Linoleum is one of the most popular types of flooring. It can be found in residential apartments and private houses, in schools and hospitals, in industrial workshops and business centers, the thickness of linoleum is important, we will analyze this issue in detail.
The scope of linoleum is very wide.
This is largely due to the wide range of manufactured models, where every consumer can find linoleum that meets his requirements and his financial capabilities.
According to production technology, there are two fundamentally different types of linoleum: heterogeneous and homogeneous.
Heterogeneous or multi-layer linoleum has been present on the building materials market for many years and has won the deserved attention of consumers.
In the context of such linoleum is a puff cake with a thickness of 1.4 to 3.5 mm. Each layer in such a cake carries its own functional load:
The bottom layer is fiberglass fibers, sometimes reinforced with fibers of jute, felt, synthetic fabric.
They create the basis for the adhesion of linoleum to the floor surface, leveling out roughness and small cracks. Compensate for tensile or horizontal tensile forces.
The base layer is foamed polyvinyl chloride. The main and thickest layer of linoleum. Compensates for vertical loads, restores the thickness of the web after crushing.
Decorative layer - a decorative canvas or thin layer of PVC fabric with a multi-colored pattern and embossing. Thin layer subject to abrasion.
Protective layer - a thin layer of transparent PVC coating designed to protect the decorative layer.
The wear resistance class is determined by the thickness of the protective layer.
Unlike heterogeneous, homogeneous linoleum consists of one single layer of polyvinyl chloride with a thickness of 1.
5 to 5 mm. and a protective layer with a thickness of 0.15 to 0.7 mm.
The base layer is colored throughout its entire thickness, which makes it practically indestructible.
In heterogeneous linoleum, when the protective layer is destroyed, the decorative layer quickly abrades, which leads to the loss of the coating's decorative functions.
To restore the protective layer of linoleum, it must be regularly treated with a special mastic.
There are three main types of linoleum:
4 to 2 mm. , and the protective layer is 0.15 - 0.2 mm.
Thickness from 2 to 3 mm. , a protective layer from 0.2-0.3 mm.
Linoleum thickness 2.5 to 4 mm. The thickness of the protective layer is from 0.25 to 0.3 mm.
The European standard for wear resistance takes into account only the thickness of the protective layer and is divided into:
4-0.6 mm. Designed for office and office space.
Installed in industrial premises.
The indications of the scope of application in the classification of the coating are advisory in nature, you must imagine what load the coating will have in the place where it is planned to be laid.
Based on this fact, it is necessary to make your choice of the thickness of linoleum for installation.
( 1 grade, average 5 of 5 )
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