How to make a garage out of corrugated board with your own hands + drawings and photos
If you are tired of paying for parking , as well as store seasonal rubber at home, then it would be more expedient in this case to make a garage out of corrugated board with your own hands. it can be designed quickly and relatively inexpensively using profiled sheets.
Features. Profiled sheet is much thinner and lighter than profiled decking, and this is extremely important if there are no construction assistants. For walls, a sheet of grade C21 or C18 is perfect, and the letter will denote the fastening on the walls, and the figure will indicate the height of the waves in cm.
You can also use HC - a load-bearing wall sheet of a galvanized type or a version with a polymer / aluminum coating.
The wave height will talk about the reliability of withstanding bearing loads, with a large wave height, the distance between the frame parts is also greater.
Thin flexible sheet requires a strong frame base. When you choose a material, you need to choose the required design, taking into account the financial capabilities, the size of the site, the dimensions and the number of cars. Garages can be built for one or a pair of cars with a shed / gable roof, with sliding, swing or even lifting gates, with or without doors in the gates.
A simpler and less expensive building will be a garage for one car with a pitched roof and two swing gates without doors. There are various ready-made drawings with projects for future construction.
Acquisition of a profiled sheet will be relatively inexpensive, it will not require additional processing (priming, painting and sanding). The construction of this garage makes it possible to reduce the cost of the foundation by saving on concrete or its components if you plan to make concrete with your own hands. Profiled sheets are non-combustible, flexible, easy to manufacture, and also have a long service life of up to 40 years and a beautiful appearance.
The disadvantage of the sheet is that it is easy enough to damage it mechanically, and this can cause corrosion processes, and even a garage made of this material is not reliably protected from intruders getting inside. The metal has excellent thermal conductivity, profiled sheets quickly heat up and cool down, which can cause discomfort when being in the room, but such a minus can be excluded by insulating the garage.
Building a garage in a country house or in the country needs to start with determining its location. It should be convenient to move in, be located not far from the house, no closer than 1 meter from the neighbors' plot, 6 meters from the rest of the buildings, 5 meters from the red line (underground and ground engineering networks) and 3 meters from a reservoir of artificial origin (if any).Erection begins with the preparation of the site for the base, and it should be as even as possible.
When the site is selected, you need to decide on the dimensions and garage structure by making its drawing. Specifically, the type of foundation may depend on this. First you need to measure the site, and then decide for how many cars you want to use the garage, and what exactly will be in it besides the car. Do not forget to provide an area for shelving where you can store tools, a replacement set of rubber and spare parts with discs. The optimal garage height is 2.
5 meters, and the width is equal to the size of the car with the addition of 1 meter, and also calculate the length of the garage.
If there is enough space, add another 1 meter, because after a while you will be able to change the car, buy large tools and equipment. For 2 cars, the length of the garage is important to calculate according to the largest car, and plan a distance between them at least 0.8 meters. If the width of the plot does not make it possible to put cars next to each other, you will need to make the garage longer for a couple of cars, however, this is not very convenient.
It is not difficult to cover the garage with professional flooring with your own hands, and you can also foresee all the nuances, you can mark the site under the base, starting the process with works of a land nature. This type of garage is not heavy even with insulation. On a pre-leveled area, recesses are made at 0. 2-0. 3 meters depending on the base:
3 meters is placed around the entire garage perimeter.
After excavation work, you can make calculations of the required materials to create the base - crushed stone, sand, formwork material, wire, reinforcement, concrete or its components (cement grade M400 or M500, crushed stone and sand). Racks with spacers, which are welded to them, which are treated in the lower part against corrosion, are mounted vertically in the places prepared for them, covered with stones or coarse gravel. Pour sand into the rest of the base recesses, after gravel, tamp, and you can add water in order to compact the sand.
Formwork with a height of 0.2 meters is made from boards or the rest of the material and fixed with bars. To prevent metal corrosion processes, 1-1 is placed in the formwork on bricks. 2 cm of reinforcement, which is tied together with steel wire or welded at a distance of 0.2 meters.
The foundation is poured with concrete M400, it can be purchased ready-made (this speeds up and facilitates the work).
It is possible to perform work on the base after complete hardening of concrete, which will take from 5 to 30 days (it all depends on weather conditions).The creation of a cellar or a viewing hole should be started with the fact that the bottom is covered with sand, waterproofing is laid, the walls are made of red fired brick (concrete) according to preferences. If you will store potatoes in a cellar, it is better not to concrete the floors, as this will impair preservation. We make the edges of the pit with a corner, we make it not just airtight, but also insulated for the cellar.
You can buy the frame ready-made and assemble it, or you can make it yourself ... To make the frame you need:
- Metal welding machine.
