Not everyone can afford a house on the seaside, but it is quite possible to create a Mediterranean atmosphere in their home. Fresh, original, but at the same time rather simple and cozy marine style has recently become very popular in our country. It is truly versatile, and is suitable for both a modest country cottage and a spacious mansion with two or three floors.
House at the pier: marine style
It is not difficult to make a marine facade on your own, if you know the distinctive features of the style and correctly apply your imagination.
Marine style guest house
The architecture of the Mediterranean, where this style originated, has undergone significant changes over the past centuries.
Initially, the houses on the coast were low, with flat roofs and small windows, which were closed with dense shutters. This helped to protect the interior from the sea breeze and wind-blown sand. Most often, buildings were erected from sandstone - the most affordable natural material in those parts. Over time, houses began to be made more spacious and taller, the windows were larger, due to which the air circulation increased, and the interior remained cool for longer.
The following features are inherent in the modern nautical style:
Let's consider these characteristics in more detail. First of all - the architectural features: the buildings are distinguished by simple flowing lines, low roofs, the presence of several entrances and an open terrace. Two-story buildings necessarily have a balcony, round or square columns supporting the upper floor, a wide staircase with low railings. The interiors are as functional and comfortable as possible.
There should be a lot of windows: large rectangular, arched, round in the form of portholes (such windows are most often installed in the attic and attics). As a rule, frames have thin lintels and are painted white. The shutters are rarely used and are usually wooden lattice structures.
House that resembles a ship
Finish. Mainly natural materials are used for facade decoration - limestone, shell rock, sandstone, natural wood.
Plaster is also very widely used. A popular finish is smoothly plastered walls, corners lined with limestone slabs, and a plinth trimmed with wild stone or pebbles.
Shell rock cladding tiles
Plinth cladding with die
In two-storey houses, the lower floor can be plastered, the second can be sheathed with wood.The use of siding is also allowed, but not any, but in the form of a ship board or imitation of shingles. The roof can be made of tiles, natural or soft, but more often it is made of metal.
Metal siding ship board
Wall siding imitates shingles
Colors. All pastel shades of cold and warm gamut are appropriate here, saturated blue, turquoise, aqua, pearl gray are welcome. The walls are painted in muted light colors - all shades of blue and green, sand, coral, brown, dark gray, dark blue, sometimes terracotta are more suitable for the roof. Designers recommend choosing the same color for the roof as for the walls, but 2-3 shades darker to avoid contrast. But in the details, contrast is welcome: the classic combination of white and blue colors can be diluted with a bright red accent, interspersed with yellow and orange colors.
These can be stair railings, shutters, door colors or terrace accessories.
Inspirational palette of Mediterranean style
Light walls and contrasting blue shutters
Decor. Restraint is characteristic of the marine style, therefore, facade decor is almost never used when decorating a house. Carved cornices and consoles, stucco molding will look out of place here, the same applies to relief ornaments and various kinds of mosaics. But the accessories on the marine theme are perfect: you can fix a lifebuoy, a thick rope with sea knots on the wall, put shells around the perimeter of the opening.
The railing can be decorated with a coarse mesh with starfish or fish entangled in it.
Marine decor on the veranda
This decor is appropriate on the walls and inside at home and outside
Decorating the facade with a fishing net and figurines
Wooden decoration for the facade
If the house has at least a small body of water, the terrace can be stylized as a sea dock or a captain's bridge with a steering wheel, supplemented with wicker furniture, an umbrella from the sun, antique sea lanterns ...
It is not at all difficult to finish in a marine style, the main thing is to choose the right method.
Here you need to take into account not only material costs, but also your skill, because some processes cannot be performed without the appropriate skills. Consider one of the most versatile options, relatively inexpensive and easy to implement.
So, for example, let's take a house in which the facade will be faced with shell rock slabs, and the base will be lined with pebbles. Lightweight, sand-colored shell rock is ideal for marine style, besides, this material lends itself well to processing and is cheaper than other types of stone. True, it is too porous, and therefore has high hygroscopicity, but such a disadvantage can be easily eliminated by treatment with hydrophobic compounds.
Dagestan shell rock
As for pebbles, it goes well with other types of finishes and is widely used for decorative facing of foundations, plinths and other parts of the building.
Facing with a stone requires a very strong, dense base, therefore, preparatory work is indispensable. First, you need to remove those elements that will interfere with the cladding - platbands, ebbs, pipes, lamps, and so on, and then conduct a detailed inspection of the surface. If the house is plastered, you should lightly tap the plaster with a hammer in different places - there will be no marks on the high-quality coating and the sound of the impact will be resonant. If the sound is dull, there are visible bulges and cracks, the plaster must be removed to a solid foundation.
A ringing sound indicates the reliability and strength of the plaster
Use a chisel or chisel, as well as a hammer, for dismantling old plaster
After removing the old plaster, take a metal brush with which you get rid of the remaining particles of plaster
Empty joints and cracks may appear in the brickwork, which also needs to be eliminated. It is best to clean the masonry with a steel brush, then it is easy to identify even minor defects. To seal cracks in the wall, a standard mortar of cement and sand is suitable, and chips and deep recesses are also filled with it.
