The architectural style of the loft can be called one of the most extraordinary. Therefore, it invariably attracts the attention of creative individuals. This style is based on the principle of an innovative approach to the design of facades and interiors.
Loft-style house project - photo
The mid-19th century is considered the starting point of this architectural trend. It was during this period that cities developed rapidly.
Therefore, most of the old plants and factories were replaced with new ones and were not in demand. People of art drew attention to the empty huge areas and adapted them for organizing exhibitions and cultural events. All this required the reconstruction of buildings and the redesign of their facades.
Modern loft-style house
Typical features of the loft style:
A loft-style building can be distinguished by its flat, horizontal or slightly sloping roof, which is used as a recreation area.
The walls are made of metal and concrete. The window openings are high and wide. Finishing materials are mainly metal, brick and stone. Colors in gray and brown, close to natural, tones.
Loft style apartment
Loft style cottage
Most modern facing materials can be used to decorate a loft-style facade.
Walls can be plastered and painted in a solid color. You should also take care of the lighting of the facade.
This style is one of the most democratic, so expensive and presentable finishing materials will not be needed. The optimal choice is facing brick, concrete, plaster, flat metal facade panels of a single color. To emphasize individual elements of the building, it is possible to use high-quality wood.
It can also be used for cladding the entire area of the facade.
Combination of plaster and wood
If wood finish is chosen, it is recommended to pay attention to high-quality planed narrow slats.
One of the options for finishing the facade
They will need to be covered not only with a bioprotective solution, but also with a tinting composition that emphasizes the natural texture of wood ...
For loft-style decoration, staining is inappropriate, so the cost of preparing the materials will be small.
Another option for the design of facades is metal or plastic panels with a relief of strict geometric shapes. These houses look like stylish containers or small modern industrial buildings. This impression is enhanced if the house has a flat roof.
Metal facade panels
Rack systems are a relatively new finishing material on the Russian market.
A distinctive feature of the facades faced with it is the visual absence of fastening elements. The finish looks like a solid wood or metal sheet assembled from vertically installed narrow and flat slats. Such a facade fully corresponds to the loft style, since the characteristic features of rack systems are simplicity and clarity of lines.
Rack wooden facades
Rack aluminum facade
This finishing material can be used not only in the external decoration of the walls of the task, but also for filing the overhangs of the roof. Flat roofs are often made with long protrusions overhanging the porch.
The lower surface of these overhangs is sheathed with the same panels as the walls.
Such facades look most advantageous in combination with glass. Therefore, window openings must be large enough. Various lighting devices are used to decorate the walls, the body of which should be as simple and laconic as the general appearance of the building. The main elements of rack systems are lamellas.
This is the name of the flat wooden or metal slats that make up the facade cladding structure.
House with lattice facade
Both the walls and windows in the front of the house are lined with wooden screens to provide privacy for residents
If it is decided to use wood, it can be significantly reduced house cladding costs. If you have a professional or semi-professional woodworking machine (for example, a thicknesser), you can independently make the required amount of material - planken.
You can also cover wood with a fire-retardant, and later toning, composition on your own. All this will significantly reduce the cost of assembly and installation of the rack system, which will fully meet the requirements of the loft style, one of the most democratic architectural trends.
Metal rack systems are hinged ventilated structures, so they can be used for wall cladding made of any materials: foam and gas blocks, wood, concrete, brick. Such a facade is distinguished by its reliability and ease of installation, but requires knowledge of the technology of its construction.
The main elements of the system are protective screens and bearing profiles (combs). The screens are flat massive panels consisting of metal strips (lamellas). The main feature of the structure is that from the outside of the house it looks like a monolithic shield without a hint of any connecting or fastening elements.
Technical characteristics of metal lamellas
|Material||Thickness||Length||Width||Average consumption per 1 m2||Average weight|
|Galvanized sheet steel||0.6-0.8 mm||300 mm, 400 mm, 600 mm (made to order)||9-32 cm||4 l.m.|| 1.
7 kg / l. m.
Of the domestic manufacturers of rack systems, the Albes company is the most famous. Most buildings for industrial purposes located in all regions of Russia are faced with its materials. Slatted facade structures from this manufacturer are ideal for the exterior decoration of loft-style residential buildings.
