Laying laminated parquet flooring

Laying laminated parquet flooring Laminate parquet - laying and photo process

One of the most popular materials for flooring, familiar , like laminated parquet, was created in Sweden about 30 years ago. Even according to conservative expert estimates, this type of parquet accounts for about 10%, although experts say that this figure can be easily increased at least 3 times.

What is this? In fact, such a coating is nothing new, it is just an excellent combination of several modern materials based on wood pulp, melamine resin, and high-quality paper craft.

Moreover, in most cases, customers, and certain masters confuse the structure and terms, really have no idea what a laminated parquet is.

General information

About the material

The new floor covering will differ from the next of kin in 2 main features:

  • Planks or strips of laminated flooring, both visually and also in terms of surface texture, are designed very similar to a natural and real parquet board.

  • The structure of the building material will largely resemble a laminate, the same layers, approximately the same component composition. But, unlike classic-type lamellas, laminated parquet is more reliable, strong and durable in use for every day.

Simply put, such Swedish specialists as engineers and chemists, who throughout the time were famous for their ability to work with natural wood, created and introduced a synthetic version of floor parquet, which became much cheaper than natural. and at the same time they are not inferior to it at all in terms of resistance to wear, and in decorative terms it is even better than natural wood. The new material is made by pressing cellulose fibers under extremely high pressure or by baking a fibrous-type base in a synthetic resin.

Previously, this was a phenol-formaldehyde-type resin, but with the addition of new environmental standards, toxic-type fillers were abandoned in favor of more expensive new type of polymers. At the same time, the visual component of the laminated parquet has become more intense and expressive in comparison with the classic one.

Composition

In many ways, the device of the new synthetic type flooring is in many ways similar to a conventional laminate. The structure uses all the same 4, and sometimes 5 layers of the composite:

  1. Laying laminated parquet flooring The most important component - front outer protective film made of polyester or melamine resin. Depending on the type of laminated parquet, an additional protective layer of aluminum oxide can be created on the surface.

    It is the part of the face type that determines the resistance and durability of the laminated material to mechanical loads, scratches and even such a non-standard test as burning with a cigarette, and it appeared in GOST No. 32304-2013.

  2. Next there will be a decorative layer, and in fact, this is a film (thin) with a pattern of wood fibers, and under the film there is a very high density of kraft paper, it is required in order to stabilize and equalize the load on decorative part of the laminated flooring. Sometimes such 2 layers are combined into one.
  3. After that comes the supporting part of the parquet board, and it is this layer that determines the rigidity, strength and durability of the laminated material.

    It is made by vacuum pressing microscopic fibers with resins or in high pressure presses.

  4. The lowest part of the laminated parquet is the so-called balancing sub-layer. It can be thick paper (like packaging paper), a blend of cellulose fibers or plain laminated fiberboard.

When choosing the required parquet grade, customers often pay little attention to the back of the parquet board, and in vain. In the laminated version, there are no unnecessary or even minor details.

Please note that it is such a layer that will be responsible for the even and tight fit of the board to the sub-base of the floor, and that it will make the process of installing laminated parquet either simple and convenient, or laborious and difficult.

Moreover, the back side of the laminated material is treated with wax mastic or adhesives, which prevent the board from sliding and at the same time protect against water vapor and moisture. At the same time, it is almost unrealistic to determine the quality of impregnation by touch. It remains only to check the documents and certificates for the flooring.

Variations according to GOST

The standard adopted in 2013 divides all existing brands of laminated material and similar floor coverings into three main basic principles:

  • Covering with a carrier layer based on a low-density board made of cellulose fiber thermosetting polymer, and most often it is a simple laminate, which is decorated in the form of a parquet board.

  • Laminate based on high density cellulose board and polymer binder.
  • Laminated parquet board based on high pressure board. There is also a real synthetic full-fledged parquet, which is very similar in properties to natural oak, and in appearance to laminate. At the same time, real laminated parquet flooring differs significantly from both the first and the second.

Moreover, GOST introduces the concept of six classes of resistance to wear, from the weakest AC1, which has an equivalent of class 21 in the international index, to AC6, which is an analogue of class 34, for extremely high abrasion loads .

.. The laminated material itself is a very complex product, and therefore it makes sense to understand in more detail what it is and differs from the closest related materials, natural parquet and laminate flooring.

Advantages and disadvantages

There is a test in the certification system of the European organization of laminate flooring manufacturers, during which a grinding wheel made of polymer and fabric material, while rotating, will create an abrasive load onto a plank surface.

What is important to be interested in in floor certificates

As a result, such an indicator may appear as the number of revolutions that the outer coating withstands until the outer layer is abraded.

