A wide selection of building materials allows in the shortest possible time to build not only a new comfortable house, but also to modernize an existing one: to make an eco-friendly warm cottage out of it. Such an opportunity is provided by various finishing, heat and sound insulation boards, the use of which is justified by their outstanding technical and aesthetic characteristics. Among the best representatives of this group of materials ISOPLAAT, which has a lot of advantages and benefits.
Decorating the house with Isoplaat boards
ISOPLAAT is a brand of sound and heat insulation boards made exclusively from natural materials. It contains no glue or any other chemical-based components.
For this reason, ISOPLAAT is in all respects a profitable acquisition:
Why ISOPLAT is a "useful alternative"
ISOPLAAT is made from fibers of coniferous trees. The production technology is simple: the crushed wood is moistened to a state of maximum saturation with water, after which the resulting mass is laid out in a uniform layer and compressed by hot pressing.
In the process of such processing, lignin is released from wood fibers, the only substance available in their composition that can act as a binder. Thanks to this resin, no glue is required to obtain boards of the desired density.
Therefore, the product made by pressing has an absolute environmental friendliness.
At this stage of production, the chopped wood "carpet" is not only compacted, but also formed. The material is cut into plates of standard sizes. The layer thickness also determines the thickness of the slab.
Characteristics of ISOPLAAT heat and sound insulation board
After pressing and shaping, the boards are sent to hot drying, where they are located in for several hours and acquire all the necessary properties of high-quality sound and heat insulation material. To ensure moisture protection, both sides of the boards are covered with a layer of paraffin. But this material is not applied to the ends.
ISOPLAAT is produced in Estonia, the owner of the brand is the group of companies "SCAN-GROUP". There are no Russian or any other analogues of this material.
It comes directly from an Estonian manufacturer.
The difference between Isoplata and wood - fiber boards of other brands in that one of its sides is smooth, suitable for fine finishing. As a result, this material is the most profitable alternative to the usual drywall, OSB and plywood.
But this is not the only advantage of ISOPLAAT panels. They have the ability to absorb moisture up to 20% of their volume.
At the same time, they do not lose their geometric shapes and technical characteristics. Since these boards are made of wood fiber, they wick moisture well. That is, they are "breathable" material capable of providing an optimal microclimate in the house.
Unlike natural fibers, man-made fibers are unable to absorb moisture or let it pass. Therefore, GKL and GVL do not differ in the qualitative removal of vapors from the premises.
In this respect, moisture-resistant plywood with OSB is significantly inferior to "Izoplatu". The reason is that these materials contain various chemical additives.
Why a wind shield is a necessity
Other advantages of ISOPLAAT boards:
ISOPLAAT boards are easy to process. You can easily drive a nail or screw in a self-tapping screw into them.
The blade can be easily cut with a circular saw, jigsaw or hand saw.
Choose quality galvanized nails for fixing the plates
Three types of ready-to-use products are made from wood fiber sheets:
The first two types of this material are used for exterior decoration of buildings: windproof and heat-insulating. Each of them has a layered structure, strong and durable.
ISOPLAAT of this type are produced in thicknesses of 8, 10, 12 and 25 mm.
The main function of these plates is heat protection. Its characteristics are as follows:
Soft fiber board Isoplat ISOPLAAT - a universal finishing and insulating material
Thermal conductivity index shows how much heat this material passes per 1 m2 of its area with a temperature drop of 1 ° C.
Based on the presented data, it can be concluded that ISOPLAAT thermal insulation boards are similar in their characteristics to fibrous thermal insulators.
Heat and sound insulation board ISOPLAAT
For this reason, in regions with mild climates, they can act as the main thermal insulation material. But for areas with cold winters, Izoplat alone will not be enough to protect the house.Or you will need to lay a double or triple layer of this material.
The best option for cladding a frame house with ISOPLAAT plates:
With this approach to the use of Isoplat boards, the energy efficiency of the building will be impeccable. That is, in winter, heating such a house will require the least amount of resources. In summer, such walls keep the coolness inside the premises well.
Please note: a 12 mm thick slab has the same thermal insulation characteristics as 45 cm wood or 20 cm brickwork.
Another most important indicator of this type of "Isoplat" is the sound absorption coefficient.
If this characteristic is the main criterion for choosing a material, it should be understood that the effectiveness of sound absorption depends on the thickness of the board. The larger it is, the higher the soundproofing rate.
