How to transfer a drawing from paper to fabric - the best ways
Often needlewomen are puzzled by how to transfer a drawing from paper to fabric with the maximum level of efficiency and preservation of the most necessary elements. Drawing the contours of the picture is needed for embroidery - machine or manual. There are many methods of transferring images to material, you should consider them in detail.
For the preparatory phase, it is important to print the picture. It is allowed to make a drawing in any program on a PC, which makes graphic images and displays them for printing.
If the pictures are small, they will be printed on one sheet.
All contours should turn out to be clear, bold, and still noticeable - this will make the transfer of the pattern to the surface of the fabric much easier. You can even artificially increase the level of contrast and clarity of lines, and, if possible, remove light elements from the picture.
Regardless of what methods are supposed to translate the desired drawing, various devices, as well as additional materials, may be required. Here's a rough list:
Below we have collected the main methods , through which you can transfer the image to the base.
The simplest method of transferring an image is based on the use of carbon paper. It is usually produced in various colors:
The color of the copy paper should be selected according to the color of the fabric. Dark paper will be much easier to find on the market, while white paper is extremely rare. For transfer, the picture is placed on a carbon copy, and on top of a printed blank. With a regular pencil, you need to circle the picture, pressing hard on the outline. You can pin the borders of the pattern with a needle - colored dots will remain on the fabric that copy the drawings.
A clear result cannot be achieved if the elements of the picture are small - they will be blurry. The method is useful only for smooth fabric or even burlap. On fluffy and fluffy fabrics, the image will be blurry. The disadvantages of this method include the "staining" feature of the carbon copy - as a rule, ugly marks can be seen on the fabric surface.
Also available transferring the drawing onto the fabric, and here we are talking about tracing paper, that is, tissue paper, which helps to transfer the drawing without a carbon copy to the surface of the fabric.
The method is used for thick fabrics - velor, velvet and shiny base.To begin with, you should transfer the drawing to the surface of tissue paper, and then the paper matrix should be placed on top of the fabric and attached with safety pins (instead of them, you can take office clips). Next, the drawing should be stitched right on the tracing paper with neat stitches, the paper must be torn off so as not to damage the threads. The embroidered design will be ready.
The method of creating decals is suitable for all types of fabrics - cotton, flax, with a perfectly smooth surface or lint.
There is no difference in shades of fabric - the base can be light or dark. Using this method, you can transfer the image at a time to several tissue cuts. The procedure is as follows:
Here you need to pierce holes in the image with a needle as often as possible. The needle must be thick, and the gaps between the holes must be equal. To work comfortably, the sewing needle should be handled with the side inserted into the pencil, leaving a sharp tip. The pencil is much more comfortable to hold than a simple needle.
Each matrix is wiped from the tracing paper side with a solution of ultramarine (blue), kerosene, tooth powder. The solution will leave an imprint of the pattern on the material through small holes.
The solution for dark and light fabrics is prepared by different methods. In the first case, you should mix 0.1 kg of purified kerosene, 10 grams of ultramarine, 2 grams of powder for teeth. For the second recipe, combine 0.1 kg of kerosene, 10 grams of tooth powder and do not add blue.
The product should be mixed in a ceramic bowl. Instead of powder for teeth, you can take chalk for a dark tissue, and for a light tablet of activated carbon. Some craftswomen only sprinkle light-colored fabrics with blue without using kerosene.
You can always find any transparent and thin fabrics on sale - we are talking about silk, non-woven, marquise, veil , georgette, nylon, organza. They are also allowed to be used to translate a picture, if it is supposed to make the main product out of them.
For work, put a drawing, and attach the fabric with pins on top. The contours of the picture will look great, and therefore from the front side on the fabric you can immediately draw with acrylic paints without rough sketches. The work is best done on a thick wood board or plywood.
To do this, you will need to buy paper for freezing (freezer). It is usually used to freeze food, but the material has long been adopted by craftswomen.
On the one hand, the paper will be smooth and can be easily ironed onto the fabric, leaving prints on it. It is worth preparing the main fabric on which the drawing will be made (preferably cotton or linen). Procedure for transferring a design from paper to fabric:
If the picture will continue to be sewn onto the surface of clothing, you should first use the "mirroring" function in the graphics program or in the driver window. In this case, the pattern will be printed on the correct side. By the way, you should use the preview before printing the image.
Here you will need to print the drawing on glossy thick paper so that the paint will not seep through her. Next, the corners of the picture should be attached to the paper surface with buttons.
Prepare a cotton swab and wrap it in a cotton rag and soak in solvent. Saturate the paper with solvent, only the one that rests on the fabric. For best results, place the bottom of the spoon over the image and press along the contour.
The ink will seep onto the surface of the fabric, which will have the same image.
If there is no carbon copy in the house, you can try to translate the picture on the window surface - through glass. Using tape, fix the fabric and pattern, and then circle with acrylic paints and a marker. A more "advanced" variation of the method will be the use of a light tablet. Some craftsmen trim the outline of the image through tracing paper on sewing machines.
This will require some skill and experience, as otherwise the image will become uneven. The process is time consuming and complicated. Another option would be to use pencils for translations. They can transfer the mirrored drawing to the surface of the tracing paper, and then attach it to the fabric, and even iron it with a lot of steam.
On the surface of synthetics, such pencils usually do not lie, and therefore only cotton or linen fabrics will need to be used.
The usual method for transferring images is using thermal transfer paper. It is bought in special online stores.The drawing should be printed in a printer on such paper, which is applied to the fabric, and then ironed with steam. The result will be much better if you make a printout in a special workshop - the drawing will be juicy and will not smudge even after washing.
Sometimes it is necessary to resize the picture for a fabric surface - to make it larger or smaller.
For this, it is important to divide the image into squares (equal), and on the surface of blank paper to make a grid of the same number of squares, but smaller or larger. Next, transfer the drawing along the lines by hand, which will be taken from each square. As a result, you will get a picture with the required parameters. It is best to break the drawing into a large number of squares - this way the finished drawing will be the most accurate, and then you can transfer it to the fabric by any convenient method.
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