Decorative plaster is a rather diverse and interesting material, despite the fact that it is used everywhere. A wall finished with plaster, depending on the type of material, can have a different texture, color, look modest and inconspicuous, or, on the contrary, very expensive. Marble decorative plaster is one of the types of decorative surface finishing. It is used for various purposes, including for facades.
Marble decorative plaster
It is not hard to guess what the filler in marble plaster is.
Yes, it really is dust and crumbs formed during the processing of marble at mining and processing enterprises of various rocks. Also, the composition of the finishing mixture includes other components, including binders. These can be acrylic-based emulsions, polymer resins, lime, coloring pigment and other additives. Some of them are responsible for giving color to the finishing material, some - for the plaster to quickly harden and adhere well to the surface. There are those that protect the already applied material from the development of mold, fungus and other "inhabitants" on it - for example, these are antiseptics, as well as water-repellent drugs.
Finishing the facade with marble plaster
Colored marble chips for decorative plaster
The history of marble plaster began in ancient times, the material was widely used in Ancient Egypt and Ancient Rome and turned out to be so durable, reliable, high-quality and beautiful that it is used for wall decoration to this day. Only now a person can easily choose the color, texture, quality of the material and exactly that kind of it that will satisfy all his requirements.
Note! One of the first manufacturers of such plaster on the building materials market was Bayramiks. Therefore, this type of finish is often called precisely by the name of the company. Thus, marble plaster and bayramix are one and the same.
"Bayramiks", marble plaster photo
Marble chips as a filler have their own characteristics. Firstly, it looks quite stylish and beautiful - the texture of the wall becomes rough. Secondly, the crumb has excellent adhesion to various substances. Thirdly, it is a fairly durable material for wall decoration.
Dyeing the chips makes the facade exclusive
Note! Only marble chips are not always used as filler for marble plaster.
Often, granite chips may be included in the mixture. This plaster is called granite-marble.
By itself, marble plaster can have different colors, but they are all close to natural natural stone.However, in fact, the color gamut of this finishing material is very large - such plaster is often tinted, which allows it to be used for finishing any surfaces, including facade ones.
Marble plaster on your walls is real
Like any other finishing material, marble plaster has its own advantages and disadvantages.
It is worth familiarizing yourself with them in order to decide whether you need to contact this material at all, or it is better to apply other finishing methods.
Plaster with marble chips - options
The advantages of marble plaster are given below.
Marble plaster of the facade of the house
However, there are some disadvantages.
Certainly, marble plaster has much more advantages than disadvantages. In work, it is not too whimsical, and therefore it can really be used to decorate the facade.
Decorative plaster from colored marble chips
Price per plaster depends on many factors. This is the quality of raw materials, and the promotion of the brand, and the characteristics of the material itself.
And the consumption of plaster largely depends on the size of the mineral fractions. Therefore, the total required amount of material and its cost will depend on which plaster the consumer chooses.
White marble plaster
Marble plaster is usually divided into two types - this is Venetian plaster, which is made from marble flour, and directly marble, which is made from crumbs. The latter is subdivided into several more varieties depending on the size of the filler fractions, which are:
Variants of marble chips
Table. Material consumption depending on the size of fractions.
|Size of inclusions, mm|| Mix consumption, kg / 1 sq. M.
|1-2|| 2-3 |
|3 or more|| 5-8 |
Filler fractions can also have and various shape. They are faceted or spherical. And the color range is represented mainly by natural shades.
Facade plaster marble chips - known in our country for a very long time
Since marble plaster is an environmentally friendly material, it can be applied on any surface - at the finish finishing stage both for covering the walls of the interior of the house, and for decorating the facade. At the same time, it looks inconspicuous, but effective, stylish, presentable. It is used for finishing concrete and brick, stone and wood, drywall and chipboard. It even sticks to water-based paint!
Note! With the help of marble plaster, you can very beautifully decorate columns, balconies, all kinds of arches.
Steps finished with marble plaster
However, such plaster is rarely used in the interior of a dwelling - too "cold" material.
But staircases, halls, corridors, decorated with it, will look harmonious. And on the facade, such plaster always looks advantageous.