Characteristics of boards are shown in the table.
|Material, thickness (mm)||Sound absorption coefficient (dB)|
|8 mm board||17|
|Board 25 mm||26|
Technical indicators of the windproof plate
For a better understanding of the significance of the sound insulation indicator, one can give the following example: the volume level of a conversation between people is 50 dB, the crying of a child is 70 dB, the volume of a jackhammer is 212 dB, whisper of a person at a distance of 1 m - 25 dB. Using Isoplat slabs for cladding a house, you can reduce the sound permeability of the walls to 50%.
Isoplat wind protection boards have their own peculiarity: both sides of the canvases are dark green. This is a special marking provided by the manufacturer, and is necessary only so that you can immediately understand what type of plates this material belongs to. Standard board parameters:
Isoplaat is a high-quality, windproof board made from natural materials
The main difference between windproof boards and heat-resistant ones is that the first ones are saturated with paraffin throughout the entire thickness of the sheet. This provides a high coefficient of moisture resistance, which is extremely important for the exterior of the building.
Therefore, such material can be safely used in the cladding of a frame or other other house.
With the help of Isoplat windproof plates, you can easily turn an old summer house into a comfortable house for all-season living.The canvases installed on the walls can be coated with plaster or a ventilated facade mounted on top of them.
You can find different reviews about the characteristics of the boards of the Estonian manufacturer "SCAN-GROUP". Basically, the opinion about the slabs "Izoplat" is positive.
The only thing that you cannot be completely sure of is the durability of this material. The manufacturer claims that its products will last at least half a century. But ISOPLAAT is relatively new material, so the test of time has not yet passed.
When choosing Isoplat boards as a windscreen, main or additional insulation, several points should be taken into account:
Due to the high water absorption coefficient, the boards should not be stored outdoors.
They must be covered with plastic wrap. When working with Izoplat, you must be extremely careful not to drop the plates or step on them. The downside of this material is its low resistance to mechanical stress. Therefore, the sheets "Izoplat" can become unusable from any blow or pressure. If the panel breaks, it will either need to be cut or replaced.
This will lead to additional financial costs.
The second disadvantage of this material is that the ends of the plates are not protected from moisture. This is another reason to protect this material during storage at the construction site. The lack of protection of the ends also determines the technology of installation "Isoplat", regardless of whether it is a heat-insulating sheet or a windproof one.
Important: after installing two or more Isoplata boards on the wall, the joints between them must be sealed on the same day using polyurethane foam.
The next day, the excess foam is cut off. If a ventilated facade is planned, bars with a section of 40x50 mm or 50x50 mm are stuffed at the junction of the canvases, which will provide the ventilation gap required by the technology and serve as a frame for the installation of finishing material.
In frame house building ISOPLAAT is used as a material that bridges cold bridges. The fact is that the racks of the frame are made of wood, which has a higher thermal conductivity than insulation (foam or mineral wool) laid between the supports.
Therefore, the frame itself is a complex of cold bridges, which must be covered with sheet materials that are optimal in terms of characteristics.
In this regard, ISOPLAAT is the most advantageous option for several reasons:
"Isoplaat" for frame and frameless buildings
Installation of slabs on the walls of an operated building or on the frame of a house under construction is carried out mainly in a vertical position. That is, in the direction of the length of the canvas: the side 1200 mm long (the width of the slab) should be located at the base or foundation of the house.
The technology of frame housing construction provides for the installation of frame racks with a step of 60 cm. Thus, the Izoplata slab will be located between three racks.
This ensures the convenience of fastening and the absence of the need for additional cutting of the canvases.
The length of the slab is 2700 mm, which ensures the convenience of wall cladding, the height of which is 2 m 70 cm or less. If the height of the walls exceeds this indicator, a gap will remain between the edge of the upper cut of the sheathing and the upper floor. In this case, from the side of the inner space of the house, wooden bars are stuffed between the frame posts, which are fixed at a height of 2 m 68 cm.Under this condition, you can fix the upper edge of the already installed panel with screws and build it up from above with a similar canvas, but of a shorter length.
The wind protection or heat protection panel is attached to the supporting base with screws or nails. The first method is the most preferable, as it can damage the slab when hit with a hammer. Therefore, when working with this material, it is recommended to use self-tapping screws and a battery-powered screwdriver.
Since Izoplat is a soft material, self-tapping screws are screwed in at a distance of at least 1 cm from the end of the canvas. If fasteners are installed closer to the slab cut, it may delaminate or crumble.
If plaster is to be applied on top of "Isoplat", the board must be fixed with a step of 15 cm to each frame post adjacent to it. But this method is rarely used, since a ventilated facade is traditionally mounted on top of the windscreen. Therefore, additional fixation is carried out using wooden blocks that are stuffed over the slabs, which will serve as the basis for the facade. In this case, it is enough to fix "Izoplat" in only three places on each frame post adjacent to the slab.
