Making a drain from sewer pipes with your own hands + photo
Today day in hardware stores, there are many gutter systems that are made of metal and plastic, and you can buy any set - from a well-known manufacturer, and from a very young company. Such systems work well, and meet all the requirements in terms of design and operational characteristics. But factory systems have one big drawback - high cost. For 10 meters, even the cheapest drain will have to pay 11,000 in blood. Installation of a drainage system for a medium-sized cottage will cost at least 55,000 rubles.
Such sums are far from affordable for everyone, and it is a pity to give such money only for this element. There is a way out - to make a drain from the sewer pipes with your own hands.
The cost of such a product will be 5-6 times lower than the factory one, but the price will largely depend on the material chosen. In addition, if you have little experience, there is a chance that you will only spoil the purchased pipes and additional elements.
For making a drain with your own hands, you can use the following types of materials:
The choice of material is extremely successful if you have special machines and devices for creating pipes, funnels, elbows and other components of the structure. Moreover, you should have at least minimal experience with the can. Most people simply do not know anything about tin work, so they rarely choose steel for the gutter system.
They can be used to create a structure, it may be possible to complete all the work in one day, but such a structure can be considered temporary, since it does not survive strong gusts of wind and showers. Only suitable as a temporary remedy until you buy normal material.
Let us consider the last option in more detail:
Making a roof drain from sewer pipes is the only acceptable option in all respects, so we'll talk about it in this article.
What function should the drain perform
Regardless of what material the drain is made of, it must necessarily protect the foundation and basement of the house from melt and rainwater. If the land near the house becomes waterlogged, this can cause premature damage to masonry building materials or subsidence of the foundation of the house. If the bearing performance of the base decreases, this will become a huge problem, and it can only be replaced when cracks appear on the front wall of the house. It is extremely expensive and difficult to restore the strength of the foundation, and only professionals can perform such work.
But believe me, even they cannot give a 100% guarantee that the activities performed will be beneficial. Other functions of the drain (collecting water into a container, decorating the facade of the building) are secondary and will not affect the safety and durability of the building.
Before starting work, you should understand some technical issues in order to avoid annoying mistakes and improve the performance of the structure.
The constituent elements of the drain
This analysis is additionally created in order to know about the purpose and operating conditions of each element of the water drain in order to avoid mistakes when self-manufacturing a structure.
Pipes that are 11 cm in diameter are good for gutters, but most factory systems are made with a diameter of 10 cm. This is the universal size used for most homes. If you have very large slopes in area, then for a straight section of the gutter, it is worth installing more than one funnel to drain water, but several at once, at a distance of 6 to 8 meters from each other. The standard length of sewer pipes is 2.5 meters and is made of polypropylene.
Please note, that the difference between pipes for external and internal sewerage should be understood.
Some inexperienced craftsmen believe that pipes for external sewage will not deteriorate from ultraviolet rays and low temperatures, as they are installed outside the house and connected to an external line. Indeed, such pipes are intended for external sewage, only they are usually installed in trenches, and not in open space. And yes, there are no UV rays in the trenches, as well as low temperatures, but there are large mechanical loads. The walls were made thicker so that the pipes could withstand them, and the price increased.
There are no additives so that the rays of the sun and negative temperatures do not harm, no.So, for gutters, it is better to buy pipes that are intended for internal sewerage, since they are several times cheaper.
You need to calculate the footage of pipes, and you should know the length and height of the building. Two gutters can be made from one pipe at once. Be sure to find out how many turns you will have, and at what angles they should be, the number of bends with different angles of rotation, plugs and tees.
So, 1 meter of pipe costs about 200 rubles, and ten meters will be about 2,000 rubles. This is much cheaper than buying a factory drain system with the same length.
For work you will need a cylindrical grinder and several thin discs for metal of the selected diameter. The grinder should be chosen as minimal. Cutting plastic does not require a tool with great power, and working with a light grinder in one hand is much easier.
So, prepare in advance hardware, tape measure, rulers, metal bar, measuring and locksmith tools. It is advisable that you draw a sketch in advance, once again think over everything and calculate.
Good advice! First, try to make a drainage system for not the most important buildings - a bathhouse, a garage, a workshop and others. So you will gain experience and understand how the manufactured system will look at the facility.
The problem is that the pipes are long, so you have to think about how to cut them from one place. If you are uncomfortable working, but the cut will never turn out straight. This will be a marriage, and it will either need to be corrected, which will take a long time, or installed in inconspicuous places in the building. The pipe can be rolled into the gap between the boards, and it will hold firmly enough there, which will greatly facilitate the sawing process. You should also choose a separate site where you will store all purchased materials for creating a drain from sewer pipes with your own hands, as well as ready-made elements, a table for hardware and tools.
Make sure that the elements are not too close to the cutting line.
An additional important nuance - a rubber ring must be installed at the end of the pipes, which will seal the plug. Screw in the self-tapping screws so that they do not damage the rubber ring, but press the pipe socket. Approximately 4 cm should be retreated from the end, but the specific distance will need to be measured independently, since it may vary slightly due to differences in pipes from different manufacturers.
Yes, this is for pipes so that you can cut them into two even halves. Everything should be marked with a felt-tip pen, since a pencil simply does not draw on plastic. You will need to draw a straight line all over the pipe.
The pipe will move towards the tool as you cut it. If it is so difficult to work, you will have to do everything with an assistant who will hold the pipe, and the master will work with a grinder with both hands. By the way, this is exactly how it is recommended to work on safety.
