Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing

Facade tiles are one of the most reliable and demanded options for outdoor decoration. It is made from a sand-cement mixture, so the material is environmentally friendly. Thanks to the simple technology of laying facade tiles, it can be used not only for decorating the facade. The material is also suitable for finishing basement rooms, balconies. Among all the variety of types and textures, you can easily choose the right option.

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
Tiles imitating stone

Features of facade tiles and rules for their laying

This material is used only for exterior decoration of buildings or their individual elements. Therefore, it has the following set of technical characteristics:

  1. Resistance to mechanical stress , point impacts, scratches.
  2. Wear resistance . Retains its original appearance for a long time, does not become moldy.
  3. Moisture resistance .

    Due to the minimum number of pores, the material does not pass water through itself.

  4. Resistance to low temperatures .
  5. Does not respond to ultraviolet light , does not fade in the sun.

Average service life of facade tiles - from 50 years and more .

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
Facade finished with porcelain stoneware

Types of facing tiles

Any option can be used for facades.

Each of them has its own distinctive properties.

Table 1. Classification of facade tiles.

Name Materials Features
Made of natural stone Natural materials are used as raw materials It weighs a lot, therefore it requires special care during installation. It looks solid and has a unique pattern, but if it is necessary to replace one or several elements, it will not be easy to find tiles that are close in color
Porcelain stoneware A mixture of quartz, clay and spar Looks like natural stone, but is cheaper.

Easily withstands moisture and temperature drops

Concrete Made on the basis of concrete, covered with special paint Simulates any surface - marble, stone, brick. Suitable only for warm climates, because it is not resistant to temperature extremes
Clinker Clay, dyes Fired in a special ovens at 1200 ° C. Differs in increased wear resistance
Agglomerate A mixture of quartz and synthetic additives Obtained by plasma-vacuum sintering. It has increased strength, but at the same time it is lighter than brick and stone. Not suitable for carrying function

Any of these varieties can be mounted by hand .

To do this, it is necessary to carry out preparatory work:

  • clean the surface of debris and dust;
  • level the walls - apply a layer of plaster up to 2 cm ;
  • wait for the plaster to dry and wipe the surface with a special brush.

Tip! For greater security, a reinforcing mesh can be used. It is mounted in the process of plastering the walls.

Price for decorative stone

Decorative stone

Variants of making front tiles

Facade tiles are optional. If there is special equipment and the necessary knowledge, material can be made by hand .

Then you can develop your own unique samples, experiment with the composition. But it is better not to violate the basic proportions and production technology so that the product turns out with a good set of characteristics. There are two ways to make finishing material at home.

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
Form filling process

Vibration casting

For this, the most affordable raw material option is used - concrete . To prepare the composition, you will need:

  • Portland cement;
  • sand;
  • fine crushed stone;
  • slaked lime or synthetic plasticizer.

Important! If you do not add a plasticizer to the solution, it will not be frost-resistant and water-repellent.

Manufacturing procedure:

  1. concrete solution is mixed.
  2. Concrete mass is poured into molds. You can use plastic or wooden molds, but the most optimal material for this is polyurethane, with which you can convey the texture of the tile to the smallest detail.
  3. Workpieces are installed on the platform of the vibration table, it is included in the network.

  4. Air is removed from the molds, material is compacted and set to dry.

To give the tiles the desired shade, you can add Stain to the concrete during the mixing step. But there is a more economical option - coating the inner surface of the mold with paint before pouring it with a solution.

Vibration pressing

Suitable for all types of finishing materials, but most often it is used for the manufacture of clinker tiles. Allows you to increase the density of the material without using a large volume of liquid.

For filling, polyurethane molds are used.

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
Polyurethane casting mold

Clinker tiles are made as follows:

  1. Modifiers are added to the clay mass.
  2. The solution is put into a special machine with a vibropress.
  3. In it, the mass is compressed under pressure, and blanks are formed from it.
  4. After the clay has dried, the blanks are fired at a temperature of 1300 degrees .

The result is a material with increased resistance to damage, so the need for repairs is minimized. After dismantling, such tiles can be used again .

Video - Production of facade tiles at home

Installation methods

There are two types of installation facing tiles - dry and wet.

Dry installation

Its second name is ventilated facade . With this mounting option, additional thermal insulation of the building is created.

This method is considered the most expensive and reliable . The dry version is more suitable for laying porcelain stoneware tiles, but it can also be used for installing other types of materials.

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
Porcelain stoneware for the facade

Its construction includes the following elements:

  • aluminum profile;
  • brackets;
  • membrane;
  • insulation;
  • facade tiles.

