Lining - in all respects a practical finishing material for bathing. It is not picky about the quality of the supporting base, it is simple and easy to install, and has a reasonable price.
An example of finishing the facade with wooden clapboard
The building materials market offers several types of lining:
Classification of lining by type of profile
The main difference between these materials is in their profile. The "peasant woman" has chamfers removed, the lining has small even depressions (shelves, otherwise called "grooves"), the block house has a rounded profile, the board "under the timber" has the correct geometry of the front panel.
Types of lining
Eurolining has its own subspecies:
These finishing materials differ in size and bevel profile. "Standard" has straight chamfers, "Soft Line" and "Calm" - rounded.
Wooden lining "calm"
Any lining is connected by the thorn-groove method. For this, each panel is equipped with a special protrusion - a thorn, and a groove - a recess into which the thorn enters.
The Euro lining has a deeper groove, which ensures a tight joint of the panels.
Joining of lining panels
The building materials market also offers such types of lining as plastic and metal. In fact, these are varieties of siding, which received this name due to the external similarity with this finishing material. Classic wooden lining.
Any one is suitable for cladding the facade of the bath.
But in addition to the profile of the material, there are other criteria for its selection. These are grade, species of wood, degree of moisture resistance, coefficient of thermal conductivity.
This is how a facade sheathed with "quarter" clapboard looks like
A kind of standard lining is a quarter. This is the name of the material, from the front and back sides of which a quarter is selected. The installation of this lining is extremely simple, since it is impossible to incorrectly connect the boards, on both sides of which a quarter is selected.
This type of finishing material is unsuitable for facades, as it does not have a thorn and a groove. For this reason, only horizontal panel mounting is possible. In the vertical direction, the connection of the lamellas will be fragile.
Lining "in a quarter"
American - universal finishing material, which is the best suited for the external cladding of the bath. Lamellas of this type of lining have the shape of an irregular triangle.
The wider end of the panel is equipped with a shallow groove, into which the narrow end enters during installation. Thus, overlapping laying is ensured, a feature of which is high-quality protection of joints from any environmental influences.
The flat front side of the American woman looks like a bar, so the second name of this material is "under the bar". This type of lining is massive. The width of the panel is at least 14 cm, the thickness is 2 cm.
The length varies within 2-6 m.
The rounded front side of the block-house allows you to get the effect of finishing with a rounded log. According to the lining production technology, the upper part of the lamellas has a spike, the lower part has a groove. The block house is made not only from wood, but also from metal, vinyl and plastic. Any of these types of finishing materials are suitable for covering the external walls of the bath.
Due to the correct geometry, the installation of the block house is simple and convenient.
Wooden block house
Block house sizes
Cedar block house
By unknown For this reason, such a wonderful finishing material as a standard wall paneling is called a "peasant woman" or "collective farm woman". Panels of this type have a distinctive feature: they are even and flat.
"Peasant" lining (kolkhoz woman)
A shorter tongue than other types of lining allows to connect "peasant" lamellas as tightly as possible. The result is a solid wall with virtually no gaps.
"Peasant" is an excellent choice for finishing the facade of a bathhouse in regions with constant winds. Such cladding will provide the structure with reliable protection from cold air currents.
All types of Euro lining are equipped with ventilation gutters located along the panel on its back. They provide an outlet for moisture coming from the walls of the bath. If ventilation is not provided, the lining fixed on the wall will certainly lead.
The profile of the canvases is different, corresponding to the type of this material. But the quality of the chips is always on top. Euro-lining of grades A and B goes on sale in plastic bags, which guarantees the safety of the integrity and purity of the material.
Euro lining panels
Lining, imitation of timber, block house
In order to buy a quality product for its real cost, you need know about the characteristics of each variety. There are only three of them: A, B and C.
There are manufacturers offering "Extra" class lining. In fact, this material is a cladding board, the parameters of which are not provided for by the European standard. This is a completely domestic development.
The main characteristics of each type of lining are shown in the table.
|Defects|| Grade Extra |
|Grade A (first grade)||Grade B (second grade)||Grade C (third grade)|
|No flaws, supplied in a vacuum package, preventing the formation of chips and scuffs|| Not falling out, |
no more than 1.
