Making wooden sheds for the house + photo
Wood is an unusual building material. If you are the owner of a timber house, then it is reasonable to add a wooden shed to the house. The fact is that wood is also good in the sense that it is possible to process it with your own hands, and it is not difficult,
and with a competent approach, the owner can almost no cost and quickly build the required design with your own hand.
A lumber canopy can be built not just to a house made of wood - it is a tree as the main building material that can be applied even if when a residential building itself is built from something else. The main advantages of wood are:
- Environmental safety - in the age of various harmful synthetic materials and plastics, real wood does not affect human health in any way, and does not harm the planet.
- Availability - it is the Russian Federation that is a country with large reserves of wood, and therefore you can always purchase timber or other elements without any difficulties.
- Degree of reliability - a well-chosen material can serve people for decades, even under outdoor conditions, if the material is impregnated with special means.
- Simplicity in the processing process - unlike a large number of analog materials, wood has advantages: "hand" men have working skills for it, and no outside help is required.
- Comfort - wood will be perceived as very warm, to some extent a native building material, and this will also create an incredible feeling of comfort at home.
Naturally, we would be wrong if we assert that there are no drawbacks to a canopy made of wood materials. If we talk about strength, then even the best wood will be inferior to both metals and stones, moreover, it is a material of natural origin, it may interest rodents, insects and other pests. Moreover, wood is susceptible to the damaging effects of moisture.
Please note that modern industry creates various paints and varnishes, stains and paints that solve most of these problems, but you should be prepared for the fact that for a long operational period, you will need to constantly take care of the timber extension.
A canopy made of wooden materials is a generalized description of the solution, which does not specify exactly how such a structure looks and for what specifically the tasks it was created. It is possible to divide the adjoining and separately placed canopies made of wooden elements into types according to a large number of parameters, and we will consider a couple of the simplest and most popular.
Attachments will be very different, and much depends on what practical purposes it is needed for.We will consider many types and classes of canopies, it all depends on their method of application, but we will focus on the 3 most popular.
Please note that the terrace can never be small, and therefore it is built with reliable beams for support.
Sheds made of natural wood can differ greatly in design (it all depends on what configuration they will cover) ..
. Here we can distinguish the following types of awnings:
- Gable - ways to create an imitation of a classic roof, which is made of a pair of halves that are flat in opposite sides.
- Single-pitched - consist of a single surface with a slope.
- Straight - in this case, the canopy is covered with a single layer of wood that does not have a slope.
- Multifaceted - it is difficult to describe the form in one word, and it also does not fit into any of the first three categories that are named above.
Although the decision to build a canopy made of natural wood is accepted, you need to understand that there are derivatives from completely different materials, and the task is to choose exactly those types of wood that help to solve certain problems. For starters, all solid awnings (larger than small canopies) require support posts. If the canopy is small, then a timber with a diameter from 0.1 to 0.2 meters is enough, and for large terraces, you will need to use logs with a cylinder and a large thickness.
The lathing and rafters are also made of boards or timber, but the diameter should not be large here - you need to choose it, paying attention to the weight of the structure and additional loads in the form of wind gusts or snow. In the role of an alternative material, glued wood is used, whose surface is brought to the quality of pieces of furniture, but this is an expensive material, even it is extremely difficult to do it yourself. For the construction process of outdoor structures, it is better to choose the best wood without visible flaws, which is dried according to technology and thoroughly moistened with antiseptics.
A metal frame is used as a base for a canopy made of wood materials in the form of an arch, that is, from a steel pipe, profile, or even forged rods. At the same time, for certain style directions that are focused on maximum ancient authenticity, no metal structures can be considered acceptable, and even bars are not suitable - instead, they use poles and logs that are almost untreated, but in some cases, you can take garden dead wood.
