Making a bunk bed with your own hands: Tips + Drawings and Photos

Making a bunk bed with your own hands: Tips + Drawings and Photos How to make a bunk bed with your own hands? In apartments of modern construction, rooms are usually large and spacious, but this is not found in every new building, and when buying a second home you have to be content with what you have. For this reason, most often not the largest room is chosen for the nursery, and the best option in order to leave as much free space as possible is to make a bunk bed with your own hands, diagrams and drawings for which are below. The only drawback of this option is that teenagers will not be comfortable on the second floor.

If you replace the lower bed with a sofa, you can create pleasant conditions for the rest of a child who is older.

Stages of work

So, how to make yourself a bunk bed? This question is asked by many people who decided to fix the problem with the lack of space in the children's room for two.

Detailed instructions will help you to complete all work without the involvement of outside help.

The creation process looks like this:

  • Making a bunk bed with your own hands: Tips + Drawings and Photos First you need to choose a bed model.
  • Draw up a diagram and detailed drawing.
  • Buy all the materials you need and stock up on all the tools you might need.
  • Based on the drawing, make all the parts as required.

  • Assemble the main frame.
  • Make the sidewalls, backrest, legs and ladder.
  • Assemble the finished structure.

During design and development, prepare drawings for the bed, and pay special attention to the safety of the structure, namely, that the frame is strong, the side walls are reliable, and so on.

What is needed in the process of work

Schemes and drawings

All work requires careful execution, so we break the stages for additional.

First, you should take a drawing, and indicate on it:

  • Making a bunk bed with your own hands: Tips + Drawings and Photos Dimensions of the final product.
  • Schematic assembly of parts.
  • Connection methods.
  • The order of installing each part.
  • Dimensions of each part and fasteners.

Materials for crafting

If you are going to make a bunk bed from wood, you must choose the right material.

Naturally, a bed made of natural wood will be much better than the others, but if there is no possibility, we suggest considering other options :

  1. Solid - it can be used to make a sturdy, beautiful and durable structure. But keep in mind that to work with it you will need skills and abilities in construction.
  2. Lumber - they should be chosen only from well-dried materials, since raw wood is not able to maintain its shape, and it will begin to drive, which will eventually lead to cracks.
  3. MDF is a fairly modern analogue of standard wood.

    Products made from this material look stylish, especially if you choose laminated boards. There is an option to use untreated plates, which will need to be coated in finished form with a stain, and then varnish. If the parts of the bed are ordered from a furniture factory, then experts recommend processing the edges with a special finish. In this case, the furniture will look neat and no different from the factory one.

  4. Chipboard (chipboard) - a material that is suitable for making a bed, but not for all its parts.

    Drawers can be made from it, which will be located under the base of the frame, as well as panels and a back. It is important to think about what the end coating will be.

  5. Furniture board - it consists of small pieces assembled together. Natural wood is not only beautiful, but also makes it possible to make carvings, as well as make ornaments and implement a variety of design solutions. Only a master with carpentry skills can work with such a shield.

Now let's talk about what tools are required to create the bed.

Required set of tools

Manufacturing is not difficult if you prepare all the required tools in advance and remember everything that you can do. Naturally, it will be good if the master has previously had experience with wood.

You will need:

  • Electric drill.
  • Hacksaw for wood.

  • Sandpaper.
  • Knives.
  • Screwdriver.
  • Electric jigsaw.
  • A sander or at least a plane.

You will also need instruments for measuring and fixing, and you can't do without a simple pencil.


The creation of the frame part begins with the measurement of the mattress. The base and shape will match the size of the child's bed. If you have chosen a design with a sofa, then you should measure the lower part of the seat.

The wireframe creation process includes:

  • Making a bunk bed with your own hands: Tips + Drawings and Photos Connection boxes with a sofa below.

  • Prepare boards (end and long) that can be assembled into a rectangle. They can be compared with a box, and in this case there will be 2 boxes (equal to the number of tiers).
  • Putting the sofa into the box.
  • In order to connect the box to the sofa, the side supports must be prepared. The bars standing vertically act as supports, and there should be two supports - one rectangle for the side wall, and the second for the other wall.

  • Pull the finished frame and fasten.

You can use any of the convenient methods to fasten the boards, namely spikes or eyelets. Before fastening, you should grease them with wood glue. It is important to firmly connect the elements so that during operation no part of the frame does not weaken. Next, dry the finished structure.