It is better to use non-combustible material - mineral wool as a heater. Installation is carried out in a certain order:

  1. Using the level, mark the wall .

    You need to outline two vertical lines and one horizontal.

  2. Drill holes for anchor bolts with a drill. Brackets are installed under the profile.
  3. Insulation is fixed on the wall . A special membrane made of non-woven materials is superimposed on top of it.

  4. A frame from a metal profile is installed. It is fixed with rivets. The distance between the profile should be equal to the length of the tile.
  5. In the profile , holes are made for the clamps for the tiles. Using rivets, they are attached to the frame.

  6. facing tiles are being installed. First the bottom row, and then the top rows.

Pay attention! If the facade tiles already have factory fixing plates, they are attached to the profile using self-tapping screws.

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
Installation of ceramic granite tiles

Price per porcelain tiles

Porcelain tiles

Wet installation

For fixing the tiles use a special mixture. The glue mortar is made on a cement-sand base.

It is better to take it from the same manufacturer as the tile. This method is more suitable for ceramic tiles.

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
Tile facade

Required tools:

  • notched trowel;
  • mallet;
  • glue solution;
  • trowel;
  • level;
  • plumb line;
  • mooring cord.

Important! Only sunny weather is suitable for wet styling. In this case, the air temperature should be within + 5-25 degrees .

The installation process consists of several stages:

  1. Leveling the surface, elimination of defects.
  2. Coating walls with primer .
  3. Mixing the adhesive solution.
  4. Applying the mixture to the wall. To prevent the solution from drying out, the surface must be covered under 2-3 tiles, no more.

  5. Spreading glue on the back of the tile.
  6. Laying tiles in the corners. Facing the main part of the wall. The rows should be horizontal. They are aligned with a mooring cord.

  7. Compliance with joint width within 6-12 mm . Leveling the tiles by tapping them with a mallet.

Wipe off excess glue with a piece of dry cloth. If you do all the work in accordance with the instructions, the tile will last a long time.

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
Pros and cons of laying facade tiles

How is the jointing performed - step by step instructions

They are filled with a solution to tie all the elements into a single whole.

This also contributes to a reinforced sealing of the seams. After this procedure, the facade looks noble, and the finish is less exposed to the aggressive influence of the external environment. Grouting is carried out in several stages. Each of them has its own characteristics.

Step 1.

Moisten the joints. Before starting work, you need to wait until the mortar is completely dry - from 10 to 15 days . If you start grouting ahead of schedule, this will negatively affect the strength of the finish.

Attention! The water that is part of the glue mixture will not find a way out and will destroy the facade from the inside. This is especially dangerous for regions with extremely low air temperatures in winter.

Working with seams begins with moistening them. For this, a sprayer is used. Moistening with water improves adhesion between surfaces. It is necessary to moisten the seams in all directions - both horizontally and vertically.

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
Moistening with a brush

Step 2.

Mixing the solution. A mixture based on lime and cement has good plasticity. It is easy to level and distribute on the work surface. Cement in its pure form is not suitable for this. It can only be used with the addition of plasticizers to ensure proper curing of the mixture.

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
The process of making a mixture

Price for a construction mixer

Construction mixer

To prepare the mortar, you will need the following components:

  • cement - 1 bucket;
  • slaked lime - 1 bucket;
  • sand - 5 buckets.

Liquid plasticizer can be used instead of lime. The solution is mixed in a certain order:

  1. Pour water in small portions. Plain tap water will do.
  2. Stir the composition continuously until it becomes homogeneous, and similar in consistency to wet sand, which sticks well if crumpled.

  3. The finished mixture is used for 2 hours . Then the solution hardens and becomes unusable. Even thinning it with water will not improve adhesion between surfaces.

If you don't want to prepare the mixture yourself, you can buy a ready-made one. Then it is used in accordance with the instructions that are attached to it.

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
Ready mix for joints

Pay attention! The strength of a solution depends not only on adherence to the technology of mixing it. This is also influenced by the base to which the mixture is applied. It should be clean and even.

Step 3. Filling the joints.

Fill the wetted surface with the ready-made solution. This is done as follows:

  1. The composition is collected on a spatula.
  2. Using a trowel, the mixture is brought into the open seam.
  3. The seam is tamped. For this, it is ironed with a trowel with slight pressure.

The consumption of the composition for tiles with a thickness of from 8 to 12 mm will be within 4-5 kg ​​per 1 sq. m . Part of the grouting mixture crumbles during operation. In order to save on the floor, it is better to lay a clean plastic wrap. The spilled solution can be carefully collected and used as directed.