Manufacturers of slatted facades offer several types of slats:
Wall cladding with a strip with a closed joint
Wall cladding with a strip with a decorative groove
Wall cladding with supporting type rail with decorative groove
Wall cladding with a leaning type rail with closed joints
Wall cladding with a rail with increased rigidity
From the point of view of heat engineering, ventilated facades are the most successful designs. In rack and pinion systems, as in other cladding systems, the slot gap is provided not by the spacing between the slats, but by the gap between the bearing wall and the cladding. Screens of rack systems are assembled in such a way that the lamellas fit snugly enough to each other. The strength of the connections is ensured by special locks that are present on both edges of each rail.
The lamellas are installed in the grooves of the combs so that each subsequent strip forms a solid sheet with the previous one. Assembling the screens is as easy as installing and removing them. Depending on the preference of the homeowner, horizontal or vertical direction of the slats can be chosen. But most often they choose the former.
Metal slats are durable, but at the same time quite flexible material.
Thanks to this feature, cladding structures are able to compensate for changes in the geometric shapes of the facade, which occur due to building shrinkage and seasonal ground movements.
Main elements of a curtain ventilated facade:
The distance between the vapor barrier layer and the cladding structure is called the ventilation gap.It is he who ensures the removal of moisture from the walls of the building and the materials that protect them. Installation of a ventilated facade consists of several stages.
Example - unfinished wall
Step 1. Prepare the walls of the building for installation of thermal insulation material. Remove the old cladding and strengthen the bearing surface with a cement-sand mortar.
Preparing the walls of the facade
Step 2. The brackets are fixed in increments of 60-80 cm.
Bracket attachment diagram
Use a plumb bob when mounting
Step 3. Starting from the base, the sheets of the heat insulator are laid on the wall and fastened using special dowel-nails with a mushroom-shaped head. To do this, a hole is drilled in the wall of the house into which the fastening element is driven. 5 dowels are enough to fix the foam sheet or mineral wool. One of them is installed in the middle, the rest - at the corner points.
Wall insulation outside with mineral wool
Step 4. A vapor barrier membrane is laid on top of the insulation layer, which is attached with a stapler and staples.
Vapor barrier for walls
Fixed vapor barrier
Step 5. Install vertical or horizontal frame posts. In this case, the combs.
Fastening the horizontal profile
They are fastened in the horizontal direction at a distance of 100-120 cm from each other. The top and bottom combs should be installed 10-15 cm from the edge of the walls.
Scheme of fastening the front rail
Step 6. Carry out a set of rails, snapping each of them into the corresponding combs grooves.
Installation of slats
For the decoration of the facade, you will need other finishing elements: external and internal corners, metal corners to cover the upper and lower the edges of the cladding structure.
These parts are fastened using galvanized self-tapping screws.
For those homeowners for whom the issue of reducing the cost of finishing the loft-style facade is relevant, there is a simple solution: the independent production and installation of cladding panels from wooden slats. Moreover, these systems can be both monolithic and lattice. The latter are chosen in the event that the building does not need insulation. Therefore, lattice systems are most in demand in regions with a warm climate.
Facade decoration with wooden slatted systems
Modern wooden architecture
The owner independently chooses all the parameters of the structure for finishing the facade: the width and thickness of the slats, the cross-section of the bars for the frame, the brand of the protective composition for wood processing, the color of the tinting agent.
When choosing the width of the lath, you can be guided by the standard sizes of lamellas of metal lath systems. Therefore, the most successful width is 9-32 cm. The area of the walls should also be taken into account. The larger the facade, the wider the slats should be.
Compliance with this rule will help to mount an aesthetically pleasing and harmonious structure.
For fixing the trim elements you will need wood screws. If a light color is chosen for shading the rails, then the corresponding fasteners must also be selected.
Self-tapping screws for wood
Instead of self-tapping screws, you can use adhesives "Moment Joiner" or "Kleyberit PU-glue 501. 0" .
.. When choosing, take into account such characteristics of the glue as moisture resistance and the ability to withstand high and low temperatures.
Glue for wood
If it is decided to revet the walls of the house with monolithic wooden panels, installation is carried out according to the principle of a ventilated facade, by analogy with metal systems. If the slats are located at some distance from each other, the supporting frame profiles can be fixed directly to the facade walls.
Wooden crate from boards
Insulation and vapor barrier
Nail the counter battens and fix the trim
Attach the slats. If you pre-drill holes for self-tapping screws, the appearance of the facade will only benefit
Finishing the facade with slats
Facade decoration with multi-colored slats
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