Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Stone-like metal siding is one of the many types of finishing materials. Finishing the facade of buildings with natural stone is a very beautiful, durable and prestigious method, but due to the high cost of materials, not all developers are available. Modern technologies have allowed manufacturers to produce various materials that imitate natural stone. At the price, they suit most consumers, and in terms of their performance, they are not much inferior to natural ones.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Metal siding under a stone

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

An example of siding with imitation stone

Performance characteristics of metal siding for stone

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Metal siding panel imitates masonry

  1. Light weight.

    Allows finishing of buildings without the need to reinforce foundations. There is an opportunity to overhaul old buildings with a high percentage of deterioration of architectural structures.

  2. The service life of is calculated in tens of years, subject to the technology recommended by the manufacturer and the use of quality materials. Metal siding coatings are not afraid of harsh UV rays, they perfectly hold dynamic and static loads. Modern topcoats have little scratching.

  3. Ease of maintenance. On ideally smooth surfaces, dust does not accumulate, due to this, the development of mosses is inhibited. The siding is washed with ordinary water from a garden hose or a soft brush.
  4. Manufacturability. Installation can be done independently, there is no need to buy special tools and devices for work.

  5. Low price. The estimated cost of finishing work using metal siding is one of the lowest among all existing options.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Basement metal siding

All types of metal siding differ with these advantages, but the option "under the stone" has one significant drawback - it has little resemblance to natural stone. Why?

The main difference between the stone is its volumetric texture. Metal siding for stone has flat surfaces on which a pattern is applied.

Only people with great imagination can see it as a natural stone. It is very difficult to find such a siding in implementation, and not because it is in great demand among consumers, but quite the opposite. Manufacturers know that this material is bought very rarely and, therefore, almost never produce this type of product. There are many other much more advanced materials that imitate natural stone.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Metal siding "Vertical"

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Photo of vertical metal siding with imitation of stone

It is advisable to use metal siding under a stone during the repair of old buildings and only to protect the basement of the foundation.

Let's consider two examples of work execution: protection of a low-rise basement and finishing of an insulated basement.

What criteria should be used to choose metal siding under a stone

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

In the photo of a siding panel with different prints

We do not advertise certain manufacturers, but give objective information, confirmed by experienced builders. When choosing a specific brand of siding, pay attention to the following characteristics:

  • dimensions. Depending on the capabilities of manufacturers, they vary widely. If you are going to sheathe small areas, then you can count the number of panels taking into account its size - there will be no waste at all.

    If the area is large, then the last panel in all cases will have to be cut. One more tip. The thinner the sheet steel, the narrower the panels you buy. With an increase in width, the ability to take loads decreases, and this is a very important indicator when covering the basement parts of buildings;

  • sheet thickness. There is a metal siding in the implementation with a panel thickness of 0.

    4 to 0.55 mm or more. The thicker the sheet, the higher the performance of the material. If the building has an increased risk of damage to the cladding, then buy panels with the maximum thickness of the steel sheet;

  • thickness of the zinc coating. The current standards regulate the thickness of the zinc layer in the range of 20-40 microns.

    A very thin zinc coating reduces the reliability of anti-corrosion protection at times. For ordinary buildings, it is recommended to buy siding with a zinc thickness of about 25-30 microns;

  • external decorative coating. In addition, it also performs a protective function. Several materials are used as such coatings.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Fine Stone Siding

Table.

External decorative coating.

Coverage Description

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Polyester

The cheapest, coating thickness from different manufacturers within 25-25 microns. In terms of quality, it is not quite suitable for finishing facade walls, especially basement parts.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Plastisol

The thickness can reach 200 microns, which allows you to create structured surfaces like natural stone. But the embossed texture is more exposed to pollution.

In addition, plastisol reacts negatively to exposure to harsh ultraviolet rays. You can buy it if the buildings are located in shaded areas.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Pural

One of the most modern coatings, in terms of performance it takes leading position. Thickness approx. 50 microns.

