The composition of liquid wallpaper - what they consist of
Every new year new ones appear on the construction market materials for wall decoration. They are quite environmentally friendly, versatile and easy to install. One of these materials can be called liquid wallpaper, which has a really unique composition. At the word "wallpaper" canvases with various patterns and all kinds of shades appear before the eyes.
But the fact is that liquid wallpapers have almost nothing in common with them, and moreover, they are finishing materials for internal work.
Such material as liquid-type wallpaper is produced in the form of a dry mixture, which is packed in plastic bags. The volume of such a package is usually 1 kg. Liquid wallpaper has a fairly simple composition:
- Adhesive components.
- Water based acrylic colors.
- Natural fibers (cellulose, cotton and silk).
In addition to the main component, such decor as stone chips, glitter, crushed mica and everything else can go to the packages of liquid wallpaper. Interestingly, the more natural silk fibers are in the mixture, the higher its performance parameters will be. In addition to its extraordinary beauty, silk helps to give the coating incredible strength and resistance to burnout. But at the same time, silk threads in the cover doubles its price. Cellulose and cotton are much cheaper - such fibers are much more often used in the production process of liquid wallpaper, and silk will act as a small additive.
Acrylic based water dispersion paints provide shades to coatings. the colors of the material are very diverse, and you can get the required color by adding color to the mixture.
The adhesive component as an additive is a binder, holding all the components together into a single whole. It is the adhesive composition that helps to impart plasticity to the mixture, thereby ensuring ease of application to wall surfaces. On the wall surfaces, liquid wallpaper lies in a perfectly even layer, without seams and joints.
Their texture makes it possible to hide small surface imperfections, acting as a finishing putty. As a result, a homogeneous surface with a slightly rough texture is obtained, decorated with blotches of a different shade and small particles of different materials. According to external data, liquid wallpaper is very similar to decorative type plaster, rather than to the hard type coating of the same name. But in comparison with plaster, this material has many advantages.
More and more consumers are choosing liquid wallpaper for finishing their own homes.
Firstly, this is not the most common coating with a non-standard texture.And secondly, the building material will have many positive qualities:
Each parameter speaks in favor of materials. the only drawback of the composition of liquid wallpaper will be their price. But if you do the conversion to square meters, the mixture will not be so expensive. And if you do it yourself, you can also save a lot.
Before starting the preparation, the bag with the dry composition must be thoroughly shaken and crumpled up the formed lumps. Pour the contents of the package into a container with clean and warm water and mix everything thoroughly. You also need to pour decorative additives there (if you have them in your composition). You can only stir the mixture manually, since a construction mixer or an electric drill can damage the wallpaper fibers, as well as spoil the structure of the material. With your fingers, you need to knead all the lumps, trying not to break the fibers.
Good advice! You do not need to wear gloves, because the material does not contain toxic additives - all components are of natural origin, and the only threat may be the chance to get your hands dirty with colored pigments.
The mixture must be left for 11-12 hours to swell, and when this time has elapsed, it is required to stir the mass again.If the composition is very thick, you can add from 1/2 to 1 liter of water - this will facilitate the laying of materials on wall surfaces.
All descriptions of the finishing process will include the preparatory stage of the foundation. In the case of liquid wallpaper, this stage does not require much effort.
The material is very elastic, and therefore it will be able to close small irregularities and cracks. Its installation method does not require aligning corners and walls - the mixture will easily fit on all types of surfaces. The only thing that really matters is the base color. Apply liquid wallpaper in a small layer (from 0.2 to 0.
4 cm), and the presence of decorative elements in them leads to the formation of gaps in the coating. For this reason, the substrate must necessarily match the shades of the wallpaper (or be contrasting, if this is provided by the master's idea). In any case, your surface should be solid.
So, the preparatory stage of the foundation will be as follows:
- Painting the ceiling and wall surfaces in two layers of water-based paint.
- Priming of wall surfaces for perfect adhesion of liquid wallpapers and their lower consumption.
- Removal of large cracks and chips.
- Dismantling of the old type of coating.
After the bases are dry, the finishing process can begin.
Finish wall surfaces with liquid wallpaper is much easier than decorating it with decorative plaster. Although such processes are very similar.
Ease will lie in the texture of the liquid-type finish - the mass is very heterogeneous and plastic. To get started, you need to select one of the corners. On a plastic wide spatula, you need to apply a little mixture and press it onto the wall surface. Smooth the material in a reciprocating motion, you can not use circular ones so as not to damage the structure.
Good advice! It is not required to use graters and metal spatulas - they can easily spoil fibers and damage the wallpaper structure.
Liquid wallpaper for walls (composition) must be applied correctly. The new section should overlap the border of the old one - there should be no seams on the coating. For this reason, it is important not to interrupt work - at least one of the walls must be finished at a time. The thickness of the layer over the total area should be the same everywhere. When one square meter of wallpaper is applied, they need to be smoothed with a float.
You can adjust the finish within a couple of hours after installation, and for this, the grater must be moistened with water. Wallpaper can be applied to the ceiling as easily as to wall surfaces. In this case, the mixture can be made a little thicker. In certain cases, the material is applied using a spray gun or roller - this is permissible when the wallpaper consistency will be less frequent than usual.Moreover, they use stencils, and also create paintings and drawings from multi-colored wallpaper.
Such techniques make it possible to obtain a non-standard coating that is slightly different from ordinary liquid wallpaper. The wallpaper dries out in about 2-3 days. Everything will depend on the level of air temperature and degree of humidity. The ideal temperature range is + 9 ..
. + 26 degrees.
The high price of this building material, like liquid wallpaper, made ordinary craftsmen think about how to reproduce the texture of a liquid-type coating with their own hands.
A way out was found, and it will take a little effort and time to get high quality finishing materials:
- The simplest paper is required to make the mixture, and here drafts, written notebooks, printouts, newspapers and magazines are perfect. All waste paper must be carefully chopped - torn by hand or cut with scissors.
- The paper needs to be folded into a container and filled with water at the rate of 1 kg of paper 5 liters of water, and leave this mixture overnight.
- Swollen paper needs to be ground with an electric drill or construction mixer. It is important not to overdo it here, because the material should have texture, but very small fragments are not so important.
- It is required to add color of the required shade and PVA adhesive composition to the composition. The amount of glue should be such that the mixture is plastic.
After mixing, the composition must be placed in polyethylene and left for another couple of hours.
- Add decorative elements to future liquid wallpaper - beads, marble chips, sand, rhinestones, etc. All this should enrich the finishing texture and make it more interesting.
- Fill up with gypsum - the amount of such an element will be individual, and you need to monitor the density of the mixture, as well as the speed of solidification.
Please note that in order to have time to apply liquid wallpaper to wall surfaces, gypsum must be added to a small amount of the mixture.
For density and uniformity of color, all components must be added using a measuring container - then on the walls there will be no noticeable transitions between the areas of the coating. Liquid wallpaper is a high-quality and modern finishing material, and it has a large number of positive parameters, and every owner can apply it with his own hand.
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