5 in diameter cm
|Allowable knots that did not fall out||Allowable|
|-||Not through, no more than 20% of the web volume||No more than 3 cm long for every 60 cm running meter||Acceptable|
|-||Not valid||Not more than 10%||Allowed|
|-||Invalid||Not more than 10%||Allowed|
|-||Diameter not more than 0.7 cm||Not more than 3 per linear meter||Allowed, including dropping out knots|
|Depth of defects||-||None||Within 0.5 cm||Unlimited|
You should not choose low-grade material for finishing the bathhouse facade. Firstly, it is short-lived and every year it will lose its already low external attractiveness. Secondly, it will not provide the walls with adequate protection from moisture and cold.
This will entail additional costs for the purchase and installation of hydro and thermal insulation.
If it is not possible to purchase a lining of the first grade, you can opt for the second. But it should be noted that its parameters allow for the presence of black "lifeless" knots, which can subsequently fall out. At this point, holes are formed through which heat will escape. The material of the third grade should not be used for cladding the facade of the bath.
Alder lining, grade 2
The lining from the manufacturer is not processed by anything. Therefore, it can be given any color. Covering with wood stain or clear varnish will preserve the natural texture of the wood. You can also apply any paint or oil.
Example of lining painting
All lining manufacturers with production is guided by the requirements of two standards: domestic GOST 8242-88 and European standard DIN 68-126.
The second is used in the production of euro lining.
GOST 8242-88. File for download
When choosing this material, the first thing to pay attention to is the thickness of the canvas. According to the European standard, it should be 12.5 mm.
Some manufacturers of this popular finishing material, wanting to save money, deliberately go for tricks and produce lining of a smaller thickness: 11 or 11.5 mm.
What is the consequence? If you reduce the thickness of the canvas, during storage it begins to warp. This lining is much more difficult to attach to the wall. In addition, it has a less attractive appearance than full-fledged counterparts.
The second important quality indicator is the spike width. According to the standard, it should be 8 mm. If the stud is wider or narrower, installation difficulties are guaranteed.
Particular attention should be paid to the depth and evenness of the groove. If it is practically absent, it will be impossible to install the canvases with the help of clamps.
They simply have nothing to cling to.
Clamps for lining
It is imperative that the width of the lining corresponds to the standard and is exactly 88 mm. If a manufacturer offers a material with a width of 96 mm, you need to know that it is primarily beneficial for him, the manufacturer. Since such a lining is more expensive. Usually the buyer is motivated to purchase this material by the fact that it is much more profitable than the standard one.
But if you make a comparative analysis, it becomes clear that the cost per square meter of such a facing is more expensive than when using canvases with a width of 88 mm.
Lining profile 96 mm wide
Euro lining size
Chip quality is of particular importance. It determines not only the appearance of the lining, but also the consumption of materials when priming, painting or varnishing wood.
According to GOST, the moisture content of wood facing material should be 12-16%. If this figure is exceeded, the canvas may turn blue, crack or bend.
Compliance with the listed rules for choosing a lining will help you buy the material that will delight its owner for many years.
When deciding which lining for a bath is better, take into account the peculiarities of the wood species and the operating conditions of the material.
Euro lining of spruce
If the main selection criterion is price, it is recommended to pay attention to the spruce lining. It is highly moisture resistant, retains heat well, dries quickly. A distinctive feature of this wood is its light texture, which does not darken over time.
Spruce has significantly fewer knots than other conifers, and they (knots) are smaller. Unlike pine, spruce lining is not resinous. This is an important indicator, since it is extremely difficult to control resin yield. And it can significantly spoil the appearance of the cladding, since, due to its stickiness, it will accumulate dust and dirt in itself.
Well-dried aspen is practically not subject to rotting.
This breed is renowned for its antiseptic properties.In past centuries, aspen pegs were placed in barrels with sauerkraut, which prevented rotting and fermentation.
Aspen has an amazing property, which was given the name "silvery glow". Therefore, the lining of this wood has a noble shade. Another advantage of this material is its high strength.
But with all the advantages, it has one significant drawback: hidden rot. However, for the finished product, this is irrelevant. The main difficulty arises for the manufacturer in the selection and processing of this wood. Therefore, aspen lining can be used with confidence for finishing the facade of the bath.
Aspen lining is an excellent material for finishing a bath
Linden lining has excellent performance characteristics.
In addition, it is an inexpensive material that is excellent for exterior decoration of buildings. The low price is explained not by the low quality of wood, but by the low percentage of its rejection. The reason is the small number of knots and the homogeneous structure of the linden tree.
