Making a bath from sleepers with your own hands - step by step instructions

Making a bath from sleepers with your own hands - step by step instructions Making a bath from sleepers with your own hands - step by step instructions

Bath building sleepers at all times have been the subject of a lot of controversy and discussion. On the one hand, solid wood planks are ideal for building materials. On the other hand, the use of toxic chemicals for wood preservation and processing can negatively affect the health of the owners of the bath.

Baths from sleepers with your own hands can be built in a short time.

General information

Pros and cons

An intelligent owner, before building a bath from sleepers, tries to receive the maximum amount of information from available sources.

First, find out how serious the health impact of a bath made from sleepers is, is it harmful or not. The positive aspects of building a bath include the following:

  • The relatively low cost of material that were in use, sleepers can be bought for 12-15% of the price of a new product. The average cost of the model A-1 with a section of 25 * 18 cm is from $ 2 per piece.
  • Duration of operation, ten years in a bath box will easily withstand 15-20 years. Almost do not rot, are not affected by microscopic organisms and insects, pathogenic microflora, rodents.

The durability of the bath box will largely depend on how to make a bath from sleepers, what kind of foundation structure and finish you plan to use when arranging the premises. The second condition will be the quality of the material. For this reason, the project of the bathhouse, the method of building any sleeper structures is selected based on the real conditions of the area and the quality of the purchased material.

Good advice! You do not need to completely trust the reviews about the bath made from sleepers that are published by the owners of the buildings. Only a few percent of respondents can give an objective assessment of emerging problems.

The disadvantages of such construction are as follows:

  • Making a bath from sleepers with your own hands - step by step instructions Possibility of poisoning with phenol and creosote vapors. Under the influence of heat, volatile sleepers intensively emit substances of a carcinogenic type, which can provoke the development of oncological diseases.
  • High degree of flammability of the box of sleepers from the bath. The tie cannot be impregnated with fire retardants, and a layer of combustible creosote will also interfere. But such baths burn several times more often.

It is quite possible to cope with such problems, but their solution will involve the use of additional sanitizing finishes and insulation materials, which can lead to a tangible rise in the cost of bath construction.

Making a decision

Naturally, the best option would be to build from new blanks of raw type.A massive fir or larch sleeper bar is ideal, because the tree is still clean, and for products they use excellent quality industrial wood - fir, larch, in some cases pine. Due to clean wood, a new, self-built bathhouse from sleepers, a photo, outwardly will hardly differ from houses from a bar. But before you plan how to build a bathhouse from such sleepers with your own hands, you should be interested in their selling cost, and they are only slightly less than the price tag for a log and a bar.

But on the other hand, this bathhouse will not be inferior to the classic log cabins, either externally, but in terms of comfort and safety.

If, for some reason, it is required to build a bath from treated sleepers, then special attention should be paid to the process of selecting the material:

  1. Solid beams are used for alignment, which are no more than 10 years old , without pricks, cracks and traces of discussion of rotten wood.
  2. When tapped with a hammer, the wood from the sleepers should make a sharp, almost high-pitched sound, without a dull tone, which indicates internal defects.
  3. For the construction of a bath, fir or larch is required, a Christmas tree or pine for construction from wood does not make sense to take, and this material is suitable for building a shed or a fenced area.

Pine or birch sleepers are often treated with a phenolic-creosote mixture in a high pressure chamber.

The impregnation will penetrate deeply into the thickness of the tree, and this sleeper is weathered from toxic compounds after 20 years, not earlier. In such arrays of fir and larch, due to the density of the structure, the mixture will penetrate into the thickness by a maximum of 0.7 cm, and therefore this type of sleepers, like no other, is suitable for building a bath from sleepers with your own hands. To build a medium-sized bath, you need at least a hundred full-size sleeper bars. As a result, a set for a bath box will cost from 300 to 400 dollars.

How to properly build a bath from sleepers scraps

There are a lot of options for erecting buildings from sleepers, and most often the raw material is laid out on a concrete strip foundation , which has a reinforced waterproofing layer of roofing material or mastic. The future process of building bath walls will fully depend on the budget.

A simple version of a black bath made of sleepers that are not processed

Usually, the factories for the production of sleepers offer an individual ordinary builder at a reasonable cost only trimming - short stubs , remains, with a length of 1.2 to 2 meters. The weight of one shorty together with the usual 70 kg is only 36 kg, and this is quite convenient if you build a room with your own hands, and even more so, alone.

