laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video

laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video Natural wood flooring is always beautiful, aesthetically pleasing and warm. Parquet is used to create an original and individual flooring. A unique inimitable pattern is formed from a piece parquet, which is why it is widespread, even though its installation is a complex and time-consuming process. For laying parquet, you do not need to call specialists, having studied all the technology and strictly following all the instructions and rules, you can do all the work yourself.

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The choice of wood for laying block parquet

The type of wood will depend not only on the color of the parquet, but also on its durability , because different types of wood have different indicators of hardness and resistance to a humid environment.

Pine and other conifers are not used for parquet production due to their special softness. Pine parquet covered with several layers of varnish will leave marks from heels and other sharp objects.

The most common types of wood for parquet are oak, beech, walnut, ash, maple and cherry.

laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video The classic of the genre is oak parquet. This parquet is hard, resistant to humid environment, has a beautiful appearance, the color of which has different shades of brown.

The downside of oak is that it can darken over time. And the rest of its performance and properties are at their best.

If you buy oak parquet, be sure to pay attention to the drying time, since the quick drying option will not work.

Beech parquet has the same hardness as oak parquet, but at the same time it has a soft yellowish-red hue.

Beech is a capricious type of wood.

Under the influence of temperature changes and moisture, it can deform, therefore, it must be carefully looked after and optimal conditions of use must be observed.

laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video
Canadian White Maple Parquet

Maple Parquet will initially appear white, but over time it will turn slightly yellow and even scraping will hardly help restore whiteness.

Its hardness is the same as that of oak, and in some species this indicator is even higher. And pay attention to the drying time, if the wood is quickly dried, the maple can deform over time.

Cherry parquet is brown with shades of pink, but may darken slightly over time.

The hardness of such a parquet is less than that of oak, but, nevertheless, it is quite famous.

laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video Merbau parquet is the most exotic option. This parquet is appreciated for its beautiful patterns and a wide range of colors.

Merbau is not afraid of a humid environment, but it is difficult to process, as it is saturated with resins.

When choosing a tree for parquet, you should take into account the conditions of its use in a particular room.

Cherry parquet can be used in a children's room, and maple is ideal for a study, while oak can be used everywhere. And it is not at all necessary to use the entire parquet floor from one type of wood; you can compose it from various species of unique shades.

laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video

Foundation preparation

laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video When laying parquet on a concrete floor, the first thing to do is to waterproof it. The surface of the floor slab must be covered with a special super diffusion membrane or film.

All joints of the canvas must be made with a certain overlap of 20 cm and glued with construction tape.

The waterproofing film on the walls is wound up to 15 cm and temporarily fixed with adhesive tape.

After that, you need to fill in the leveling screed, which will serve as a fastening base for plywood sheets. The screed should be no more than 5 cm thick. And be sure to control the horizontalness of the entire coating and the absence of any defects - potholes, pits, height differences and others.

It is very important that the screed is completely dry before starting work.

In time, this is about two months. Before this period, do not rush to continue working, as the tree can absorb moisture from the screed, and this will lead to inevitable deformation in the future.

After the screed has dried, its surface must be covered with a special primer, which will increase the adhesion of the base to the adhesive.

laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video After that take moisture-resistant plywood with a thickness of at least 12 mm, cut it into squares 75x75 cm .

Moisture-resistant plywood under the piece package performs the following functions:

  • protection of the parquet from shrinkage deformations;
  • leveling the surface;
  • thermal insulation and partial sound insulation;
  • high strength;
  • is the basis for fastening parquet strips.

When laying block parquet on the screed, if the top layer of the screed subsequently breaks, the planks may begin to fall off. The plywood sheets will hold them firmly.

laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video In this case, the thickness of the plywood should be 5 mm less than the thickness of the parquet plank.

But it is not recommended to use sheets less than 12 mm, they do not fulfill their main functions.

After that, the surface of the screed must be greased with glue and squares of plywood should be placed on it, pressed firmly and fixed with self-tapping screws.

Between the plywood sheets, it is imperative to leave a 1.5 mm gap in order to exclude subsequent deformation of the parquet, provided that the plywood expands.

You also need to leave a gap of 3mm between the wall and the plywood, this will be the so-called expansion joint. To prevent the gap from moving, you can insert special wedges.

Laying plywood sheets on logs

laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video
Laying plywood on floor logs for leveling

Plywood sheets do not need to be fixed to the concrete base, you can do it as in the old days - put the floor on the logs.

You don't even have to level the concrete base for this. Just waterproof it with a waterproofing film.

After that, put the logs with a step of 40 cm. A 50x50 mm bar is used as a log. Fix the logs to the floor with dowels and corners.

When laying logs, you need to ensure that their surface forms a flat plane. For this, wooden stands are used in places of elevation differences.

After installing all the logs, plywood sheets are nailed. In this case, the glue is no longer used, only self-tapping screws are used. The step of attaching plywood sheets to the joists is 15 cm .

Plywood sheets need to be nailed not only along the edges, but also in the middle to all logs. And don't forget to leave a gap between the sheets.

