Life hacks on electrics in the house and the apartment - your friends will be delighted
An electrician in the house is extremely important, and those who decide to change it often make mistakes or forget to consider all the options, which is why they regret it afterwards and set themselves up for a new renovation. Today we want to share with you useful life facts of electricians who know everything about installing switches and sockets.
The most unexpected will be at the end of the article!
that such a switch can turn off everything in the apartment, except for the refrigerator and the equipment that you do not want to constantly "pull". The latter refers to such appliances as an oven, which after such a shutdown will need to be reconfigured, and the dishwasher is always on when you leave for work. Everything else in the apartment can be turned off.
Very convenient for those who constantly forget something.
For most people, the function "turning off the electricity in the whole house with one button" is strongly associated only with a smart home, because such an element is from this area. The simplest scenario would be to turn off all the lights just before leaving, but for you to have this opportunity, the "smart home" system is not at all necessary. You will need to install a contactor in the electrical panel, which, upon an external signal, will turn off the light of the house or apartment, and if you wish, you can put the contactor even on disconnected sockets. This is an element that is installed on a DIN rail and it makes it possible to turn off and turn on a powerful load on a control signal.
Please note that such an element will cost about 2700 rubles, is capable of controlling current up to 20 amperes, and this is usually enough for small apartments. Conveniently, it has a switch for manual on and off. And there is also such a type of starter for a three-phase network and for four switching poles. There are several connection options and devices.
Master light switch
A classic bistable switch is used, and press down - everything turns off, and up - turns on. In this case, the light will be turned on in the places where you were the last time you left. With one switch, you can turn off the electricity for lighting and sockets, or you can make two switches for different purposes.
The same wonderful thing, as in hotels, stands for turning on and off all the sockets. A card of a suitable format should be inserted into it, and it will press the button inside the device.
A card device costs about 600 rubles, it is placed in a regular socket box. The advantage of this option is that there will definitely not be an accidental pressing.But the disadvantage is that absolutely any card is suitable, and it should also be placed next to or always carried with you.
Proximity key reader
This option is much more reliable and convenient, especially for a private house. Probably, each of us has keys in the form of a drop from the intercom.
The same will be used in our case. You will need to place a key reader with a built-in controller on the wall. It looks outwardly like a snow-white rectangle with a small LED to which you need to supply 12V power, and there are two relays on the device board. In addition, there are also two modes of operation - giving a short impulse when the key is applied, which is programmed, or turning off and on the relay when applied. You can program all keys, and both the usual "drops" and contactless cards are supported.
There is a share with copy protection, although this option is rarely used at home.
And one more life hack on electrics for the home - it is worth thinking about how to place the switch so that it is not accidentally pressed. It can be placed in a prominent place near the entrance, but there is a possibility that guests will click on it to turn on the light in the hallway. Therefore, it is worth putting it in a less noticeable and obvious place, or still make a key reader.
What are they for? If you make them in the kitchen, then household appliances, for example, a bread-maker, can be on the windowsill, and it will be more convenient to plug it in than to pull an extension cord across the room.
And on the eve of the New Year, you will again rejoice at this choice when you decorate the window with a New Year's garland. In addition, such sockets are a trend in recent years. Most designers have recently offered this design option. Let's consider what are the advantages of this option.
Improved functionality will remain one of the undoubted advantages of PVC window designs.
The window sill, as mentioned earlier, gets the opportunity to use the window sill as a shelf, or even a kind of countertop. It will also be quite practical to install household appliances in such a place, which must be powered from a 220 Volt network. A wide variety of devices, for example, lighting devices, electric blinds, a kettle - all this will fit comfortably. By the way, the switch located next to it will also be very convenient, and next to it it will be advisable to equip the same device if there is a sleeping place or a table with a lamp next to the window.
Safety (installation requirements)
One fact should be noted right away.