The material must undergo factory drying and primary impregnation, through which soluble compounds are washed out of the solid wood. Such a tie will not shrink, and therefore the gaps for drying are minimal.In the simplest case, you can fold a sleeper bath on a tape of concrete with your own hands. The steam room is very small, and therefore, in order not to bother with laying a layer of insulation on the wall surface, it is enough to sheathe the inner and outer parts of the walls with lining on the crate. Due to the two gaps and parameters of the sleeper walls and partitions, an acceptable level of thermal insulation will be achieved.

Naturally, it is not so easy to heat such a bath, especially in winter, and therefore a pair of powerful wood-burning stoves are used in the small space of the sleeper steam room and dressing room. Thermal power of 20 kW is enough to quickly and deeply heat the walls and cladding. You won't be able to sit comfortably in such a bathhouse for several hours, but steaming well and washing yourself after a hard day is the thing. The advantage of this design is its reliability and simplicity. This building will not rot, because there is no insulation, which means there are no places for the accumulation of condensate.

The concrete strip foundation must be equipped with air vents. Ultimately, at the end of the bath procedures, thanks to the large amount of heat stored by the walls of the stove, the bath is evenly dried and gets rid of the remaining moisture.

How to build a bathhouse from black sleepers

First, the material that was purchased for the construction of a bathhouse, you need to sort and select the smoothest and cleanest sleepers. They are suitable for laying walls on the facade. Part of the timber will be spent on cladding material - homemade tongue-and-groove boards, beams for laying walls, and those that are most saturated with phenol will be used to equip the base and bath base.

The foundation and walls made of sleepers for the bathhouse

If the land is heavily saturated with water on the area allocated for the bath arrangement, or in this area there are regular flooding with melt / rainwater, then it is worth putting the room on a pile-type foundation. One of the base options is shown in the photo below. If you do not know how to build a bathhouse from sleepers with your own hands, video tutorials and step-by-step instructions will help you a lot with this. The main difference is that sleepers are used to make piles. A box of a bathhouse made of sleepers weighs at least 8 tons, and this is much heavier than with frame or even panel construction, and therefore a support from piles is made of 1-2 sleepers, which are sawn in half.

Under the future support, it is required to dig a pit into which gravel and sand are poured. The halves strapped with wire must be treated again with bitumen or resin, and then installed in a pit and covered with the same mixture of screenings and sand.

The next step is to lay out the harness. For the construction of the tie strapping, it is required to spliced ​​into one large bar for the entire length of the bath wall. After installation and hammering of the metal dowels, the strapping bar must be glued with roofing material, and only after that the first crown should be laid.

The assembly technology of bath walls made of sleepers is almost no different from laying a bar, the only difference is that the crowns are knocked together every 3-4 rows with steel brackets made of thick reinforcement. During the laying of the next crown, the surface must be laid with jute, flax, but even more often with dried moss. Bath corners are cut from two sleepers of locks "into half of the tree", and the direction of cutting will change to the opposite with each further crown.

Roof and ceiling slab

Making a bath from sleepers with your own hands - step by step instructions For a small-sized bath, the last couple of crowns must be laid at the same time with the ceiling beams. In the role of material, the best loose sleepers from the entire remainder are used in two.

The resulting pairs need to be spliced ​​into a long bar, which will cover the ceiling. At the same time, the overlap must be filled with boards. The rafters for the roof of the bath are cut out and joined on the ground, and then they are raised in pairs to the ceiling surface and cut into the last wall crown. Immediately you need to fill the crate, which will be tightened with roofing material. In this state, the bath must spend the winter, the walls will begin to gain weight, and the bath structure will shrink.

Wall decoration and boxes

When working on finishing, it is required to invest and emboss crowns with jute tow, cut and lay floors inside the steam room of the dressing room and rest rooms. It remains only to cut out the door and window opening, put the frames, hang the doors and go directly to the finishing work in the room. The overlap of the ceiling is hemmed inside the steam room and the dressing room, a waterproofing film is laid and filled with expanded clay backfill.

All elements inside the bath must be assembled according to their final dimensions, without any gaps for casing or shrinkage. In this case, if you plan to decorate the walls with siding or lining, then the wood must be re-treated with fire retardant solutions.

It is also required to clean the outer surface of the walls, process and dry, and before the crate and lining are stuffed.


The construction of such a bath is not so difficult. The only rule that is important to adhere to is that sleeper material should be completely excluded from use for various types of work inside the bathhouse. Inexpensive pine needles or tongue-and-groove boards can be used for finishing, and this helps to avoid contact with phenol and creosote vapors.

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