It is considered a great convenience to have your own cellar for storing crops and supplies. To protect the cellar from moisture penetration and to keep supplies and from decay, they make waterproofing.
Waterproofing the cellar basement begins at the construction stage.
If you decide to build the cellar yourself , then they must have information and know that there are three types of cellars :
The main danger for the cellars is precipitation and groundwater.
Painting must be done with lime. In this case, a clay castle will act as waterproofing, on top of which two layers of roofing material are laid.
From the method of penetration of groundwater is used one of the methods of waterproofing.
There are three main types.
Provides protection against pressurized groundwater.
Protects against water seepage through the pores. Appears as permanent moisture without visible damage on the walls.
Provides protection against the appearance of water during prolonged precipitation, when moisture appears during the period of rains and melting snow.
Depending on the method of waterproofing, materials are also selected ...
For anti-pressure insulation, roll materials of roofing material and euroizol are used.
For anti-capillary isolation, penetrating solutions-penetrates are used, these are water-insoluble crystals that clog the pores.
For non-pressure insulation, bituminous materials , various mastic materials or concrete solutions are used.
The most difficult to implement is anti-pressure waterproofing.
Under the pressure of groundwater, the insulation will move away, as a result of which it is necessary to strengthen both the floor and walls as much as possible.
In this case, you will have to sacrifice the space inside the cellar by increasing the thickness of the walls and floor.
If a large amount of work, then you can consider the option machine plastering walls.
It is laid with an overlap of 10-15 cm and the layers are glued alternately vertically and horizontally.
To reduce moisture penetration through cement walls and the floor, they are treated with penetrate in several layers. This composition penetrates into the structure of walls and floors by 25 cm. Some manufacturers indicate a figure of 90 cm. This happens when special reagents are added to the concrete composition and at the stage of pouring the foundation.
It is easy to apply such a coating:
To achieve the desired effect, it is recommended to apply the waterproofing mixture in at least two layers.
To fill the pores with the crystallizing composition, it is necessary to moisten the walls with water for several days in a row.
Due to the antibacterial and non-toxic composition of the waterproofing mixture, it is used to treat the cellar there where the food will be stored. By blocking moisture in the outer layers of concrete, the walls will not be covered with frost and its frost resistance will be increased even in severe frosts.
Treatment with mastic is a simple and budget option for waterproofing, the most modern option is the application of liquid rubber.
The preparation principle for all types of liquid waterproofing treatment is the same:
Applying the mastic starts from the wall farthest from the door;
For basements and cellars, only paint waterproofing may be used.
Apply it in a thin layer of about six mm . For this reason, it will not be able to retain a large amount of moisture.
For such waterproofing, epoxy or bitumen mixtures with the addition of polymers are used.
We have described all methods of waterproofing the cellar and basement. We hope you find this information useful. Good luck and success!
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Posted By: Work Style |08, Nov 2020
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Posted By: Work Style |08, Nov 2020