TERRACO decorative plaster (mosaic, marble chips)
Stone chips in the exterior
To apply marble plaster on the walls, you do not need to have special skills and skills. Now all types of this material are quite simple to work with.
Applying marble plaster
Not many tools are required:
Note! The marble plaster should be applied only to a clean, dust-free and debris-free surface without visible defects! If there are cracks on the facade, then they must be sealed with cement mortar so that the wall becomes even. Before applying the plaster mixture, the wall surface is primed (for example, before applying Bayramiks marble plaster to the wall, the manufacturer recommends applying Astar primer), then you should wait until the primer dries - this is about 24 hours at a temperature not lower than +20 degrees.
Step 1. The finishing material is being prepared. The plaster mixture is poured into a clean container, a little water is added there - about 1 liter per 20 kg.
Dry mixture is poured out
Water is added
Step 2. The mixture is thoroughly mixed with a construction mixer at low speed.
Mixing the plaster mixture
Step 3. Plaster is applied to the prepared surface using a trowel and a trowel. The plaster is applied to a trowel, and then in a uniform layer of 1.
5-2 crumbs thickness is laid on the wall surface. Application is carried out in small areas.
Application of marble plaster
The layer should be 1.5- 2 crumbs
Step 4. The entire surface of the wall is decorated in the same way.
Plaster applied to the entire surface
Step 5. After the material has been applied to the wall, it is slightly dried for 15-20 minutes, and then an additional smoothing of the surface with a metal trowel is performed. The latter should be clean and damp.
Plaster coating after smoothing
Step 6. The surface is well dried within 24 hours.
The color of the plaster will appear as the surface dries.
The plaster takes about 24 hours to dry
Tip! To protect the surface from external influences, a protective mixture can be applied to the dried plaster. Work is done with a roller.
By the way, plaster of different colors can be applied to one wall. Then, during the formation of the pattern, it is necessary to use masking tape, which will also help protect those surfaces where the plaster does not belong from the solution.
The adhesive tape is glued according to the previously applied markings.
Example of applying plaster in different colors
After the layer of plaster has been applied, wait a few minutes (usually about 15) and carefully remove the strip of tape. If in this way two colors of plaster were joined, then the joint line is gently smoothed out with a damp and clean trowel. By the way, in order to apply plaster of a different color above the joint, you will again have to use a strip of adhesive tape. This time it is glued with its edge flush with the edge of the already applied plaster.
In the usual way, a mixture of a different color is applied, slightly dried, and then the strip of adhesive tape is simply removed.
Removing the tape
In this way, you can make various patterns and ornaments on the front walls. These can be curved lines, squares, and circles. In order for the drawing to turn out, cut out the required shape of the patterns or glue the surface, according to tradition, with tape. But if curved lines are supposed to be drawn, then it is better to use patterns.
It is worth remembering that the background plaster layer is applied first, and only after that - the drawing layer.
Used to protect premises from X-ray radiation, a widely used modern alternative to expensive lead screens. Recommended for finishing X-ray rooms, physical laboratories and industrial facilities with hazardous radiation values. Read more in this article.
Plaster hopper bucket
In order for marble plaster to fit well, and the finish to be durable and beautiful, you should adhere to several rules during the work.
Marble plaster is a universal method that allows you to hide the imperfections of the walls of the building and give them a presentable look
For convenience and the speed of work on finishing the facade of the house, builders usually purchase ready-made mixtures.
"Travertino", plaster from "San Marco", "Gold Mineral", "Paladio Arabascato" and many others are in great demand in the construction market. To start using them, just add a little water according to the instructions on the package and stir the mixture. Such compositions will save you from color errors, even if you have to buy some more finishing material.
However, you can make a mixture of mineral plaster yourself. This will save you a lot of money.
To do this, in a container, it is necessary to mix marble chips or flour (3 parts), an astringent (1 part), which can be lime or cement (light shade), as well as water. This mix is a great way to imitate Venetian plaster.
Finishing the plinth with plaster
Marble plaster is one of the winning ways to make the facade of the house attractive.It is applied, as you can see, it is quite simple, but the effect of its application is very good.
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