The disadvantage is the high cost.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

PVDF

The coating is made on the basis of polyvinyl difluoride and acrylic, has a unique feature self-tightening micro-scratches. An excellent option for facades. The disadvantage is that such metal siding is not affordable for all consumers.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Color card of TM Grand Line coatings

Pay attention to the storage conditions and packaging of the material .

.. It is not uncommon for irresponsible distributors to damage entire consignments of goods, and then try to sell it to inexperienced consumers. If you notice tears, traces of dirt or mechanical damage on the surface of the package, buy materials elsewhere. Fortunately, today this is not a problem, the number of offers far exceeds the capabilities of buyers.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Siding packaging

As for manufacturers, it is safer to give preference to foreign ones. But even among the domestic companies, there are several very responsible ones, in different regions there are representatives. Siding production is not such a complicated process from a technical point of view, the main thing is that they buy high-quality raw materials and strictly adhere to the developed technologies. For the price, the spread is large, there is no universal advice for all occasions. Make a decision taking into account the wishes and financial capabilities.

Prices for metal siding

Metal siding

Sheathing of a small old plinth

Such plinths have very old buildings, in width they (plinths) are much larger than the thickness of the facade walls. Due to such architectural features and a long period of operation, structures are destroyed. If they are not protected in a timely manner, then a complex of special construction measures will have to be carried out to restore the bearing capacity of the foundation, and this is very difficult and expensive.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Base before renovation

Surface cladding with metal siding under a stone will not only lengthen the life of the building, but also improve its appearance. There is no point in insulating plinths with a height of 30-40 cm, so we will not describe this operation.

You need to start with making the lathing. If for cladding a house it is possible to make formwork from both wooden slats and metal profiles, then for the basement we recommend using only the second option - operating conditions are too difficult, wooden materials will not withstand for a long time. The condition and durability of the cladding largely depends on the quality of the formwork, we will dwell on this topic in more detail.

Step 1. Remove the plinth dimensions and purchase materials.

The area of ​​the frame is small, for its manufacture you can buy the profiles of the cheapest segment or use the segments that remain after the cladding of the facade walls of the building. To fix vertical supports, you need to have long dowels with a size of at least 100 mm.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

U-shaped profiles are used for the metal frame

Important. During the manufacture of the frame, always leave a gap between it and the blind area at least three centimeters below. This is necessary to compensate for the winter swelling of the earth.

There is no need to close this gap; natural ventilation of the wall cladding will be carried out through it.

The set of metal profiles includes the following items.

Name Brief description and purpose

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Rack profiles (PP or CD)

The most demanded elements bear the main load. Length 2.5-4.

0 m, width 60 mm, shelves 2.7-2.8 cm high.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Guide profiles

The metal siding is directly fixed to these. When creating structures that are small in area and weight, they can be used as rack-mountable ones.

Wall thickness ≈0.50 mm, width 2.7 cm, shelf height 2.8 cm, length ≈3 m.

Profiles for partitions It makes sense to purchase if there are windows on the base, you can save more expensive profiles.

Shelf height 3.7-4.0 cm, width 4-15 cm.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Two-level connectors

Allow to interconnect the same profiles at different levels, are used during the creation of a complex frame on plinths with various protruding architectural elements.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Single-level connectors

They greatly simplify and speed up the process of assembling the frame, connect cut pieces of the profile into a single structure at one level.

To increase the strength of the connection, self-tapping screws can be additionally installed.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Straight hangers

Serve for fixing and aligning the position of the bearing rack profiles ... They greatly speed up the work, allow you to accurately align the crate vertically and horizontally.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Anchor suspensions

Are used in cases when due to various reasons for direct suspensions not enough length: too uneven surface of the basement, the need to remove the plating from the foundation as much as possible due to the presence of various engineering systems, etc.

