Paving slab walkway: laying technology, features Video

Paving slab walkway: laying technology, features Video DIY paving slab path + Photo. In the design of a land plot, a paving slab walkway in the country house is not just a beautiful and convenient element. Sometimes this is the last option so that in bad weather you can feel comfortable in the country. If you love to be creative and are happy with the results, this article will help you do everything competently, and at the same time you will not spend extra money.

There are many different coatings - brick, concrete, as well as a coating of pebbles, wood, ceramics, crushed stone, artificial and natural stone, sand and others.

Arrangement of paths

Now the arrangement of paths will be considered by one of the best and at the same time simple types of coverage, namely paving slabs.

The advantages of paving stones include:

  • Paving slab walkway: laying technology, features Video Easy to lay.
  • Possibility of carrying out repair work if necessary and dismantling.
  • Does not start to melt under the influence of sunlight, unlike the same asphalt.
  • Does not burst like concrete from the cold.

  • Not demanding in care.
  • Has a wide variety of shapes and colors.

And all these advantages will work for the good for your territory.

Laying tracks

Planning and dividing the territory into sectors

A self-made path in the country is very interesting! But before starting any construction work, everything should be carefully planned out. Draw a plot diagram on graph paper - take into account every building, plant, parking space, and more.

There must be a path to the entrance to the building from the gate! The rest of the directions should be chosen according to the author's intention.

The easiest way to plan paths on a site is to create paths along previously trodden paths. As a rule, the path must necessarily be at a distance of at least 60-80 cm from the trees (all due to the fact that every year the root system grows, increases, and over time the path can deform).

Paving slab walkway: laying technology, features Video Note, that the average passage for one person is 75 cm, therefore the width of the path will be approximately 75-80 cm, and where there is constant movement from 100 to 150 cm. The platforms can have different sizes, much depends on the purpose.

If you have not worked too often with a grinder, then you should choose the tile shape that requires the least trimming - square or rectangular. It can also be styled in an unusual way if you choose a good pattern and shades. The width of the sidewalk is selected by the owners, preferably so that the paving stones lay down without cutting - so you can save material and time.

Purchase of materials

In order for the paving slab track in the country house not to require constant maintenance and repair, you should choose the right type of tile, which will depend on the expected loads.For example, to build a footpath, you should use a fiber plate with a thickness of 2.

5 to 4 cm.When it comes to a parking space for a car, use a vibrated tile with a thickness of 4 to 6 cm. Paths that will be used for industry should be made of tiles with a thickness of 6 to 8 cm (such a tile is made only at special enterprises).

Expert advice and features

In order for you to be able to navigate the types and sizes of tiles, you should also pay attention to such statistics - paving slabs for summer cottages tracks most often have a rectangular shape and a size of 20 * 10 cm.No less popular is a square tile of various sizes, both 10 * 10 cm and 50 * 50 cm.

Since large tiles are heavy in themselves, they are rarely used. In addition, we are talking about a suburban area of ​​several acres, where the paths are 70 to 80 cm wide.For this reason, many people opt for tiles with a size of 30 * 30 cm, but if in some place you have enough width in 50 cm is ideal - you can simply lay large 50 * 50 tiles between the curb.

In addition to standard types, tiles can be in the form of a butterfly, rhombus, hexagon, fan, mosaic, waves and others. The thickness of these species ranges from 2.

5 to 6 cm. If you wish, you can abandon the curb and make a path without them, but if you live in a region where precipitation is abundant and abundant, then this is not the best solution.

The curb helps to make the path not only aesthetically complete, but also strong:

  1. When choosing a stone for the curb, consider the color of the tile on the sidewalk. Sometimes for the border, use a rectangular tile set on an edge.
  2. Gravel or crushed stone should be selected fine / medium.

    The second option is preferable, and with the help of it it will be possible to create a not very fluid and stronger base.

  3. We use only sand that is clean, does not have any impurities from stones, clay or plant roots.
  4. Geotextiles can provide excellent protection against germination of grasses, as well as help to strengthen the base and help drain accumulated liquid. The main feature is the elimination of sidewalk subsidence.
  5. For the preparation of the mixture for laying on the base and grouting, he uses cement of the M-400 or M-500 brand.

The main stages of laying

Marking

Pegs should be driven along the perimeter of the future track , which will be at a distance of 100 to 300 cm. After that, pull the cord along the height of the planned curb. If you have a lot of bends, then you should put the pegs clearly along the marked contour of the paving slab track with your own hands. In finished form, it must be above the ground, at a low height, so that when precipitation falls, water does not begin to accumulate on the sidewalk. To do this, you should build a surface of the future track with a low slope of the transverse type.

The markings on one curb should be 5 degrees higher than the first so that the water can drain freely. The slope can be longitudinal-transverse and longitudinal.

If the track is laid without a slope, use the water drainage chutes. In some cases, land should be left. In this case, the track will turn out to be much higher than the ground level, but then there is a high probability that rain and melt water will very quickly lead to deformation of the track.

