Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Decorative plaster is a rather diverse and interesting material, despite the fact that it is used everywhere. A wall finished with plaster, depending on the type of material, can have a different texture, color, look modest and inconspicuous, or, on the contrary, very expensive. Marble decorative plaster is one of the types of decorative surface finishing. It is used for various purposes, including for facades.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Marble decorative plaster

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Marble chips

Features of the material

It is not hard to guess what the filler in marble plaster is.

Yes, it really is dust and crumbs formed during the processing of marble at mining and processing enterprises of various rocks. Also, the composition of the finishing mixture includes other components, including binders. These can be acrylic-based emulsions, polymer resins, lime, coloring pigment and other additives. Some of them are responsible for giving color to the finishing material, some - for the plaster to quickly harden and adhere well to the surface. There are those that protect the already applied material from the development of mold, fungus and other "inhabitants" on it - for example, these are antiseptics, as well as water-repellent drugs.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Finishing the facade with marble plaster

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Colored marble chips for decorative plaster

The history of marble plaster began in ancient times, the material was widely used in Ancient Egypt and Ancient Rome and turned out to be so durable, reliable, high-quality and beautiful that it is used for wall decoration to this day. Only now a person can easily choose the color, texture, quality of the material and exactly that kind of it that will satisfy all his requirements.

Note! One of the first manufacturers of such plaster on the building materials market was Bayramiks. Therefore, this type of finish is often called precisely by the name of the company. Thus, marble plaster and bayramix are one and the same.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

"Bayramiks", marble plaster photo

Marble chips as a filler have their own characteristics. Firstly, it looks quite stylish and beautiful - the texture of the wall becomes rough. Secondly, the crumb has excellent adhesion to various substances. Thirdly, it is a fairly durable material for wall decoration.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Marble chips

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Dyeing the chips makes the facade exclusive

Note! Only marble chips are not always used as filler for marble plaster.

Often, granite chips may be included in the mixture. This plaster is called granite-marble.

By itself, marble plaster can have different colors, but they are all close to natural natural stone.However, in fact, the color gamut of this finishing material is very large - such plaster is often tinted, which allows it to be used for finishing any surfaces, including facade ones.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Marble plaster on your walls is real

Advantages and disadvantages

Like any other finishing material, marble plaster has its own advantages and disadvantages.

It is worth familiarizing yourself with them in order to decide whether you need to contact this material at all, or it is better to apply other finishing methods.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Plaster with marble chips - options

The advantages of marble plaster are given below.

  1. High strength and resistance to mechanical stress, which ensures the durability of the final coating. Although in fairness it should be noted that granite-based plaster is much stronger.
  2. Large selection of colors and the ability to combine different shades during the work.

  3. Vapor permeability is also at a height, due to which condensate does not accumulate on the main wall of the house, the surfaces can "breathe".
  4. Marble plaster is an environmentally friendly material, it does not harm health or the environment.
  5. Such a coating is not afraid of ultraviolet radiation, rain, wind, snow. It does not lose its color over time.
  6. The material can be handled in almost any conditions, while the application technology is quite simple.

  7. The marble plaster coating is very easy to maintain and easy to clean.
  8. Mold and mildew do not live on the surface.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Marble plaster of the facade of the house

However, there are some disadvantages.

  1. Marble plaster is afraid of exposure to certain chemicals. In particular, these are acids such as hydrochloric acid.

  2. Material cost is quite high.

Certainly, marble plaster has much more advantages than disadvantages. In work, it is not too whimsical, and therefore it can really be used to decorate the facade.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Decorative plaster from colored marble chips

Types of marble plaster

Price per plaster depends on many factors. This is the quality of raw materials, and the promotion of the brand, and the characteristics of the material itself.

And the consumption of plaster largely depends on the size of the mineral fractions. Therefore, the total required amount of material and its cost will depend on which plaster the consumer chooses.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

White marble plaster

Marble plaster is usually divided into two types - this is Venetian plaster, which is made from marble flour, and directly marble, which is made from crumbs. The latter is subdivided into several more varieties depending on the size of the filler fractions, which are:

  • 0.5-0.

    8 mm;

  • 0.8-1 mm;
  • 1-1.2 mm;
  • 1.2-1.4 mm;
  • 1.

    4-2 mm;

  • from 5 mm.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Variants of marble chips

Table. Material consumption depending on the size of fractions.

Size of inclusions, mm Mix consumption, kg / 1 sq. M.

0.5-1 1-2.5
1-2 2-3
2-3 4-5
3 or more 5-8

Filler fractions can also have and various shape. They are faceted or spherical. And the color range is represented mainly by natural shades.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Facade plaster marble chips - known in our country for a very long time

Prices for marble plaster

Marble plaster

Where it is used

Since marble plaster is an environmentally friendly material, it can be applied on any surface - at the finish finishing stage both for covering the walls of the interior of the house, and for decorating the facade. At the same time, it looks inconspicuous, but effective, stylish, presentable. It is used for finishing concrete and brick, stone and wood, drywall and chipboard. It even sticks to water-based paint!

Note! With the help of marble plaster, you can very beautifully decorate columns, balconies, all kinds of arches.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Steps finished with marble plaster

However, such plaster is rarely used in the interior of a dwelling - too "cold" material.