It is not necessary to buy the entire set of metal profiles and additional elements, for each specific case, you should choose your complete set and the number of elements.

Step 2. At a distance of about 40 cm, install the hangers at the top and bottom of the entire plinth. First mark the lines, they should be on the same level.

The suspensions are fixed with dowels, we recommend using long ones, in our case the foundation is very old and the outer surfaces have clear signs of destruction. Long dowels allow fixing the framework to deep, strong concrete layers.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

The principle of fastening the lathing guides to straight hangers

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

The profiles should be placed in three rows: top, bottom and middle

Step 3. Set vertical rack profiles at the outer corners of the base / plinth. The distance from the corner should be such that further on them it was possible to fix the corner elements of the sheathing.

Place them strictly vertically in level. The length of the profiles should be 5-6 cm more than the design height of the frame.Pull the rope between them at the top and bottom, make marks with a water or laser level. Carefully cut off the protruding parts along the rope.

To cut metal profiles, as, by the way, and siding, it is recommended to use metal scissors, an electric jigsaw with a special file, a multifunctional cutter or electric cutter.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Carrier profile and scissors for metal

You can follow these manufacturers recommendations, or you can follow the example of professionals and cut with a conventional grinder with an abrasive disc : simple and fast. Do not be afraid that anti-corrosion protection will be removed in the areas near the cut.

  1. Firstly, the width of such areas does not exceed a few millimeters.
  2. Secondly, the ends are always closed, they do not get atmospheric precipitation, they will rust for many years.
  3. Thirdly, even completely rusted small parts do not affect the strength of the frame in any way.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

An example of a profile cut by a grinder

Anyone who has tried to work with tools recommended by manufacturers knows how inconvenient and long it is ... In addition, it is impossible to cut a complex profile with most of them, you must first cut with some tools, and then cut individual sections with others. But we only give practical advice, the final decision is always yours.

Step 4. Attach the profile to the upper ends of the vertical posts. You can fix it directly to the side surfaces with self-tapping screws or use special connecting fittings. There is no difference, the profile only accepts a slight vertical load.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Fixed profile

Step 5.

Mark the level on the wall frame, beat off the horizontal line. Fix another long profile along it. You can take any, including the guide.

Step 6. At a distance of about 40-50 cm, fix the jumpers between the two long horizontal profiles.

There will be low tides on the lintels.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Frame for siding

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Profiles are fixed with suspensions

Check the position of the frame again to make sure it is sufficiently rigid. If everything is normal, then you can start trimming the side surfaces with metal siding under a stone.

Algorithm for siding work

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Determining the starting point of installation

Step 1. Install the starting profile at the bottom, to which the starting strip will be fixed.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Setting the starting profile

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Selecting fasteners

Step 2. Fasten the corner strips, they come with metal siding.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Setting the outside or inside corner

Step 3. Start the plinth trim. If the length of the base / plinth is longer than the length of the panels, then a connecting profile must be installed.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Connecting siding panels horizontally

Practical advice. The blind area in old houses is often inclined, this complicates the process of fixing the first panel a little, it has to be cut at an angle. Take the exact measurements, cut the first panel at the desired angle. In this case, instead of the start panel, you need to put the G-profile. It is advisable to paint over the cut point or smear it with car oil.

When fixing the panels, the screws are screwed in strictly in the middle of the special holes, do not tighten with great force. If you are working with an electric screwdriver, be sure to adjust the amount of torque. The thickness of the profiles is insignificant, with an increase in the tightening force, the screws will turn and they will have to be installed in a new place, and this is not always possible. In addition, strong tightening prevents compensation for thermal expansion of the metal.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Rules for installing siding panels

Step 4.

If the finish panel protrudes beyond the upper level of the crate, then it should also be trimmed. The metal siding will have to be fixed in the new holes. Make them oblong too, install the self-tapping screw in the middle. Tighten with double caution in these areas. The thin metal of the panel will necessarily bend with little pressure to press in.