The only drawback of this wood species is its softness. Low resistance to mechanical stress determines the operating conditions.
Such lining requires utmost care during installation. After trimming the bath, you should try not to leave dents and scratches on the lining. If it is not possible to protect linden lining from mechanical stress, it is better to choose a finishing material from a harder wood species.
Alder lining - spectacular facing material. The beautiful pronounced texture of the wood and its reddish or chocolate shade will provide the facade of the bath with a stylish look.
Alder has an important property for exterior decoration: this wood has high moisture resistance. Alder prefers soils saturated with water. Therefore, this tree is practically not subject to decay. For this reason, wells, bridges and piers were built from alder.
This wood is durable, but at the same time quite elastic.
Alder lining will not lead from sudden temperature changes and long-term heat. The natural elasticity of wood will allow you to maintain the correct geometry of the finishing material.
Alder lining, Extra grade
Black alder lining has a relatively high price. It is due to the excellent performance and durability of this material.
Pine lining is a good choice for bath facade finishing.
This wood is characterized by low heat transfer and excellent antiseptic properties. The finishing material made of this wood species is resistant to the formation of rot and mold, strong and lightweight.
Pine lining has the property of noise absorption, is pleasant to the touch and does not leave splinters. The only drawback of this material is the presence of resin pockets and an abundance of knots. Therefore, when choosing a pine lining, it is recommended to purchase material of the first grade.
It provides for the presence of only "live" knots, which subsequently will not fall out.
Coniferous lining (Euro lining)
Pine lining, if not covered with paint or varnish, will certainly darken over time. Fresh wood has a pleasant yellow-golden hue. To preserve a spectacular texture, the wood is covered with a transparent varnish or stain.
Cedar lining - stylish and presentable finishing material.
It has low thermal conductivity, wear-resistant, durable, confidently withstands both low and high temperatures. Due to the unique properties of cedar, the lining will not be damaged by insects and rodents. This wood has a peculiar feature of repelling pests.
Cedar is distinguished by high-quality noise absorption and high moisture resistance. But despite these characteristics, it is recommended to protect the lining from the effects of the environment in any convenient way: painting, varnishing, toning.
The Russian market offers three types of lining made of this wood species: from Canadian cedar, Siberian and Far Eastern. The latter is in the greatest demand.
Lining from Canadian cedar
The lining is made mainly from Siberian larch. This type of wood is ideal for exterior decoration of the bathhouse facade. Due to its moisture resistance and low thermal conductivity, larch is able to reliably protect the walls of a building.
The beautiful texture and wide range of shades of this wood will provide the facade with a presentable look.
The strength and moisture resistance of this wood has been proven by time. Larch is used for the construction of objects in direct contact with water. Houses in Venice are built on such stilts. Larch is the strongest and most durable of coniferous woods.
Calm larch lining
For facade cladding, the healing properties of wood are not so important. This parameter is taken into account when interior decoration of the bath. For facade work, the most significant indicators are thermal conductivity, moisture resistance, strength, resistance to mechanical stress. "Warm" wood species:
The moisture resistance of wood can be increased by treating it with special compounds that can be bought in the paint and varnish departments.
Water repellent Monolith Hydro
Wood after treatment with water repellent
The appearance of the panels can be changed in the same way. But such characteristics of wood as its strength and thermal conductivity cannot be artificially increased. Therefore, this is the first thing you need to pay attention to when choosing a material for cladding the facade of a bath.
Finishing the facade of the bath with wood
It is important to take into account such factors as the operating conditions of the building and the climatic features of the region. If the climate is warm and dry, any inexpensive lining is suitable for finishing the facade.
The best choice is spruce or pine. For those places where there is high humidity, it is recommended to purchase material from aspen, alder, larch or cedar.
If the bathhouse is a stand-alone building, and there is no playground next to it, there is no need to worry about the safety of the facing material. Therefore, an inexpensive softwood lining is suitable for facade cladding.
Example of facade finishing
In the event that the bath is an extension to a residential building, one should take into account a significant degree of risk of appearance on the external finishing chips and scratches.
Under these operating conditions, it is necessary to purchase a durable material with hard wood.
The lining can be fixed to the frame with self-tapping screws
Scheme of fastening the lining panels to frame
Concealed fasteners - clamps
Clasp for fastening lining to the wall
Finishing the facade of the bath with wooden clapboard
Water repellents for wood
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