Perchlorovinyl facade paint - features, technical characteristics

Perchlorovinyl facade paint - features, technical characteristics Perchlorovinyl facade paint - features, specifications. Finishing work is required for two main purposes. The first, and most obvious to most, is the creation of a decorative shell, a beautiful appearance of the building. The second task is in the plane of materials science and this does not manifest itself externally, but this does not diminish the significance. This is the preservation of wall materials from the negative effects of the environment, low temperatures and other facts that pose a threat to building materials.

The very first layer that accepts maximum loads is the facade perchlorovinyl paint, which is a protective barrier for all wall materials. The durability of the exterior finish will depend on its performance and quality, which in the future will determine the frequency and value of the cost of redecoration.

Brief Description and Composition

Composition Analysis

Vinyl Perchloric Paint contains PVC resin (as a binder), as well as pigments and fillers, which are dissolved in xylene or solvent. It is one of the most durable facade coatings and has valuable qualities and characteristics. Its most valuable and fundamental quality is its versatility.

With the specialization of paint on brick and concrete bases, it can be used even on other bases - metal, wooden, all types of plaster, and so on.

In addition, the material is quite resistant to low temperatures, while there is a certain feature - the paint will not freeze at temperatures down to -20 degrees and is suitable for use, and this will expand the possibilities of use. The second feature is that the color gamut is presented in a wide range (about 25 tones), and the applied shade will remain the entire life of the coating and will not fade in the sun.

In addition, PVC paints have excellent qualities, namely elasticity, vapor permeability and water-repellent properties. In addition to facade materials, PVC paints are used for metal structures, ship materials and others, that is, it is used in specific or difficult conditions.

Advantages and disadvantages

The material is distinguished by the fact that it combines excellent and useful qualities, including:

  • Perchlorovinyl facade paint - features, technical characteristics No preparatory work required - almost all samples do not require pre-priming.
  • Due to deep penetration into the material, you will get a strong adhesion of the coating, which will strengthen the structure of the base and will protect the coated surface from external influences of destructive factors.
  • Delivery of the material only in finished form - the paint has the required working viscosity, which makes it possible to use sprayers as a tool for application, and it can also be tinted in 25 colors and thousands of shades, so that everything is how you like.
  • Saturation and a wide variety of colors.
  • Versatility of the paint - suitable for almost all types of surfaces.

  • Ability to withstand severe frosts. The material can be applied even at -20 degrees.
  • Color consistency - the pigment does not fade under the influence of ultraviolet rays, the paint will not change its shade for at least 3 years.
  • It is possible to apply facade perchlorovinyl paint to metal substrates without fear of rust.

But there are certain disadvantages, which include:

A pungent odor during the evaporation of volatile components, which forces the use of personal protective equipment (especially when using a spray).


Material is flammable, fire extinguishing equipment is required.

Choice of facade paint

Paint XB 161

Perchlorovinyl facade paint XB 161 is one of the types of PVC paints that have high technical qualities and performance characteristics:

  • Good resistance to atmospheric manifestations. The operating temperature range is from -20 to +46 degrees.
  • Resistant to aggressive chemicals such as gasoline, oil, etc.
  • Drying time - 240 minutes.

  • Perchlorovinyl facade paint - features, technical characteristics Dry residue - from 42 to 48%
  • Elasticity of the film on bending - 0.5 cm.
  • Resistance to sudden temperature jumps - 10 cycles.
  • Frost resistance - not less than 50 cycles.
  • Scope - finishing brick, concrete and plastered surfaces outside.

Of all types of PVC paints, the composition marked XB 161 has the highest dry residue, as well as the ability to apply in frost and excellent adhesion to any building materials, which made it the best representative of this line of paintwork materials.

Other varieties and manufacturing companies

There are many modifications of PVC paints that are used in different conditions:

  • In temperate climates.
  • In tropical climates.

This division was due to the fact that there is a big difference in the conditions of use and it depends on the regions, and also requires certain changes in the composition and the presence of some additives.

In our country, the most common types:

  • XB 125.

    This is an enamel that does not require preliminary priming ... Contains talc, plasticizer and aluminum chips as a filler. It is used for metal profile bases, but can also be applied to wooden structures.

  • XB 161. This is a frost-resistant perchlorovinyl facade paint, the technical characteristics of which allow it to be used in moderate climates. Suitable for all types of bases, but the main purpose is considered to be brick, concrete and plaster.
  • XB 182. To apply this paint, you will need to prime the surface in advance.

    It has a lower solids content and is mainly used for decorative purposes.

The most popular brands of material are listed here, but in fact the list of PVC paints is much larger, and it is constantly supplemented.

In our country, the production of PVC paints are:

  • LKM plant in Yekaterinburg.
  • ZAO "PKF Spectrum".
  • NPF "Enamel" and many other manufacturers.

Scope of application

The main use of facade paint is building materials:

  • Brick.
  • Plastering compounds.
  • Concrete.
Surface material Facade paint base
Vinyl Acrylic Silicone Acrylic and silicone Lime Silicate Polysilicate Cement
Concrete no yes yes yes no yes yes no
Ceramic brick no yes yes yes yes yes no yes
Sand-lime brick no no no no no yes yes yes
Cement-lime and cement plaster no no no no no yes yes yes
Plaster based on water glass (silicate)

Yes (only after priming the walls)

yes yes yes yes
Lime paints and plaster no no no no yes yes yes yes
Organic plasters and paints (made from artificial resins) no yes yes yes no no yes no

At the same time, there are also such materials that were specialized for wood or metal. In general, such paints have a wide range of specifications in order to be used in different conditions in which standard materials will not work.

For example, there are materials for finishing ships that are used in sea or fresh water, metal structures, chemical equipment, etc.

Painting technology

Now it remains only to get acquainted with the technology of painting with PVC facade paint.The presence of corrosive volatile substances requires that you use personal respiratory and eye protection when painting.

  • For application, the substrate must be clean and dry. Remove all lights, antennas, air conditioners and other equipment from the facade.

    We advise you to remove the platbands from door and window openings.

  • Clean the surface from dirt, crumbling and delamination.
  • Fill cracks, crumbling or chipped areas with putty, and for large defects, apply a leveling layer of any (ideally cement) plaster.
  • In order to apply the material, the weather must be dry, and it is undesirable for the direct rays of the sun to fall on the paint during the process, as in this case the layer will immediately dry out and quickly crack.
  • Apply paint using a spray gun.

    You can do everything by hand with a brush or roller.

Please note, that if the work is carried out at negative temperatures, the paint cannot be diluted with water, as in this case the coating will be damaged.

Conclusion

From the above, we can conclude that this type of paints and enamels has fully justified its popularity, despite the fact that that appeared on the construction market relatively recently. This topcoat is of high quality and optimized for use in temperate climates. Those disadvantages associated with the features of use are perfectly compensated for by low cost and durability.

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