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
Grouting with a gun

Gun prices for sealant

Gun for sealant

Step 4. Cleaning and moistening the joints. After tamping, the remaining mortar must be removed from the tile. To do this, the trim is gently swept with a soft bristled brush or a soft brush.

Tip! Movements are made diagonally.

Then you can easily remove the excess mixture without damaging the seams.

After that, the seams are sprayed with water from the spray. This helps prevent the mortar from drying out prematurely and cracking.

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
Finished seams on the facade of the building

Video - How to grind the seams of clinker tiles manually forming

Laying clinker facade tiles

Clinker tiles are a material of increased strength . But in order for it to serve for a long time, it is necessary to observe the technology of working with it.

Installation of finishing material takes place in stages.

Preparatory measures

Plaster or reinforced concrete with increased frost resistance can be used as a base for finishing. Special requirements are imposed on the base:

  • perfect smoothness;
  • good bearing capacity;
  • lack cracks, voids and poorly fixed parts;
  • absolute cleanliness - no dirt, greasy stains, bitumen mastic.

There must be a layer of waterproofing to prevent moisture penetration and destruction of the facade.If there are fragile places on the base that crumble, they are removed.

All irregularities are leveled with plaster no later than 3 days before the start of installation.

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
Mechanized facade plastering

Important! Optional thermal insulation can be installed. Then the heat will not spread to the external environment, pathogenic microorganisms and fungus will not penetrate into the house. At the same time, heating costs in the cold season will be reduced by almost half.

Mixing glue

For this purpose, it is most convenient to use a mechanical mixer.

A solution is prepared from cement M-500 and sand in the ratio 1: 3 . Add water to this mixture in small portions and stir until the mass becomes plastic and homogeneous.

Ready-made mortar can also be used, but the scope of its application must correspond to the planned construction work. Such glue is most often applied to the tile itself, so you should not leave important notes or calculations on its inner side.

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
Adhesive application

Attention! Do not apply too much adhesive mixture at once, otherwise the mass will be weathered or dry out.

Excess mortar is removed immediately before it hardens.

Installation features

Before starting the installation process, the materials must be removed from the packaging and mixed so that there are no sharp deviations in color. Only slight differences in shade are allowed.

You can start laying only in good weather - at a temperature within + 5-30 degrees and there is no rain. If it is too hot outside or precipitation does not stop, and the work needs to be continued urgently, you can use to install a shelter in the form of an awning and background.

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
Facade made of thermal panels with clinker coating

Tip! If clinker-coated thermal panels are used, they can be installed in all weather conditions. This will not affect the quality of the finish.

The clinker tiles are laid in a certain order:

  1. The surface of the walls is moistened with water from a sprayer.
  2. The building mixture with a thickness of 3-4 cm is applied to it . The solution is leveled with a rail.

  3. An approximate markup of tile location is outlined.
  4. On top of , finishing material is laid. In this case, the seam width should be no more than 12 mm .
  5. Installation of tiles begins with the design of areas around windows and doors . After that, proceed to the corners of the building.

    To facilitate the installation process, you can use a special corner tile that emphasizes the lines of the walls and looks natural.

  6. Surface is sprayed with water and covered with polyethylene for uniform drying of the mixture.

Pay attention! For ease of installation, the walls can be divided into conditional squares with a side 1 m .If the contours of the tiles do not fit into this shape, you can cut it off with a saw. "

Laying facade tiles with do-it-yourself jointing
Facing the house with tiles with a stone texture

In order for the facade finish to look harmonious and durable, it is recommended to adhere to the following tips:

  • Tiles of saturated and dark shades are laid out in the lower part of the facade - at a height of up to 6 m from the foundation;
  • dark colors increase the overheating of the building, so it should be no more than 20% of the total tile area;
  • for grouting , you can use a ready-made color mixture that matches the tone of the finishing material;
  • the surface of the walls is better before applying the grout cover with a primer and wait until it is completely dry;
  • it is desirable to lay the clinker in rows , starting from the lower part of the facade;
  • if insulation is attached to the walls, it is covered on top with a reinforcing mixture or fiberglass;
  • if a lot of dirt remains after sealing the seams, it is removed with a jet of water under high pressure, and for especially neglected cases special substances are used.

Also, pay attention to our article on the topic - Facade tiles with metal fasteners, where we examined in detail the installation technology.

Facade tiles are becoming more and more popular, and the process of their installation is not very labor intensive. Even a beginner can cope with this, if he takes into account the laying technology. In order for the finish to look spectacular, perform a protective function and keep the heat inside the building longer, you need to carefully consider its installation.

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