Facing with shell rock does not require a perfectly flat surface, therefore, if there are few defects, such repairs are quite enough. If there are irregularities all over the wall and in large quantities, the best way out is to plaster it all over again.
Re-plaster the wall if there are too many defects
Plastering the walls with cement -sand mortar
Rub the plaster when it dries
Prepare the base in the same way. If necessary, the foundation is strengthened, the crumbled brick is replaced with a whole one, and the voids are filled with mortar.
How to repair a brick wall
Protrusions more than 15 mm must be knocked down, otherwise the cladding will not fit tightly. After leveling the surface, work is suspended so that the mortar and plaster are completely dry. If moisture remains in the wall, the adhesion of the adhesive to the substrate will not be strong enough, and subsequently the tiles may fall off.
Cement and mixture bases
While the surface is drying, you can prepare everything you need for veneering. First of all, it is the finishing material itself - shell rock tiles and pebbles. Standard tile sizes are 160x250 mm and 160x350 mm, thickness - 20 and 30 mm, but they may differ from manufacturer to manufacturer.There are tiles on sale with smooth edges, which, when laid, form a continuous coating with barely noticeable seams, and with a bevel, due to which the cladding acquires a pronounced relief. Which option to choose is up to you.
To calculate the amount of facing material, the total wall area must be divided by the area of one tile. About 15% should be added to the resulting number, since part of the material will go to trim.
Calculation of the area of the facade
The number of pebbles is calculated differently, because the stones have an irregular shape and different sizes. Pebbles are divided into three types:
5 to 5 cm;
It is not very convenient to work with small ones, especially for a beginner, so for the first time it is recommended to take stones of medium or large fraction. As a rule, for cladding 1 square meter, about 3-4 kg of pebbles are required, but this value can vary depending on the size of the stones and the density of laying. Be sure to take with a margin of several kilograms, and if after facing a little pebbles, you can use it for interior decoration or lay out the original stone rug in front of the porch. To find out how many pebbles you need, you need to find the total area of the base, multiply it by 4 and add 10%.
Despite the relative lightness of the shell rock, the overall load from the cladding is quite high, so the base must be reinforced with a reinforcing mesh ... Fiberglass products are not suitable for this; a metal expanded metal mesh with small cells is needed. It is recommended to choose a galvanized mesh - it is resistant to corrosion and will last many times longer.
Buy the net in such a way that it is enough for both the walls and the base.
Additionally, you will need mushroom dowels with a metal rod for attaching the mesh, a primer for walls, waterproof tile adhesive , grout mixture, protective hydrophobic composition.
Dowel - high quality copolymer, core - steel
From the tools you need to prepare a drill or perforator (depending on the type of walls), a construction mixer, spatulas, a level, a grinder for cutting tiles.
Step 1. The prepared surface is cleaned of dust with a brush and a primer is applied with a roller or brush.
Allow the surface to dry.
Apply facade primer
Step 2. Mark the location of the fasteners for the mesh and drill holes in the wall.
When drilling the wall, the drill should be held exactly
Next, apply the mesh, level it, insert dowels into the holes and fix the mesh to the wall. In the process of fastening, be sure to make sure that the material does not sag anywhere and adheres to the base throughout the entire area.
Attach the net
Example of attaching the net
Step 3. Mix a small amount of adhesive solution following the instructions on the package. Pour the dry mixture into the water, stir with a mixer at low speed for a couple of minutes, leave the solution for 5-7 minutes to ripen. Then mix again and proceed to facing.
Weber Vetonit ABSOLUT - glue for laying natural stone
Pour the mixture onto the spatula and apply it to the wall in a thick layer to completely cover the mesh. The spatula must be well pressed to the surface, distributing the solution, otherwise voids may remain in the thickness of the glue. The adhesive is applied to the height of the first row of tiles.
Step 5. Take the first tile, apply glue to its back side, carefully spreading it with a spatula.
It is very important that the solution fills all the pores on the surface, since the quality of adhesion of the cladding to the base depends on this.
Applying glue to the tile
Step 6. The tile is pressed against the wall, controlling the level, tapping lightly with a rubber mallet until it snaps into place. Excess glue, protruding at the edges, must be carefully removed with a spatula.
Step 7 .
Take the next tile, apply glue in the same way and apply it close to the first. It is not necessary to form seams here, on the contrary, the more monolithic the masonry looks, the better. The entire row is laid in the same way.
Layout of tiles
Bonding tiles - photo
Unconventional installation of shell rock tiles
Step 8. As a rule, the last tile in a row has to be cut .
.. To do this, it is applied to the wall on top of the penultimate tile, a cut line is marked with a pencil and the excess is cut along this line with a grinder.
Cutting a tile with a grinder
Then this fragment is fixed like whole tiles. After completing the row, check the horizontal level again, if necessary, add a solution at the corners of the masonry.
Tip. If in the process of work glue accidentally gets on the front side of the material, it must be immediately washed off with a damp sponge. After hardening, it will not be possible to remove the solution from the porous surface without leaving a trace, and the masonry will look very unaesthetic.