The screw heads are not a problem, they will hide under the bend of the ebb.

Step 5. Install the ebb. It is fixed with self-tapping screws with rubber washers, which exclude moisture from entering the skin. The overlap of the ebb is at least ten centimeters, otherwise water may fall under it.

If for some reason the olives do not lie in the same horizontal plane, then the overlap should be done in the direction opposite to the water stack. You can use any sealant to ensure tightness. Spread a narrow strip at the overlap and fix the elements.

Practical advice. Ebb tides can be screwed not from above, but to the end.

To do this, you will have to accurately take their dimensions and order the manufacture of tinsmiths or do it yourself. For fixing use self-tapping screws in the color of the siding. The second side must be fixed to the lathing of the building wall.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Outside ebb angle

If desired, ebb corners can be cut off at an angle of 45 °, deburred and rivet the joint, from below the joint is coated with sealant. This somewhat complicates the plinth plating technology, but improves the appearance.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Fixed starting profile, corner, siding panels and ebb

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Fixed low tide in the corner

Prices for metal profiles

Metal profile

Sheathing of the insulated base

It is recommended to use only durable and waterproof materials as a basement insulation, the best solution is to use extruded polystyrene foam or basalt mineral wool.In terms of physical parameters, these heaters are quite suitable for any cladding.

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Installation of the frame for insulation

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Installation of thermal insulation

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Installation of counter-grill, second layer of thermal insulation and windproof membrane

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Installation of suspension

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Fixing the profile for siding

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Installation of the starter strip and connecting profile

Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

Attaching siding panels

What should you pay attention to?

  1. uncovered air vents, otherwise all wooden structures of the flooring will be damaged by fungal diseases and mold. To reduce heat losses from the premises of buildings in winter, they are buried; in a warm period, ventilation must work effectively. To protect against rodents entering the underground, metal nets can be used.

    Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

    Air outlet grille

  2. If the width of the basement is equal to the width of the front walls, then the crate can be made in one plane, and for cladding apply different types of materials. Stone-look metal siding is installed at the bottom of the building.

    Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

    Common battening for base / plinth and walls, attachment of the starting strip

  3. Never forget to leave room for linear expansion.

    Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

    Leave gaps for thermal expansion

  4. Do not fix the metal profile close to the soil and blind areas, such structures will necessarily deform.

    Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

    It is impossible to mount the racks close to the soil

  5. Follow the recommendations of the manufacturers, buy basic and additional materials from one company.

    Each of them manufactures products according to their own specifications, often elements of the same purpose are not identical. This can cause problems during finishing work.

  6. On the Internet, you can find examples of work in which the lower starting guides are attached to the blind area with dowels. It is a gross mistake, do not repeat it.

How to make the plinth plating if the front walls are made of facing bricks? The lathing is installed according to the above algorithm, the differences appear only when the ebb is installed.

There are two options for fixing ebb tides: complex and reliable, and simple and unreliable.

  1. The tricky way. On the front wall, beat off the line of abutment of the low tide. Using a grinder, carefully cut a groove about one centimeter deep. Take your time while working, the line should be as flat as possible.

    Insert the ebb into the cut recess and fix it to the batten. If the slot is flat and not wide, then you can leave it alone. If visual problems are noticeable, then seal the defects with a special putty to match the color of the facade walls.

  2. The easy way. The ebb should have a bent edge, which is attached to the wall with dowels.

    Large gaps between the edge and the wall are sealed with sealant.This method will ensure the tightness of the junction within a year or two, in the future it will surely peel off and the water will get under the insulation of the basement. Evaporation from these places is minimal, as a result - accelerated destruction of the foundation.

    Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

    The photo shows a fixed ebb and sealed joints

    Metal siding under the stone: the technology of facing the basement of the house step by step

    An example of fastening a galvanized ebb to the wall brick

Which method to choose - decide for yourself.

Video - Installation of metal siding

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