Selecting the ground

Exactly according to the markings, you should select the ground to a depth of 20 to 30 cm. In many ways, the depth will depend on the thickness of the base, which will be shaped like a tile. The pegs should be driven into the ground deeper than the intended haul so that the intended markings are not disturbed. Then select the soil over the entire area where the base for the tiles will be made. When carrying out earthwork, you should constantly check the ground level so that everything comes out evenly.

Installation of the curb

Paving slab walkway: laying technology, features Video In the photo of the paving slab track, the height of the sides will be larger than the tiles, so grooves should be dug 15 cm below the excavated surface and 15 cm wide at the edges of the cleaned area. This will be enough to strengthen the curbs. After that, the base for the track should be tamped by mechanical or manual tamping.

For this, gravel should be poured into the prepared grooves along the path at a level of 5 to 8 cm. After that, it should be wetted and tamped until compacted, and then the surface should be leveled.

Now a curb should be installed along the lighthouses, fix it on a cement solution (1 to 5, 1 measure of cement, 5 measures of sand). Check with a rule and a level the slope of the track (should be 5 degrees). After that, the solution should harden, and it will take at least a day, and only after that you can start creating the base.

Preparation of the base for the tiles

So, you should add 6-16 cm of crushed stone or gravel, and then moisten everything and tamp it well. Next, roll out geotextiles over the entire area, which will protect the sidewalk from the growth of grass, as well as from sand spilling onto gravel and improve drainage.

After that, we fill a layer of sand from 6 to 11 cm from above, tamp it, and immediately before laying the sand should be wetted and allowed to dry. Please note that the sand should be wet, but never wet.

Geotextiles should be laid under the rubble if the soil on your site is considered unstable. It will help to delay the subsidence of crushed stone / gravel into the ground, and also further strengthen the base of the walkway from the sidewalk tiles. While the sand is drying, a cement-sand mixture should be made.

Add cement to the sand, and the ratio is 1 to 5, that is, 1 measure of cement and 5 - sand. The latter must necessarily be clean, free of impurities from stones, clay, roots or earth. Mix everything thoroughly. After that, pour the finished mixture onto a layer of dried sand and can be tamped.The layer should be 5 cm.

In order for the layer to be uniform over the entire area, you should level the mixture using a rule or even the most ordinary board with edges that have the shape of the letter "L". In this case, the curbs on both ends of the rule should be like beacons. If the leveling area is large, then the pipes should be laid at a distance of the 1st and parallel to each other. Now it remains to mix a solution of cement and sand, and then you can compact the layer and pull off the excess with the rule. Pipes serve as great beacons.

When the pipes are pulled out, carefully pour a mixture of sand and cement into the resulting depression.

Laying

Laying a paving slab track in the country will require the use of a building level, a mallet and a rule, as well as a trowel or a trowel. As a result, the distance from the top border to the top layer will be "tile thickness - 1 cm". with a walkway, the paving slabs must be 10 mm higher than the curb, since after shrinkage everything will be level.

The tiles should be laid away from you so as not to accidentally step on the already prepared base.

You can attach a rule from the end to align the first row. Subsequent rows in this case will be laid according to the report or pattern. If some element begins to protrude or even fall through, it is better to remove it with a trowel and remove / add the solution, and then put it in place and tap it with a rubber / wooden mallet. Then attach the building level and check the plane. All the time, you should check the height of the tiles using the rule at least for the extreme tiles, but do not forget to take into account a slight slope for the water to drain.

If the tile has an irregular shape, or you have chosen a pattern with a large number of trims, then first you should lay out the whole tiles according to the drawings and only then start filling with trimmed parts. In this way, you can use even substandard edges that were put aside in advance. After that, you should arm yourself with a grinder and a circle on concrete, as well as a construction pencil. Mark out the tiles, mark out the required size and cut along the side that will go to waste.

Yes, this kind of work is dusty, so in no case neglect protective equipment such as earplugs, goggles, respirator and gloves.

And yes, in no case remove the cover from the grinder, but just pick up the grinder of the required diameter.

Grouting

The remaining mixture of cement and sand can be used as a grout for tile joints. Sprinkle the mixture over the entire area and rub with a mop that has a hard nap.

Paving slab walkway: laying technology, features Video The excess can be removed with the same mop. Then, use a garden watering can or a spray hose and water spray to wet the treadmill and let it sit for 3 days.

So the mixture will set and begin to gain strength, therefore, in no case should you walk on the laid paving stones during this period of time.

Tile maintenance during operation is simple, but has a lot of features. In winter, in no case should you clean off the snow with metal objects, and salt and mixtures from icing, which contain salt, are also harmful for such a tile.

For safe movement, it is best to use sand as a powder. Yes, the appearance of the paving slab walkway will delight you for more than a dozen years, and it doesn't matter if you make it yourself or seek help from specialists.

( 1 grade, average 5 of 5 )

.