But staircases, halls, corridors, decorated with it, will look harmonious. And on the facade, such plaster always looks advantageous.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

TERRACO decorative plaster (mosaic, marble chips)

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Stone chips in the exterior

Wall decoration with marble plaster

To apply marble plaster on the walls, you do not need to have special skills and skills. Now all types of this material are quite simple to work with.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Applying marble plaster

Not many tools are required:

  • small basin or a bucket in which the mixture will be diluted;
  • trowels and trowels for plaster;
  • flat brush;
  • drill and construction mixer;
  • scotch tape, ruler , a stepladder, a roller for applying a primer and other additional materials, which can sometimes be completely dispensed with.

Note! The marble plaster should be applied only to a clean, dust-free and debris-free surface without visible defects! If there are cracks on the facade, then they must be sealed with cement mortar so that the wall becomes even. Before applying the plaster mixture, the wall surface is primed (for example, before applying Bayramiks marble plaster to the wall, the manufacturer recommends applying Astar primer), then you should wait until the primer dries - this is about 24 hours at a temperature not lower than +20 degrees.

Step 1. The finishing material is being prepared. The plaster mixture is poured into a clean container, a little water is added there - about 1 liter per 20 kg.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Dry mixture is poured out

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Water is added

Step 2. The mixture is thoroughly mixed with a construction mixer at low speed.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Mixing the plaster mixture

Price for a construction mixer

Construction mixer

Step 3. Plaster is applied to the prepared surface using a trowel and a trowel. The plaster is applied to a trowel, and then in a uniform layer of 1.

5-2 crumbs thickness is laid on the wall surface. Application is carried out in small areas.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Application of marble plaster

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

The layer should be 1.5- 2 crumbs

Step 4. The entire surface of the wall is decorated in the same way.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Plaster applied to the entire surface

Step 5. After the material has been applied to the wall, it is slightly dried for 15-20 minutes, and then an additional smoothing of the surface with a metal trowel is performed. The latter should be clean and damp.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Plaster coating after smoothing

Step 6. The surface is well dried within 24 hours.

The color of the plaster will appear as the surface dries.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

The plaster takes about 24 hours to dry

Tip! To protect the surface from external influences, a protective mixture can be applied to the dried plaster. Work is done with a roller.

By the way, plaster of different colors can be applied to one wall. Then, during the formation of the pattern, it is necessary to use masking tape, which will also help protect those surfaces where the plaster does not belong from the solution.

The adhesive tape is glued according to the previously applied markings.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Example of applying plaster in different colors

After the layer of plaster has been applied, wait a few minutes (usually about 15) and carefully remove the strip of tape. If in this way two colors of plaster were joined, then the joint line is gently smoothed out with a damp and clean trowel. By the way, in order to apply plaster of a different color above the joint, you will again have to use a strip of adhesive tape. This time it is glued with its edge flush with the edge of the already applied plaster.

In the usual way, a mixture of a different color is applied, slightly dried, and then the strip of adhesive tape is simply removed.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Removing the tape

In this way, you can make various patterns and ornaments on the front walls. These can be curved lines, squares, and circles. In order for the drawing to turn out, cut out the required shape of the patterns or glue the surface, according to tradition, with tape. But if curved lines are supposed to be drawn, then it is better to use patterns.

It is worth remembering that the background plaster layer is applied first, and only after that - the drawing layer.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology Barite plaster

Used to protect premises from X-ray radiation, a widely used modern alternative to expensive lead screens. Recommended for finishing X-ray rooms, physical laboratories and industrial facilities with hazardous radiation values. Read more in this article.

Prices for plaster hopper bucket

Plaster hopper bucket

Video - Workshop on applying marble plaster

Tips

In order for marble plaster to fit well, and the finish to be durable and beautiful, you should adhere to several rules during the work.

  1. All work must be done in dry but not hot weather. It is undesirable for the sun's rays to fall on a freshly processed surface.
  2. Luminaires, if any on the walls, must not be switched on until the plaster is completely dry.
  3. The thickness of the plaster layer should not exceed two sizes of one filler crumb.
  4. It is necessary to apply the plaster on one wall continuously in order to eliminate the appearance of irregularities.

  5. If it is cool outside, then the plaster should be given at least two days to dry completely.
  6. It is best to apply the drawing according to the patterns.
  7. If coarse marble plaster is used, it can also be applied to rough plaster. But fine-grained should be applied to a clean filler or sanded smooth surface.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Marble plaster is a universal method that allows you to hide the imperfections of the walls of the building and give them a presentable look

Prices for various types of plaster floats

Plaster float

Ready mixes of marble plaster and DIY mix

For convenience and the speed of work on finishing the facade of the house, builders usually purchase ready-made mixtures.

"Travertino", plaster from "San Marco", "Gold Mineral", "Paladio Arabascato" and many others are in great demand in the construction market. To start using them, just add a little water according to the instructions on the package and stir the mixture. Such compositions will save you from color errors, even if you have to buy some more finishing material.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Drewa Plaster

However, you can make a mixture of mineral plaster yourself. This will save you a lot of money.

To do this, in a container, it is necessary to mix marble chips or flour (3 parts), an astringent (1 part), which can be lime or cement (light shade), as well as water. This mix is ​​a great way to imitate Venetian plaster.

Marble decorative plaster - features, application technology

Finishing the plinth with plaster

Marble plaster is one of the winning ways to make the facade of the house attractive.It is applied, as you can see, it is quite simple, but the effect of its application is very good.

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