One of the main concerns of consumers when placing an electrical point in a slope will be fear of a potential accumulation of moisture near windows, because it is in this place that condensation is most likely to form, which sometimes even leads to a short circuit.But I would like to dispel your doubts, because experts say that moisture does not conduct current, this is done by substances that are part of water, for example, salt. Therefore, the danger (albeit potential) increases. In a room, even with a very high level of humidity, very little condensation begins to accumulate on the contacts, and its composition is almost the same as that of distilled water, which simply does not have a way to conduct current.
Please note that increased moisture accumulation is also observed with a huge temperature difference.
When placing the socket in the slopes, the contacts are in a room with stable parameters, and this almost completely eliminates the likelihood of condensation. People are wary of such an installation due to moisture ingress when the windows are open in the rain, but consider the design features of the socket connector that protect it even when installed under the window sash itself. The electrical point will be open to the inside, which will ensure excellent protection of the fittings and eliminate the possibility of a short circuit. Summing up, I would like to note that in such an electrical point the potential probability of fires is the same as in any other place of the apartment, and for full protection it is required to use automatic switches that will turn off everything before the conductor reaches a critical temperature, and slopes made of materials with non-combustible characteristics.
And it should be not only near the bed, but also in other passages.
In fact, this electrical life hack is not at all new, and it is often found in hotels, but for some reason people forget about it when they make repairs in their apartment. This is a pass-through switch, and it is also called a switch, since it makes it possible to control the power supply of one consumer (chandeliers, for example) from different places. The bottom line is simple - in one place you turned off the light in the room, and in another place you turned off the same light. Let's look at an example.
There is a plan of the apartment, and let's start with the corridor.
This is a long room (say, about 6 meters) with small recesses. Light will enter the corridor in three ways - through the opening into the hall and two doorways (nursery and bedroom). This is enough during the day, but if we talk about evening time, then imagine that you come home late, turn on the light in the corridor, take off your outerwear, turn off the light, go to the bathroom to wash your hands ...
and stay in the dark. By the time you get to the bathroom, you will have time to demolish all the paintings from the walls, crush your beloved cat and even drag yourself over the children's bike a couple of times. And then, in order to go to the kitchen after washing your hands, you will have to go through the same path. To avoid such situations, we suggest using transition switches, or rather two (or more, it all depends on the area of your home).
The first will be located right at the entrance to the apartment, and the second on the wall in the cubbyhole, at the very end of the corridor.
And then, when you turn on the light in the corridor at the entrance with the first switch, you can safely walk to the bathroom, turn on the light in it and turn it off in the corridor, and the reverse sequence will also work.
So you can:
Agree that this is convenient. As they say, both hands are safe, and cats are alive.
Finally, consider a couple of short, but no less interesting tricks.
Floor heating controller at eye level
It is at this height that it will be much more convenient to set up the warm floor. In general, the tendency of builders to try to get everything closer to the floor surface is not clear - older people, for example, do not bend like this in order to regulate the temperature.
Full lighting on the balcony: lamp, socket, switch
From personal experience I would like to note that in the evening, if there is no desire to go somewhere , the best option would be to sit on the balcony / loggia. And it seemed like we just settled down with a cup of coffee to sit and watch the series, but it was already dark and the phone was dead.
More, more sockets in the bathroom
Washing machine, hairdryer, possibly a tumble dryer, electric razor, toothbrush on charging ... For this requires sockets, which, by the way, must be hidden in the locker.
Socket for a vacuum cleaner
Most people recently have more than one vacuum cleaner at home, but even three - an "electric broom", ordinary and robot vacuum cleaner.
For a standard vacuum cleaner, 0.3-0 is enough. 4 meters from the floor surface and so on in every room, but for the robot and the "electric broom" the place should be in the hallway, taking into account the place for recharging.
A socket for charging a tablet and a phone in the kitchen
It must be provided, because you have to spend so much time in the kitchen that for a couple of saturated cooking days, you can watch a whole season of your favorite TV series, right in the kitchen.
The best and original life hack
If you are happy parents of kids who are constantly looking for something, try to get into any boxes, and you and your soulmate are trying not to forget about the variety of sexual life, it is worth making an outlet in the secret drawer of the locker, which is locked with a key.
So the devices will always be charged, and no one will find them.
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