Laying block parquet - step by step instructions

laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video When laying block parquet with your own hands should not be in a hurry. It is better to take breaks from work for several days than to redo the work done later.

In order for the drawing on the parquet to be even, it is advisable to first draw it on paper .

And when drawing up a picture, it is important to take into account the dimensions of the room and parquet planks.

If it turns out on the diagram that some of the rows will not be whole, then immediately redo the drawing so that there are half rows along the edges of the room, and only even ones in the center.

Lay the parquet according to the drawing. Consider the installation using the example of herringbone parquet.

  1. laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video Initially, you need to mark the room, find its middle.

    In the center of the room from wall to wall, extend the cord, along which you will be guided in further work.

  2. Take two parquet planks and join them in a herringbone pattern by inserting a tenon into the groove. Apply glue to the ends, groove and spike of the planks.
  3. Then glue the plywood base with a notched trowel, starting from the far wall.
  4. Attach the lighthouse tree to the plywood sheet so that the left edge of the plank presses the cord firmly against the base and the right edge of the plank rests against the cord.

  5. Press the plank against the plywood sheet so that excess glue is squeezed out.
  6. Next, fasten the planks with nails, nailing them into the groove of the plank at an angle of 45 ° and be sure to sink the cap. There should be at least 2 nails per 40 cm of plank. And it is very important when laying parquet to sit so that the spike of the planks is located towards you.
  7. After that, the planks are laid according to the pattern.

    The plywood base is coated with glue over the entire width of the strip.

  8. The applied strip is inserted into the end and longitudinal groove of the previous strip and hammered in with a rubber hammer.
  9. Next, the rows of planks are laid according to a special pattern of the "lighthouse tree".
  10. Then a row of planks is laid to the left and right of the herringbone. We continue to expand the laying area to the walls.

  11. Fill the remaining spaces near the walls with strips specially cut to size.
  12. Insert special wedges between the last row of planks and the wall, with a gap of 3 mm.

All subsequent work should be done only after a week, so that the glue has time to dry well enough. And some professionals recommend waiting six months, then the parquet planks will take their final position.

Do-it-yourself parquet laying.

Methods and Variants

Block parquet is laid in different patterns, the planks can be placed at different angles and in different sequences.

laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video
Parquet laying scheme

Below we will consider the options for laying parquet planks to the floor:

1) Deck is the most common installation method. All planks are aligned and parallel to each other, offset by 1/3 of the plank length.

2) Herringbone - the planks are interconnected at a special angle of 90 °. There are two spikes on the parquet planks - on the longitudinal and narrow end side.

And two grooves go from the opposite side. This method of laying is more difficult than the previous one, since all rows must be perfectly aligned.

3) Squares and braid are easy to fit. The first four planks of the parquet are installed and connected together, the next planks are connected, but are already perpendicular to the first. laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video Thus, all the rows alternate, and an organic beautiful geometric pattern is obtained.

4) Braid comes with inserts of various types of wood.

5) Rhombuses are installed from a kind of diamond-shaped strips.

6) Sheremetyevskaya star is made of two types: rectangular and inclined diamond-shaped strips.

In addition to the types listed above, there are variants with different shapes and patterns.

Grinding parquet

laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video Sanding should be done so that the surface of the parquet is as smooth as possible without any defects.

Do-it-yourself parquet grinding is carried out with the help of special grinders or a grinder.

The option with a sander is more preferable, and the dust will be much less.

The first two times, sand with coarse grit to remove large unevenness. And the next time - with a fine grain, to obtain a smoother coating and remove the roughness that has arisen after the first two grinding. After that, the floor must be thoroughly vacuumed, removing fine dust.

Parquet putty

DIY parquet putty should be done using special mixtures and tools .

laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video It is necessary to fill in all the cracks in the parquet, even if there are no large visible defects. The entire floor must be treated with a special wood putty, all cracks and various irregularities must be filled. Once dry, the parquet floor will need to be sanded again and the excess filler removed. Next, you need to vacuum the floor.

To improve the adhesion of the varnish to the parquet, the entire treated floor surface must be coated with a primer.

Coating the parquet with varnish or oil

Varnish and oil (drying oil) protects the wood from moisture and various mechanical influences. There can be 5 to 9 coats of varnish. With more coats, the image is deeper. Apply the varnish with a roller on the entire floor surface immediately, after which the parquet should be left to dry for a day.

Painting work should be done with clean, soft shoes.

laying, sanding and varnishing correctly + Video Do not open windows while the varnish dries, you can leave the front doors open, or turn on the air conditioner.

Parquet varnish should dry in a windless environment.

All further coats of varnish must be applied with a roller at 24 hour intervals for complete drying.

The ninth layer should dry for at least a week, and you will be able to bring furniture into the rooms only after a month, and sometimes two.

Parquet varnish is available in glossy and matte finish. Matt varnish is used to reduce the brightness of the pattern on the wood. Glossy varnish will make the floor shine and brighten the room and accentuate the pattern.

Installing parquet can be more expensive than installing solid board several times. But at the same time, the coating will turn out to be more refined and high quality.