Please note, that if the spike connection is difficult for you, you can also use self-tapping screws.The main thing is that you think about how to close them from the outside so that no one gets scratches and abrasions. The fastening should be reinforced with metal corners.


The backrests can be completely different, for example, a rack and pinion version, in which slats are attached to the frame of the lower and upper parts that will hold all the furniture and protect it from contact with the walls of the room. Most often, the back is made soft, and then the sleeping place below will also serve as a sofa.

In this option, for the manufacture of a soft back, you will need:

  • Boards or furniture board, which will be tightly pressed against each other.
  • A solid wall that will restrict the bed from touching the wall surface.

The pre-prepared docks (slats and shield) should be attached to the back of the frame. For reliability, attach the bed to the wall, and for this, connect the backrest to the wall using metal corners. If you plan to create a simple design option, the back will not play a role.

It is only required to highlight each tier. It can be one slats on three sides of the bed.

Walls on the sides

In construction terminology, the side walls are referred to in no way other than the back and headboard. The two elements are similar to each other, but with the only difference that the backrest is inserted into the railing, and the headboard remains intact. Sometimes both parts are ordered in the workshop, and then you just have to fix them on the frame, but you can make them yourself, while being integral for two floors.

For the headboard take:

  • Making a bunk bed with your own hands: Tips + Drawings and Photos Sanded boards (2 pieces), and one should be slightly wider than the second.
  • Side rails (4 pieces).

In order to make a bunk bed, fix the side walls as follows:

  • Boards that are intended for the headboard should be inserted into the rail on the sides , and the second rail is required to fasten the walls and other parts.
  • The headboard and backrest must be connected.
  • To support the mattress, a crate, setu or lamella should be made.

  • The batten should be nailed to the inner surface of the frame to strengthen the strength. It is recommended to make at least one partition for the mattress, which will add rigidity.
  • For slats, prepare a frame that will be located on the inside of the bed.
  • A rail should be laid on the frame, with a step of 6 cm.

Important! The outer edges will need to be chamfered (0.

6 * 0.6 cm). This can be done using a hand-held plow.

For the back, you need 4 more slats and 2 boards. But the location of the boards should be changed, namely: the wide one will be installed at the bottom, and the narrow one at the top.

The wide board will be the same height as the narrow headboard.


Each structure in two tiers requires the installation of a ladder. The traditional version is a three-step ladder, but much depends on the height of the bed, so the size should determine whether to make more steps or less. Drawings will help identify dimensions, height, pitch, installation and mounting options.

The types of fastening can be:

  • Making a bunk bed with your own hands: Tips + Drawings and Photos Vertical - tightly fixed to the frame.

  • Slanted - placed at an angle.

The process of creating a staircase:

  1. Set for the bar that will act as the base of the stairs, they are called guides.
  2. Then attach the steps. The lower steps are connected to the backrest, and the others are located one above one. The steps should be inserted into the bars.

Connection methods:

  • Outdoor.
  • To the notch.
  • On metal corners.

Making a bunk bed with your own hands: Tips + Drawings and Photos Please note that any type of attachment must be closed. This will help keep the bed safe and secure.

If the furniture will be with a sofa, then it is better to make a staircase with wide steps, and for this you should take a wide beam, and cut the steps from the inside. If they are bolted, then choose the longest of them for the top step.

The stairs also require handrails for the child to hold onto. Handrail drawings are always included with a description of the installation method. Railings are ordinary boards that are designed to be gripped by a child's hand and with a selection of fasteners.


Legs are very different in shape and height, as much will depend on the pattern of the bed, which the master will make.

They can be fixed in different ways:

  • Outside.
  • From the inside.
  • Insert into frame.

A fifth leg can be added to reinforce the frame.

In practice, the most popular types of legs are carved, square and round. The dimensions of the legs should be calculated so that the structure is reliable and durable for the child. The look is no less important, as it will change the whole style of furniture.

The process of creating legs:

  • For work, take the bars and connect them 2 pieces together, and the approximate thickness of the bars should be from 5 to 10 cm.
  • During the connection along the length, an L-shaped end must be obtained.

    The length of the legs should be equal to the height of the railing on the second tier.

A hand-made bunk bed will be great furniture and also free up extra space for the nursery. It will be an excellent indicator that the head of the family is a jack of all trades, and will also help to save the family budget and spend the rest on pleasant and necessary things.