its device and drawings + Video

its device and drawings + Video Before proceeding with the construction of a roof with your own hands, it is necessary to carry out careful calculations, draw up a construction scheme, consult with specialists ...

The roof of a house is one of the most important elements of housing. It protects from bad weather, keeps heat, and if you decide to make an attic, then you can live comfortably in such an attic.

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Let's figure out, first, what types of roofs exist: its device and drawings + Video

  1. Flat ;
  2. Single-slope and multi-slope roof;
  3. Mansard;
  4. Combined (conical, gable, etc.).

Flat roof

Flat roof is the lightest and cheapest at its device and drawings + Video construction, it does not require the construction of a complex frame made of wood, it is produced in the shortest possible time. On a flat roof you can relax in the summer, build a garden, put up an inflatable pool, breed birds.

However, pitched roofs have a number of significant disadvantages.

They need constant care: in winter, sweep away the snow, make sure that a lot of water does not accumulate on the roof in order to avoid moisture penetration into the house. A lean-to roof is being erected at a slope of 2-3 degrees .

Pitched roof

its device and drawings + Video The erection of a pitched or gable roof is a more complicated process, but the most common one, since such a roof has a number of significant advantages:

  • is warmed up by the sun from all sides;
  • has a relatively low weight;
  • there is a possibility of arranging an attic;
  • attractive view;
  • in winter, snow rolls down from the roof, and thanks to the installation of drain pipes, the water is drained down.

Mansard roof

To build a mansard roof with your own hands, you need some experience. This is a complex process, and more expensive compared to the types of roofs described above.

its device and drawings + Video The mansard roof can be half-hip (gable) or hip (hip). Such a roof gives the house a unique look, it is possible to install windows and balconies.

If the house has a complex layout, then combined roofs are ideal for this option. Combined roofs are erected in stages: above the terrace - a flat roof, above the bedroom - a gable roof, a single-pitched ledge above the hall with a hip and so on.

its device and drawings + Video There is a separate type of conical roofs for round houses.

This method is less common due to the complexity of manufacture and construction.

Despite the wide variety of types, the construction of any roof is based on the same principles.

Instructions for building a roof with your own hands

First of all, make a careful calculation, take into account the climate and weather conditions in which the house is located, the weight of the roof itself and its load on the house , weight of roofing materials, wind strength in the region, amount of winter precipitation.its device and drawings + Video its device and drawings + Video

The slope of the roof should be at least 20 degrees, but not more than 3-4 degrees.

  1. its device and drawings + Video First of all, you need to build the foundation of the future roof.

    This is done immediately after building the walls of the house. A concrete blind area is laid around the entire perimeter of the house. When the cement dries, the concrete slabs are covered with roofing felt or other waterproofing material, and a Mauerlat is installed - wooden beams measuring 15x15 cm . The main task of the Mauerlat is to evenly distribute the loads on the foundation of the house and walls. To fix the Mauerlat, metal studs are used when pouring the blind area or forged wire is embedded.

    In the case of a gable or gable roof, the Mauerlat is installed on two walls, where the legs of the rafters will rest, if the roof is hipped, then around the entire perimeter of the house. In this case, wooden beams are fastened with carpentry fasteners, by cutting one beam into another to a depth of 50 cm. its device and drawings + Video

For some cases, when it is required to erect a roof of a wooden house or a frame house, instead of Mauelrat, an upper wall beam is used.

  1. The next stage in the construction of the roof is installation of the rafter system , it is the future roof frame. If you are building the roof of a house with your own hands, it makes sense to assemble a frame on the ground.

    So it is easier to adjust the bars in accordance with the given dimensions, cut out grooves where necessary, drill holes. Further, according to the details, you can lift the rafters up and install on the roof.

The most convenient size of beams for rafters is 7x15 cm. run. The outreach of the rafters beyond the perimeter of the building is usually 40 cm.

This is done so that when it rains, the water flows away from the walls. The rafter's leg should rest against the Mauelrat using a pre-prepared recess.

For better strength of the roof, the rafters are fastened with nails to beams, called crossbars, the size of which is usually 5x15 cm

  1. its device and drawings + Video The next step in the roof erection technology is the lathing . The lathing can be of two types, solid and thinned. The choice depends on the roofing material used.

    For solid lathing, boards 25 cm thick, 2 m long are used.If you have chosen slate, metal tiles or any other soft material as a roofing material when erecting a roof, then a continuous lathing is needed here. Sheathing boards are fastened only on supports, the work progress is carried out from top to bottom. In the case of a sparse sheathing, the beams are packed onto the rafters at a certain distance, which depends on the roofing material.

  1. The final stage of the roof construction - roofing material deck .

    its device and drawings + Video

Roof erection services are provided by various construction companies, but, despite all the complexity, to build a roof for baths, for example, you can do it yourself. The technology for erecting a mansard roof is much more complicated, it is presented in the video

The cost of building a roof largely depends on the area and purpose of the object, the choice of materials, labor costs, if any.