A temporary structure made from improvised means is called a hut. Such a shelter is used for several situations: for children's games, as a temporary shelter from negative weather conditions, or for an overnight stay while traveling.
In order to make a hut, no special skills are required.
The article tells about how and from what materials you can make a simple hut for children.
Step-by-step instructions are given on how to set up a hut in the forest while traveling.
Describes the options for the construction of tourist shelters.
A hut for children's games can be built on your private plot. In appearance and for the intellectual development of children, it is advisable to build such a structure as similar as possible to a house.
Used from lumber residues. It will not take much place, but it will cause a whole storm of joy.
In terms of size, it is enough to build an object with a height of 2 meters, and along the perimeter 2x1.5 meters. Medium size shelter for children from 8 to 11 years old.
Important! It is imperative to involve children in the process of building a hut.
The process will arouse their interest and the acquisition of certain skills and abilities in handling tools and materials.
It is necessary to give full opportunity to implement children's ideas.
The frame is assembled from a bar by connecting with screws and plates. Floor and walls can be made of boards, pieces of plywood, thick cardboard. Openings of windows and doors are required.
It is not necessary to insert frames and door leaf, these materials can be replaced with fabric curtains.
It will be even more comfortable this way. It is desirable to cover the floor with linoleum to prevent the penetration of dust and moisture from the ground.
The roof must be made of solid material to protect the interior from rain. There is no need for a ceiling device. The shape of the roof in the form of a house will perfectly serve as a ceiling.
Attention! All materials for the children's hut are taken only of natural quality with a smooth surface.
Do not use metal sheets in order to avoid injury during construction and during further operation.
Nails and self-tapping screws should not protrude beyond the boundaries of materials, the caps must be sunk into the patay, and the sharp ends must be cut off.
It is better to build a hut on the ground, there is a danger on the tree because of the height. In such places, safety is paramount!
The finished hut must be painted in bright colors.
Water-based dyes for facades are used for this.
They are the most harmless, they are not washed off by sediments, they are not expensive for the price, they have a wide range of colors in standard sets, tinting additives can be mixed to obtain new options.Infinite spaces open up for children to be creative.
It remains to provide the hut with furniture and toys.
The construction of a hut can also please children on a personal plot.
At the dacha, work is constantly being carried out to improve and clean the territory from overgrowth of trees, bushes and grass. All this can be used in construction.
The form will already look more like a classic forest hut. It is advisable to choose the most secluded place. You can assemble the structure from thick branches on the frame.
Thinner branches to put on veins, for fastening the covering material. The joints of the parts are fastened by rewinding with a rope.
In the classical form of the object, the walls are the ceiling and the roof. You can cover them with scraps of branches with foliage or grass. Laying starts from the bottom rows towards the top.
The material is overlapped so that precipitation flows towards the ground and does not fall inside. It is better to cover the floor with dry grass and cover with fiberboard or linoleum.
When traveling for tourists, it becomes necessary to stop for the night to rest along the way.
In order to preserve health and even, in some cases, life, they build a hut from scrap materials. If you are in the forest, there are no problems with the choice of material.
Minimum tools required:
Most often, such a composition of the instrument is purchased in a universal set.
For the material of execution are taken:
You can arrange a shelter in several ways.
Use friends growing nearby from a friend a few trees, as the main support. This distance should be at least 2 meters.
With the help of an ax, we harvest tree trunks with a diameter of no more than 8-10 centimeters and a length of 2-2.5 meters. The quantity is not less than 26 pieces.
It is necessary to fasten the pole horizontally between the tree trunks with a rope at a height of 1.8 meters. Then, at an angle of 45 0 from the ground to the installed part, we apply alternately 20 pcs. poles.
The surface of such a shield is covered with branches, moss or sod.
Under the base, inside, from the remaining trunks, we arrange a lounger, above ground level. Such a sleeping place can be covered with spruce branches or dry moss, and a cloth can be laid on top. For heating, a fire is made in front of the bed in the recess.
In such a shelter rain, wind and warm sleep are not scary. Construction time takes no more than 1 hour.
Such an object, the next day, can be easily disassembled and hide all traces of overnight stay, bury a fireplace and return the sod to its place.
A free-standing full-frame shelter can be built with a similar version of the ground hut. A more complex and reliable structure. The frame is also assembled from poles in the form of a cone or triangular prism; all parts are fastened with ropes.
Outside, the surface on all sides, except for the entrance, is covered with branches or moss overlapping from bottom to top.
The floor is a layer of spruce or grass on the ground. On the walls, you can use thinner poles and with large gaps between them, which are then densely laid with freshly cut branches.
It will be warm in the hut without a fire. There is enough body heat to warm up the room. But it will take more time and effort to build it.
The fastest option for a ground hut is a shelter made of ropes stretched between trees and branches of spruce branches or grass laid on them. For heating in such a shelter, a fire is needed.
In areas with high humidity or the presence of dangerous reptiles, it is advisable to make a hut at the fork of large branches of trees or between several small tree trunks.
To do this, you must carefully choose a place. Fasten the poles horizontally to the trunks with a rope.
A reliable fastening will be facilitated by the presence of branching of the trunk, into which the poles rest.
Two parallel-fixed parts at a distance of 1-1.5 meters are enough. On them, cuttings of trunks with a length of 1.5 meters are tightly packed perpendicular to the main veins.
It is not enough to fix every detail.
The overlap is made of branches laid tightly on stretched ropes. The lounger is covered with spruce branches or grass.
The height from the ground is sufficient 1.8 meters.
The distance from the lounger to the ceiling is 1 meter. These dimensions are calculated for a simple and safe sleeping place.
There is no single form for building a hut. It should provide maximum comfort and protection from insects, animals and weather conditions with a minimum investment of time and effort. An important element is considered only the place of the device and the material of execution.
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