Step 9. Start laying the second row.
First, the solution is applied to the mesh, carefully spread over the surface, then the shell rock is attached. Start with half of the tile to help tie the seams. Every 2-3 tiles, check the level of the horizontal masonry.Sometimes, however, there are slight distortions and you have to align the tiles. To do this, insert plastic or wooden wedges into the seam from below, and leave them until the mortar sets.
Tip. You can lay out no more than 3-4 rows of tiles at a time, otherwise, under pressure, the solution will begin to "slide out" and the masonry will deform. To continue work, you must wait for the glue to fully set.
Shell rock finishing
Step 10. After finishing the cladding, allow the solution to dry completely, after which clean the wall from dust with a brush and treated with a water repellent.
This solution can be applied with a roller or brush, as long as there are no missing areas. The thin film that the water repellent forms on the cladding gives the surface water-repellent properties, which significantly extends the life of the material and retains its attractiveness longer.
Application of the solution with a brush
If the house needs external thermal insulation, the insulation is installed before attaching the reinforcing mesh. Ordinary foam is not suitable for shell rock, it is better to take EPS (extruded polystyrene foam) that is more resistant to loads. Plates of material are first glued to the wall with a special mortar, and then additionally fixed with disc dowels.
Then everything is done according to the scheme described above - they attach the mesh, knead the solution, glue the tiles.
Mounting the EPSS on the wall
In the photo there is a mesh fixed on top of the EPS and throwing an adhesive solution on it
Pebbles, in contrast to shell rock, have a very low heat capacity, so the base must be insulated. We will use the same EPS as a heater. Since the base of the plinth is already prepared, you can immediately start the work process.
The surface of the base is primed with a deep penetration compound. If the base quickly absorbs the primer, apply another layer after the first coat has dried.
Applying a deep penetration primer to the base
Step 2. Prepare an adhesive solution by pouring dry into water composition and stirring with a mixer until smooth.
The dry powder is mixed with water in accordance with the instructions
Take insulation, apply glue to the back side with a notched trowel and press it to the surface .
.. All EPS sheets are stacked very tightly to each other so that there are no gaps. If the base is high and one row of boards is not enough, the next row is glued with an offset of the vertical joints by half the width of the board.
Glue distribution over the sheet surface
Base / plinth insulation
When the mortar is firmly seized, through holes are drilled in each sheet (in the center and in the corners) for dowels. The drill should be at least 50 mm deep into the base.Dowels are inserted into the holes and the insulation is securely fixed to the base.
Step 4. A metal mesh is applied over the thermal insulation, which is also fixed with dowels and galvanized tape.
The net should fit snugly over the entire area to the base.
Step 5. Mix the solution again, this time the portion is made larger, and applied to the mesh with a layer of 30-40 mm, sinking it inside. The layer of solution is evenly distributed over the surface with a notched trowel, forming grooves.
Step 6 .
Take pebbles and press one by one into the solution with the flat side or edge. In the first case, you get a smoothed texture and an expressive pattern of the cladding, in the second - an effective relief surface. It is worth considering that when facing with an edge of stones, it will take about 5-6 times more. Each element should be immersed not less than a third of its thickness, and even better - half.
Before facing, the pebbles are recommended to be washed first in soapy water and then in clean water and dry well. If this is not done, efflorescence may appear on the surface of the stone, which will negatively affect the appearance of the finish.
Step 7. Having laid out the first section, mix the solution again, and move on to the next. In the process, you need to immediately erase the glue from the face of the stone with a damp sponge.
Also, the solution should not protrude between the stones, and if this happens, it is necessary to remove it with the tip of a spatula.
Finishing the base with sea pebbles
Step 8. When the glue is dry, grout the joints. The grout must be frost-resistant and water-repellent, otherwise after the first winter the seams will crack and begin to crumble. The composition is thoroughly rubbed over the surface to fill each seam, the excess is removed.
Upon completion of the work, the surface is lightly washed with water, removing traces of grout from the stones.
Wall cladding with natural pebbles
When the seams are completely dry, the cladding is washed again to remove any plaque from the grout. Further, the base must be treated with a water repellent or a special varnish for stone. The finished finish looks great.
Example of plinth finish with stones
Pebbles, plinth finish
To complement the façade and accentuate the nautical style, you need to add some finishing touches.
First of all, window and door frames, cornices, porch railings should be painted in snow-white color. But for the doors themselves, shutters or steps, it is better to choose the color of aqua, turquoise or another shade of a cold scale. This combination always looks very harmonious.Cornice overhangs can also be painted to match the doors and shutters - this will add freshness to the exterior.
Marine accessories will help to complete the picture: lanterns, lifebuoys, ropes and fishing nets.
It's not difficult to buy such things now, the main thing is not to overdo it with decor. Two or three items are quite enough, for example, a lantern above the entrance doors and a rope with sea knots twisted around the railing. You can do without accessories altogether, and emphasize the marine theme with wicker furniture on the terrace in white and blue tones.
Posted By: Work Style |10, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |10, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |04, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |10, Nov 2020