Some people use disc grinding for this, but we do not recommend this method, since the disc will remove old burrs and leave new ones, and the plastic will melt due to high revolutions. For this reason, work is carried out without a tool, and they simply cut off everything with an assembly knife or break it off by hand, but then you have to make an effort. The third option is to use an abrasive disc and work by hand with it. If the cut is wavy, then it is advisable to immediately align it. Don't worry, another pipe will be much better quality and easier to cut, and a gutter that is slightly damaged can be installed on the back of the house, where it will not be visible.
Continue to cut the rest of the gutter pipes using the same principle. The two grooves should be connected using self-tapping screws, and in the overlap areas, be sure to install rubber gaskets in special technological grooves.
The parts of the gutter connection from the sewer pipes are the most dangerous, since it is in this place that leaks are most often obtained. The problem is that the gutter is long, and minor forces on one side increase 10 times or more through the fixing brackets, so it works like a lever. You can move the other end slightly.
In order to completely eliminate the likelihood of leaks, we recommend using a sealant. You can buy the cheapest one, since you do not need UV resistance, the material will not be outdoors, but half of the pipe will lie on top and protect it. But be sure to pay attention to the indicator of plasticity and adhesion.
Making a funnel
This element is one of the most difficult in the system, and you will need to prepare for its production:
So, first you need to collect all the elements into a single structure, and also re-check the length of the pipe segment. Further, individual parts can be fastened using self-tapping screws. Remember to always lubricate the joint surfaces with a sealant, as rubber seals are not very reliable.
Next, find the middle of the structure, make lines on both sides, and then cut the structure along them with a grinder. Don't forget to remove the burrs. Work carefully and slowly. Make sure that individual parts do not move when cutting.
Advice: it is better not to cut the end caps in the grooves into halves, but leave them intact, so they will be held more firmly.
To do this, you do not need to cut the pipe socket along the axis, but cut the half along the circumference. The appearance of such a gutter will differ from the standard one.
Water will be diverted into the storm drain, which is buried in the ground, and rainwater will be useful for watering plants in your summer cottage, especially if you do not have a centralized water supply. Almost all elements of the water drainage system are prepared, and you can start making metal brackets.
Prepare a strip of metal 0.
2 cm thick and 2 cm wide. Measure the length of the brackets, which should be equal to the length of the section fixed to the rafter system and half the circumference of the gutter. In order not to be mistaken, we recommend using a soft wire. From it you need to make a template, adjust it several times to the optimal position. When everything is in order, we align the wire and measure the length.
Experts recommend making a stock of 3 cm. On a long strip we make marks and cut the blanks for the brackets, and then we make holes.
If the slope is short and you are helped, the brackets can be attached to the gutter for another the ground, and install the already assembled structure on the roof. You will need to work extremely carefully, during installation there is a possibility of damage to the assembled gutter. Do not forget that for the water to drain, a slope is required, for every 10 linear meters of about 3 cm.
More is not needed, since otherwise the gutter will be too far from the roof and water will not enter it.
Assemble the drain pipes, attach, and put the other end into a container to collect water. Vertical pipes can be attached to the wall with clamps, but do not overtighten. It is desirable that they be in a place where they will abut against the projections of the sockets. If there are buildings next to the houses, then tape the plastic pipes to them as well.
Helpful advice: in order to 100% eliminate the likelihood of depressurization of the vertical pipe joint, self-tapping screws should be screwed in at the joint. They will prevent pipes from falling out under their own weight.
Making a hook hook
The method described above is considered extremely risky for fixing the gutter, and it is desirable to use the traditional one - fix the hooks first , and then install the gutters on them. But sometimes it can be extremely difficult to correctly bend homemade metal strips, and in order to simplify the process, use such a simple device as a hookbend.To do this, you need to buy two pieces of square pipe, the length of which will be 0.
3-0. 4 meters. Select the cross-section of the pipes so that they go into each other by about 0.8 cm. For example, the width of one pipe is 3 cm, and the second is 2.
5 cm. You need to carefully clean the ends of the pipes, remove all burrs and level the plane. A bracket should be inserted into the gap between the pipes, which will control the size of the gaps. We insert the bracket into the slot.
Helpful Hint: the width of the gap should be slightly wider than the thickness of the metal bar to make it easier to use the fixture.
Not all planks made of metal are perfectly straight, there are usually small bends. The increased clearance will make it possible to bend them in the fixture without problems. To obtain the required dimensions between the metal strip and the fixture, you will need to push a piece of sheet iron with a thickness of about 0.1 cm over the strip. After you have grabbed everything by welding, you can get it out.
When you grab everything at the bottom using electric welding, carry out the same operation from the other end. Next, take out the bracket and weld the pipes as tightly as possible, and then clean the scales. The device is now ready to use and will be extremely easy to operate. The blanks according to the mark should be inserted into the hookbend, while holding the fixtures with one hand, and bending the part with the other at the required angle and at a given distance.
The device will make it possible to make not only an even bend, but also under different slopes.
For this, the workpiece does not need to be pressed against the side wall, but only slightly turned to one side. Depending on the angle of rotation, the bend angle will be changed. Over time, you will gain experience, all hooks will be bent to the exact dimensions, taking into account the roofing features and the drainage system.
It will take one, maximum two days to create a drain from sewer pipes with your own hands, and the financial savings will be very large. The only drawback of the system is that the sewer pipes are very afraid of ultraviolet radiation, and if you have the opportunity, we recommend taking measures to protect the plastic from the sun's rays, otherwise the system will not be able to "live" for more than 5 years.
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