On average, laminated parquet can withstand from 15,000 to 20,000 revolutions according to the "Taber test". Through intricate calculations, an average value (of arithmetic type) AT is obtained, which is used as an indicator of the wear resistance of the laminated material in certificates, price lists and advertisements of an advertising nature. According to such indicators, the material has no equal even in comparison with a real wood coating. A noticeable disadvantage is that the laminated parquet board does not tolerate moisture very well. Even with the use of specialized water-repellent treatments, the parquet is able to withstand a maximum of 1/2 hour in water.

Please note that you should not be afraid that after contact with water, the laminated material swells and arches. Most often, under the influence of moisture, irreversible processes begin to occur in the structure of the layer from the outside, namely, the board retains its appearance, however, the resistance to wear and the strength of the melamine-type film changes significantly.

Installation details

Preparing for installation

Excellent quality parquet boards are slightly heavier than standard laminate. The material is much less pliable and prone to hanging on a badly leveled rough-type base. For this reason, cutting and sawing the panels is required using specialized devices, as a rule, problems can be made with a simple electric jigsaw or a hand hacksaw.

Tools and materials. Laying laminated parquet floors requires the same set of tools as when working with laminate:

  • Laying laminated parquet flooring Floor cutter for trimming the edges of parquet boards.
  • Measuring tool, carpentry corner and building level.
  • Inlays that are laid around the perimeter of the room will provide the required clearance of 0.5 cm, which compensates for the expansion of the temperature type of the flooring.

  • Rubber mallet or wood mallet with special adapters for tapping parquet.

Naturally, it will be useful to have a small vacuum cleaner and a brush nearby to sweep debris out of the grooves before the assembly process of the lock connection. Moreover, laminated parquet can be laid free-of-charge or on adhesive. Almost all manufacturers indicate on the packaging tips for installing laminated coatings, as well as the brand of adhesive or closest analogues.Locks for laminated parquet flooring break more often, and therefore maximum accuracy in installation is needed.

Laying

Masters recommend installing laminated parquet boards on fiberboard, they are cheaper and have a very high strength. The advantage of fiberboard is also a high degree of flexibility, and therefore laminated parquet, whose back side is made of the same fiberboard and perfectly adheres to the floor. You don't have to be afraid that the material will start to hang in the air, as if the flooring was laid on OSB or plywood. Almost all parquet quality brands will be made in the form of panels with locks using "click" technology. Laminated board material is slightly stiffer and therefore the lock will be very easy to break.

If you are not sure that the assembly process will take place without incidents, then it is best to lay the coating on an adhesive basis, although it will be much more expensive, but the surface will be more resistant to moisture. When laying parquet on an adhesive composition, you need to prepare in advance for the glue base to dry for a very long time, at least 3 days, and during this time you cannot use the room, bring in pieces of furniture, and even ventilate in winter.

Features of material care

Laminated type of parquet flooring, as well as simple laminate, can be cleaned, washed without any restrictions in terms of the use of detergents. The only thing that is important to pay attention to is special abrasive powders, as well as simple laundry soap. Any attempt to clean or wash off dirt on the surface of the floor will result in a white outline of dried detergent forming around the entire perimeter.

It will be very difficult to remove it. Stains that appeared from food products, paint and varnish materials, traces of shoes are very simply wiped off and washed sequentially, first with a detergent, after an eraser, and if both means do not help, you can wipe off with alcohol or a glass cleaner. Laminate flooring does not require much rubbing, as is the case with cedar or oak floors. A special colored mastic can be traditionally used for grouting to give them greater resistance to moisture.

Recommendations

The high degree of strength and durability of the laminated parquet can have certain negative sides.

For example, if the floor-type coating has lain for more than 10 years, and there is a need to replace or repair one of the parquet boards. It will be extremely difficult to pick up or find on sale a material similar in texture and color. For this reason, when purchasing laminated parquet panels, it is imperative to buy an additional stock of 2-3 spare boards. It will be useful to immediately buy a repair putty or a coloring pencil of the same color.Today it is the most effective and popular method of repairing scratches on a floor covering.

Reviews about this material are brilliant.

Evgeny Viktorovich, Bryansk: "I liked the material, although at first I had not the best impression. The parquet is very hard, and the impression was made that it was made of ebony board. After installation, it will be complete imitation of parquet, despite the fact that the floors look beautiful.The only drawback is that this material is colder than simple wooden parquet and laminate, and therefore, if you choose this type of coating, you should immediately think about how to insulate it, or use heated floors ".

Conclusion

Laminate parquet is an excellent choice, especially if you are making the floor in a house or a room in an apartment not for 6 years, as is customary now, but for years. 15-20. Naturally, he will not rebuild a wooden natural parquet floor, but to make a good covering once and not think about repair or replacement for a couple of decades is probably worth a lot.

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