plastic, slightly sand the seams with sandpaper and rub with using a special mixture. The grout should be matched to the color of the tile, or by contrast, in order to obtain an original appearance of the surface. The grout mixture should be applied with a rubber spatula, and after half an hour, when it is well absorbed into the seams, you can mix the residues from the surface. Note that the grout will perform not only decorative functions, but also protect the seams from the accumulation of dirt and moisture.
If the plasterboard tiles in the bathroom are cracked during use, they can be easily replaced. To do this, you need to cut out the area with the cracked tiles so that you get a small hole. Then take a new profile, fix it on the wall with a hanger, cut off the desired piece of drywall, close the hole and glue a new tile.
How to avoid mistakes when laying tiles on drywall sheets
In order for tile cladding on a drywall surface to be durable and reliable, you should avoid many mistakes that beginners often make ..
Incorrect solution application. The glue should be applied so that there are no voids between the tile and the wall, since otherwise the tiles may crack in those places (this is extremely important if the lining is on the floor). Moreover, make sure that the layer of mortar is as even as possible, otherwise the cladding will turn out to be wavy and the tiles, which will be higher than the rest on the surface, will begin to peel off in the future.
If you do not do this, then first invisible damage will appear on the coating, and then they will begin to intensify, and because of this, you will have to redo the finish.
Plastic or tile cladding is the best option for any bathroom with plasterboard walls. If you follow all the rules and stages of finishing, then the coating will delight the eye for a long time and you will not need special care or constant repairs.
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