Construction brackets with a length of at least 32 mm can be used to fix the panels.
Staples 40x5.8mm for pneumatic stapler
With a blade thickness of 12 mm, the optimal length of nails and screws is 40 mm.
Self-tapping screws yellow universal galvanized
For panels with a thickness of 25 mm, fasteners with a length of 70-75 mm are used.
Mounting the wind shield
For ease of installation, you can use it yourself manufactured accessories. If you are not confident in your eye, a block is used to mark the attachment points of the plates, on which marks are applied with a marker every 15 cm.
A wooden board or block with half nails driven into them will serve as a support for installing the slab on the wall. To do this, the bar is attached to the beam of the lower frame strapping in the place where the Isoplat canvas should be installed.
External wall insulation
With the use of external sheathing and siding
Step 1. Marking.
A line is drawn on the beams of the lower strapping around the entire perimeter of the house, which will serve as a guide for installing the plates.
The markup is performed using a bubble construction level, square, pencil or marker.
We are marking with a tape measure and level
Step 2. Marking the points of fixing the plates.
If on top of "Izoplaat" it is planned to install a facing finish with a material that does not require a frame (plastering, "wet facade"), marks are made on each canvas at a distance of 15 cm, which corresponds to the attachment points of the slabs to the racks frame. The markup is applied gradually, as the next panel is installed.
Step 3. Installation of plates.
Installation of panels is carried out from the corner of the house. The slab is installed so that its lower edge is located along the marking line drawn in step # 1. The long side of the panel should be adjacent to the corner post of the frame.
The slab is held and fixed first in the middle, then on both sides of it. The number of attachment points depends on future plans for cladding the facade.
Installation of Isoplate on a frame house, wall
Sheathing of a frame house with Izoplaat slabs
Step 4. Further installation of slabs.
Panels do not fit closely to each other, but with a gap of 2-3 mm.
This small gap is necessary to compensate for changes in the geometric dimensions of the webs due to environmental influences.
Step 5. Sealing joints.
To close the gaps between the panels, use either moisture-resistant and frost-resistant mounting foam, or moisture-resistant silicone sealant. After the foam and sealant have set, the excess of these aggregates is cut off with a knife.
Photo - sheathing of the frame with sheets Izoplata
Installation of strips for finishing
Installation of slabs on the second floor
On top of slabs " Isoplat "fix the DSP
Step 1. Cutting out the panels.
The canvases are cut in accordance with the structure of the building in use or the project of the one under construction.Slabs are cut with a jigsaw equipped with a fine-toothed file or a hacksaw.
Step 2. Covering openings with Isoplat plates.
For cladding window and door openings, the same installation rules apply as for cladding walls. The panels are installed at a distance of 2-3 mm from each other. The outer edges of the slabs must exactly follow the lines of the openings.
That is, the panels are fixed flush with the corresponding edges of the planks or bars that form the opening.
Step 3. Sealing joints.
The gaps between the plates are sealed in the same way: using polyurethane foam or silicone sealant.
If the wall of the house is not wooden, but brick or concrete, you can use frameless method of fixing Isoplat slabs.
But the possibility of its use is provided only if the supporting base has a flat surface. The permissible differences in depths and heights are within a few millimeters.
This requirement is most often feasible for interior decoration of premises with heat and sound insulation panels. Therefore, the frameless method of fixing Isoplat plates is extremely rarely used for the exterior cladding of a house. But if such an opportunity exists, the proposed instructions can be used for installation.
Step 1. Selecting an adhesive.
A moisture-resistant and frost-resistant binder can be used for fixing Isoplat fiberboards. These include: glue "Ceresit ST 190" and "Baumit Star Contact".
Ceresit CT 190
Annotation, instructions for preparation and application, technical conditions. Download file
The panels can be glued with the help of polyurethane foam "Macroflex", "Penosil" and analogs.
Macroflex polyurethane foam
Professional polyurethane foam Penosil
Step 2. Applying glue.
A notched trowel is used to apply and distribute the adhesive.
25-30 cm recede from the edge of the sheet and a strip of glue 0.3-0.5 cm thick is applied. Another 20-25 cm is retreated and the next strip of binder is applied. The adhesive should be on the rough side of the board and on the area of the wall where the board will be installed.
Step 3. Fixing the slab on the wall.
After installing the board to the wall, it must be pressed firmly for a while (indicated in the instructions of the adhesive manufacturer). When cladding the walls of a house for this purpose, you can use long boards, which are installed at an angle to the "Isoplat" panel so that the end of the board rests against the wall.
The final stage of installation is the sealing of joints.
For this purpose, polyurethane foam or silicone sealant is traditionally used.
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