But the latter case requires the subtlety of design taste, since otherwise, together a beautiful canopy, you get a terrible bungalow, which is whipped together. In a large number of cases, the tree should not be used as a roof as such, because the visor must be covered with something on top. Usually they choose low-cost solutions like ondulin or polycarbonate sheets. It will competently cover the attached shed with the same materials as the private house is covered with (only if we are not talking about expensive tiles).
At first it seems that a self-assembled wooden shed may seem like a very simple structure for making a drawing - as soon as you come to such a decision , the likelihood of committing critical errors will grow many times over.
In fact, without pre-sketched diagrams with the exact parameters of all the details, it will not be possible to build any (even the most primitive) structure, if we are not talking about something reliable and durable. Before drawing up a drawing, it is required to competently answer several questions. The first will be what territory can be occupied for construction, how much free space is there for deploying the project. Then we will consider why you are building a canopy and, therefore, what size it should be in order to meet the established requirements.
When the size of the canopy for the porch of a wooden house is determined, you can estimate what materials should be used for the construction process.
Solving such a question, the designer will be able to approximately calculate the weight of the structure. Here, take into account the additional load in the form of wind and precipitation - at least, you need to inquire about the maximum snow level in the last few decades in the region selected for the construction process.Based on the knowledge that has been obtained, it is required to think over not just the thickness of all individual supports, but also the total number, the distance between the supports, and so on.
If you do not want to mess with a full a canopy, and a large area that is covered is still not required, you can cheaply and in a short time (even without a foundation) assemble a small visor, which does not even need to be attached - it is simply nailed over the front door, and you can assemble it practically on the floor. There are at least 4 possible options for the visor, which differ in shape - arched, gable, figured and shed.
For a beginner in the assembly of such structures, it is best to draw up single-pitched projects - it is justly considered the simplest and most likely to be assembled correctly. The dimensions are determined in this way - the width is greater than the width of the porch by 0.5 meters, the length is approximately 0.8 meters, and the optimal slope is 30 degrees.
Attach a lightweight visor to the console to the building - a kind of vertical structure, which is best assembled from a solid bar with a section of 7.
5 cm, which can bear all the weight even with snow that has accumulated on top, as well as under conditions a sharp wind gust. For the lathing, a thinner tree is useful - the same timber can be used even with a cross-section of 5 cm.At the same time, the visor has no elements that are reliably protected from exposure from the atmosphere, and therefore absolutely all material must be treated with a hydrophobic composition or at least painted with a resistant water paint. After that, the task of the master is to create a flat-type frame (or a pair connected at an angle to obtain a gable surface with further stuffing of a plank roof and material for the roof, if provided. Attach the structure to the wall surface using long anchors that go into the thickness of the house is at least 2/3.
In this case, everything will start with a drawing, in which even slopes must be carefully thought out , which cannot be more than 35 degrees. The structure will be drawn so that any of the people living in the house would feel comfortable under the canopy and do not have to bend down. Preparing the required wood derivatives and tools for working with it, mark the area, outlining the places for to dig in the supports and the general contours of the future canopy.If the water from the soil in such a place comes close to the ground, be sure to treat the future pillars of the supports with compounds for waterproofing. In a large number of cases, it is enough to dig them into the ground 0.
5 meters deep, but on loose soils it makes sense to concreted the holes to increase the degree of stability.
If you still chose the method of pouring with concrete supports, no future operations can be carried out until everything hardens.You will need to be patient here, since a couple of weeks is quite suitable for the perfect setting of concrete. It will not be possible to strap and create a crate before complete solidification, since "reliable" supports that are concreted will turn out to be unstable and skewed. The lathing and rafters can be connected for nail poles or with the currently more popular self-tapping screws.
At the same time, at the end of the assembly process, the entire structure must be treated with special means that protect against mold and decay. Only after that, it is important to proceed to the installation of the roofing material, which will be attached in a similar way - with nails or screws. Certain projects, in addition to extremely functional porch details, involve all kinds of decoration options. If your project included decorative elements, it is almost always required to install them on a fully assembled canopy. The video tells how to make a wooden canopy to the house with your own hands.
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