- Angle grinder.
- Self-tapping screws.
- For strapping 6 * 4 cm, a steel corner of at least 5 cm with the same thickness can be used.
- Profiled rack pipes 8 * 4 cm with a thickness of 0.3 cm.
If you do not have a welding machine, or you do not know how to use it, it is better to use P -shaped profile of galvanized type with a size of at least 5 * 5 cm. It must be cut to the required size and assembled by means of bolts. The frame can be made of a wooden beam measuring 8 * 8 cm, and if such material is more affordable or cheaper for you. Do not forget to treat it with a product against rot, fire, wood pests and mold. For purlins and roof racks, to save money, you can use a material with a cross section of 4 * 4 cm with a thickness of 0.
2 cm, if the welding is carried out by a specialist. It will be difficult for beginners to cook such a thin material.
Inexperienced builders are recommended to make a garage roof from corrugated board with their own hands of a shed type, and it is easier to manufacture, but certain nuances. A pitched roof can be made in width, but the higher side must be turned downwind, and in length towards the rear garage wall. The slope of the slope is most often 15 degrees, and this provides water flow and snow melting.
In regions where there are constant strong winds, the slope should not be more than 35 degrees, otherwise the wind resistance is greatly reduced.
Please note that for a pitched roof at a certain angle there are crossbeams from one wall to another, and between them a crate is fixed, which will be the frame.
The gable roof has certain pros and cons. The roof looks more interesting, stronger, more reliable, it is even better ventilated, it can be used as an attic, but the structure will be more difficult to manufacture and will be more expensive. In climate zones where a lot of snow falls, it is better to use a gable roof with a sloped angle of 20 degrees during construction.
The frame for it is easier to weld on the ground, it is important to mark the first rafter shape in the form of an isosceles triangle and strengthen it with jumpers.In the role of crossbars for the roof frame, you can also use an iron corner, profiled pipes, a wooden beam, a U-shaped galvanized profile, and the wood is treated with a remedy for fire, rot, wood pests, mold. A roof sheathed with a metal profile will be light, and if the slope is correctly made, it will not have an additional load from precipitation.
Next, a frame for the gate is built, the corner is cut into parts of the required size at an angle of 45 degrees, the frame is welded and then reinforced with corners, for locks and locks, metal plates are welded in the required places. It is required to weld one part of the hinges to the supporting frame posts, attach a frame to them, mark the places for attaching the second hinge part and also weld it.
For sliding gates, a roller mechanism is mounted, for lifting gates - a lever-hinge mechanism, and if possible, it is better to install automation. If the concrete has frozen, you can sheathe the garage with a profiled sheet, otherwise both the frame and the sheet will twist. If the dimensions of the garage do not meet the standards for sheet parameters, it is better to order products of the required size, quality and color from the manufacturers. This will greatly facilitate and speed up the work, even the cuts will be processed by the factory method. Otherwise, additional tools will be required - metal scissors and a jigsaw.
It is important to correctly attach the profiled sheet vertically with the overlapping of sheets on top of each other in one wave. This ensures better water flow. It is required to fasten the sheets from the upper corner, and then their sharp edges will not stick out. For fastening, roofing screws are used, and they will help keep the sheets from corrosion and water ingress due to a rubber washer, which is a seal. They need to fix each wave from below and from above at a distance of at least 0.
5 meters and always at the junction of two sheets. Special corners are attached to garage corners every 0.25 meters. If you want to make an insulated garage, the building area is reduced. For insulation inside the garage, you can use mineral wool, expanded polystyrene (foam) and sprayed polyurethane foam.
It is much easier to work with polystyrene - 4 cm of thickness will save you from both winter cold and summer heat. The material will enter between the racks if their size is 1 meter, and this will make it possible to save on raw materials for insulation from steam (vapor barrier type membrane).
In order for the process to proceed at the highest level, you should listen to the recommendations of professionals in the construction industry. The most important recommendations include the following:
- Observe safety precautions when working, especially at height.
- If the groundwater type is above 2.
5 meters, you do not need to make a cellar or a viewing hole, you can try to install a caisson.
- The preparatory stage for the garage site, as well as concreting, is best done in the warm season, as well as frame assembly and especially the laying of profiled flooring - in windless weather.
- If the garage will be located in a low-lying area, make a drainage ditch along the garage, and slopes away from the garage will also save. It will also be convenient to walk on them.
- For the processing of that part of the metal, which is deepened into cement and soil, it is better to use bitumen mastic.
- When pouring a monolithic base, it is recommended to use a masonry wire mesh, deepening it by 3 cm into the newly poured concrete, and this will exclude the appearance of cracks in it.
For more details, see the video.
( 1 grade, average 3 of 5 )
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